One of the most of import determinations that houses make is the capital construction determination. In general a house may take among assorted alternate capital constructions. But the inquiry which frequently arises is how much debt and how much equity to utilize? To this inquiry, Brealy and Myers ( 2003 ) think that the pick of capital construction is fundamentally a selling job i.e. a house can publish different sorts of securities in any combination it wishes, but efforts to happen the combination which will maximise steadfast value. To maximise steadfast value hence shareholder`s wealth, houses should be able to deduce an optimum funding mix. While some faculty members do non believe in the being of an optimum funding mix, directors who demonstrate the ability to place and seek ways to set up for the most appropriate combination of debt and equity are rewarded at the market topographic point as such combination minimizes a firm`s cost of financing other things being equal. This makes it a beginning of competitory advantage every bit good for concerns.
The work by Modigliani and Miller ( 1958 and 1963 ) provided the basiss for modern thought on capital construction and corporate finance. Much contention has resulted from comparings of the theory of capital construction originally developed by Modigliani and Miller to real-world state of affairss. Several research have been conducted on capital construction since and the chief theories that emerged are picking order ( Myers and Majluf, 1984 ) , trade- off and bureau costs ( Jensen and Meckling, 1976 ) with each theory holding its ain decision on the relationship between debt degree and profitableness. A deficiency of understanding on the nature of the relationship between purchase and equity between the different capital construction theories necessitated this research. This paper partially seeks to find what capital construction theory or theories seem to be more believable when applied to the Mauritanian context. This would be determined through the consequences obtained in this survey.
Kinsman and Newman ( 1999 ) give the undermentioned grounds as to why analyze the relationship between capital construction determinations and house public presentation. First, they argue that average debt degrees have increased to a great extent. Therefore there is a demand to understand the impact debt has over public presentation. Second, since directors and investors have divergencies in sentiments, the comparative strengths of any specific effects of debt on firm`s public presentation should be known. Last and most significantly to analyze the relationships between debt degree and stockholder wealth as directors seek to maximise stockholder wealth.
The interplay between debt degree and equity and corporate public presentation has been capable to many surveies, many of which were conducted in USA and Europe. However, few surveies were conducted in developing states. The survey of capital construction and its relationship with corporate public presentation becomes more of import in a developing province as the concern environment which prevails in such states tend to differ greatly from their developed counter-parts. To this affair, Eldomiaty ( 2007 ) gives grounds as why to analyze capital construction in an emerging market by clearly explicating the characteristics that distinguish such states with their developed opposite numbers. These are
( 1 ) Developing states have capital and stock markets that are less efficient every bit good every bit uncomplete as compared to developed 1s. This causes funding determinations to be uncomplete and irregular. Firms runing in emerging economic systems may non be able to warrant their funding determinations by adhering to a specific theoretical attack. This makes it critical to travel through a deep probe of whether capital construction determinations have any consequence over profitableness and these consequences should be compared with those achieved in developed markets.
( 2 ) Given that information dissymmetry tends to be higher in developing economic systems, this makes those markets non readily markets for companies & A ; acirc ; ˆ™ quest to raise finance and leads to non optimum funding determinations in footings of the premises advanced by capital construction theories.
( 3 ) There is already an established rich literature on the relationship between capital construction and profitableness in developed markets which have different institutional funding agreements different from those in emerging 1s. There is hence a demand for an in depth scrutiny of the impact capital construction has over corporate public presentation in an emerging market.
The chief aim of this paper is to analyze the relationship between capital construction and profitableness during the five-year period from 2007-2011. Arrested development analysis is used for this intent. Given that Mauritius is deemed to be one of the best stock market performing artists in the African continent although being still little and immature, it is decided that the survey will be conducted on those houses which are listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius ( SEM ) . This will enable a thorough apprehension on the forms of funding of such houses considered to be runing in one of the best stock market in full Africa and the consequence it has, if any, on their profitableness. Furthermore Mauritius being a developing economic system is more specifically a Small Island Developing State ( SIDS ) . This means that the spread in fiscal and institutional agreements might be even wider as compared to developed economic systems. The present survey hence extends the literature made on those few developing economic systems and efforts to make full in the nothingness in literature when it comes to SIDS by look intoing the relationship between capital construction and profitableness of Mauritian listed companies.
The remainder of this paper is organized as follows. The undermentioned subdivision gives a drumhead reappraisal of the literature related to the topic. The following subdivision describes the research methodological analysis used and involves depicting the information and justification of the variables used every bit good as illustration and treatment of the consequences obtained from the analysis. The last subdivision summarizes the consequences of empirical findings, provides a decision based on those findings and gives waies for farther research.