There are three sociological positions of race and ethnicity which are functionalist. struggle. and labeling positions. The first 1 I will discourse is the functionalist position. The functionalist position emphasizes how the parts of society are structured to keep its stableness. As besides described in the reading the functionalist attack is an attack. if an facet of societal life does non lend to a society’s stableness or endurance. it will non be passed on from one coevals to the following.
The functionalist position thinks that racial ill will is difficult to be admired but the functionalist would indicate out that it serves some positive maps from the perspective group of the racialists as described. In the dominant group there are five maps that racial beliefs have for the dominant group. As described they are the undermentioned: 1. A society that patterns favoritism fails to utilize the resources of all persons. Discrimination limits the hunt for endowment and leading to the dominant group. 2.
Discrimination aggravates societal jobs such as poorness. delinquency. and offense and places the fiscal load of relieving these jobs on the dominant group. 3. Society must put a good trade of clip and money to support the barriers that prevent the full engagement of all members. 4. Racial bias and favoritism undercut good will and friendly diplomatic dealingss between states. They besides negatively affect attempts to increase planetary trade. 5. Social alteration is inhibited because alteration may help a subsidiary group.
6. Discrimination promotes disrespect for jurisprudence enforcement and for the peaceable colony of differences. The 2nd position is the struggle position which is the perspective assumes that the societal construction is best understood in footings of struggle or tenseness between viing groups. As described in the reading society is a battle between the privileged ( the dominant group ) and the exploited ( the subsidiary group ) . There is competition that takes groups between groups with unequal sums of political and economic powers.
A difference is that functionalists are non needfully in favour of inequality ; their attack is helps to understand why such systems persist as described. The subsidiary group is criticized for its low position. The dominant group is responsible for subordination which is frequently ignored. The 3rd attack is the labeling attack. The labeling theory which is described in the reading is a construct introduced by sociologist Howard Becker. is an effort to explicate why certain people are viewed as pervert and other engaging in the same behaviour are non.
As said in the reading a important facet of the relationship between dominant and subsidiary groups is the privilege of the dominant group to specify society’s values. Minorities are believed to hold the deficiency of ability to execute in of import places where subsidiary group are locked into society’s inferior occupations. I feel that I can hold with the labeling perspective the most. The ground for this is that it still exists in today’s society. Companies are required to supply equal chance employment and can non know apart against faith. race. or age.
We know that this is still non true. You see that most police officers and firemans are still largely work forces. You still see big sums of households have stay at place female parents. Another illustration would believe that if a kid is bad in school that it has to be his or her parents that make them that manner. I believe that it genuinely is still an issue among persons. Part II I choose African Americans and the creative activity of migration and the effect of segregation. Migration is defined as a general term that describes any transportation of population.
Segregation is described the physical separation of two groups. frequently imposed on a subsidiary group by the dominant group. Harmonizing to Wikipedia I choose The Great Migration. As described it was the motion of 2 million African American out of the Southern United States to the Midwest. Northeast. and West from 1910 to 1930. They migrated to get away racism and seek employment chances in industrial metropoliss. When the Emancipation Proclamation was signed in 1863 less than eight per centum of the African American population lived in the northeasterly or Midwestern U.
S. As described. “Between 1910 and 1930. the African American population grew by about 40 % in Northern provinces. largely in the major metropoliss. Cities such as Chicago. Detroit. New York. and Cleveland had some of the biggest additions in the early portion of the century. Because alterations were concentrated in metropoliss. urban tensenesss rose as African Americans and new or recent European immigrants. both groups chiefly from rural societies. competed for occupations and lodging with the white cultural working category.
Tensions were frequently most terrible between cultural Irish. supporting their places. and recent immigrants and inkinesss. ” “African Americans moved as persons or little household groups. There was no authorities aid. but frequently northern industries. such as the railwaies. meat packing and stockyards. recruited people. The primary factor for migration was the racial clime and widespread force of lynching in the South. In the North. they could happen better schools and grownup work forces could vote ( joined by adult females after 1920 ) . Burgeoning industries meant there were occupation chances.
” ( Wikipedia. 2010 ) This in bend caused African Americans to experience unintegrated and felt they had to be among other African Americans do to how they are treated. There were many battles and public violences among different cultural groups due to segregation. Such as the illustration of African Americans who could non sit in the forepart of the coach because of their race. In today’s society this is ethnically non acceptable. Mentions: Wikipedia. ( 2010. October 15 ) . Wikipedia. org. Retrieved October 23. 2010. from Wikipedia: hypertext transfer protocol: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Great_Migration_ ( African_American ) .