Twelfth Night: or what you Will
William Shakespeare, arguably the most of import author in all of English literature, is surely the most influential dramatist of the English Renaissance. Born in 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon in rural northern England, he was the boy of a middle-class glovemaker. He married in 1582 and fathered three kids ; in the late 1580s or early 1590s, he left his household and moved to London to work as an histrion and dramatist. Competing against such celebrated company as Christopher Marlowe and Ben Jonson, Shakespeare rapidly became one of the most popular dramatists in the metropolis and a favourite of the sovereign, the powerful and durable Queen Elizabeth I. Enjoying the favour of the queen and that of her replacement, James I ( after Elizabeth died in 1603 ) , Shakespeare wrote thirty- eight dramas in the class of his twenty-five-year career-a few of them seemingly in coaction with other people, but most of them solo. Many of the dramas are rather singular, and some are inarguably brilliant. Shakespeare retired in comfort to the state and died in 1616 at the age of fifty-two.
Twelfth Night was written near the center of Shakespeare ‘s calling, likely in the twelvemonth 1601. Most critics consider it one of his greatest comedies, along with dramas like As You Like It, Much Ado About Nothing, and A Midsummer Night ‘s Dream. The drama is about semblance, misrepresentation, camouflages, lunacy, and the extraordinary things that love will do us to do-and to see. Twelfth Night is the lone one of Shakespeare ‘s dramas to hold an “ alternate ” rubric: the drama is really called Twelfth Night: or, What You Will. Critics are non rather certain what the drama ‘s two rubrics mean, but “ Twelfth Night ” is normally considered to be a mention to Epiphany, or the 12th dark of the Christmas jubilation ( January 6 ) . In Shakespeare ‘s twenty-four hours, this vacation was celebrated as a festival in which everything was turned upside-down-a small like the inverted universe of Illyria, within, which there were two universes, which will for the treatment of this paper.
Twelfth Night is one of Shakespeare ‘s “ transvestic comedies, ” a class, which besides includes As You Like It and, to a lesser grade, The Merchant of Venice. These dramas feature female supporters who, for one ground or another, have to mask themselves as immature work forces. It is of import to retrieve that in Shakespeare ‘s twenty-four hours, all the parts were played by work forces, so Viola would really hold been a male child pretense to be a girl pretense to be a male child. Some modern-day critics have found a great trade of involvement in the homoerotic deductions of these comedies.
The construct of the two universes revolves around one of the chief twosomes in the narrative, and the members of their household. Viola, is a immature adult female ; who disguises herself as a adult male, and calls herself “ Cesario. ” Washed up on the shore of Illyria when her ship is wrecked in a storm, Viola believes that her twin brother Sebastian has been killed and disguises herself as a immature adult male, named “ Cesario, ” to go a page to Count Orsino. She ends up falling in love with Orsino – but Olivia, the adult female Orsino is wooing, ends up falling in love with “ Cesario. ” Orsino – Count Orsino is a powerful Lord in the coastal state of Illyria. He is lovesick for the beautiful Lady Olivia, but finds himself going more and more fond of his fine-looking new pageboy, “ Cesario. ” His family forms one universe of the drama. Olivia is a affluent, beautiful, and baronial Illyrian lady and is being courted by many work forces, but she says she is in mourning for her late dead brother. Nothing Count Orsino does can do her love him — but his fine-looking immature pageboy, “ Cesario, ” is another narrative. Sebastian – Viola ‘s lost twin brother, who is non dead after all, arrives in Illyria, going with his close friend and defender Antonio, and discovers that many people seem to believe they know him — and the beautiful Lady Olivia, whom he has ne’er met, wants to get married him. Olivia ‘s family is the 2nd family of the narrative, where there is possibly greater mayhem. Malvolio – The priggish steward — or caput retainer — in the family of Lady Olivia. A Puritan, Malvolio is really efficient but besides really holier-than-thou, and he has a hapless sentiment of imbibing, vocalizing, and merriment. Naturally, Olivia ‘s raucous uncle and retainers decide to hold some “ merriment ” with him. Feste – The buffoon, or “ accredited sap, ” of Olivia ‘s family, moves between Olivia and Orsino ‘s houses. He earns his life by doing pointed gags, singing old vocals, being by and large witty, and offering good advice cloaked under a bed of folly.
Sir Toby Belch is Olivia ‘s uncle. She lets him unrecorded with her, but she does non O.K. of his bully behaviour, his practical gags, his heavy imbibing, his late-night carousing, or his friends ( that is, the crackbrained Sir Andrew ) . But Sir Toby is really affectionate of Olivia ‘s witty serving-woman, Maria, who is a clever, make bolding immature serving-woman. She is mostly responsible for the trick played on Malvolio, and adores Sir Toby every bit much as he adores her. Sir Andrew – Sir Andrew Aguecheek is a friend of Sir Toby ‘s. He is wooing Olivia, but he does n’t stand a opportunity: he thinks he is witty, weather, immature, and good at linguistic communications and dance — but he ‘s really an imbecile. Sir Toby likes him in big portion because he is affluent.
Olivia ‘s family although in mourning for the decease of her brother is still one where there is all kind of mayhem and mischievousness being carried out. The ambiance of mischievousness is apparent by the practical gags that are being played on the members of the family by the other members of the same family. When Sir Toby and the others take discourtesy at Malvolio ‘s changeless attempts to botch their merriment, Maria engineers a practical gag to do Malvolio believe that Olivia is in love with him. They besides trick him into acting so queerly that Olivia thinks he has gone insane, leting the elated Maria, Toby and the remainder to lock Malvolio into a little, dark room for his “ intervention ” and torment him at their will. Orsino ‘s family on the other manus presents a instead glumness in the sense that he is enduring from a terrible instance of unanswered love as all his attempts to win the manus of the just and beautiful Olivia are rebuffed and the ironically falls for the Count ‘s page male child, who is really a adult female. Amid all this confusion there is more to Orsino ‘s family, where there is besides the joke of Feste, but there is besides a sense of confusion, as the Count sees himself going more and more fond of his page and so at the same clip attempts to turn to the issue of his love for Olivia. In each instance there is a sense of isolation, and the two universes are separate except there connexion through Viola, he becomes the centre of both Orisino ‘s and Olivia ‘s attendings.
The moral significance in these two families was addressed in the fact that they each did non see what was the truth, instead what they wanted to see. Orsino could non in malice of the fact that he was get downing to wish Viola, Tell of her feelings and neither could Olivia, Tell when her fondnesss were put down by Viola. Besides in the beginning, Orsino, refused to accept that Olivia was non interested and was in fact mourning her brother, and therefore continued to tribunal her. Possibly this is where the rubric, “ What you Will ” tantrums in. The full narrative revolves around the manner everyone wants to make things the manner they want to them, without respect for any of the effects of their actions.