Single parents endure a lot of stress raising children in today’s society. Positive things are never discussed. Is it because single parenting is considered in this society lower class? Our constitution speaks about our rights as a citizen and nowhere in the constitution does it state that single parenting is illegal, lower class or un-human (Mitter 1992). There are various reasons why single parenting occurs. A person may want to be single and have a child by opting to adopt or artificial insemination but majority of single parent form homes by unforeseeable occurrences such as udden deaths or abandonment by a parent. Approximately, One third of the family populations are growing with just a single parent (Bates 1992). Regardless if the single parent’s race or gender, being a single parenting is difficult job. Making sure that a child is taught properly in all areas is a task that all single parents fear. To believe that your children’s success and foundation comes solely from that one parent, is a thought that hunts a single parents thoughts. Bates (1992) suggested that keeping a family in strong Christian faith strengthens parent-child bonds. At imes, that’s the only thing a person can really lend on. Purpose of Study The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of single parenting. Research Questions In preparing a study on this issue, key questions should be asked. They are as follows: ? Do single parents have time to spend with their children? ? Are single parents the source of income for their families? ? Are single parents limited in dating and other social and social activities? ? Are single parents conceived more negatively than parents with mates? ? Are there fewer arguments within single parent homes? Are children in single parent homes more independent than most children or more likely to get involved in misbehavior? ? Is there a closer bond with single parents and their children than parents with mates? Definition of Terms Single Parent Family: A family consist of only the mother or the father and one or more dependent children. Divorce: To end marriage with (one’s spouse) by way of legal divorce. Stress: A mentally or emotionally disruptive or upsetting condition occuring in response to adverse external influences and capable of affecting physical health. Disappointment: A feeling of dissatisfaction that esults when your expectations are not realized. Balance: A stable mental or psychological state or emotional stability to develop a harmonious or satisfying arrangement or proportions of parts or elements, as in a design. Single Parent Support groups: Organizations that allow single parents to meet new friends with similar challenges while expanding the opportunities for their children through sharing ideas and support to over come obstacles with the help of extended family of other caring parents. Responsible: Able to make moral or rational decisions on one’s own and answerable for own behavior. Chapter II
Review of Literature This review of literature will be an examination of studies on single parenting. The studies viewed in this section are related to the ups and downs of single parenting during their everyday routines. Bernstein, J. (1995) interviewed with a man named Charles Murray about why the majority of single parents are on welfare. Believing that this circumstance comes from the environment of the adult, Murray believes that being a single parent and on welfare will be an on-going cycle in certain instances. Guest-Zoil, Thomas and Kalil (2006) believed that single parent families expenditures are onsciously decided than couples with mates because of funds. Making single parents more resourceful. Some individuals believe that having a father figure in a child’s life is needed. “It helps with balance and uncertainties with raising a child” Besharov and Gardiner. According to Popenoe, D. (1996), single parent families are in high- risk of failure when socializing in today’s society. “A child should be well prepared instead of somewhat prepared” (1996). Faggon (1994) did a research on the pros and cons of single mothers and single fathers coming to a conclusions f “no differnces when love and support is present”. When it comes to single parenting, negativity comes. Because of this negativity is because some parents become very stressed out and are not applicable to look a situations in a more positive light(Mulroy 1998). Raising a child in any situation is a tedious task. Making sure that the child understands life and its ups and downs has always been a parents biggest fear(Faggan and Coontz 1997). Parents can overcome negative stereotypes by believing in themselves and knowing that they are doing the best they can and giving there loved ones love and support(Mulroy 998). Mitter, N. (1992). Single Parent by Choice: A Growing Trend in Family Life. Insight Books. . Mulroy, A. E. (1998). Women as Single Parents: Confronting Institutional Barriers in the Courts, the Workplace and the Housing Market. Auburn House. Pasons, T. , (1998, 7 September). Charles does know pain of single parent. The Mirror. Popenoe, D. (Spring 1996). A World without Fathers. The Wilson Quarterly, Vol. 20. Saintonge, S. , Achille A. P. , Lachance, L. (1998). The Influence of Big Brothers on the Separation- Individuation of Adolescents from Single- Parent Families. Adolescence, Vol. 33.