Structure Of The Ugandan Education System Economics Essay

The current construction of the instruction system in Uganda has been in force since the early sixtiess. It consists of 7 old ages of primary instruction followed by the lower secondary rhythm of 4 old ages and the upper secondary rhythm of 2 old ages, after which there are 3 to 5 old ages of university surveies.

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On successful coating of the primary school rhythm, one can either fall in lower secondary school or take a 3-year trade class in a proficient school. merely approximately 40 % of the primary school alumnuss are absorbed into the secondary rhythm, which implies that there are really fewer schools than available pupils, depicting an investing chance to private investors.

Successful pupil ‘s completing lower secondary instruction have 4 possible mercantile establishments:

Upper secondary school ( Advanced Level ) ;

Technical institutes for a 2-3 twelvemonth advanced craft class ;

Primary Teacher College ( PTC ) for a 2 twelvemonth class ; and

Government ‘s Department Training Colleges ( DTCs ) .

Several alumnus of upper secondary have options depending on their public presentation in advanced degree scrutinies. They can fall in:

University on private or authorities sponsorship ;

A National Teacher ‘s College for a biennial class ;

A College of Commerce ;

A Technical College ;

Department Training Colleges.

The chief characteristic of the state ‘s educational construction is its freely in allowing one to exert their discretion in choice a class of survey, particularly after finishing upper secondary instruction.

The Education System in Uganda

In uganda the instruction system consists of pre-primary, primary, secondary and post secondary or third instruction.

Pre-primary Education

The demand for pre-primary instruction is still low and merely approximately 10 per centum of the entire school traveling kids win through pre-primary schools. There has so far been deficiency of authorities control over this sector ensuing into questionable tendencies sing the content and quality of the course of study, learning methods, installations, age of entry, quality of instructors and school charges to advert but a few.

Primary Education

Introduction in 1997 of free primary instruction for four kids in every household demand for primary instruction has radically increased. This saw school enrolment addition from two million students in 1986 to over six 1000000s students by 1999. There are fluctuations nevertheless, between urban and rural countries with the past holding more lasting schools and better instruction and instructional stuffs than the latter.

Secondary Education

This sector has proved a growing of over 20 % in the figure of government-aided secondary schools over the last 10 old ages and a 15 % addition in the figure of registered private secondary schools the same period. Still the sector is yet to achieve the necessary capacity to get by with the big figure of primary school

GENERAL INFORMATION ON UGANDA

Location

In East Africa the democracy of Uganda is located. It is bordered on the E by Kenya, on the North by Sudan, on the West by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, on the sou’-west by Rwanda, and on the South by Tanzania. The south portion of the state includes a significant part of Lake Victoria, which is besides border by Kenya and Tanzania.

Uganda takes its name from the Buganda land, which encompassed a part of the South of the state including the capital Kampala.

History and Political state of affairs

Uganda developed from the19th century land of Buganda, based along the north shore of Lake Victoria. In 1894 Buganda was announced a British associated state, but the state was ne’er to the full colonised. Turning self-government through a Legislative and Executive Council led to full independency on nine October 1962. Milton Obote, leader of the Uganda People ‘s Congress ( UPC ) , was elected Prime Minister. He was overthrown in 1971 by Army Chief of Staff, General Idi Amin, who established a barbarous absolutism. The Asian Community was expelled in 1972 and intellectuals persecuted. Border tenseness led to an invasion by Tanzania, with support from exiled members of the Ugandan National Liberation Front ( UNLF ) . President Amin was over-thrown and ill-organised elections in 1980 returned Obote ‘s UPC to power.

President Obote ‘s authorities relied on the support of the ground forces and shortly became embroiled in a barbarian guerilla war against Mr. Yoweri Museveni ‘s National Resistance Army ( NRA ) , who regarded Obote and his protagonists as felons. Turning dissent betweenlangi and the acholi cabals within the ground forces resulted in Obote ‘s overthrow by the Acholi, led by General Tito Okello. Gen. Okello established a military council, but after a acrimonious conflict in January 1986, the NRA occupied Kampala and Mr. Museveni was stand as President.

In 1995, Uganda execution a new fundamental law. The Constitution provided for Presidential, Parliamentary and local elections over the following 2 old ages, to be held under the past limitations on activity by political parties. A referendum was held in June 2000, which decided to keep the limitations. The elections which followed in May and June 1996, for President and Parliament severally, were by and large free and just, notwithstanding the prohibition on party activity. President Museveni won the Presidency with 74.2 % of the ballot ; NRM sympathizers won a bulk ballot in the Parliament.

The 2nd presidential election was held on 12th March 2001. H.E. President Yoweri Museveni won a 2nd term in office. Considerable advancement has been made in reconstructing peace across Uganda and in reconstructing substructure shattered by civil war. Uganda ‘s first multi-party elections since 1980 were held on 23rd February 2006. H.E. President Yoweri Museveni was re-elected for a 3rd term.

Geography

The state is located on the East African tableland, averaging about 1100 meters ( 3,250 foot ) above sea degree, and this slopes really steadily non upward to the Sudanese Plain to the North. However, much of the South is ill drained, while the Centre is dominated by Lake Kyoga, which is besides surrounded by extended boggy countries. Uganda lies about wholly within the Nile basin. The Victoria Nile drains from the lake into Lake Kyoga and thence into Lake Albert on the Congolese boundary line. It so runs due norths into Sudan.

nevertheless by and large equatorial, the clime is non unvarying as the height modifies the natural clime. South Uganda is wetter with rain by and large spread throughout the twelvemonth. At Entebbe on the north shore of Lake Victoria, most rain falls from March to June and the November/December period. Further to the North a dry season bit by bit emerges ; at Gulu about one 20 kilometer from the Sudanese boundary line, November to February remainder of the twelvemonth.

The northeasterly Karamoja part has the driest clime and is prone to drouths in some old ages. Rwenzori in the sou’-west on the boundary line with Congo coming heavy rain all twelvemonth unit of ammunition. The South of the state is to a great extent influenced by the universe large lakes, Lake Victoria, which contains many islands. It prevents temperatures from changing significantly and raise cloud cover and rainfall. really of import metropoliss are located in the South, near Lake Victoria, including the capital Kampala and the nearby metropolis of Entebbe.

However in Uganda many deficiency ther, besides Lake Victoria and Lake Kyoga, there are Lake Albert, Lake Edward and the little Lake George.

Religion

Harmonizing to the nose count of 2002, 84 % Christians of Uganda ‘s population. The Roman Catholic Church has the largest figure of disciples ( 41.9 % ) , followed by the Anglican Church of Uganda ( 35.9 % ) . The following most reported faith of Uganda is Islam, with Muslims stand foring 12 % of the population.

The nose count lists merely 1 % of Uganda ‘s population as following traditional faiths, and 0.7 % are classified as ‘other non-Christians, ‘ including disciples of religious orders. Hebraism is besides practiced in Uganda by a little figure of native Ugandans known as the Abayudaya. One of the universe ‘s seven Baha’i Houses of Worship is located on the outskirts of Kampala.

Of the Christian population, the Roman Catholic Church has the most figure of followings, followed by the Anglican Church, while Evangelical and Pentecostal churches claim the remainder. Evangelical and Pentecostal churches are really active. The Muslim population is chiefly Sunni. Traditional autochthonal beliefs are practiced in some rural countries and are often blended with or practiced alongside Christianity or Islam. Indian subjects are the most important immigrant population ; members of this community are chiefly Ismailia or Hindu. The north and West Nile parts are preponderantly Catholic, while Iguana District in east Uganda has the highest % of Muslims. The remainder of the state has a mix of spiritual associations.

Uganda ‘s Relationss with the UK

Relationss with the United Kingdom are of import. The UK has a really strong bilateral relationship and a important development partnership with Uganda. The UK extends both budgetary and undertaking assistance to Uganda through the Department for International Development. This aid is chiefly towards the adopting of PEAP, in the countries of instruction, civil service reform, conveyance, wellness, the bench, defense mechanism and the constabulary.

The Uganda High Commission is prosecuting the UK so that Uganda realises:

A· Greater entree to the UK market for Ugandan exports, for illustration processed java, processed tea, fish, baccy, fresh flowers, fresh fruits and cotton.

A· An increase of direct investing from the UK.

A· A larger figure of tourers come into Uganda.

A· Cultivate, undertaking and prolong a positive image about Uganda in the UK.

A· An increase in the figure of semi-skilled and skilled Ugandans accessing employment in the UK.

There are frequent contacts, the most recent 1s were:

Visits to Uganda:

Ivan Lewis, Under Secretary of State for International Development ( February 2009 )

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh and Their Royal Highnesses The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall ( November 2007 ) ,

Prime Minister Gordon Brown ( November 2007 ) ,

David Miliband, Foreign Secretary ( November 2007 ) ,

Hilary Benn, Secretary of State for International Development ( May 2006 and April 2005 ) ,

Lord Bach, Parliamentary Secretary, Department for Environment, Food & A ; Rural Affairs ( August 2005 ) .

Visits to the United kingdom:

H.E. President Yoweri Museveni in March 2009 and March 2008.

Hon. Sam Kutesa, Minister of Foreign Affairs in March 2009 and March 2008, twice in 2007, including as a Guest of Government in September 2007, and

Hon. Amama Mbabazi, Minister of Security in September 2008.

UK Nationals:

A· An estimated 3,000 UK subjects live and work in Uganda.

UK Assistance to Uganda

The UK is one of Uganda ‘s largest bilateral givers and has provided over ?800 million in development aid since 1986. Uganda is one of DFID ‘s largest programmes in Africa. In 2007 the UK committed to a new development partnership deserving ?700 million, warrant at least ?70 million a twelvemonth in development aid. DFID have besides announced its new five twelvemonth ?100 million programme to back up development in the North.

Uganda ‘s Relationss with Ireland

Uganda and Ireland maintain really friendly dealingss. These have been cemented through the exchange of high degree visits. As a consequence, Uganda is now the largest programme state for Irish Development Cooperation and the biggest receiver of Irish Aid in the whole of Africa. Education and wellness sectors are major receivers of Irish Aid.

The Uganda High Commission is hence:

A· Continuing duologue with Ireland with a position of increasing bilateral aid.

A· Negociating for rise exports in flowers, produced java, tea and fish.

A· Promotion touristry of Uganda ‘s celebrated spiritual establishments and other tourer finishs.

A· Encouragement to the transportation of agricultural engineering to Uganda.

We are located at:

Uganda House 58-59 Trafalgar Square London WC2N 5DX

Notice Board

Notice to Ugandans in the UK & A ; Ireland

Ugandan Citizens sing or shacking in the United Kingdom and Ireland are encouraged to register with Uganda ‘s Mission in London.

Benefits of enrollment:

1. Registration will do your presence and whereabouts known in instance it is necessary to reach you in an exigency.

2. We need to regularly update our citizens with up-to-date information from Uganda.

3. We need to reunite lost and found paperss with their proprietors. Some of these paperss have been returned to us by UK governments after neglecting to follow the proprietors. Over 950 passports, 130 birth certifications, 7 matrimony certifications and 2 decease certifications have been returned to the Mission and expect aggregation by their proprietors.

Please registry either in individual, by station, facsimile or electronic mail on the undermentioned reference:

Uganda High Commission

Uganda House

58 – 59 Trafalgar Square

London WC2N 5DX

Facsimile: 0207 839 8925

Tel: 0207 839 5783

Electronic mail: info @ ugandahighcommission.co.uk

The Ugandan economic system is dominated by three chief sectors: Servicess, Agriculture and Industry. The agricultural sector is a important participant in the economic system, and employs most of the state ‘s population – a bulk of whom are hapless. The sector is chiefly engaged in subsistence production, with really limited orientation towards commercial agribusiness. At the minute, there are calculated attempts to overhaul and commercialize the sector. Inevitably, this will take to some labour supplantings from the agricultural to other sectors.

A bulk of the hapless are employed in the agricultural sector – a sector that contributes 67 % of entire employment, and a sector in which net incomes are5 times non more than those in the populace sector. Other surveies indicate that from 1997/98, agricultural monetary values have increased by less than 5 % , compared to over 30 % for both industry and services monetary values and hence, husbandmans who are preponderantly rural based and depend on selling agricultural merchandises have experienced a bead in the existent monetary value they receive. With falling agricultural trade good monetary values, the economic supports of these families and the overall development aspirations are menace.

In footings of part to Gross Domestic Product, the portion of the agricultural sector has low from 40.8 % in 2000/01 to 35.6 % in 2004/05 and 34.0 % in 2005/06. Other sectors such as Servicess and Industry have picked up, with the portion of Services to GDP rise from 40.6 % in 2000/01 to 43.8 % in 2004/05 and 45.5 % in 2005/06 while that of Industry increased from 18.6 % in 2000/01 to 20.6 % in 2004/05 before worsening somewhat to 20.5 in 2005/06. The Services sector has remained the biggest subscriber to GDP growing rates, lending 4.0 % in 2005/06 while Agriculture and Industry contributed 0.1 % and 0.9 % severally in the same period. This is every bit compared to 3.3 % , 1.6 % and 1.5 % for the several sectors in 2001/02.

Imports have been turning faster than exports, ensuing into a wider trade instability. Between 2001 and 2005 exports increased by 12.5 % , 3.5 % , 14.2 % , 22.4 % and 24.1 % while imports increased by 5.0 % , 6.7 % and 28.1 % before cut downing to 25.5 % and 19.0 % for the several old ages. The existent differences in the growing rates between exports and imports should, nevertheless, be understood against the background that imports are increasing from a bigger base compared to exports. The trade shortage is estimated at US $ 1,243.2 million for 2005, compared to US $ 841.6 million and US $ 1,072.7 million in 2003 and 2004 severally. For each of the old ages 2003, 2004 and 2005, the major imports were crude oil, crude oil merchandises and related stuffs, with an import measure of US $ 187.3m, US $ 217.8m, and US $ 343.2m for the several old ages. Road vehicles, including air shock absorber vehicles closely followed at US $ 115.1m, US $ 144.7m and US $ 192.2m for the several old ages ; with cereals and cereal readyings coming 3 at US $ 106.7m, US $ 134.4m and US $ 141.2m for the same several old ages. The higher rise in imports would be desirable and sustainable if most of the imports were used as inputs into the production procedure. However, most of the imports are consumed instead than industrial/production inputs.

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