The Merger Between Hewlett Packard And Compaq Finance Essay

Make you back up Fiorina ‘s proposal to get Compaq? What are the pros and cons? Will you the amalgamation with Compaq conveying HP closer to Dell, or IBM?

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Assuming that the merged new HP can get the better of some issues, we would back up Fiorina ‘s proposal to get Compaq because the undermentioned benefits would outweigh the negatives.


The amalgamation would make a full-service engineering company capable of making everything from selling Personal computers and pressman to puting up complex webs in full classs.

Personal computers: The amalgamation would better the economic sciences and invention of their Personal computer concern to vie with industry leader Dell.

Server and Storage: As a consequence of the acquisition, their combined waiter and storage merchandise lines would give new HP a important encouragement due to to the full covered merchandise classs and engineerings to vie with IBM.

IT service: The combined house would hold 65,000 IT architects runing in 160 states. The new HP would be taking place in both mission-critical service and multivendor support.

Fiscal Benefit: The incorporate house could extinguish excess merchandise groups and cost in selling, advertisement, and transportation. Harmonizing to the program, the amalgamation would bring forth $ 2.5bn in one-year cost nest eggs by mid-2004.


HP ‘s concern portfolio will be worse due to increasing exposure to an unprofitable Personal computer concern.

There are many overlapping units that have no complementary benefit.

HP ‘s direction has no experience with immense amalgamation.

The incorporate balance sheet would be worse than that of a stand-alone HP.

The acquisition would do a house with entire gross merely somewhat less than that of IBM. The incorporate house would go a stronger rival for IBM in the waiter market, and Dell in the PCs concern. In decision, the new HP would be in a place to vie with IBM and Dell across its full merchandise line.

Why was the board so divided on this issue? What grade would you give HP ‘s board in the manner they handle this complicated strategic issue?

The chief ground that the board was so divided on this issue is the struggles in the involvements between the direction and stockholders of HP.

For the direction squad, as mentioned in inquiry 1, CEO Fiorina was hired to put to death an “ e- service ” scheme which could assist HP to meld the independent concerns into a powerful and profitable whole. But the public presentation of the concern turned out to be thwarting. The gross revenues growing kept worsening and the portion monetary value trailed well particularly in twelvemonth 2001 when the provinces met with large recession and 911 onslaught. The direction squad must take some actions to turn the state of affairs about. In this instance, amalgamation with Compaq became important for HP to change by reversal the tide.

But on the other manus, the stockholders of HP led by Walter Hewlett, the manager, oppose to this acquisition. They considered the amalgamation would destruct stockholders benefits. From the day of the month the proposed amalgamation was announced, Hewlett-Packard shareholders have lost $ 7.0 billion relation to an index of comparable companies. In add-on, the dramatic decrease in the net incomes mentality for Compaq since the proclamation of the proposed amalgamation means that Hewlett-Packard shareholders are acquiring excessively small of the combined company comparative to Hewlett-Packard ‘s part to net incomes. Further, when compared to a standalone Hewlett-Packard, the combined company represents a weaker recognition with greater equity hazard and a higher cost of capital.

In this instance, sing the large struggles between the board members on this amalgamation, we would rate C to HP ‘s board in the manner they handled this complicated strategic issue.

Why did Walter Hewlett ballot for the trade in the board room, and ballot against it as an discoverer?

Walter Hewlett had non pick and had to make like this.

As an investor, he believed that the amalgamation would destruct the portion holder value. He believed that 1 ) the amalgamation would thin HP stockholders ‘ involvement in the profitable imagination and printing concern and increase their exposure to an unprofitable Personal computer concern and therefore the HP concern portfolio would be worse ; 2 ) the integrating hazard was instead significant ; 3 ) There would be negative and 4 ) There wo n’t be a important improve of the company place. He personally opposes this dealing and had voiced his sentiment for many times.

Despite Walter ‘s resistance, the CEO insisted to prosecute the trade. Actually, if Walter ballot against in the board room, the understanding could non be signed without renegotiation, which might ensue in HP ‘s holding to pay a higher monetary value. Since the amalgamation would be approved even without his ballot and he felt that it was his responsibility to negociate the lowest possible monetary value. He was forced to vote for the trade in the board room.

That is why Walter Hewlett voted for the trade in the board room, and voted against it as an investor

What is your appraisal of the function played by 3rd parties – advisers, investing bankers, analysts, and institutional investors – in this trade?

The 3rd parties played important functions in this trade by either reding for or against it. There are the undermentioned 3rd parties:

Advisers ( McKinsey and Accenture ) who evaluated scheme and operations due diligence of H-P and Compaq, severally. Without positive findings from these advisers, the amalgamation procedure might non hold happened.

Investing Bankss ( Goldman Sachs and Salomon ) who advised amalgamation for H-P and Compaq, severally. The investing Bankss provided fiscal facets such as exchange ratios. With the fiscal analyses, both boards were able to O.K. the amalgamation.

Other investing advisers were hired ( Laurence Hoagland, FFL, Booz-Allen ) to independently evaluated amalgamation for Hewlett Foundations, the Trust, Packard Foundation. The findings from these advisers were used to contend against the amalgamations.

Institution investors in the terminal played critical functions in finding of the amalgamation. Strongly opposed the amalgamation, Hewlett lined up several of import establishment investors ( the Trust, Foundations, Packard households etc ) to contend the amalgamation. By traveling public to denote his resistance and the analyses from investing Bankss, he had significantly impacted the investors. Although the amalgamation was approved by 51.4 % of ballots, the fringy blessing ballots showed the deeply divided establishment investors on the amalgamation.

A cardinal 3rd party was ISS – without favourable rating from ISS, the amalgamation would be extremely likely to neglect.

Analysts ‘ sentiments besides affected investors. Again, analysts were divided on the amalgamation, with some analysts were in favour of the trade, others were non.

In Exhibit 6, Goldman Sachs performed a part analysis and listed some implied exchange ratios. What are the pros and cons of this attack in finding the exchange ratio in a stock-for-stock trade? What about the historical exchange ratio analysis in Exhibit 7?

Large engineering amalgamations had a history of failure. What are the common hazards in big engineering trade?

Common hazards:

Frequent alterations of the industry

The engineering industry is extremely competitory and marked by frequent merchandise debuts, uninterrupted betterment in merchandise public presentation features, and ferocious competition. The companies should rapidly orient their merchandise and service offerings to fulfill the new gustatory sensation of clients, so that to run productively. However, amalgamation trades frequently take a really long clip to fix until being eventually completed. It would ensue in inappropriate scheme to crush the mark when trades are done.

Changes in concern portfolio

Harmonizing to the article, “ most bungled tech amalgamations involved companies seeking to purchase their manner into new concern they knew small about. ” Market is altering, with the progressively alterations in divergent merchandises demand. The big tech amalgamations would perchance neglect to keep the profitable strength and set up as good trade name image as earlier in new acquired countries. Besides, excessively much clip and cost are spent on acquisition would necessarily detain the research for new emerged merchandise, which leaves opportunities for challengers to vie for clients.

Cultural struggles

Differences in civilization between two big tech amalgamations are besides responsible for the failure. After the acquisition, each of the two houses may prefer the “ old manner ” of working manner and operating schemes. This would take to the struggles and negative consequence in implementing programs and actions.

Intellectual loss

Intellectuals are the biggest assets in engineering companies. Product research and inventions are to a great extent relied on the forces. High turnover rate of employee, which is resulted from the unsated working environment and unjust paysheet, would besides be the hazard for amalgamation failure.


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