Sociocultural Theory

My choice for the most relevant theory is Sociocultural Theory. This theory focuses upon modeling watching others behaviors. Guided participation plays a major role in sociocultral theory and can be called the central concept. The central concept that cultural patterns and beliefs are social construction help anchor this theory. This theory uses proximal development which consists of the skills, knowledge and concepts that the learner is close to understanding. Guided participation is used to help guide you in the right direction with knowledge and everyday tasks.

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A process called joint construction helps you attain new information after its given to you to learn. I have chosen it as the most relevant to developmental psychology because people always learn in the same way whether it’s a skill or custom. This theory reminds us that human development is in everyday social interaction. Sociocultural theory looks outwards to the social, historical, and cultural patterns that affect us. If I had to give an example of sociocultural theory I would relate it to me trying to teach my son to crawl.

I get down on all four and go through the motion of crawling with him intensely watching. After a few attempts he continues to watch me and do every step as my example. Another good example would be me teaching my son sign language, when its time to eat I place him in his high chair , then use my voice to ask him would he like more to eat. Waiting for a response I also use hand signs to grab his attention. After repeating simple signs for a few words he is showing My choice for least relevant theory is Epigenetic Theory.

This theory focuses upon the interactions between genetic instructions and surrounding contexts. It uses three important disciplines such as biology, genetics, and chemistry. Epigenetic theory puts two halves together and states that interactions can halt, modify, or strengthen the effects of someone’s genes. Genes are always affected by environmental influences and never function alone. There are epigenetic factors that affect individuals, groups of people and entire species.

Some aspects of epigenetic theory help us to understand how children and parents love one another. Epigenetic theory looks inward to our genes and outward to environmental factors. My example would be a mother to be who has had no prenatal care and works 40 hours a week on her feet while pregnant. Will her baby have side effects from her actions? Many would say yes and I would agree. When I was pregnant I took great care of myself and made sure I took the best prenatal vitamins. The outcome was a healthy baby boy who seems to be more advanced in some aspects.

I have chosen the Psychoanalytic Theory as the least understood because I don’t understand why the psychoanalytic theory would be an integrated part of human development. This theory focuses upon early childhood experiences and subsequent development. This theory also states that human actions and thoughts originate from unconscious impulses and childhood conflicts. Freud plays a huge role in this theory with his three stages of childhood development. This focus does not seem to make sense because there is no way to measure or test this theory out leaving me with tons of unanswered questions.

The Nature vs Nurture debate relates to developmental psychology due to the patterns of development in our genes and the result of our experiences. The combination of child and parent, nature and nurture together leads to development. Homosexuality is a commonly used topic when it comes to nature vs nurture. You can go either way when it comes to this topic due to the elements given. You could say that the way one was raised led to being homosexual or having homosexual friends brought this out. The debate goes pretty deep but we still don’t fully understand which is correct.

I think they both play a great part in this topic. Most turn to the side of genetics or the saying “I was born this way”. Even so we have no evidence to support this theory. I agree more with the nurture side in which it has a little to do with your environment. The people you surround your self with and the everyday life you lead can have a huge outcome on you as a person. Not to say being around homosexual people is going to make you feel that way. Every individual is different and the way you choose to be.


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