The impacts of tourism sector on the Malaysian economy

Tourism is going the 2nd of import sector in Malaysia. Consequently, authorities of Malaysia have been seting in attempt to advance the state ‘s touristry to others state in order to better the figure of tourer arrive in Malaysia throughout the twelvemonth. Malaysia has rather a figure of tourist athleticss and ministry of touristry Malaysia YB. Dato ‘ SriDr. Ng Yen Yen has implemented four new Malaysia touristry undertaking. In the athletics touristry, authorities has put our run to advance Malaysia as the organiser of assorted international athletics competitions like Sepang F1 Circuit. Agro-tourism is to advance the rich agricultural resources in Malaysia and have developed the Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry Ministry. On the other manus, Malaysia aims to be known as a centre for educational excellence so implement the educational touristry which promote higher instruction for foreign university. Last, wellness touristry which promotes modern curative equipment with low medical fees and professional physicians. Traditional interventions are besides available for those who seek for alternate medical healing. These undertakings have successfully attracted the attending from other states and lead to an addition if the figure if the entire figure of touristry arrived in Malaysia. Hence, the development allotment for this industry has been increasing over the old ages. It has been increased from RM605.5 million in the 7th Malayan program to RM1009.0 million in the 8th Malayan program period, experiences 60 % addition in its allotment ( EPU, 2001 ) . In the 9th Malayan program period, the allotment reached to RM1367.0 million ( EPU, 2006 ) . The latest tenth Malaya program are still foregrounding this industry where Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak reference that one of the enterprises to better the quality of life in urban countries, the Lake Garden in Kuala Lumpur will be turned into a botanical garden while a Malaysia Truly Asia Tourism Centre will be created. The graph below shows the growing in tourer reachings and grosss from the twelvemonth of 2001 to 2008. The sum of touristry reachings during the old ages have been grown up at the norm if 9 % each twelvemonth. At the twelvemonth of 2003 the sums of touristry reachings drop down to 10.5million because of the SARS and IRAQ war. Furthermore the entire grosss are increase twelvemonth to twelvemonth except at the twelvemonth of 2003. The norm of grosss increased at approximately 12.91 % every twelvemonth. The addition in the tourer reachings and grosss will take to an addition in the balance of payment of the twelvemonth.

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The saloon chart below shows the entire tourer visit Malaysia at the twelvemonth of 2008 and 2009 from January until December. At the month of January of 2008, 1,780,134 tourer visit Malaysia and 2009 there are 1,871,099 tourist visit Malaysia. However at the month of February and May tourist visit Malaysia during 2008 is more than 2009 at approximately 129,159 tourers at the month of February and 5089 at the month of May. At the month of September tourer who visits Malaysia is about 1,997,535 comparison to 2008, 1,599,418 tourers. This shows the highest different throughout the whole twelvemonth comparison with other month, the different is about 398,117 tourers. The figure below shows that the tourer arrives at the twelvemonth of 2009 is largely more so 2008. The mean different between 2009 and 2008 is about 132808.5833 tourer per month. This is a really good position for the tourer sector in Malaysia. The addition of tourer in Malaysia is because Malaysia authorities is puting more and more touristry publicity bureau at the aiming state such at Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates ( UAE ) , Iran, China and Hong Kong to advance our state.

Figure below shows the market composing of the tourer reaching in Malaysia during 2008 and 2009 at the month of January unit December. The tabular array clearly shows that ASEAN state represent 75.4 % and 77.8 % of all the tourer arrive during the twelvemonth. However it shows a diminution in the ASIA excl. ASEAN, AMERICA AND AFRICA at the twelvemonth of 2009 which is merely 12.5 % , 1.5 % AND 0.4 % comparison to 13.2 % , 1.6 % and 0.7 % at the twelvemonth of 2008. Other so that, OCEANIA, EUROPE each represents 2.2 % and 4.6 % at the twelvemonth of 2008 and 2.5 % and 4.9 % at the twelvemonth of 2009.

Table below shows the top 10 markets at the twelvemonth of 2008 and 2009. Singapore is ever the chief subscribers of the entire tourer in Malaysia which addition from 11,003,492 to 12,733,082 and the per centum of alterations between 2008 to 2009 is about 15.7 % . Dutch east indies shows a diminution in the entire figure of tourer arrived in Malaysia nevertheless it is still the top 2 state which contribute a big portion of the entire tourer arrived in Malaysia. Thailand and Brunei besides shows a diminution in the figure of entire tourer arrived and still top 3 and top 4 state who visit Malaysia at the twelvemonth of 2008 and 2009. The top 4 market are our neighbour state which contribute a big portion of our entire tourer arrived at the twelvemonth of 2008 and 2009 due to the convenient transit provide by Malaysia and their place state, occupant of the neighbour can see Malaysia by auto, train, aeroplane and ships. The top 5 state is chine continue with India, Japan, Australia Philippines and United Kingdom. Those states show an addition in the sum of tourer from their state except for Japan. “ The China and Hong Kong market is one of our key markets, particularly during the Lunar New Year. Over one million Chinese tourers travelled to Malaysia last twelvemonth, meaning a 7.3 % addition year-on-year, which placed China as one of the top five tourer bring forthing markets for Malaysia in 2009. We look frontward to one time once more welcoming invitees from China and Hong Kong and assisting them see all the diversenesss that Malaysia has to offer, ” said Madam Zaliha Zainuddin, Director of Malaysia Tourism Promotion Board ( Hong Kong Office ) . This statement shows that China and Hong Kong have going more and more of import at the sum of part of the tourer arrived in Malaysia.

Table below shows the growing of tourer reachings and the growing of tourer outgo at the twelvemonth of 2008 and 2009. The tourer reachings have grown at the rate of 6.73 % from the twelvemonth of 2008 to 2009. The entire outgo at the twelvemonth of 2008 is RM49, 561.20million and growing about RM3, 7647.9milions at the twelvemonth of 2009. The outgo per capita of 2008 is about RM2, 247.40 and lessening to RM2, 166.4 at the twelvemonth of 2009.the outgo per diem at the twelvemonth of 2008 is RM351.20 and increase to RM367.2 and the mean length of stay is about 6.4 darks at the twelvemonth of 2008 and drop until 5.9 darks at the twelvemonth of 2009. Overall the information shows that the growing of the tourer reachings is increasing from 2008 to 2009. Malaysia authorities has been seting a batch of attempt to advance touristry in Malaysia. Medical touristry in Malaysia is exponentially turning. The sum of tourer arrived in Malaysia for medical touristry grows from 75,210 at the twelvemonth of 2001 to 296,678 at the twelvemonth of 2006. At the twelvemonth of 2007 had reach 341,288 and the gross of the medical touristry is about RM152 million at the twelvemonth of 2005, RM195 million at the twelvemonth of 2006 and RM254 million at the twelvemonth of 2007. The growing is expected at the rate of about 30 % at the twelvemonth of 2010, projected by Association of Private Hospital of Malaysia APHM.

Problem Statement

Every twelvemonth, United Nation World Tourism Organization ( OUWTO ) will roll up the universe touristry rankings. At the twelvemonth of 2009 international touristry arrived in Malaysia had addition to 23.6 million and rank in the top 10 state throughout the universe which is 9th and followed by Mexico. From these informations shows that the attempt done by the authorities is really effectual in pulling tourer from other state.

The touristry sector is said to be the fastest turning economic sector in the universe. Tourism sector is acquiring of import to the economic growing in Malaysia. It affects the GDP of Malaysia more and more throughout the twelvemonth. This is because the growing in touristry sector non merely lifting the sum of it part on the GDP but besides affect the unemployment, foreign exchange net incomes, balance of payment and the other overall economic growing.

Although Malaysia had improve in the ranking of the international touristry in 2009 but the existent GDP at the twelvemonth of 2009 had diminution to 4.60 % comparison to 6.30 % at the twelvemonth of 2008. The figure of touristry at the twelvemonth of 2008 is 22 million and 23.6 million at the twelvemonth of 2009. Is the positive relationship issue between the touristry sector and the economic growing? Due to Malaysian Ringgit beef uping against US dollar, will it impact Malaysia touristry industry?

The pie above shows the per centum of the gross operating excess and gross assorted income by sectors, Malaysia. From the informations above, it shows that the services sector at the twelvemonth of 1991 is about 48 % and at the twelvemonth of 2005 the per centum of the services sector have been grown up to 53 % . The services sector is the largest constituent among the economic sectors. How is the growing of service sector consequence the entire GDP of Malaysia and what is the economic consequence of touristry in Malaysia economic system as it may do direct and indirect consequence to the economic system.


The aim of this survey is to find the part of touristry towards the economic system and find the impacts of touristry sector on Malaysia sector.


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