Research Case Study: England
The United Kingdom ( UK ) is a autonomous province in the North Atlantic made up of 4 states: England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. England, as a state with over 53 million dwellers, covers a important part of the island of Great Britain ( in add-on to many other much smaller islands environing it ) . England is geographically separate from Continental Europe due to the North Sea to the East and the English Channel to the South.
The capital and largest metropolis London, with a population of over 13 million people, is a major universe fiscal hub that acts as a nucleus Centre of diplomatic negotiations, civilization, and international trade ( Ackroyd 2000 ) . It has been a major human colony for over 2 millenary and is therefore really rich in history and an ideal travel finish for many tourers.
From the morning of the Age of Discovery in the early 15Thursdaycentury the British Empire began to quickly colonize across the universe, including the Americas. At its extremum it was the largest and most widespread empire the universe had of all time seen ( Lloyd 1996 ) . Centuries of British influence can still be seen in infinite parts across the universe both linguistically and culturally.
In the late seventeenth century a cultural motion known as the Enlightenment saw an increased focal point on scientific discipline, logic and ground as opposed to faith, religion and superstitious notion. This led to technological invention and new fabrication processes that overturned the universe by triping the industrial revolution ( Lloyd 1996 ) . England was the first state in human history to industrialize, thrusting London into going the epicenter of what was shortly known as modern capitalist economy. From about 1831 to 1925 London was the largest and most influential metropolis in the universe, cementing its topographic point in history ( Ackroyd 2000 ) .
England is a state that has been represented in a overplus of different ways through the centuries. While worlds each maintain their ain pallet of positions, thoughts, prejudices and values as constructed via their upbringing and ain alone life experiences, the manner in which certain topographic points are represented to us can significantly change our perceptual experience of them. For illustration, an older stereotype was that English people considered themselves superior to other states ( peculiarly those that were one time settlements of the UK ) due to the place of laterality their state one time held in the universe ( Gallagher 2006 ) . This is surely an overgeneralisation and can be challenged of its truth merely as any stereotype ( i.e. an inaccurate representation ) can be ( Gallagher 2006 ) . In the 21stcentury such negative stereotypes are diminishing in prevalence as the universe bit by bit adapts to globalization and international integrating.
England is by and large represented today as a historic finish where one can see many ancient sites such as Stonehenge and the Tower of London.
The universe as we know it today in the 21stcentury is more interrelated than of all time before as a consequence of modern transit, progresss in telecommunication engineering, and the deregulating of economic systems by authoritiess ( therefore liberating the market and leting for increased foreign trade ) ( Jonas 2013 ) . Additionally, the lifting wealth of the human population ( peculiarly in Western states such as Australia ) is unprecedented, spread outing travel chances beyond what was one time a luxury merely the really wealthiest could afford.
With planetary touristry go oning to increase, England to this twenty-four hours acts as a primary finish for foreign travelers. One of the many grounds for this is the highly long and well-documented rich history that it maintains which few other states ( peculiarly beyond Europe ) can fit ( Gallagher 2006 ) . In symbolization of its medieval yesteryear in Feudal Europe, antediluvian palaces and fastnesss are scattered throughout the state that draw a overplus of international visitants. Stonehenge, a memorial of the prehistoric age built by an ancient civilization that left behind no written records, is located in Wiltshire, England ; it is one of the most celebrated and visited memorials in the universe ( Bender 1998 ) . When foremost opened to the public visitants were able to walk amongst and even mount on the rocks, nevertheless this led to really important eroding and the memorial was therefore roped off, merely to be viewed at a distance from so on several decennaries ago ( Bender 1998 ) . With the increasing figure of tourers in the 2nd half of the 20Thursdaycentury, Stonehenge was reconstructed ( e.g. over the centuries many of the elephantine rocks had fallen ) with a nearby visitant Centre besides being built. This is merely one illustration of the manner in which cardinal characteristics of England’s infinites have been restructured or reconfigured over clip in response to tourers and people in general ( Bender 1998 ) .
As was antecedently inferred, the rise of globalization has seen the influence of the ‘tourist gaze’ ( i.e. outlooks ) upon international travel finishs merely grow. As a potentially comfortable industry for any state that is free from obvious hindrances such as war and race murder, authoritiess invest one million millions into building and ‘improving’ tourer substructure ( e.g. resorts, visitant Centres, boosting trails etc ) to try at pulling more aliens ( Hottola 2004 ) . When successful, frequently the most frequented physical environments ( such as many of England’s well-known national Parkss and forestry hikings ) perceptibly begin to deteriorate. Excessive sums of litter, eroded trails and other general signifiers of harm are several of the typical Markss of touristry that can be seen today across much of England’s stupefying Lake District ( Hottola 2004 ) . This depicts the thought that landscapes are ne’er inactive infinites ; instead, they are highly unstable and really susceptible to changes ( peculiarly by worlds but besides by nature ) ( Massey 2006 ) . These are non ever damaging and can in fact be really positive. For illustration, many environmental enterprises have been undertaken across several of England’s national Parkss since the morning of the 21stcentury, doing a noticeable difference in understating human impact ( Gallagher 2006 ) . It is really of import that such enterprises continue into the hereafter to guarantee natural infinites avoid environmental debasement as has been seen in certain parts of the universe to be lay waste toing ( e.g. America’s Great Smoky Mountains ) .
Buckingham Palace is located in the City of Westminster and acts as the primary workplace and London abode of the British monarchy ( presently Queen Elizabeth II ) . It acts as a symbol of the royal household and British wealth, and tends to shack at the Centre of national jubilations ( Ackroyd 2000 ) . It could be perceived as one of England’s national pride landmarks, and therefore would move as the perfect scene for an event that celebrates the British Empire and monarchy.
The British Empire’s past colonial enlargement resulted in widespread British influence that is discernible to this twenty-four hours in states throughout the universe ( Lloyd 1996 ) . This event will peculiarly appeal to loyal citizens that are really passionate approximately England as its chief intent is to observe the country’s historical accomplishments that altered the universe. For illustration, the industrial revolution that sparked in London had an unprecedented consequence on the world’s cultural and socio-economic conditions ( Brown 1998 ) . Greater degrees of wealth, employment, and new engineerings spread across the universe and brought approximately faultless criterions of life that worlds had non seen earlier on such a widespread graduated table ( Brown 1998 ) . In other words, England instigated a new epoch of human promotion that no old society was able to accomplish.
The British monarchy, although a figure-head, has traditionally represented the state for centuries and symbolised its laterality on the universe phase ( Campbell 2002 ) . As Buckingham Palace in London is the primary place of the monarchy, it is an ideal location for the hosting of this event that celebrates the British Empire and its past historical influences that changed the universe.
Potential ethical issues surely exist in relation to the retention of this event and what it is observing. As the British Empire expanded across the Earth over the centuries it displaced 1000000s of people and destroyed merely as many lives ( Khapoya 1998 ) . For illustration, during the colonization of Africa in the late 19Thursdaycentury 1000s of Africans were torn off from their households by British soldiers to work chiefly in the Americas as slaves. Such tragic Acts of the Apostless were common in this epoch and historically were committed by most larger states at one point or another ( Khapoya 1998 ) .
Although this event is focused on British civilization and pride, the too bad Acts of the Apostless of the yesteryear will non be forgotten. A sensitive testimonial will be made in recollection of those that suffered as a consequence of colonial enlargement and industrialization.
A absorbing scenario to chew over in relation to warranting the demand for this testimonial: the attending ( to the event ) of a new migrator to England whose long past ascendants were enslaved in a past African settlement by English soldiers ( i.e. the state at manus being celebrated ) . This could potentially impede this migrant’s cultural relativity ( suspension of their ain cultural prejudices to populate in and understand the foreign British civilization and associated behaviors ) . A testimonial dedicated to the yesteryear and to the tide of war would help in easing tensenesss and guaranting that merely peace and harmoniousness emanate from this event.
If you are a proud, loyal citizen of England, we invite you to go to a one-off public event being held on Buckingham Palace’s environing evidences in Westminster, London. This event is in jubilation of the British Empire and all of its historical accomplishments that overturned the universe for the better, both in the past and present. Join us as we have several cardinal political figures including British Prime Minister David Cameron give animating negotiations on our great nation’s yesteryear from the Age of Discovery where we sailed the seven seas to the Industrial Revolution where the universe saw its first steam engine. Experts claim that the British individuality and civilization today are really complex merchandises that are necessarily in gradual diminution due to the procedures of globalization, and in peculiar the constitution of the European Union. These procedures have blurred national individualities in favor of cosmopolitanism where worlds of all ethnicities and beginnings live amongst one another in a individual community underpinned by a shared morality. This comparatively modern phenomenon has left small clip for us to observe what England was for 100s of old ages and what it achieved prior to international mutuality in the modern epoch. While cosmopolitanism and the hereafter are to be embraced, the yesteryear is to be every bit good and shall be following Friday, the 14Thursdayof November at Buckingham Palace.
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Jonas, Tammy ( 2013 ) , “ Eating the Vernacular, Being Cosmopolitan ” , Cultural Studies Review, 19.1, 117-137.
Khapoya, Vincent B ( 1998 ) . The African Experience, Prentice Hall, pp. 112 – 134
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