As a poet of the Romantic motion and Transcendentalist outgrowth during the nineteenth century, Emily Dickinson distinguished the mentality of the common individual of the 19th and twentieth century every bit good as act uponing the modern epoch as an influential American Romantic poet by integrating God, decease, and the cryptic usage of nature into her poesy. Proof of her Romanticism is found in many of her letters, one in peculiar which is written to a friend of hers: “ Have n’t we had delicious conditions for a hebdomad or two? It seems as if Old Winter had forgotten himself. Do n’t you believe he is absent-minded? It has been bad conditions for colds, howeveraˆ¦ aˆ¦I have recently come to the decision that I am Eve, alias Mrs. Adam. You know there is no history of her decease in the Bible, and why am non I Eve? If you find any statements which you think likely to turn out the truth of the instance, I wish you would direct them to me without hold. ”[ 1 ]From this quotation mark of her missive to a friend who remains anon. , Dickinson displays Romantic inclinations: personification, descriptions to a point of lunacy, and a mention to her religion and inner-being. Dickinson besides described the construct of decease, and puts an accent the importance of the spirit and intuition in her verse form, “ I Could Not Stop for Death ” . Furthermore, Emily Dickinson was an introvert, and it can be concluded from this and the fact that she was born into a household of “ pure Christian thought ” that she handled her jobs by oppugning decease through the usage of poesy.[ 2 ]With her Romantic features, she besides evoked a Transcendentalist intuition, as proven by the coaction of many bookmans in their societal Hagiographas depicting Dickinson: “ aˆ¦she seeks to transform the matrices of organic structure and head into a incorporate sense of ego and power. ”[ 3 ]Therefore, chiefly by uniting features from these two literary mentalities, Emily Dickinson brings foundation to the threshold of the Romanticism motion and the Transcendentalist outgrowth by agencies of her poesy and life style.
Romanticism, rather literally, was a motion in literature and the all right humanistic disciplines that began in the early nineteenth Century that stressed personal emotion, free drama of the imaginativeness, personal freedom from the regulations of signifier, frequently emphasizing images of decease, imagined yesteryear, the enigma of nature, beauty, unfamiliarity, and religion. In Betsy Erkkila ‘s words, Romanticism expresses the author ‘s most private inner being, and besides fabricates an involvement in irrational elements of the head to the point of lunacy. Simply put, through the eyes of a Romanticist, nature held great power. Emily Dickinson displayed her Romantic inclinations through the usage of her poesy and life style. In one of her most celebrated verse forms, “ I Could Not Stop for Death ” ( 1890 ) ,
In relation to her poesy by agencies of Romanticism, Emily Dickinson besides displays her Romantic dispositions through how she lived her life. Ford specifies in his essay, “ Death in the Poetry and Lifestyle of Emily Dickinson ” , that the comments to Emily Dickinson ‘s cousins in a missive describe Dickinson “ singing off charnel stairss ” which specifies that Dickinson recognized decease, and had somewhat a fright of decease. Not so much decease itself, but the ambivalency and ignorantness of decease. This ambivalency sparked her work exponentially. Ford besides describes that Dickinson had non ever been so certain about “ Paradise ‘s being ” and that “ All we know is the “ unsure certainty ” .[ 5 ]It is from these letters that one can besides presume that Dickinson ‘s poesy reflected how she lived each twenty-four hours, inside, and externally. For illustration, Emily ‘s travel with the character of decease from “ I Could Not Stop for Death ” brings her, as it seems, to parts of her yesteryear by agencies of nature[ 6 ]:
We passed where the kids played
Their lessons barely done ;
We passed the Fieldss of staring grain,
We passed the scene Sun
This stanza can so be analyzed farther in that this was a minute exposing Dickinson ‘s imagined yesteryear and her cryptic belief in nature. Though it will ne’er be known what Dickinson was genuinely believing of when she was composing this verse form, as there are no letters or grounds which to formalize her train of idea, it can in fact be deducted that her verse forms reflect how she lived her life in a general sense.
Nature and its cryptic glorification are high all throughout Dickinson ‘s poesy which distinguish her Romantic features in a different sense. Emily Dickinson ‘s usage of images in the Bible, nature ‘s consequence on worlds, and how she fabricated her poesy so peculiarly, synthesized a lifestyle uniquely hers by naming Earth her Eden and that nature and friendly relationship were primary.[ 7 ]Dickinson ‘s usage of nature must be recognized in such a manner that it corresponds to her religion, and that composing poesy is Dickinson ‘s manner of reassuring herself of her solidarity and hope. From this hope and personal determinations made by desiring to follow her intuition and spirit, Emily Dickinson distinguishes herself with transcendentalist manner.
Specifically, Transcendentalism is the simplification of life style, the deficiency of necessity for stuff goods, the belief in the humbleness of objects, and the chase of a acute focal point on one ‘s inner ego which incorporates one ‘s intuition and spirit instead than trusting on one ‘s physical being as a agency of lasting. It is of import to understand that Transcendentalism was non needfully a motion in response to Romanticism, but alternatively an outgrowth of Romanticism.[ 8 ]
In a modern position, Transcendentalists can be paralleled and are oftentimes meshed with Sentimentalists as “ the flower peoples separating themselves from authorization ” .[ 9 ]Through the eyes of a Transcendentalist point of view, Dickinson ‘s verse form “ I Could Not Stop for Death ” displays many features of Transcendentalism. Primarily, Emily Dickinson is cognizant that decease is ineluctable. It is from this, that she is able to come to footings that she must do life simple so that she is unattached if and when decease comes. Her spirit resides in her memories, and as decease easy takes its clasp on her, she begins to remember memories from her inner being.
The 2nd to last stanza describes a house,
A puffiness of the land
which represents her grave and gravestone. Though her physical being has n’t lived on, her interior ego and spirit has:
Since so ‘t is centuriesaˆ¦
Horses ‘ caputs were toward infinity
Romantic features and Transcendentalist ideals go manus and manus in this verse form. Death, nature, and imagined past all compound with intuition and trust on her inner being. By agencies of exposing Transcendentalist features through Dickinson ‘s life, it can be safely concluded that “ Emily Dickinson was in fact the lone individual in America who truly made Transcendentalism practical. ”[ 10 ]Furthermore, Emily Dickinson above all, knew herself. Alternatively of looking outwards, she turned her sight inward. She reflected non merely on minutes of greatest pleasance, but besides times of unrelenting hurting and ambiguity toward her ain religious individuality.[ 11 ]The synthesis of her introvert mentality can be attributed to her Christian upbringing, and her changeless battle with the idea of decease. Possibly Dickinson evoked parts of Puritanism[ 12 ], and meshed thoughts of Romanticism with it, therefore making her ain self-avowed Transcendentalist life style. Alternatively of take parting in a community based on faith that helps the environing community, Dickinson built her ain “ community ” inside of herself by usage of intuition and exerting her spiritual spirit. Besides, Dickinson ‘s lone life and possible diagnosing of anorexia nervosa, combined with her uninterested position on objects[ 13 ]sum up her life style. Dickinson ‘s lone life promoted self improvement by agencies of her intuition and psyche and her possible diagnosing of anorexia nervosa gives grounds to the life style that one ‘s psyche is immensely more of import than “ that which externally she showed. ”[ 14 ]From all of these traits one can reason that Dickinson was in fact portion of the Transcendentalist outgrowth.
Dickinson demonstrates utilizations of Romanticism all throughout her poesy and life style, chiefly in “ Because I Could Not Stop for Death ” because it incorporates decease, religion, cryptic nature, and imagined by. As an outgrowth from Romanticism, Transcendentalism took clasp on a choice few, particularly Emily Dickinson who was profoundly influenced by Transcendentalism, but still kept strong ties to Romanticism.
In decision, it is from the observations gathered by bookmans and Dickinson ‘s poesy that one can reason that Emily Dickinson was in fact the barer of the threshold between the Romantic Era and Transcendentalist outgrowth.