The Cuban Missile Crisis Essay

Histories were one time worlds. Most of the narratives we read in our text editions for academic intents were existent existent life experiences of some people – people who at that clip were faced with fright. anxiousness and the force per unit area to do the right determination. Where we are as a state today is a contemplation of the right or incorrect determination made by our leaders. Although we can tout of several celebrated leaders whose determination has helped model the hereafter of this state. John F. Kennedy was a president whose pick at a critical period in the history of America made the whole difference ( White. 1996 ) . Through his determination. he showed the universe that the best manner of deciding differences is non through warfare but through dialogues and via media ( Graham. 1999 ) .

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The true trial of a leader is apparent in his/she ability to do sound and timely determinations when called upon to make so. A good leader must hold the ability to react to issues. the backbones to take hazards and foresight to foretell what might finally happen as a consequence of the determination he/she is doing. Where we are as a state today. is as a consequence of the determinations our leaders have made in the yesteryear. No event can be isolated in life ; instead. we trace the history of every happening to what has happened in the yesteryear. This is because the present is a victim of the past and we must understand the yesteryear in order to do sense of what is go oning in the present. Such is the instance in our state.

October 1962 – a twelvemonth that will be marked on the calendar of America. For us who read or heard of the narrative. it was an historic period in America. However. for those witnessed as the events occurred. it was a period of terror. uncertainness and unrest. Cipher could foretell what will go on – non the American authorities. non the Soviet Union and decidedly non the citizens of America. As Allison puts it. the 13 yearss that the crisis lasted can be described as the most unsafe minute in human history ( Graham. 1999 ) . Sometimes after the crisis. Nikita Khrushchev recalls. “I found myself in the hard place of holding to make up one’s mind on a class of action which would reply the American menace but which would besides avoid war. Any sap can get down a war. and one time he’s done so. even the wisest of work forces are incapacitated to halt it– particularly if it’s a atomic war. ” ( Gribkov & A ; Smith. 1986 ) .

The termination of the World War II brought with it the promotion of scientific discipline and engineering. During the war itself. the German atomic scientists were encouraged o build atomic ballistic arms that was capable of destructing a whole metropolis. Scientists from Britain. France. the Soviet Union. and the United States came together in a command to construct a atomic arm. This was done under the code-name “Manhattan Project” . The undertaking was sponsored by America and in July 1945. the first atomic bomb was made.

Hiding under the pretense of being ambushed during the World War II. America decided to go on the devising of atomic arms and each one that was made was more unsafe than the old. However. as it would look. it was non merely the American authorities that was accumulating atomic arm. the Soviet Union was besides bring forthing atomic bombs – although non as unsafe or powerful as the 1s produced by America. In the strategy of things so. ownership of atomic power automatically makes you a menace to the universe and untouchable to other states. It was a warrant for safety and it comes with such benefits of being regarded as a universe power. America. by illation. was rapidly going a force to think with and a prevailing power in the universe.

The Cuban Missile Crisis itself was an accretion of the clash between the American authorities and the radical authorities of Fidel Castro. Before the Cuban Revolution of 1959. America enjoyed a great trade of influence on the economic system and political relations of Cuba ( Encarta. 2008 ) . However. this changed under the authorities of Fidel Castro. Castro refused to be influenced by America alternatively he formulated policies that gave the American authorities a ground to be concerned.

He seized the belongings of affluent Cubans and those of aliens. who were largely Americans. in a command to set up a Communist system in Cuba. This resulted in the arrangement of an economic trade stoppage on Cuba. This cut any signifier of trade between America and Cuba. Alternatively of giving in. Castro decided to set up a better relationship with the Communist states. During this period. there was a cold war between the American authorities and the USSR – a war between Communists and capitalist states.

In an effort to subvert Castro’s authorities. the American authorities decided to set up dealingss with Cubans that were against Castro’s authorities. The American authorities trained and supplied ammos to anti-Castro Cubans that sought safety in America. In 1961. these anti-Castro fomenters invaded Cuba in the Bay of Pigs. This invasion was non successful and as it turned out. it consolidated Castro’s authorities. Cubans were infuriated with the U. S authorities because of its intervention with political issues in Cuba and as a consequence gave their full commitment to Fidel Castro’s communist authorities.

With Fidel Castro formal declaration that Cuba was a communist state. the tenseness between the American authorities and Fidel Castro intensified. At the same clip. Soviet premier curate. Nikita Khrushchev began a secret plan to in secret present atomic arms to Cuba. This program was welcomed by Fidel Castro who wants to utilize the chance to protect his island following the menace of the Bay of Pigs. The Soviet Prime Minister devised this program in order to debar any onslaught that might be launched against the Soviet Union.

This program was meant to be privy to the United States authorities. Khrushchev did this on the premise that this action would travel unnoticed by the American authorities. With both parties contending a common enemy. an agreement was made for the speedy installing of missiles in Cuba without pulling attending of the United States authorities.

Looking at the crisis from the position of the United States authorities. the crisis began on October 15. 1962 after a U-2 undercover agent plane and U. S. Navy low-level reconnaissance aircraft took exposure of Soviet missiles which was under building in Cuba. The undermentioned forenoon. the affair was brought to the notice of President John F. Kennedy who instantly formed the EX-COMM. This group consisted of the 12 consultative members who were considered the most competent in managing the issue. President John F. Kennedy decided that the EX-COMM meetings should be held in secret so as non to do the Soviet Union suspect that the United States was to the full cognizant of the state of affairs.

After seven yearss of hard and long secret meetings. President John F. Kennedy openly announced the find of the missile installing 90 stat mis aware from the shores of Florida. Although President John F. Kennedy was presented with grounds based information that posed a menace on major metropoliss like New York. Chicago and Los Angeles. he knew the state of affairs was a complex one which called for a tactical solution. He was faced with a state of affairs with potentially terrible effects.

However. he could non make up one’s mind the class of action to be taken against Cuba or the Soviet Union. Although America in 1962 can be said to be the prevailing universe atomic power. Kennedy and his advisers knew that establishing an onslaught could turn into a atomic war that could turn into another World War. On the other manus. the Soviet Union posed a menace if America folds its weaponries and does nil ( Encarta. 2008 ) . The quandary. as Kennedy conceived it. was terrible.

After several Sessionss of hot deliberation. President John F. Kennedy and his advisors came to a grant that a encirclement would be the right class of action to take. Although they did non all have the same grounds for back uping the encirclement. they agreed to the fact that a full military invasion would be hazardous given the state of affairs of things. On October 22. 1962. President John F. Kennedy openly announced that the Soviet Union should acquire rid of all the missile bases and their harmful contents. He besides ordered a “naval quarantine ( encirclement ) of Cuba in order to forestall Russian ships from conveying extra missiles and building stuffs to the island” ( hpol. org. 1990 ) .

For several yearss. the universe watched in fright as the crisis intensified. The American authorities waited for the class of action to be taken by the Soviet Prime Minister. This is because a encirclement. in military footings. was considered an art of war. Although President John F. Kennedy claimed the action was a naval quarantine. Kennedy and his advisors were non certain of how the Soviet Union will gestate of such action ( Encarta. 2008 ) . During this period. several Soviet ships turned back to from the quarantine line but the missile installing continued. However. on October 26. 1962. the crisis took a new bend with Khrushchev directing a coded overseas telegram to Kennedy. offering to retreat the missiles from Cuba on the status that United States would non assail the Island of Cuba. Early on the following twenty-four hours. President John F. Kennedy agreed to the footings of Khrushchev.


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