In A Christmas Carol. the protagonist Ebenezer Scrooge undergoes a extremist alteration of character and attitude towards societal interactions. material ownerships. and Christmas. Too extremist to be believable. as people don’t alteration that highly and easy. Therefore. it is extremely improbable that. if Scrooge was a existent individual. these alterations would be lasting.
Wilson. Edmund. “Dickens: The Two Scrooges. ” The New Republic ( 1942 ) : n. pag. Web. 26 November 2012.
Wilson’s essay is widely regarded as the most influential survey of Dickens of the twentieth century. He points out that Scrooge’s transmutation from the “melancholy misanthropist to the joyful incarnation of Christmas cheer” is excessively large of a alteration to go on in such a limited sum of clip as it does in A Christmas Carol. Harmonizing to Wilson. the supporter would unimpeachably travel back to his old “wicked and paranoid self” after the terminal of the narrative. Scrooge would stop up as a “victim of a manic-depressive rhythm. and a really unhappy and unpleasant person” . Dickens. like Scrooge. was capable of the extremes of both evil and good. and was a instead unstable character. which leads him to the premise that the protagonist’s bipolar nature is representative of Dickens’ ain deep personal. psychological and societal jobs. ensuing from a childhood injury. He supports his statement by citing Dickens’ daughters’ and wife’s contradictory statements depicting the author’s personality. ( 158 )
Gilbert. Elliot. “The Ceremony of Innocence: Charles Dickens’ A Christmas Carol. ” PMLA 90. 1 ( January 1975 ) : 22-31. JSTOR. Web. 17 November 2012.
Gilbert argues that Scrooge’s religious and “moral growth” in A Christmas Carol is go oning excessively rapidly to be psychologically valid. This. nevertheless. doesn’t mean the narrative is flawed. but is what makes it effectual. The article focuses on Scrooge’s moral and religious recovery. This essay is helpful for me because it examines the rediscovery of Scrooge’s “metaphysical innocence” . alternatively of looking at A Christmas Carol as a psychological instance of an old neurotic adult male. who is temporarily transformed into a better human being by the visions 3 Christmas liquors show him. Jaffe. Audrey. “Spectacular Sympathy: Visuality and Ideology in Dickens’ A Christmas Carol. ” PMLA 109. 2 ( 1994 ) : 254-265. JSTOR. Web. 20 November 2012.
Jaffe describes the manner Scrooge saves his ain life by retrieving his empathy. understanding and his of course good ego. She focuses on the “ideological values” in Western civilization and how the narrative shows its readers a series of culturally enhanced scenes. She claims that the readers’ apprehension of the narrative depends on their ability to place with the Christian values that are conveyed in those scenes. This essay will assist me compose my paper because it examines Dickens’ value system relatively on a cultural degree.
Glancy. Ruth. “Dickens and Christmas: His Framed-Tale Themes. ” Nineteenth-Century Fiction 35. 1 ( 1980 ) : 53-72. JSTOR. Web. 22 November 2012.
Glancy explores all of Dickens’ Christmas-themed plants and compares them to each other. She writes about the alterations his character’s frequently undergo during that particular gay clip of the twelvemonth and why he chooses to allow so many of his narratives take topographic point about Christmas. She besides examines his strong relationship with the vacation.
I think this article is relevant for my paper because it doesn’t merely trade with Scrooge and other characters in Dickens’ narratives. but tells me something about the writer as a individual and his ideas on the Christian vacation that is a cardinal subject in A Christmas Carol.
Cox. Don Richard and Gilbert. Elliot. “Scrooge’s Conversion. ” PMLA 90. 5 ( 1975 ) : 921-924. JSTOR. Web. 20 November 2012.
Cox argues that the “wicked misanthrope” Scrooge in the beginning of A Christmas Carol is. in fact. a exaggeration. He wasn’t a evildoer in the classically spiritual sense. so much as merely greedy. which influenced fhis attitude towards charity and assisting out those who are in demand. When the liquors visit him. he realizes that there are more of import things in life than money and becomes the generous “good” Scrooge.
This essay will back up my research paper because it offers another point of position at Scrooge’s transmutation than the usual moral/religious one and I want my debate to be every bit thorough as possible.