History of a Death Foretold is a novelette by Gabriel Garcia Marquez that centres around the storyteller ‘s attempts to set together the fragments of memories of a slaying that took topographic point in a little Latin-american coastal town 27 old ages antecedently. This transition from the novel takes topographic point at the terminal of chapter two, where Angela Vicario was sent place by her fiance Bayardo, and was about beaten to decease by her female parent Pura Vicario, all because Angela had lost her virginity. This transition ‘s effectual construction, alone manner, interesting enunciation and assorted appropriate literary techniques reveals the absurd female societal conventions and gender bias nowadays in the South American society at the clip.
The transition is written in chronological order that describes the events in an orderly manner, but really has another bed of deeper significance concealed underneath the head covering of apparent narrative. First, the chronological narrative tells the narrative in a natural sequence, in a manner where the audience can easy prosecute in and understand the secret plan. The readers foremost sees Angela being sent back place because she was non a virgin, ensuing in her ma Pura Vicario ‘s serious whipping, so followed by her ramping brothers demanding the name of the adult male responsible for Angela ‘s loss of virginity, all arranged chronologically. Each event happens due to the old one, and this logic and lucidity achieved, and this chronological order allows the uninterrupted happening of events that revolves around Angela ‘s virginity to each autumn neatly into topographic point, and subtly but certainly raises the issue of adult females ‘s unjust duties and outlooks present in society. And so the chronological narrative makes the secret plan clear and logical, and besides the beds of significances farther prosecute the readers to compellingly conveying out the chief subject of the transition.
The chief subject of the transition centres around virginity, and the intimation of the subject of award supports the unjust dual criterions adult females must populate up to and the favoritism of sex functions. Marquez has weaved the subject into the secret plan in such a manner that would bring forth a reaction from the readers. For illustration, as Pura Vicario beat her girl to the brink of decease, “ she did with such stealing ” ( p 46 ) that no 1 found out about it until much subsequently. True, Angela did make a dishonourable act that smudged shame on her household ; nevertheless she took her whipping mutely because she had a strong sense of award, and believed that what she did was incorrect. The readers are forced to non merely dislike, but besides slightly sympathise with Angela through this sarcasm. We learn that although the character has imperfectnesss, she besides has something delivering about her. This allows Marquez to ask for the readers to knock non merely the characters, but besides consider the traditions, cultural values and the society as a whole. The comparatively minor subject of award dorsums up the major subject of sexism inside this peculiar extract, Marquez successfully points out and foreground the barbarous societal conventions placed on adult females, such as the overrated importance of virginity.
Marquez besides manipulates linguistic communication to do the absurd sound normal, utilizing niceties to act upon us in our judgements towards the norms in South American society, such as the unjust dual criterion placed on adult females. This is a manner known as Charming Realism that Marquez is celebrated for. For illustration, when Angela was sent place by Bayardo, she was dressed in a chopped frock and her female parent Pura Vicario was given a daze, as she “ said in panic ” : “ ‘Holy Mother Of God ‘ ” ( p 46 ) . Although rather excessive and impolite in forepart of a invitee, this conversational duologue shows that Pura as a female parent expresses a deep concern towards Angela. However every bit shortly as Pura learnt that her girl had been sent by Bayardo due to her non being a virgin, Pura instantly gave Angela a whipping, and Angela recalled that “ [ she ] thought she was traveling to kill me ” ( p 47 ) . The fact that a female parent is willing to physically mistreat her ain kid merely minutes after praying to God for her endurance shows Pura ‘s pathetic alteration in attitude, and even more so when the writer decides to add no farther remarks to explicate this absurdness ; but it is precisely this absurdness that grabs the readers ‘ attending and exemplifies the absurd, exaggerated importance of virginity in society, and strongly criticizes the societal norms at the clip. Additionally, after Angela ‘s whipping had been done, all she wanted was “ for it to be over rapidly so [ she ] could flop down and travel to kip ” ( p 47 ) . The verb phrase “ flop down ” here has a really insouciant intension, and we see no marks of her feeling any fury or defeat towards Pura Vicario who beat her. But the storyteller does non farther explicate this absurdness, which efficaciously provokes the readers to oppugn about the ground behind her evident deficiency of choler. One can merely infer that Angela does non oppugn the justness of her whipping, and that her civilization brought her up in a manner that she believes what she did was incorrectly. This profoundly reveals the absurd sex function that adult females play in society ; it ‘s as if virginity is the most of import facet of a adult female. Furthermore, the absurdness of the sentence and earnestness of the tone blend in together, which creates a phantasmagoric touch to his work, pulling the readers ‘ attending, prosecuting them, and enables the bringing of the subject to be more impactful on the readers.
Last, Marquez weaves in literary techniques into the text to heighten the impact of the message. When Angela accused Santiago of being responsible for her loss of pureness, “ she nailed it to the wall with her well aimed dart, like a butterfly with no will whose sentence has already been written ” ( p 47 ) . This metaphor and imagination of a butterfly pinned to a wall is rather symbolic to both Santiago and Angela ‘s state of affairs. The obvious portion of this metaphor would be an indicant of Santiago ‘s now inevitable decease ; the twins must kill him in order to reconstruct Angela ‘s and their household ‘s award. Killing is a great wickedness, and the asceticism of the offense they were approximately to perpetrate strongly reflects the absurd award and value imposed upon a female ‘s virginity at the clip. However, Marquez does non clearly indicate who the imagination of the butterfly is mentioning to, therefore it could good be Angela, and the latter nicety in the metaphor lies in the significance behind her accusal. Angela is good cognizant of the fact that if she does n’t give her brothers a name, she could be beaten once more for protecting the adult male who had shamed her and her household, therefore she is obliged to come up with a name. And when she does that, she loses to and accepts the cultural mores that the society imposes upon her, and her “ sentence has already been written ” by false values that society has placed upon her. So smartly, Marquez uses a metaphor to dual beds of intending to it, and once more efficaciously raises the overvalued construct of virginity, therefore the issue of sexism in society.
In decision, Marquez has successfully conveyed a message to us. In this short transition, with all the unpleasant events focus oning Angela ‘s lost virginity, Marquez has compellingly revealed to us the barbarous societal criterions sing virginity that adult females have to digest. Through his nonsubjective and journalistic narrative, Marquez does non give us a unequivocal position on the society. Alternatively, he produces a reaction from the readers with the voice hidden behind the narrative, and forces us to contemplate the issues that exist in society.