“ Marriage, to adult females as to work forces, must be a luxury, non a necessity ; an incident of life. Not all of it. ” The novel “ The Great Gatsby ” by Scott Fitzgerald takes topographic point in the 1920 ‘s ; a clip of rebellious behavior and life life harmonizing to the American Dream. The adult females of this epoch are portrayed in two different visible radiations in the novel: defiant and foolish. The drama “ A Doll ‘s House ” by Henrik Ibsen was foremost performed in 1879, and through the ch aracters of Nora and Torvald Helmer, it illustrates the subsidiary and restricting place of adult females in matrimonies of the late Nineteenth Century. Attitudes to marriage and relationships are reflected strongly in these two pieces of work, where both supporters, although they portion some similarities, have highly differing perceptual experiences of what they want in life, which includes the different mentality each has on her matrimonial relationship.
Both the ‘Great Gatsby ‘ and ‘A Doll ‘s House ‘ put in to the rich aggregation of books that have marked the 1800-1900 ‘s, through their brooding subject ‘s of society of the clip, portrayed through interesting characters. Both pieces of work are modern in the sense of covering with disputing issues for modern society. The adult females Daisy Buchanon and Nora Helmer have been specifically chosen, being the obedient and inferiorly treated ownerships of their hubbies, who mask their possible rational potency. Whilst Nora develops a dramatic character alteration throughout the book by gaining her responsibilities to herself, Daisy remains the same individual she was at the beginning of ‘The Great Gatsby ‘ . In this essay, comparings will be made refering both Nora and Daisy ‘s relationships with their hubbies and kids, every bit good as a deeper analysis into their personalities, bring outing their secret beliefs and motives.
In Fitzgerald ‘s ‘The Great Gatsby ‘ , each character is notable when set uping the confusions and complexnesss of societal relationships. It is considered a representation of the aureate age of wind and all of its extremes.A The epoch of this narrative, the epoch ended in 1929 with the Wall St. Crash and the start of the Great Depression. The terminal of the Great War brought a period of peace and prosperity. Mass production allowed much wider entree to new consumer goods, such as wirelesss and autos. The adult females wore short hair ( bobbed ) and short frocks. In many Western states they eventually achieved the right to vote. A new feeling of freedom replaced former limitations. The frantic Charleston dance celebrated this spirit. Gatsby ‘s parties demonstrated the utmost floridness of this epoch: wealth, luxury and degeneracy.
The novel begins with a verse citation to present it ; “ Then have on the gold chapeau, if that will travel her… ”[ 1 ]and this is proposing that one must make all things possible to affect the adult female whose love one seeks. The novel is narrated by Nick Carraway, he is a character adopted by the writer and as a storyteller the readers can value his penetrations and experience that he will be a dependable source. Through his eyes and experiences we run into other characters and learn of all the relationships included in the novel.
The chronology of the events of “ The Great Gatsby ” begins with the supporter, Jay Gatsby, meeting and falling in love with a immature Daisy while he is still a hapless officer.A When he is sent overseas, Daisy marries the really rich yet ferocious Tom Buchanan.A Fitzgerald gives the readers a important feeling of Tom through the usage of many descriptive adjectives. The first clip the readers are introduced to him he is in ‘riding apparels ‘ ( pg 13 )[ 2 ]– this accentuates his muscularity, and his ‘high boots ‘ ( pg 13 ) are an association with military authorization, and the fact that he was standing with his ‘legs apart ‘ ( pg 13 ) indicates a stance of assurance and power.
Daisy, who becomes Tom ‘s married woman, is besides introduced to the readers in an baronial manner. She is described as ‘charming, passionate and witty ‘ ( pg 14 )[ 3 ]and the readers learn that she had a ‘sad and lovely face ‘ ( pg 14 ) . Fitzgerald shows her personality as ‘appealing, attending seeking, seductive and capturing ‘ in the sense that when she talks one enjoys being in her presence ( pg 15 )[ 4 ]. Tom and Daisy besides have a three twelvemonth old girl. When the readers are introduced to these characters they besides learn that the relationship between them is non a typical relationship that a married twosome are expected to hold.
To add, when Gatsby learns that Tom and Daisy got married, decides to prosecute wealth infinitely until he is a self-made millionaire, as he knew that Daisy was really affluent when he ne’er was.A Gatsby so moves to New York and buys a great mansion.A He begins to host generous parties and he is hopeful that Daisy will appear.A Nick Carraway, the storyteller of the novel, lives following door to Gatsby and he is besides Daisy ‘s cousin. When Gatsby learns this, he befriends Nick swearing that this will take him to see Daisy once more, which finally does go on. The relationship between Gatsby and Daisy so arises one time once more, which introduces the readers to one of the most outstanding relationships in the novel.
Furthermore, the matrimonial relationship between Daisy and Tom is a really unusual one due to the fact that Tom has a kept woman in New York ; Myrtle Wilson, who is besides a married adult female. The uneven thing is Daisy ‘s attitude towards this relationship ; Daisy continues to remain with Tom despite her cognition of his infidelity, and this is the push of the novel. This besides raises the cardinal inquiry, why does Daisy remain with Tom?
Additionally, when Nick goes to see Tom and Daisy at the beginning of the novel, Daisy confides in Nick, she calls herself ‘cynical ‘ , and this is reflected in her attack to life and relationships. She besides tells Nick that she cried when her girl was born, ‘the best thing a miss can be in this universe, a beautiful small sap ‘[ 5 ], Daisy indicates that being a sap will protect a miss from the rough truth of unfaithfulness. Daisy cried when her girl was born, unhappiness is ingrained in her life. The readers can appreciate that Daisy is non a sap because if she were she would n’t be concerned about Tom ‘s kept woman, and Tom is non a lovingness hubby because when his kid was born he was non nearby. This goes to add to the eccentric fact that Daisy does non go forth Tom, despite everything being incorrect in their matrimony.
Besides, the relationship between Myrtle and Tom is one that is clearly driven by wealth. Myrtle was immature when she married her hubby George and she thought that he was a gentleman ; she had small cognition that he was a simple psyche who had borrowed a suit for his nuptials. She loves the sense of wealth from Tom that George could ne’er supply, and she stays with Tom because of this, every bit good as the position, prestigiousness and ego-flattery that he provides her with. When Tom slaps her and interrupt her olfactory organ at the flat he has provided her with, he proclaims his power and sense of authorization because that is the type of adult male he is. This goes to demo that this relationship offers Myrtle the wealth and position she would ne’er be able to have from George ; merely taking her to desire it more from Tom.
To add, when Gatsby invites Nick out for tiffin he introduces him to Meyer Wolfsheim, who was reputed to be a gambler who fixed the World Series in 1919.This illegal act linked Gatsby with a fly-by-night and less than reputable adult male. There is no cogent evidence that Gatsby was involved in this illegal act but there is a long-standing association between the work forces ; this linkage soils Gatsby, which shows that the relationship the two work forces may hold is non a nice 1. The readers know that Gatsby originated as a hapless disadvantaged adult male, who all of a sudden, driven by his love for Daisy, became affluent and owned much more so people knew he could afford. This goes to demo that the beginning of Gatsby ‘s wealth may hold come illicitly and it is non guaranteed to remain with him everlastingly.
Furthermore, the drama ‘A Doll ‘s House ‘ is a clear reading of a character that goes through a great dynamic alteration merely to happen her true ego and to take the fallacious perceptual experience of herself in the eyes of others. Such a alteration leads the character to go to the full cognizant of their life along with understand what an insincere life they have erroneously led, and this character is known as Nora Helmer. At the beginning of the drama, Nora is shown as a infantile and naif homemaker with a accomplishment for passing money. This position is conveyed through the ‘parent – kid ‘ duologue she has with her hubby ( page 14 )[ 6 ]and his usual classification of Nora as an ‘expensive small individual ‘ ( page 14 ) with a endowment for runing his money in her custodies. This obviously demonstrates Nora ‘s relationship with her hubby as being clearly similar to that of a spoilt kid and his affluent parents.
Besides, through the character of Nora, Ibsen shows us that a adult female is expected to be little more than a kid in her ain matrimony, incapable of taking on serious issues, and utile merely for her ability to divert her hubby. During the class of the drama, as Ibsen takes the reader through the flood tide of Nora ‘s controlled life, he shows how Nora develops into a wiser, more determined adult female who learns to hold her say. Nora ‘s development is highlighted and guided with her turning bravery, her direct efforts to go more equal with her hubby, and her determination at the terminal of the drama conveys Ibsen ‘s thought that a adult female has a responsibility to herself and that matrimony is so restricting that she can carry through that responsibility merely by go forthing.
However, Nora learns this through the experiences she undergoes while she was treated more like Torvald ‘s kid so his married woman. The fact that she does non flinch at Torvald ‘s comparing of her to minor animals, but instead she even links herself into his nomenclature by stating things such as “ we Alauda arvensiss and squirrels ”[ 7 ]merely proves how unsighted Nora was towards her hubbies ‘ haughtiness and high quality. A major subject of the drama – misrepresentation, or the spread between visual aspect and world – is introduced in the really first word, “ Hide ” . Nora wants to conceal the Christmas tree so that the kids do n’t see it before it is decorated. The subject is developed throughout the drama until it is realized that Nora ‘s full relationship with her hubby is based on many beds of misrepresentation. Another unusual misrepresentation in the drama is the macaroons, which are symbolic to their relationship. Torvald forbids them while Nora enjoys them in secret, which merely shows that Nora is capable of prevarications and misrepresentation. But the fact that Torvald forbids them because they will botch Nora ‘s dentition besides adds to the manner in which Nora has more of a father-daughter relationship with Torvald instead than a hubby and married woman relationship, because that is a unusual direction to be given to an grownup.
The delusory relationship between Torvald and Nora is contrasted with that between Dr Rank and Nora. With Dr Rank, Nora is able to be more true and drops the childish-flirtatious act she employs with Torvald, and she is able to hold unfastened conversations with him, which shows the audience a different side of Nora. The relationship she has with Dr Rank
In A Doll ‘s House, Ibsen explores his involvement in the function of adult females in society. He raises inquiries about how much a adult female has to compromise her ain wants and purposes in order to suit into society. Mrs Linde has had to give up her true love, Krogstad, and get married a adult male she did non love in order to derive the fiscal security she needed to look after her female parent and brothers. Therefore, because she let the relationship with her loved one spell in order to hold the wealth she needed to look after her household, which shows that her life has been one of selflessness instead than self-fulfilment.
Furthermore, the relationship between Kristina Linde and Krogstad constitutes the sub-plot. It is of less importance of that of the Helmers, but serves as a contrast to help the apprehension of the audience of the relationship between the supporters. Krogstad and Kristina find the common demand, they are unfastened and true, and they move towards emotional love.
Ibsen has used Krogstad to supply a device to convey the drama to a flood tide. He has besides provided a different male paradigm to that of Torvald, and when he had fulfilled these undertakings, he takes no farther portion in the drama. Krogstad does non keep a score ; he is non revengeful and is prepared to bespeak the return of his missive from Torvald. However Kristina makes the decisive determination of the drama, she wants Torvald to happen out the truth of Nora ‘s secret ; it was she who saved Torvald ‘s life, she borrowed money and forged her male parent ‘s signature without his consent.
Womans began to take a measure frontward in society during the 1920 ‘s and the fresh ‘The Great Gatsby ‘ explores these phenomena. As adult females in the fresh start to detach themselves from the stereotyped proper and dainty mode in society, there are new stereotypes created. In the novel, it is absolutely alright for adult females to imbibe and carry on themselves wildly at parties merely as work forces do. They express their positions much more, and get down to take control of their freshly established topographic point in society. Daisy, the common dainty adult female, was treated as in inferior for old ages in her relationship with Tom. She allowed herself to be degraded as her hubby committed Acts of the Apostless of unfaithfulness. However, Daisy finally liberates herself when she has an matter with Gatsby.
On the other manus, adult females besides are portrayed as highly foolish, and easy used by work forces. Myrtle is an first-class illustration of his, for Tom is utilizing her. To Tom, Myrtle is a game. He uses her for merriment, and ne’er intends on holding a significant relationship with her. He goes to her when he pleases, and she will ever be at that place waiting for him. Tom does non handle her with regard, yet she continually returns to his side, and this is due to the sense of wealth he provides her with.
Although Torvald may handle Nora highly inferior to him, he had ne’er hurt her and would ne’er woolgather of being unfaithful to her, and this is a large contrast to Tom of ‘The Great Gatsby ‘ . Tom would reply the calls of his kept woman at dinner clip ; bespeaking that he did non hold an ounce of concern for Daisy ‘s feelings whatsoever. On the other manus, Nora was Torvald ‘s whole universe, and he would non woolgather of aching her. Therefore, when Daisy decides to remain with Tom while Nora decides to go forth Torvald, the readers are left in a baffled province. Daisy stays with Tom because despite everything they are from the same societal position. Tom offered Daisy certainty of place, while Gatsby has an upstart, and there are intuitions about his money. Gatsby besides has no repute in the background of being socially acceptable. Daisy stays with the group of socially stable people, and even though Gatsby loves her, she finds her wealth and place in society more of import.
Furthermore, Nora ‘s ultimate determination of make up one’s minding to go forth her hubby and kids may look uncalled for, nevertheless she did hold grounds which supported her determination. The relationship she shared with Torvald was that like a father-daughter relationship, it was dishonest every bit good as hypocritical. There was no love between them ; she was Torvald ‘s ‘doll married woman ‘ . At the terminal of the drama, Nora is cognizant of herself and the subsidiary inferior place she held for so many old ages. She feels a strong sense of unfairness, foremost by her male parent and the by her hubby, and she accuses Torvald: ‘It ‘s your mistake I ‘ve made nil of my life ‘ . When she states her purpose ‘I must educate myself ‘ Torvald is concerned merely about visual aspect ; ‘what will people twenty-four hours? ‘ And so pitiably says ‘I could alter ‘ followed by his mournful suggestion ‘could n’t we live here as brother and sister? ‘ Both this thoughts were dismissed out of manus by Nora.
In decision, the evident sarcasm that Nora leaves her hubby even though he is non a bad adult male while, in contrast to this, Daisy stays with her hubby even though he is highly unfaithful supports the quotation mark of Susan Brownell Anthony at the beginning of the essay,
“ Marriage, to adult females as to work forces, must be a luxury, non a necessity ; an incident of life. Not all of it. ”
This is because the attitude Daisy has towards her matrimony is non based on infatuation or love ; instead it is based on her position, both fiscal and societal, and that is what she considers to be luxury. However, the attitude Nora has towards he matrimony was ab initio based on what she thought was love, as she knew nil more or less. However throughout the drama she learns and develops into a adult female able to do her ain determinations ; where her matrimony becomes merely an incident in her life where she finally found herself.