The ABC theoretical account of crisis intercession refers to the conductivity of really brief mental wellness interviews with clients whose working degree has decreased following a psychosocial stressor besides known as a crisis ( Kanel. 2007 ) . This method was foremost introduced by Gerald Caplan and Eric Lindemann in the fortiess. other fluctuations of this theoretical account have developed over the old ages. The ABC theoretical account is a three measure problem-focused attack used to supply impermanent and immediate alleviation that has been known to work best when applied within 4 to 6 hebdomads of the precipitating event ( Kaplan. 2007 ) . The focal point of the ABC theoretical account is to place the facets of a crisis or precipitating event/crisis. the client’s perceptual experiences about the event. personal torment. failed internal header mechanisms. and the inability to map ( Kanel. 2007 ) . The first stage or the A stage of this interviewing procedure is making contact with the client. This is accomplished by set uping an informational. trusting and reciprocally respectful relationship between the clinician and the client.
This is established through go toing behaviours such as keeping focal point on the client and active hearing to the client. This helps the clinician addition a clear apprehension of how the client perceives the crisis. Missing this understanding the clinician is unable to help the client in altering their perceptual experience of the event and therefor unable to assist the client better their degree of working. Without constructing this footing. foundation or rapport the client may non experience as though the clinician is swearing. empathetic. accepting or non-judgmental and will non travel into the B or C stage of the theoretical account ( Kanel. 2007 ) . The B stage of the theoretical account is placing the job. this is known as the most critical portion of the procedure. During this phase there is a figure of specific points that the clinician needs to place: precipitating events. perceptual experiences. subjective hurt. and anterior and current operation degrees.
Since crisis intercession is brief and clip limited the clinician must rapidly place these aims. Asking the client relevant inquiries is an invitation for the client to “open up” leting them to show their “real” egos ( Kanel. 2007 ) . Harmonizing to Kanel shortly after the interview begins. the clinician should get down to inquire about the precipitating event by utilizing unfastened ended inquiries. An appropriate inquiry to get down with is “What happened that made you name for an assignment? ” ( Kanel. 2007 ) . After placing the event the clinician needs to research the client’s knowledges of the event. It is the client’s perceptual experiences of the event that causes them to be in a crisis province every bit good as losing their ability to get by. Affectional oppugning for this is inquiring the client “What do you believe about… ? ” or “What does this mean to you? ” ( Kanel. 2007 ) . The clinician needs to place emotional hurt: what is their emotional degree of working? This can be done by inquiring “How is all of this doing you experience? ” ( Kanel. 2007 ) .
Next the clinician needs to place the client’s damages in working. A good inquiry for the clinician to inquire to derive penetration for this is “What else is traveling on in your life that you feel is being affected by this problem” ? ( Kanel. 2007 ) . This signifier of oppugning can besides be broken down into classs such as Behavioral. Social. Academic or Occupational. These inquiries can be specific to the class such as “How are you making in school or at work” ? Or “How have you been kiping or eating” ? ( Kanel. 2007 ) . The clinician needs to research the client’s old degree of working in order to compare the two to acquire an accurate history of lowered degrees of operation. The clinician can make this by inquiring the client “What was your life like before this event” ? ( Kanel. 2007 ) . This will let the client to speak about their life prior to the event that caused the crisis. There are besides some ethical considerations to be cognizant of in the 2nd phase of the ABC theoretical account. These ethical concerns must be addressed with every client.
This is where closed ended inquiries may be considered. the best attack is to entwine these inquiries into the normal flow of conversation so that the client does non experience like they are being judged. One of the ethical concerns the clinician needs to turn to is suicide. since those covering with the crisis have no ability to get by and are vulnerable and overwhelmed. self-destruction may experience like their lone option to stop the crisis ( Kanel. 2007 ) . The clinician needs this information to maintain the client safe. Another ethical concern the clinician must turn to is the possibility of maltreatment towards a kid or the aged or any injury to others. It is ever a counsellor or mental wellness workers’ responsibility to describe any intuition of this sort of activity to the proper governments ( Kanel. 2007 ) . Organic or medical concerns are one of the other ethical considerations which must be addressed in the 2nd phase.
This includes doing ratings about any mental wellness or behavioural upsets every bit good as doing any necessary referrals ( Kanel. 2007 ) . Substance maltreatment is another ethical concern that must be addressed by the clinician. Since substance maltreatment is normally used to handle emphasis for those in crisis the clinician must be self-asserting in garnering information about drug usage ( Kanel. 2007 ) . This information will direct the clinician in the proper way to supply referrals to the client to assist him/her get the better of the substance maltreatment. The 3rd and concluding phase of the ABC theoretical account is the C stage. which includes header. declaration. referrals and support. During the 3rd phase of the ABC model the counsellor or crisis intercession specializer will assist the client header with the state of affairs. In the beginning of this phase. the counsellor should sum up the job and inquire the client how they have coped with it up to this point.
Finding out what the client has done to get by with the crisis up to this point will give the clinician and the client penetration about what has been effectual and what has non. Next the clinician will promote the development of new get bying behaviours. This is the chance for the clinician and the client to work together and make job work outing thoughts and ways to get by. This besides will let the client to larn job work outing accomplishments that they may utilize in the hereafter. As a clinician. I would show my client with preventative techniques such as going involved with activities such as journaling. bibliothearpy and “reel” therapy. I would assist my client learn to get by with the usage of support groups. 12 measure plan or long term therapy. As A clinician. I may do medical or legal referrals depending on the state of affairs. Finally. I would obtain a committedness from the client to follow through every bit good as a program for a clip to follow up on the header schemes ( Kanel. 2007 ) .
There are many of import accomplishments one must hold to be an affectional crisis interventionist. One must hold go toing behaviours this includes oculus contact. attentive hearing. organic structure position. overall empathy and heat. In order to be a successful counsellor when utilizing the ABC theoretical account. it is of import to hold cognition of cultural sensitiveness ( Kanel. 2007 ) . Harmonizing to Kanel crisis workers must retrieve that the go toing behaviour of different cultural and cultural groups may change in manner. and as a clinician 1 may necessitate to accommodate when working with certain civilizations ( Kanel. 2007 ) . Another of import accomplishment a clinician must possess is the accomplishment inquire inquiries decently without looking judgmental. Most frequently in this theoretical account. it is of import to utilize unfastened ended inquiries in order to larn more information about the precipitating event. Questions get downing with “what” or “how” are most effectual in this instance. The ability to paraphrasis is besides of import. which is the clinician’s ability to repeat what they thought they heard in their ain words or clear up what was said in a quizzical mode.
When this is done decently. the client knows that the counsellor is listening and it helps construct good resonance. Contemplation of feelings is another technique to allow the client know the counsellor is listening. every bit good as summarisation ( Kanel. 2007 ) . A counsellor should keep self-awareness. Talking to clients who may hold similar life experiences to the counsellor could trip events from the clinician’s ain yesteryear. It is of import that the counsellor empathize without allowing it impact them on a personal or emotional degree ( Ray. 2015 ) . A good crisis intercession counsellor must be nonreactive.
Bing nonreactive agencies that when they witness strong emotion or effusions from the client they can stay in control of the state of affairs and keep support of the client without the emotional escalation of the client. Escalation may do an unstable environment and hence do the client to close down and non uncover any farther helpful information ( Ray. 2015 ) . A crisis intercession counsellor should hold a high tolerance for helter-skelter state of affairs. Crisis intercession guidance is a extremely tense and nerve-racking field. It is extremely critical that you are able to be able to manage the high degree of emphasis that is handed to you daily while in that field ( Ray. 2015 ) .
Kanel. Kristi. A Guide to Crisis Intervention. 3e. 3rd Edition. Cengage Learning. 02/2006. VitalBook file. Ray. L. ( 2015 ) . Characteristics of a Good Crisis Counselor. The Houston Chronicle. pp. hypertext transfer protocol: //work. chron. com/characteristics-good-crisis-counselor-7007. hypertext markup language.