Antigone, a Grecian calamity was written during 441 BC. In Grecian calamity, the drama was already familiar to the audience. The playwright could quickly come to whatever state of affairs he had selected for expounding of the subject. Sophocles used dramatic sarcasm to maintain the audience judging the action of the drama in the visible radiation of their anterior cognition of the state of affairs. “ The Doll ‘s House ” a Norse drama was written by Henrik Ibsen in the nineteenth century. The chief subject of the drama adult female ‘s right to self fulfilment was considered extremely inappropriate in that age where adult female were non allow to carry on concern without a masculine consent.
Another subject that prevails in both the dramas is power. It is precisely what the two characters Creon and Helmer in both the dramas viz. “ Antigone ” and the “ Doll ‘s house ” had. Creon ‘s oppressive power on a macro graduated table as a swayer with Helmer ‘s highhanded intervention of his married woman on a micro degree as caput of a household is to be discussed in this essay. Both work forces come across as woman haters. Their adeptness to justice and justice harshly seems to be emphasized in both instances.
Creon is shown with diverse dealingss with assorted people. Creon had ordered a nice entombment for Eteocles but banned the entombment of Polynecies. Here Creon rebellions against the higher unobserved jurisprudence of God and subsequently Antigone rebellions against the lower seeable jurisprudence of Creon. Sophocles draws Antigone subtly into the drama. Antigone the sister of the Polynecies neglects Creon ‘s edict by traveling in front and executing the rites for her brother ‘s cadaver. Even though she was caught red-handed she was impenitent. On the contrary she was proud of her Acts of the Apostless. Creon the freshly crowned male monarch saw his edict flouted. Creon ‘s ain boy Haemon who at first supports the determinations of Creon, betrothed to Antigone, shortly becomes insubordinate and violent. After Haemon leaves Creon, he ( Creon ) calls in despair that he will lodge to his determination. He tyrannically punishes both Antigone and her sister and when he repents his determination he learns it is excessively late.
Similarly in doll ‘s House Ibsen ‘s positions differed from those held by many modern women’s rightists. The chief subject of the drama was a adult female ‘s right to individual self fulfilment was considered extremely inappropriate in that age. Ibsen inquiries the attitude of society denying the adult female ‘s function as intelligent persons. Here we see Torvald Helmer has the chief position and the power in the house. The whole secret plan begins with Nora borrowing a certain sum of money from Krogstad. We besides see how Krogstad uses this state of affairs to blackjack Nora in the lines “ it ‘s obvious that your friend ( Mrs. Linde ) does n’t desire to knock into me again-and it ‘s obvious who I have got to thank for acquiring the poke ”[ 1 ]. Here Ibsen clearly brings out the subject of misrepresentation. In the beginning we see Linde ‘s life to be empty. Nora ‘s life is blissful, full of love with hubby and kids. But as the drama progresses Ibsen uses the subject of corruptness and fraudulence in order to change by reversal the state of affairs where Nora ‘s life ends up being empty and Linde ‘s ends up being felicitous.
Traveling back to Antigone ; Creon frequently misuses his power in assorted occasions. Creon feels that his Torahs are higher than the godly Torahs. The chorus said that the burial right might be an act of the Gods. But Creon dismisses the position. Such position says Creon could come merely from an “ insane and doddering individual ” . He besides says that “ Can you see Gods honouring such evil work forces? Impossible! ”[ 2 ]He is non willing to hold that his edict might be contradicted by a Godhead jurisprudence. On one manus Creon shows deep and echt love for his fatherland on the other manus his attitude towards Polynices seems to be improper, overzealous and oppressive. This attitude of Creon seems to be over stepping bounds. We can besides state that he is been blinded by the absolute power that he possess. He does non even see the fact that the departed are to be treated otherwise from the life. The fact that Creon non merely orders Antigone but besides Ismene shows Creon ‘s Tyranny. He has no grounds to order Ismene to decease. Another Case of abuse of power is when the lookout says that “ No it is a Awful Thing when person with power to justice, Judgess wrongly ”[ 3 ]; we get a intimation of how Creon uses his Power tyrannically and besides how power can be misused. . A similar case can be seen in the instance of Doll ‘s house when we see Helmer is blinded by Power. This can be seen in the lines when the truth about Nora is exposed, Torvald reacts, “ to wake up to this… my joy my life my married woman lies, fraudulence, a condemnable. No ethics no faith, no sense of responsibility ”[ 4 ]. We see that as Helmer possess power in the house as he has judged and decided Nora as a felon. He does non desire to cognize the truth. Helmer uses the foulest linguistic communication to depict Nora.
The subject of insubordination is besides seen in these dramas. This can be seen when Creon came to power and proclaimed the freedom of address in the lines, “ adult male, who does non adhere o the best policies but keeps his oral cavity closed through fright is worthless[ 5 ], but subsequently he ironically denies the freedom that was granted. This can be proved when he says that, Antigone should be ashamed to believe so otherwise from the others and commands her to maintain her oral cavity shut. He prefers silence before him. We see that he will non digest noncompliance of anything decreed by him. He demands blinds obeisance. Another Case that describes a similar state of affairs is when Helmer does non even want to hear anything from Nora when he finds out about of Nora hammering the signature. This can be seen in the lines “ Don’taˆ¦.talk. Talk! Even if you are out of the manner, what good is that to me ”[ 6 ]
A similar state of affairs can be seen in the conversation between Haemon and Creon we see that Creon is enraged as he does non desire to hear anything about himself from his boy. Haemon tries stating Creon what people say about the male monarch, everyplace. Haemon hears voices of commiseration for Antigone who has been sentenced most unjustly to decease. Haemon intimations at the maltreatment of power and corruptness by Creon by stating, “ you will do a good male monarch of an empty state[ 7 ]. We can see the dictatorial attitude of Creon in the lines “ so I am mistaken to esteem the power I wield? ”[ 8 ]As Antigone goes against his orders Creon feels that he is merely in penalizing her. A individual who supports the treasonist ( Polynecies ) is every bit unreliable. When Haemon persists in pleading the instance of Antigone, Creon calls him a ‘Foul worthless animal ‘ . This can be seen in the lines “ you worthless boy will you reason with your male parent ” and “ you foul animal, lower than a adult female ”[ 9 ].
In order to learn his boy such a lesson Creon goes to the extent of telling Antigone to be executed in really presence of Haemon. A similar dictatorial attitude can be seen in Helmer when he forces his power over Nora by stating that, “ You ‘ll remain on here. I wo n’t hold you near kids. I can ne’er swear you once more. Happiness is gone. Rags, crumbs, pretenceaˆ¦ ”[ 10 ]. Here once more we can see deceit in the relationship and how Helmer behaves in order to maintain up visual aspects and Creon attempts to keep his power.
Sophocles was interested in the destiny of Creon who was responsible for the decease of Antigone, his married woman ( Eurydice ) and his boy ( Haemon ) . Creon ‘s hasty and biased judgements take to his ain devastation. In the terminal Creon did non hold anything to cleaving to as he says “ I have nil ; I have no life, take me away ”[ 11 ]. Misuse of power brought about his ruin. Both Helmer and Creon are bossy. Helmer was in complete bossy regulation of the household and Creon was the ultimate bossy oppressive swayer. We can state that both of them are individual Judgess and both of them judge falsely. On one manus Creon is a male monarch of an ancient Grecian land and on the other manus Helmer is a citizen of the modern clip. WE see that Helmer has complete bossy power in the family and calls Nora worthless. His power leads to arrogance and Nora leaves the house as Helmer is left with nil. Nora did non desire to keep any kind of bond with Helmer. More so in Creon ‘s instance decease takes off everything, as his married woman and Haemon dies. Both the heroes are bereaved, as the universe around them came to an terminal and they were excessively late to recognize their haughtiness and oppressive attitude. A quotation mark from William Shakespeare could be used to depict such a state of affairs