This study has been written because I aim to appreciatively and meekly portion what I have learnt on universe economic system with everyone by posting them on free essay web site. Hopefully, they will understand about more economically developed states ( MEDCs ) , freshly industrialized states ( NICs ) and less economically developed states ( LEDCs ) and why must the universe be divided into such classs. Please forgive me if what I have written was wrong as I am non an expert on this subject. If I think I can alter people ‘s heads, I am like welting a dead Equus caballus because different people have different sentiments. Worlds communicate of course and many economic theoretical accounts have been presented in an effort to understand what drives our communicating. Effective communicating is the key to organizing healthy relationships with others. All of us make economic determinations every twenty-four hours. Therefore, it is really of import to understand how economic sciences affect us. Economicss is non merely about fundss and wealth but about determinations, pick and chance excessively. This study defines MEDCs, NICs and LEDCs, their differences, the standard used to categorise states, aim of classification of states and why must the universe be categorized into them. It does n’t cover the history, tendency, jurisprudence of demand and jurisprudence of supply.
The economic system of a state, province, part or other countries consists of the fabrication, production, trade, distribution, and ingestion of goods and services, labor, capital and land resources of those countries. Some states are blessed with good economic system because of its technological development, history and societal organisation, every bit good as its geographics, natural resources such as oil, diamonds, gold and a good and healthy ecology.
Development of a state describes the growing of the state ‘s economic system. Development is frequently taken to intend the wealth of a state. A state ‘s degree of development reflects on how much income it produces and how good people live comparative to other states. States with high incomes and high conditions of life are considered a more economically developed state ( MEDC ) . The term MEDC is one used by modern geographers to specifically depict a state ‘s economic development. The former secretary general of the United Nations, Kofi Annan defined a developed state as one that allows all the citizens to bask a free and healthy life in a safe environment. About 20 % of the universe ‘s states are in the developed class and the ten largest MEDC states are United Kingdom, United States of America, Canada, Australia, Japan, France, Republic of Korea, Germany, Italy and Spain. The standard for measuring the grade of economic development is Gross Domestic Product ( GDP ) , the per capital income, degree of industrialisation, the sum of widespread substructure and general criterion of life. Developed states have post-industrial economic systems, intending the service sector provides more wealth than the industrial sector. Merely 3 establishments have produced lists of developed states. The three establishments are the Central Intelligence Agency ( CIA ) , Financial Times and Stock Exchange ( FTSE ) and United Nations ( UN ) .
This is a population pyramid of the United Kingdom, which is a MEDC. As you can see, it is shaped like a projectile. From this population pyramid, we can happen out that bulk of the population in MEDCs are working population and there are many aged dependents and a few immature dependants. There are besides more males than female as shown in the population pyramid. Women besides live longer than work forces in MEDCs. However, there are more male childs than misss for the immature dependants subdivision. The gradual lessening in the figure of males could hold been caused by disease or old age.
States with low incomes and low conditions of life are considered a less economically developed state ( LEDC ) . This state meets these three standards ; poorness ( 3 old ages mean of Gross National Income per capita of less than US $ 905, and it must transcend US $ 1086 to go forth the poorness list ) , human resource failing ( It is based on nutrition, wellness, instruction and grownup literacy ) and economic exposure ( based on instability of agricultural production, instability of exports of goods and services, economic importance of non-traditional activities, ware export concentration, disability of economic littleness, and the per centum of population displaced by natural catastrophes ) . These standards are reviewed once more after 3 old ages by the Committee for Development Policy ( CDP ) of the United Nations Economic and Social Council ( ECOSOC ) . Some illustrations are Ghana, Haiti, Nepal, Brazil, China, Mali, Afghanistan and Africa ( 33 states ) .
This is a pyramid molded population pyramid for Philippines. They have tonss of kids and people do non be given to populate for a long clip because of the low life anticipation rate for LEDCs.These states populations grow quickly as many more kids are added to the population than people die. There are besides more males than females in the immature dependants subdivision. Since Philippines is a LEDC, the low sum of aged dependants could hold been caused by the hapless quality of wellness attention at that place. Males besides tend to populate longer than females.
The term NIC began when the four Asiatic Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelams of Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan rose to planetary prominence as NICs during the 1970s and 80s, with a reasonably fast industrial growing since the sixtiess. All four states have high GNI per capita, unfastened political procedure, a booming export oriented economic policy and high income economic systems. Today, Newly Industrialized Country ( NIC ) apply to several states like South Africa, Mexico, Malaysia, Brazil, China, India, Thailand, Philippines and Turkey whose economic system has non yet reached the MEDC phase but has surpassed the LEDC phase. NICs normally have common characteristics such as increased societal freedoms and civil rights, strong political leaders, a switch from agricultural to industrial economic systems, an progressively open-market economic system, a big national corporation runing in several continents, strong capital investing from other states, political leading and rapid growing of population.
This is the population pyramid of India, a current NIC. As you can see, this population pyramid is dome-shaped, which is a common form for the population pyramids of the NICs. This population pyramid shows that the Numberss of immature dependants are the most common in NICs. The figure of aged dependants are the least likely because of the wellness attention that is in-between category, old age or the diseases that killed them.
Of the 7 billion people in the universe today, it is estimated that 1.5 billion unrecorded in more economically developed states and 5.5 billion unrecorded in developing 1s. The strengths of MEDCs are their state has high birth rates and low decease rates because of their ability to purchase expensive medical equipment and to supply free medical health care for the hapless. Therefore, the life anticipation rate is high. Peoples can anticipate to populate up to 78 old ages. Majority of the people in MEDCs besides have equal lodging and entree to running H2O and electricity. The literacy rate in MEDCs are besides rather high because the authorities has the ability to supply free schools for kids from in-between category households who does n’t hold the money to direct their kid to a private or international school. The GNP is besides higher in MEDCs. The engineerings in MEDCs are besides really advanced as the MEDCs ever come up with cool appliances such as the iPhone. MEDCs besides have really good maintained and developed substructures which provide great comfort for travelers.
The failings of MEDCs are that they have really small immature dependants to assist the household with housekeeping and to take attention of their old folks, which are turning in population. The overdevelopment of a state besides causes pollution, which lowers the life anticipation rate and causes planetary heating. Deforestation besides happens everyplace as monolithic unemployment and the demand for new workspace occurs. Today, the United States is confronting an economic catastrophe due to the inability to bring forth what it requires to prolong themselves. This happens because they import much more than they export. The United States are besides selling off their assets to other states and taking on monolithic debts merely to prolong a criterion of populating which they can no longer afford. Its industry has been so disarmed and dismantled that they now lack the cognition, investing capital and capacity to ease self-sufficient production.
The strengths of LEDCs are that it produces many of the universe ‘s natural stuffs such as diamonds, oil and rice. They sell these stuffs to MEDCs for a comparatively low monetary value. Besides that, the birth rates of LEDCs are besides high ( about 20-45 people born per 1000 people ) . The failings of LEDCs are that its decease rate is high due to hapless wellness attention and a broad spread of disease. LEDCs besides have a really low life anticipation rate as a high proportion of kids are expected to decease before the age of 5 due to hapless wellness attention and deficiency of nutrient. About 35000 babes die every twenty-four hours besides due to hapless wellness attention and deficiency of nutrient. Peoples in LEDCs besides have unequal lodging and entree to running H2O and electricity so there are big shanty towns in many countries which consists of ill built belongingss. The literacy rates in LEDCs are low because the hapless people are unable to direct their kids to school and in some countries, there might non even be a school because of the deficiency of instructors. The LEDCs besides have excessively many immature dependants so the working population will utilize up more attempt to feed them. The GNP in LEDCs is besides low ( under US $ 1250 ) . Many LEDCs do non hold the money to afford the modern engineering which would assist the wellness attention of that state a batch and better degrees of employment. Most of the nutrients in LEDCs are produced in little sums because of little and inefficient farms which are affected by utmost conditions. This means that the nutrient produced in the LEDC is unequal to prolong themselves.
NICs normally benefit from low labor costs and as a consequence, it can outproduce and surpass mills in developed states. The NICs key to success was purchasing imported engineering. The private domestic investing and quickly turning human capital were the chief cause of the economic growing. The agribusiness, while worsening in comparative importance, experienced rapid growing and productiveness betterment.
Issues of NICs are that it has really small political freedom such as the People ‘s Republic of China, where Online Censorship and human rights misdemeanor are non uncommon. It is opposite for India because India has been widely criticised because of the inefficient authorities and widespread corruptness. South Africa faces the job of illegal immigrants from Zimbabwe whereas Mexico ‘s economic system is threatened by condemnable and drug related force. Many of the NICs have a structural dependance on Nipponese engineering.
Harmonizing to the United Nations, the appellations “ developed ” and “ development ” are developed for statistical convenience and do non necessary express opinion about the phase reached by a peculiar state or country in the development procedure. Other aim of categorising states into MEDCs is that it raises the consciousness of the state ‘s position in economic development so that the state can do future programs with really small hazard. MEDCs are besides a favoured topographic point for migration because of its great economic system. The MEDC besides earns more money from touristry as tourers and migrants flock to them. Many celebrated universities like Harvard and Oxford are in MEDCs so they are great topographic points to seek instruction. The information provided after classification besides serves as an first-class concern chance as many celebrated companies like Microsoft, Apple, BMW are founded in MEDCs. MEDCs are besides categorized because they serve as a information bank for the populace, man of affairs, employers, veterans, occupation searchers, touristry and engineering transportations.
The aims of categorising states into LEDCs are more to function as a information bank for information. MEDCs can purchase natural stuffs in LEDCs for a comparatively low monetary value. Cheap labor are besides available in LEDCs. MEDCs are besides encouraged to back up LEDCs in footings of concern chances and partnership. After categorising the states into LEDCs, the United Nations can be more focussed and committed to eliminate utmost poorness and hungriness, achieve cosmopolitan primary instruction, advance gender equality and empower adult females, cut down kid mortality, better maternal wellness, combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, malignant neoplastic disease and other diseases, guarantee environmental sustainability and develop a planetary partnership for development for LEDCs.
NICs are categorized for statistical grounds as good. States that are categorized into NICs will cognize their strengths and failings better and seek to be after to emerge from the settlings of economic retardation and bask in the glorification of being a MEDC with other MEDCs. NICs must follow the newest engineerings, travel into new merchandise lines and diversify their exports to go a MEDC. The NICs must besides invariably have long-run vision for economic growing. The state should besides put to a great extent in instruction because instruction is more likely to introduce and raise the criterion of the whole state. The NIC could besides larn from old errors and choice and take the bing engineerings they would wish to follow. If the NIC does n’t hold adequate money to follow the engineering, they can ever loan it from an MEDC which has those engineerings. NICs should besides protect its industries and subsidise them until they are strong plenty to vie with the outside universe.
There is unfavorable judgment of the usage of the term ‘developing state. The term implies lower status of a ‘developing state ‘ or ‘undeveloped state ‘ compared to a ‘developed state ‘ , which many states dislike. It assumes a desire to ‘develop ‘ along the traditional ‘Western ‘ theoretical account of economic development which a few states, such as Cuba and Bhutan, have chosen non to follow.
The term ‘developing ‘ implies mobility and does non admit that development may be in diminution or inactive in some states, peculiarly in southern African provinces worst affected by HIV/AIDS. In such instances, the term developing state may be considered a euphemism. The term implies homogeneousness between such states, which vary widely. The term besides implies homogeneousness within such states when wealth ( and wellness ) of the most and least flush groups varies widely. Similarly, the term ‘developed state ‘ falsely implies a deficiency of go oning economic development/growth in more-developed states.
In general, development entails a modern substructure ( both physical and institutional ) , and a move off from low value added sectors such as agribusiness and natural resource extraction. Developed states, in comparing, normally have economic systems based on uninterrupted, self-sufficient economic growing in the third sector of the economic system and quaternate sector of the economic system and high stuff criterions of life. However, there are noteworthy exclusions, as some states considered developed have a important constituent of primary industries in their national economic systems, e.g. , Norway, Canada, Australia. The USA and Western Europe have a really of import agricultural sector, and are major participants in international agricultural markets. Besides, natural resource extraction can be a really profitable industry ( high value added ) , for example, oil extraction.
An alternate measuring of that has been suggested is that of Gross national felicity. Measuring the existent satisfaction of people as opposed to how money orientated a state is. Miracle in economic system development it may non be, but larning experience it is. Investing in human capital and high economy rates, every bit good as market oriented determinations by a strong province are all the lessons that the developing state can take.
In my sentiment, I think that there is no right or incorrect to categorise the universe into MEDCs, NICs and LEDCs. It is simply merely for mention stuff, non some program to do LEDCs experience inferior and non portion of this universe. In fact, every state that is categorized has its usage! For illustration, South Africa exports diamonds and Mali exports Cu. The classification can besides be used for good because it directs the attending of the whole universe to the less fortunate LEDCs and encourages the MEDCs and NICs to appreciate what they have and back up them in every manner they can. Then merely can our universe be a united community of different races and faiths.
hypertext transfer protocol: //revisionworld.co.uk/gcse-revision/geography/development/medc % E2 % 80 % 99s-and-ledc % E2 % 80 % 99s
hypertext transfer protocol: //www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/development/contrasts_development_rev1.shtml
hypertext transfer protocol: //web.mit.edu/12.000/www/m2015/2015/ledc_medc_edcomparison.html
hypertext transfer protocol: //www.nationmaster.com/index.php
hypertext transfer protocol: //iloveearthdn.blogspot.com/2010/10/medc-vs-ledc-food-supply-and.html
hypertext transfer protocol: //www.markedbyteachers.com/as-and-a-level/geography/comparison-between-medc-and-ledc.html
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