Qatar National Vision 2030 Economics Essay

Qatar National Vision 2030, launched in October 2008, builds a span from the present to the hereafter. It aims to transform Qatar into an advanced state, prolonging its development and supplying a high criterion of life for all its people-for coevalss to come. It foresees a vibrant and comfortable Qatar with economic and societal justness for all. It envisages all Qataris working together in prosecuting these aspirations, with strong Islamic and household values steering their corporate energies.

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QNV 2030 physique on a society that promotes justness, benevolence and equality. It embodies the rules of the Permanent Constitution, which protects public and personal freedoms, promotes moral and spiritual values and traditions, and warrants security, stableness and equal chances. In line with these rules, Qatar National

Vision 2030 ( QNV 2030 ) rests on four pillars:

Human development-to enable all of Qatar ‘s people to prolong a comfortable society.

Social development-to maintain a merely and caring society based on high moral criterions and capable of playing a outstanding function in the planetary partnership for development.

Economic development-to achieve a competitory and diversified economic system capable of run intoing the demands of, and procuring a high criterion of life for, all its people for the present and for the hereafter.

Environmental development-to guarantee harmoniousness among economic growing, societal development and environmental protection.

QNV 2030 therefore defines wide future tendencies and reflects the aspirations, aims and civilization of the Qatari people. Lighting the picks available, it inspires Katari people to develop a set of common ends related to their hereafter, and it provides the model for Qatar ‘s National Development Strategy 2011-2016.

Qatar ‘s direction of its hydrocarbon resources will go on to procure betterments in criterions of life, but those betterments can non be the lone end of society. The National Development Strategy 2011-2016 therefore aims to equilibrate five major

challenges identified in QNV 2030:

First, modeling modernisation around the saving of Qatari civilization and traditions.

Second, equilibrating the demands of this coevals and those of future coevalss.

Third, pull offing growing and avoiding uncontrolled enlargement.

Fourth, fiting the size and quality of the expatriate labor force to the selected way of


Fifth, alining economic growing with societal development and environmental anagement.

Explicating the National Development Strategy 2011-2016

This National Development Strategy 2011-2016, Qatar ‘s first, is the apogee of extended stakeholder audiences, duologues and analyses. The positive and unprecedented battle of multiple sectoral and intersectoral stakeholders reflects a echt desire for reform that is in the best involvement of the state. The audience procedure began with curates and cardinal leaders from authorities, private sector and civil society and moved out into society. Reflecting the wide range of the Strategy, crosssectoral undertaking squads comprised representatives from authorities ministries, bureaus, private companies and civil society organisations. The extended intersectoral audiences, including interviews, treatments, arguments and research, were of import for constructing a scheme that would bask strong and positive public ownership from the beginning.

The Strategy physiques on situational analyses, nosologies, regional and international benchmarking and elaborate schemes for each of 14 sectors. The situational analyses identified precedence countries utilizing baseline analyses of Qatar ‘s state of affairs and benchmarking against best patterns in other states, both in the part and around the universe. The 14 sector scheme studies place the precedence countries and the many transmutation enterprises to back up each proposed programme and undertaking, including nucleus demands, esponsibilities, timelines and cardinal indexs.

Aligned to the QNV 2030 ends, the programmes and undertakings identified in the National Development Strategy 2011-2016, including results and marks, are from the 14 sector schemes. Developed through an extended consultative procedure and taking into history the many cross-sectoral links, the schemes provide profound and crystalline analysis, benchmarking, nosologies and precedences for each of the programmes and undertakings at a much more elaborate degree than is possible in this Strategy.

The marks in the Strategy, a subset of those in the sector schemes and developed with stakeholder inputs, focal point on the consequences to be achieved by 2016. Both quantitative and qualitative, they will be reviewed and refined, as necessary, by cardinal stakeholders at the beginning of programme and undertaking execution.

The sector schemes provide declarative resource demands for each programme and project- placing the cardinal stakeholders in the undertakings and the hazards and extenuation steps for successful execution. Particularly of import, each scheme contains a basic monitoring and rating model, supported by selected monitorable indexs, to enable accommodations during execution.

Qatar ‘s National Development Strategy 2011-2016 is a program of action. It presents new enterprises while constructing on what already exists. For undertakings, policies and establishments already under manner, it provides added drift and focal point.

Accomplishments and the mentality for 2011-2016

Katar has built a solid foundation for shiping on the National Development Strategy 2011- 2016. Rapid growing in the 2000s, the fastest in the universe, has given Qatar one of the universe ‘s highest degrees of per capita income ( measured in buying power para footings ) . High economy, both private and public, has been reflected in significant domestic investing and the accretion of a significant pool of foreign currency assets.

To run into new demands in a more complex economic system and to beef up public presentation, Qatar has embarked on a assortment of reforms. The reforms aim to convey together determinations of national significance within an incorporate model for doing deliberate and concerted picks about Qatar ‘s hereafter. At an operational degree the reforms emphasize betterment in public services and bringing of “ value for money ” , thereby heightening chances and conditions for the state as a whole every bit good as for single citizens. By clear uping national development precedences and way, the reforms provide greater predictability for the private sector and civil society, taking to better alliance of involvements across the state.

A important rationalisation of the maps and functions of ministries and bureaus is under manner, aimed at advancing tighter policy coherence, bettering service bringing, extinguishing waste and heightening public sector answerability and public presentation. Implementing these alterations across the whole of authorities is now continuing, with the General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers holding been given the authorization for planning and public presentation monitoring across authorities. An enterprise of peculiar importance is the enlargement of the function of the former Ministry of Finance to include economic policy support, advice and coordination. In acknowledgment of this expanded authorization, the Ministry was renamed the Ministry of Economy and Finance in 2008.

To look in front towards the longer run development demands of the province, the General Secretariat for Development Planning was created in 2006 and given duty for pull offing longer term development planning. It was mandated by Emiri Decisions 39 and 50 to organize the preparation of QNV 2030 and to back up implementing ministries and bureaus in put to deathing it. QNV 2030 was completed in 2008, and now, this papers, Qatar ‘s first National Development Strategy 2011-2016, has been formulated

and approved by the state ‘s high governments.

The flight of Qatar ‘s economic system is tightly linked to developments in the hydrocarbon sector. Hydrocarbons still dominate the economic landscape, but Qatar is ramifying out into new countries.

A supply of inexpensive hydrocarbon feedstock and energy has helped prime the development of downstream industries in the petrochemical and metallurgy sectors, with some subsectors, such as fertilisers, turning at a fast cartridge holder. A bridgehead has besides been established in new countries, including air transit and media services. The Qatar Science and Technology Park now tenants more than 30 ventures in such countries as life scientific disciplines, oil and chemicals, environment, electronics and package technology. Qatar ‘s fiscal sector has besides seen rapid development functioning the demands of a larger and more complex economic system.

Physical investings have fast caught up with demands. Constrictions in substructure, which contributed to high undertaking costs and inefficiencies, are being tackled across a wide forepart. Investings in health care have been important, back uping work force productiveness and furthering societal coherence. Thankss to the heavy investings in high-quality wellness services and bringing systems, mortality degrees have declined markedly, and the chances of endurance at vulnerable ages have improved. A diverse composite of wellness installations now meets widely divergent and frequently extremely specialised demands, supported by more than 13,000 forces, about all with specialist medical and proficient accomplishments.

Education and preparation investings have besides been important. Acknowledging shortages in its instruction system and in broader capablenesss within the state, Qatar has invested to a great extent. Government instruction disbursement has steadily increased to approximately 5 % of GDP in 2008, doing Qatar 2nd merely to Saudi Arabia among Gulf Cooperation Council states on this metric. Third enterprises include spread outing the Qatar Foundation Campus, reforming Qatar University, making a new community college and introducing

vocational and proficient instruction watercourses.

Although these new waies are expected to be good and support QNV 2030, they have suffered from a deficiency of integrating and alliance. In add-on, some steps have taken topographic point merely on paper or suffer from slowdowns in execution. While Qatar ‘s National Development Strategy 2011-2016 will leverage bing enterprises, it must besides supply a model that can make full spreads and supply effectual integrating and alliance across sectors.

Economic mentality loosely favorable

Qatar ‘s economic mentality for 2011-2016 is loosely favorable, with the planetary recovery go oning, thanks to robust growing in emerging markets and bouncing universe trade. The growing of hydrocarbon income will chase off in 2012-2013 as Qatar ‘s extremely successful 20-year investing programme in hydrocarbons culminates. Further important investing in hydrocarbons must expect termination of the moratorium on production in the North Field, which is non expected before the terminal of 2015. Declines in rough oil production can besides be expected as 2016 attacks, though attempts are under manner to stem them.

While growing in 2012-2016 will be at a lower pitch than in the earlier old ages, income degrees will stay high, and robust enlargement of the non hydrocarbon economic system will assist back up aggregative GDP growing. Transport and communications, along with concern and fiscal services, could turn smartly. Construction will turn steadily, and fabricating public presentation should better. With the non hydrocarbon sector expected to pick up the reins, aggregative GDP growing in 2012-2016 is expected to average merely over 5 % , but with virtually no part coming from hydrocarbons. The existent domestic income generated by this growing will still depend on the flight of hydrocarbon monetary values, which have a decisive influence on Qatar ‘s footings of trade. The baseline assumes some modest additions over mean monetary values in 2010.

Qatar ‘s investing form will reflect the diminution in hydrocarbon capital disbursement. During 2011- 2016, entire gross domestic investing might be about QR 820 billion. Of this sum, possibly half will come from the nonhydrocarbon sector. Cardinal authorities ( “ public ” ) investing is estimated at QR 347 billion. Based on current programs, public substructure disbursement will top out in 2012. This flight reflects bing programs for the launch of mega undertakings.

The authorities ‘s financial place is expected to stay strong and will surely be equal to back up future capital investings and the enterprises under the National Development Strategy 2011-2016. Gross national nest eggs are likely to stay above 40 % of GDP through 2014, but might inch down in the ulterior old ages. The overall financial balance would contract from current highs to around 6 % of GDP by 2016, still really healthy. Double- figure excesss could be maintained if gross beginnings expand. The current history balance will stay steadfastly in excess.

Modest additions in population will attach to the expected economic enlargement. The entire population of Qatar is expected to turn steadily at an norm of about 2.1 % a twelvemonth during 2011-2016, with the entire population lifting from 1.64 million at the terminal of 2010 to merely less than 1.9 million in 2016. The rapid population growing of the recent yesteryear is non expected to go on. This premise aligns with the speculations on end product growing ( above ) , but sees some progresss in productiveness, cut downing employment per unit of end product. The false structural displacement to higher valued economic activity presupposes steady progresss in the accomplishment content of the labour force and farther capital deepening.

Swinging factors could alter the mentality

Predicting the hereafter is ever a risky activity, and some swing factors could materially alter the mentality. Of peculiar involvement to Qatar is the mentality for hydrocarbon monetary values. For a hydrocarbon- based economic system like Qatar, a hereafter of low hydrocarbon monetary values ( at least in the average term ) would hold a considerable impact on the fiscal resources available, with deductions for sustainable growing waies.

A position that petroleum oil monetary values will average approximately $ 74 per barrel during 2011-2016 alters the baseline mentality ( which assumes an norm of $ 86 per barrel ) . Using the lower oil monetary value premises suggests that the mean nominal GDP degree would shrivel 2 % comparative to its baseline degree by 2016. With outgo more or less tracking GDP as in the baseline, the overall financial balance narrows. By 2016 the premise of lower oil monetary values cuts the overall financial balance from merely under 6 % of GDP to approximately 4 %

Gas monetary values could be an even more important swing factor. In topographic point markets, gas and oil monetary values have uncoupled. Although Qatar is shielded from short-run fluctuations in topographic point gas monetary values through its long-run understandings with buyers, drawn-out failings could set the monetary value of Qatar ‘s liquified natural gas monetary value basket under force per unit area. If gas monetary values are assumed to fall by 30 % from their baseline ( a modest diminution compared with what has been experienced in topographic point markets ) negative income and financial effects would follow. Because the portion of liquified natural gas in entire end product will lift over the period, the impact of falling monetary values on income is big. Accumulative losingss over the period are QR 357 billion, a 9 % decrease from the baseline degree of cumulative GDP. The overall financial balance under these premises for lower gas monetary values, with expenditure held steady, could be reduced to 3.4 % of GDP by 2016, more than 2 per centum points lower than the baseline.

In add-on to get bying with uncertainness, Qatar will confront difficult restraints on human and institutional resources that could impact execution of the National Development Strategy 2011-2016. Qatar needs strengthened public sector establishments to accomplish the ends of QNV 2030. That will necessitate conjunct institutional and organisational capacity edifice, efficient and crystalline bringing of public services, fruitful public-private cooperation and partnerships every bit good as a vivacious clime for concern and a larger infinite for civil society.

FIFA World Cup 2022 and higher authorities disbursement?

Hosting the FIFA World Cup 2022 nowadayss Qatar with new chances. Over the early portion of 2011- 2016 the economic impacts of the World Cup are likely to be modest, but Qatar must fix for the ample investings in substructure that will follow. These investings will be important comparative to the size of the economic system, and their macroeconomic and longer term development impacts warrant close attending. Well beyond 2022, the World Cup may show chances to beef up the construction and public presentation of Qatar ‘s nonenergy sectors.

In the immediate hereafter ( 2011-2012 ) the World Cup could impact trade and bad investing. The impacts would probably be impermanent, and the authorities will supervise them to forestall maltreatment of market power and protect the broader public involvement.

From the position of Qatar ‘s economic variegation aspirations, the World Cup presents new chances for the state. Public-private partnerships may profit some undertakings and should be considered within wider public investing determinations. On the concern front the World Cup will make chances for domestic endeavors to organize

strategic confederations externally and to link to planetary value ironss. The World Cup will besides stress some challenges. Katar should leverage the World Cup to shut spreads in its capablenesss. For illustration, investing understandings could include mechanisms that secure cognition and engineering transportation.

As mentioned, though some World Cup-related investing undertakings may be commissioned during 2011-2016, the added impact of World Cup activity during this period is likely to be modest. A ample grapevine of investings is already in topographic point. In general, the macro-fiscal model suggests that extra investing disbursement ( whether populace or private ) is likely to hold merely a moderate shortrun demand impact on local end product and income.

After 2012, when the current expansionary stage of hydrocarbon development ends, computations suggests that the construction of Qatar ‘s economic system will be such that 5 per centum points of extra populace sector investing disbursement would be needed to bring forth a 0.5 per centum point impermanent acceleration of growing in nonhydrocarbon end product. The domestic income generated by added capital disbursement is diluted because a high proportion of the disbursement is likely to be on imports ( capital goods and stuffs every bit good as ingestion ) and because a big portion of pay income earned by expatriate workers is likely to be remitted instead than spent locally.

The financial impacts of higher public investing disbursement could be important because it is improbable to bring forth much of a revenue enhancement beginning. There is besides a hazard of inflationary force per unit areas if the phasing of large-scale undertakings creates or aggravates supply constrictions.

During the period covered by the National Development Strategy 2011-2016, readyings for the World Cup will garner impulse. Institutional agreements for supervising and pull offing World Cup-related activities will be established, and the grapevine of investings to present needful substructure services will be prepared. From a planning position the World Cup is best considered within the broader model of national development and non as a one-off event. Integrating planning and support agreements within broader models for the overall financial and budgetary direction of the economic system will be of import. A good bequest will necessitate examination of big World Cup-related capital undertakings for their long term socioeconomic and environmental impacts.

Prolonging economic prosperity

QNV 2030 articulates three interconnected ends for the economic system. It looks to prolong a high criterion of life, to spread out invention and entrepreneurial capablenesss and to aline economic results with economic and fiscal stableness.

It defines sustainability as run intoing the demands of the current coevals without compromising the ability of future coevalss to run into their demands. To embed sustainability in Qatar ‘s economic system, advancement is needed in three analogues, reciprocally reenforcing waies. First, the state will enlarge the value of the productive base, which is necessary to prolong prosperity in a turning population and to spread out potency for future coevalss. Second, the authorities will guard against economic instability and promote increased efficiency. Third, the authorities will work in partnership with the private sector to diversify the economic system and promote a civilization of invention

and find.

Expanding the productive base

The demand to turn the productive base topographic points speed bounds on what the state can devour while continuing wealth for future coevalss. As Qatar ‘s hydrocarbon income tapers off ( either through diminutions in production or decreased unit rents ) , alternate sustainable beginnings of income must be created to back up public ingestion and screen Qatar ‘s import measure. This will necessitate high rates of salvaging and a steady flow of dividends on investings for the foreseeable hereafter. A concurrence of far-sighted depletion policies, sound financial direction and wise investing will back up sustainability.

Qatar ‘s planned investings in physical and societal substructure are an indispensable portion of a broader scheme to guarantee go oning enlargement of its productive base, and to pull farther investings from the private sector. Qatar ‘s substructure demands will in general be good met through 2016. Major investings are in the grapevine, and attending is being given to countries where the state must catch up ( as in roads, industrial land and information and communicating engineering ) . Qatar ‘s investing in foreign currency assets is besides an of import portion of its broader scheme to diversify its future income base.

Because Qatar ‘s hydrocarbon assets are belongings of the province, the authorities has a duty to maximise the value it captures from their development. It may make this through financial steps, contract agreements or some combination of both. In rule, the province will endeavor to capture all rents embodied in the mineral assets it owns and to guarantee an equal return on any capital that it invests. If hydrocarbon rents are expeditiously targeted, the volume of private investing should non be affected ( investing neutrality ) because private investors will still gain their required risk-adjusted rate of return. But while the rule of optimum rent gaining control and investing neutrality will go on to function as a utile guideline, pragmatism will necessitate the application of models that reflect world and can be implemented.

In the hereafter, as in the yesteryear, the authorities will guarantee that the constructions regulating hydrocarbonlinked investings, upstream and downstream, supply equal flexibleness to cover with undertaking particulars and altering cost or market conditions. Equitable risk-sharing agreements will besides be of import. While the province will take all stairss to extinguish beginnings of hazard within its control, the riddance of operational or commercial hazards through province warrants or other agencies will be damaging if it dilutes inducements for the private sector to execute. In instances where hydrocarbon rents are shared with private investors, the province will seek to guarantee that these rents are compensated by other benefits that flow to the state ( such as the acquisition of engineering, substructure or cognition and accomplishments ) .

Qatar will leverage its inexpensive domestic feedstock and energy to lend to the enlargement of its productive base and long-term variegation. The relevant trial is that associated investings provide an acceptable risk-adjusted return on the entirety of the resources committed by the province. Several chances exist. Industries that gain advantage by extinguishing conveyance and distribution costs and relocating closer to beginnings of energy and feedstock provide one avenue for investing. Another long-run chance would be to incorporate along the energy supply concatenation. For illustration, Qatar might export excess power generated from gas to the part and beyond. Potentially Qatar enjoys advantages in countries that would be feasible even if the state had no domestic hydrocarbon production. Qatar has an established advantage in production and transit and a possible advantage in perpendicular integrating of connected activity in distribution and storage.

Qatar Petroleum Industries and other entities in the energy sector have performed good in spearheading investings, but as Qatar works to diversify its economic system beyond C, a reinforced policy and coordination map may be utile. In some other states high-ranking independent bureaus have played cardinal functions in reding authorities and in implementing investing and industry development policies.

Enhancing economic stableness

Hydrocarbon dependence exposes Qatar to rotations in planetary energy markets, go forthing economic planning quarry to high degrees of uncertainness. For a hydrocarbon-exporting economic system such as Qatar, energy monetary value displacements hit the financial gross watercourse straight, making rippling effects throughout the economic system. The built-in capriciousness of energy monetary values makes it peculiarly hard for policy- shapers to judge the most constructive financial stance. There is ever the hazard that mistakes in financial computations accentuate volatility. Given the capriciousness of planetary oil monetary values, it is virtually impossible to cognize whether monetary value alterations are impermanent or permanent. Acknowledging the challenges, and the demand for high degrees of salvaging and a broader financial base, the authorities will establish a budget reform programme, built around a reorganisation of the Ministry of Economy and Finance. The cardinal end is successfully implementing a comprehensive legal and budgetary model for public finance, consistent with the Permanent Constitution.

A financial transmutation programme with five nucleus elements will back up this end:

aˆ? A new budgetary jurisprudence incarnating the rules of efficient public finance.

aˆ? A functional categorization for all disbursement utilizing the United Nations Classification of Functions of Government to back up sector broad and programmatic budgeting.

aˆ? A macro-fiscal model that helps decision- shapers analyse the financial and macroeconomic deductions of committednesss they are sing.

aˆ? A public investing programme to guarantee that capital undertakings deliver the highest societal worth and are good coordinated.

aˆ? A monitoring and rating map.

Meeting these committednesss over the following six old ages will necessitate institutional accommodations and conjunct capacity strengthening, every bit good as the enlisting of proficient experts in the Ministry of Economy and Finance and in line ministries and bureaus. Partially because of limited expertness in Qatar in macro-fiscal policy and strategic and operational planning, the five-step programme will be rolled out bit by bit, at a gait the Ministry of Economy and Finance and other weaponries of authorities can pull off.

A coordinated public investing programme will beef up the authorities capital budget by guaranting that undertaking aims are aligned with the National Development Strategy 2011-2016. It will continue and spread out national wealth through the rioritization and choice of capital undertakings that create permanent value. It will turn to tradeoffs among possible investings, perpetrating resources where the benefit is greatest.

There are five basic demands in set uping the public investing programme:

aˆ? Formalize the programme through relevant Torahs and instruments.

aˆ? Create public investing units within suited bureaus, with capable staff.

aˆ? Establish supporting procedures and systems, including technically sound assessment and rating techniques.

aˆ? Implement capacity-building enterprises to beef up undertaking readying, execution and rating accomplishments.

aˆ? Pilot undertakings to prove and polish cardinal characteristics of the public investing programme system.

On a instance by instance footing, private sector engagement in public undertakings may turn out beneficial. An increased private sector function can better undertaking and investing planning, direction and operations. The authorities will guarantee that public-private partnerships tantrum within the larger investing program and supply a tract for the transportation of accomplishments to the state.

The demands to set up an effectual public investing programme procedure are similar to those to back up budgetary reform. New systems and procedures will be required in the cardinal maps of authorities and in the line ministries and bureaus doing major capital disbursement determinations. New legal and regulative substructure may be needed to back up new functions, determination procedures and institutional relationships.

Other avenues for heightening stableness will have attending. The Ministry of Economy and Finance and Qatar Central Bank will work together to develop deeper and more liquid money and bond markets. The pecuniary and liquidity deductions of financial and state-linked disbursement and investing determinations need to be better coordinated. The possibility of set uping a new fiscal mechanism to back up financial stabilisation aims will besides be considered but can non replace for sound financial policy.

Enhancing efficiency

Opportunities for efficiency additions proliferate, cutting across sector boundaries. By assailing inefficiency in engineering, physical substructure, establishments and procedures, the authorities can do a permanent part to better the usage of resources over clip. With an copiousness of hydrocarbon resources but a scarceness of other critical resources such as H2O and cultivable land, a thrust for efficiency is cardinal to making and capturing value, continuing and spread outing the productive base and promoting the private sector to develop through find and economic variegation.

Improved efficiency has other benefits, excessively. By bettering the usage of capital assets, efficiency steps save financial resources by postponing or extinguishing the demand for replacing investings or capital enlargement. Some efficiency additions cut down waste and unwanted byproducts such as C dioxide emanations and waste H2O, lending to environment ends.

Few touchable facets of Qatar ‘s life and economic system are as in demand of efficiency reforms as water- important to all human activity but in scarce supply. Large volumes of desalinated H2O ( which is expensive to bring forth in footings of power ) are lost in distribution. Cherished aquifer H2O is mostly wasted through unfastened field irrigation methods for harvests of low value. Large volumes of effluent go ungathered, untreated and fresh.

Qatar ‘s National Development Strategy 2011-2016 identifies a scope of enterprises to undertake proficient and economic inefficiencies in the production, distribution and usage of H2O. The execution challenges of water-saving enterprises vary. Steming losingss in the distribution system involves basically technological holes. Introducing H2O salvaging devices to families is reasonably straightforward, as Abu Dhabi and Canada have shown. Promoting the usage of water-saving contraptions will necessitate effectual communicating, but might besides necessitate back uping inducements. Water subsidies eclipse the scarceness and true value of the resource and contribute to overconsumption and waste. User charges that more accurately reflect full economic costs could do a important part to airting Qatar ‘s cherished natural resources to higher value uses. Such attempts might be ab initio targeted at the non-Qatari population and industrial and commercial users.

Changing H2O ingestion forms in agribusiness is critical to an integrated attack to H2O direction, but it will necessitate a cardinal and drawn-out reorientation of agriculture, affecting a scope of factors including authorities subsidies. Recharging the aquifers with treated sewerage wastewater ( if shown to be technically executable ) would ease the looming H2O scarceness. But without alterations in irrigation methods and harvest mixes, farming would go on to do heavy demands on Qatar ‘s cherished H2O resources. The authorities is committed to turn toing this challenge and happening solutions within a wider programme of agricultural reform and the development of an agro-food industry.

A to the full incorporate attack to H2O direction and a reconsideration of regulative attacks are necessary to turn to these challenges. By 2014 Qatar will hold established an independent regulator to assist speed up reforms of the H2O sector. As desalinated H2O is coproduced with power, these new regulative agreements will be integrated with those for power.

Although the state ‘s power demands are to the full served by a high-quality and dependable service, Qatar could accomplish greater efficiencies through proficient sweetenings. Together, the alterations could well cut domestic gas ingestion. Although Qatar ‘s abundant gas supplies are expected to last good into the hereafter, improved efficiency creates both environmental and economic additions. By firing less natural gas, Qatar would back up the national end of take downing C dioxide emanations, thereby cut downing the state ‘s part to planetary clime alteration. Gas saved at place can be sold overseas, increasing national income.

Infrastructure undertakings that commit important fiscal resources will be reviewed within the model of Qatar ‘s new Public Investment Planning procedure. From a national development position an integrated portfolio position of proposed capital undertakings will see their technology, fiscal, economic, societal and environmental dimensions within the wider context of development demands and precedences. As celebrated earlier, Qatar ‘s substructure needs through 2016 will by and large be good served by high-quality substructure. But some undertakings in the national substructure grapevine appear to put on the line capital committednesss that could be well in surplus of what is required to run into demands ( including allowances for uncertainness and equal safety buffers ) good into the hereafter. A reappraisal to place and extinguish these inefficiencies presents an chance for early wins for the National Development Strategy.

Ongoing enterprises to better regulative and procedural efficiency will be strengthened, including those in the countries of foreign investing, execution of competition statute law and imposts ordinance. Attempts will besides go on to heighten the quality of ordinance in other countries, such as industrial land.

Constructing a diversified economic system

Having achieved tremendous additions by developing the hydrocarbon sector, the authorities is poised to take on another important challenge-diversification.

A more diversified economic system is inherently more stable, more capable of making occupations and chances for the following coevals and less vulnerable to the roar and broke rhythms of oil and natural gas monetary values. Qatar, like other states seeking variegation, will construct on countries of strength and potency.

Investing hydrocarbon income in foreign currency assets presents one of import avenue for diversifying Qatar ‘s income. But sole trust on foreign currency plus income will non represent a feasible, long-run development scheme. It would make new types of hazard, go forthing Qatar quarry to the vicissitudes of international capital markets. And it would non turn to Qatar ‘s aspiration to go an questioning, advanced and originative society. The development of a more diversified domestic economic base, with cognition activities in bring forthing productive and compensable occupations, is necessary to spread out capablenesss and support wider social aims.

Diversifying the domestic end product base is non a stroke of- the-pen displacement. Entrepreneurship and invention demand to be learned, embedded in the instruction system and in the encompassing civilization and supported through concern friendly policies and ordinances. Qatar ‘s private sector will necessitate beef uping, with support and inducements that encourage the acquisition of relevant capablenesss and active engagement in a wider scope of economic activities.

Qatar is non entirely in seeking a broader economic base. Other natural resource-based economic systems around the universe are seeking to make the same. Within

the Gulf Cooperation Council, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia are working on schemes to promote more diverse economic systems. Abu Dhabi besides has a

comprehensive program.

The fact that other states are prosecuting variegation schemes creates chances for crosscountry acquisition. But there are besides hazards. Many the Gulf Cooperation Council states are concentrating on variegation in the same countries, including petrochemicals, air conveyance, logistics, existent estate, cognition services, finance, life scientific discipline and telecommunications. Depending on how these schemes evolve, the Gulf states face the hazard of imparting resources into the same sectors, with each state falling short of accomplishing an efficient graduated table of production.

To speed up the variegation docket, the authorities will turn to the restraints that impede economic find and the birth of new economic activities. The authorities to the full recognizes that it must guarantee macroeconomic stableness, regulative coherency and the effectual bringing of substructure services ( all examined above ) to excite investing. In add-on, the push to construct a more diverse economic system will necessitate that particular attending be directed to four countries that frustrate invention and enterprise start-ups: low demand for accomplishments amid excess labor ; a weak private sector and low degrees of entrepreneurship ; limited capablenesss of find and invention ; and weak regional integrating and connectivity.

A assortment of establishments will lend to Qatar ‘s variegation thrust. These include Enterprise Qatar, the Qatar Foundation, in which the Qatar Science and Technology Park is housed, the Supreme Council of Information and Communication Technology ( ictQATAR ) , the Qatar Financial Centre and Qatar Development Bank. The schemes and programmes of these establishments and the National Development Strategy 2011-2016 must be reciprocally back uping.

Among other enterprises to excite variegation, a national program will be prepared to speed up the accomplishment of Qatar ‘s research and development

mark of 2.8 % of authorities grosss. To advance the development of the cognition economic system and cognition concerns, new signifiers of public- private partnerships will be trialled through a portfolio of pilot undertakings led by the Qatar Science and Technology Park. Attempts to back up private sector development will be redoubled through new services provided by Enterprise Qatar and Qatar Development Bank, that will aim little and moderate-sized concerns. ictQATAR will originate undertakings that will guarantee that Qatar is ready for the digital age. To turn to the restraints imposed by geographics and graduated table, the authorities will leverage chances to beef up regional integrating and connectivity.

But finally, the success of Qatar ‘s attempts to graduate from an economic system based on non-renewable resource inputs to one in which productiveness growing and finally innovation underpin prosperity will necessitate cardinal policy displacements that alter the inducements confronting its citizens. To spread out chances for citizens and to construct local capablenesss, Qatar must get down the procedure of transforming itself into a high-wage private sector economic system.

Promoting human development

The human development pillar of QNV 2030 calls for the “ development of all its people to enable them to prolong a comfortable society ” and “ to run into the demands of this coevals without compromising the demands of future coevalss ” . Qatar will go on to put in its people so that all can take part to the full in the state ‘s societal, economic and political life and map efficaciously within a competitory knowledge-based international order. It is seting in topographic point advanced wellness and instruction systems that meet the highest planetary criterions. It is besides back uping the productive engagement of Qatari work forces and adult females in the labour force, while pulling qualified exile workers in all Fieldss, with a turning accent on the higher skilled.

This National Development Strategy 2011-2016 identifies the challenges in wellness, instruction and productive work. It besides presents programs for run intoing those challenges by fostering a healthy, long lived population, constructing world-class cognition and accomplishments and furthering a capable and motivated work force.

Fostering a healthy population

Qatar is committed to constructing a world-standard people-centred integrated health care system with policies and attention designed to run into the demands of its population.

The national wellness sector strategy-which physiques on the Supreme Council of Health ‘s Qatar National Health Vision 2020: Lovingness for the Future-Establishing a Healthy, Vibrant Society-provides a practical usher for reforms, with far-reaching and cardinal alterations envisioned across the health care system. It seeks to better wellness results by set uping a modern and comprehensive wellness attention system with effectual and low-cost services for the whole population.

The system will cross physical and mental preventative and healing health care, taking into history the specific demands of work forces, adult females and kids. High-quality services will be offered through public and private establishments runing under the way of a national wellness policy that sets and proctors criterions for societal, economic, administrative and proficient facets of health care. High quality research will be directed at bettering the effectivity and quality of health care.

To present incorporate services, Qatar ‘s national wellness sector will switch the balance towards a preventative, community-based theoretical account of attention, concentrating

on the patient and guaranting entree to the right attention, at the right clip, in the right scene, by the right squad. The theoretical account will supply a full continuum of attention anchored on capable and trusted primary attention suppliers in a health care system offering the highest quality nosologies and intervention.

Building cognition and accomplishments

As the Qatar economic system diversifies from its trust on gas and oil, success will depend progressively on the ability to vie in a planetary cognition economic system. Continuing significant investings in educating and preparation of Qataris will be critical to accomplishing the ends of the National Development Strategy 2011-2016. Beyond fixing citizens to be portion of the state ‘s economic engine, instruction and preparation offer multiple benefits to society.

Education provides a solid foundation in Qatari spiritual, moral and ethical values, in national individuality and in traditions and cultural heritage. Schools produce all-around and engaged citizens and construct more cohesive and participatory societies. Education besides helps people make better determinations about wellness, matrimony, rearing and societal duty. Finally, a successful instruction scheme supports invention in scientific discipline, medical specialty and industry.

Katar has made great paces towards making a first instruction system, through the Education for a New Era reforms, begun after the Supreme Education Council was established in 2002, and the reforms of Qatar University, begun in 2003. In add-on, Qatar Foundation ‘s Education City has continued to spread out and come on over the past decennary, with the constitution of a bunch of top-class international universities that are assisting to do Qatar a regional leader in advanced instruction and research.

Qatar ‘s instruction and preparation system will go more incorporate, stretching from early childhood instruction through to higher instruction and extra preparation. Engrained in this system is the construct of womb-to-tomb acquisition, with persons encouraged to get instruction and update their accomplishments throughout their lives. This continuum spans three instruction sectors: general instruction ( kindergarten through class 12 ) , higher instruction, and proficient instruction and vocational preparation. While each sector has a distinguishable individuality, mission and map, the three sectors need to run within an overarching model that embodies policy-related rules. And both instruction and preparation must set up stronger links with Qatar ‘s labour market.

Further reform of Qatar ‘s instruction and preparation system will turn to quality, equity and inclusiveness, and portability and mobility. These subjects will steer policy determinations, along with assortment and pick. Strengthened reforms will undertake a figure of critical challenges and chances impacting both supply and demand for instruction and preparation. These include the underachievement in math, scientific discipline and English linguistic communication at all degrees, and the demand to beef up instruction disposal and the instruction profession. The educational course of study demands to be more aligned to the demands of the labour market while being supportive of Qatari values. The system needs to offer multiple tracts beyond secondary degree to promote a higher continuance rates.

Quality is critical in guaranting results that address the demands of current and future labor markets. The challenge arises in accomplishing consistent and sustained quality across sectors. High-quality instructors, trainers and lectors are a prerequisite, doing it compulsory that all sectors monitor teacher preparation, makings and professional development. The current high turnover of Qatari and deport teaching staff must be reduced.

To recognize Qatar ‘s vision of supplying chances for citizens to accomplish their full potency, Qataris must be able to travel easy among instruction and preparation options and between those options and the workplace. No longer can education tracts be considered a additive patterned advance through a perpendicular hierarchy of makings. Both perpendicular and horizontal tracts are needed, within and between sectors and establishments. A National Qualifications Framework will beef up coordination and integrating of the instruction and developing systems.

Qatar has invested to a great extent in the best theoretical accounts of instruction pratice and will go on to endeavor for optimal version and consistence between basic and higher instruction. This will guarantee that a more diversified economic system has entree to workers with the needed accomplishments, while keeping regard for Qatari cultural values and national heritage.

Integrating sound societal development

Qatar ‘s societal development policy requires coordinated integrating of five interconnected policy sectors: household coherence and adult females ‘s authorization, societal protection, public safety and security, and athleticss and civilization. The purpose is to convey different programmes, mark groups and social involvements under a individual model to back up the QNV 2030 societal development pillar-to brand Qatar a more lovingness and cohesive society built on sound societal rules, for current and future coevalss.

Integrating the policies of multiple interconnected ectors within one scheme will profit Qatar in many ways as it pursues a progressive and modern societal docket while continuing traditional household and cultural values. This attack will guarantee careful consideration and proper regard of traditional Qatari civilization and Arab individuality, even as necessary progresss are made in societal equality, protection and justness. Qatar ‘s households must stay strong and cohesive and supply a supportive environment for all. At the same clip, adult females must be given more chance to lend to the economic and cultural universe without decreasing their function in the household construction.

Merely as all elements of a household must work together to construct a solid and stable family, all elements of a societal construction must work together to construct a solid and stable society. The aims for a forward- looking integrated societal development policy will be achieved through cross-sectoral schemes with the homo, economic and environmental development pillars.

Strengthening household coherence

The household is the footing of Qatari society, the foundation for all facets of Qatar ‘s societal construction. A dedicated committedness to marriage, a acute apprehension of personal duty, an grasp of traditional values, a strong bond between parent and kid, a sense of common regard among all work forces, adult females and children-these are the features of healthy, cohesive households.

Qatar ‘s strong Arab and Islamic individuality pervades all facets of household life and continues to inform the household construction, but alterations brought on by external force per unit areas and internal development are altering household kineticss. The alterations point to a society that is spread outing its cultural imprint and progressing in positive ways while remaining true to its Arab individuality. Womans are cardinal to this positive, evolving nature of the Qatari household. Even as they maintain an attachment to valuable traditions, adult females are accommodating to the impacts of modernisation. They exemplify the new chances available to all Qataris as a consequence of the state ‘s rapid economic growing and societal passage.

Traditional methods of household support, attention and integrity will non be lost, even as Qatari society adjusts to new planetary worlds. The authorities will work to help households in caring for their members and keeping moral and spiritual values and human-centered ideals. The authorities will besides demo an increased dedication to heightening adult females ‘s capablenesss and authorising them to take part more to the full in the political and economic domains.

The National Development Strategy 2011-2016 advocators for the acceptance of a holistic attack to child well-being. This attack will enable Qatar to interweave of import policies to make a consistent spectrum of programmes for kids of different ages to increase child well-being, taking to better human capital results.

Safeguarding societal protection and advancing inclusive development

The societal capital of Qatari society includes the establishments, relationships, attitudes and values that govern interactions among people and contribute to economic and societal development. In these interactions, households are of import and critical, but they are complemented by the wider community, including public and private establishments. During times of rapid modernisation and development, societal capital can alter, potentially impacting those vulnerable to lessened income. Protecting persons from hazards that may impact their abilities to lend to society and offering aid to persons in demand are the cardinal constituents of Qatar ‘s committedness to community attention and calling support.

Through the National Development Strategy 2011-2016, the authorities will do a steadfast committedness to set uping a societal protection system that preserves the civil rights of all citizens, values their part to society and ensures an equal income for them to keep a healthy and dignified life. The current system provides generous support to citizens through assorted agencies, but it will be strengthened to guarantee that all members of society, including the vulnerable and destitute, have the chances to win through expanded employment chances in an inclusive society.

In advancing moves from public assistance to work, the authorities aims to make an enabling environment to protect the disadvantaged and vulnerable and to give them an chance to back up themselves and their households.

Attempts will besides be made to broaden partnerships, affecting the private sector in the societal protection system. Common strategic waies and sustainable solutions will be identified through Qatar ‘s corporate duty model, sealing partnerships between the private sector and authorities and stakeholders of the societal protection system.

Enhancing public safety and security

Merely as Qatar has a responsibility to supply its citizens with a secure and stable society based on strong households and an inclusive societal protection system, it has a responsibility to supply its citizens with a secure and stable society based on effectual public establishments that guarantee public safety. A society that cares for its citizens in a respectful and dignified manner is a society that operates on the rules of justness, equality and the regulation of jurisprudence. Qatar is committed to being such a society.

Qatar ‘s recorded offense rates are among the universe ‘s lowest, despite a monolithic addition in the state ‘s expatriate population. In 2010 Qatar ranked foremost within the Arab part, and 15th of 149 states globally, on the Institute for Economic and Peace ‘s Global Peace Index ( GPI ) , which takes into history public safety and security and the state ‘s external dealingss.

Qatar ‘s National Development Strategy 2011-2016 for enhanced public safety moves beyond the traditional security construct to encompass the construct of human security and expands the range of protection.

The public safety and security sector ‘s attempts and public presentation will be enhanced through a programme to better the direction of offense informations. It will beef up the grounds base for improved policy-making in support of Qatar ‘s condemnable justness system.

Promoting an active and clean society

QNV 2030 aspires to construct a safe, secure and stable society and steadfastly commits to making a vibrant and comfortable hereafter for the state. From a societal development position, carry throughing that vision begins with beef uping households and guaranting that all citizens are protected in their places, occupations and communities. The following measure is to guarantee long-run excellence beyond the necessities of household and fundss by heightening the physical, emotional and rational wellbeing of persons, particularly young person, through athleticss and civilization.

Continuing and leveraging Qatar ‘s heritage and civilization

Despite rapid socioeconomic alteration over a comparatively short period, Qatari society has maintained the kernel of its civilization and continuity with the yesteryear. This continuity includes detecting the cardinal rules of Islam, keeping the familial position and prestigiousness of the taking households and continuing the household unit as the nucleus of society. A primary and relentless challenge is to keep a proper balance between modern life and the state ‘s cultural and traditional values.

Qatar is run intoing this challenge in many ways, through cultural exchanges, athletic competitions, enriched academic course of study aiming artistic development and more. The Doha Capital of Arab Culture 2010, for case, was a successful, year-long event observing the humanistic disciplines, music and movie through conferences, cultural acmes and common cognition sharing. Qatar is besides increasing attending to its ain history through enhanced saving of heritage sites and an on-going committedness of resources to new museums and instruction programmes.

Pull offing environmental development

Qatar ‘s National Development Strategy 2011-2016 for the first clip explicitly aligns the growing of national prosperity to the worlds of environmental restraints. By set uping a programme of reinforced environmental direction across economic and natural resource sectors, the Strategy sets out a model for go oning economic growing that avoids punishing future coevalss. Advancing specific actions to conserve H2O, better air quality, manage waste and protect biodiversity, the Strategy adheres to the foundational construct of intergenerational justness.

The scheme for environmental direction calls for interconnected actions that cut across all countries of environmental direction. Puting specific marks, it establishes a comprehensive programme to continue the quality of life for future coevalss.

Water will be better conserved and protected from debasement. Gas flaring will be reduced. Expanded recycling will greatly better solid waste direction. Careful monitoring and ordinance will protect vulnerable species and loosely continue Qatar ‘s natural heritage. Urban infinites, capable to intense building over the past decennary, will be healthier and more livable as green infinites are added.

Cleaner H2O and sustainable usage

Among the assorted environmental concerns confronting Qatar, the most urgent is linked to the state ‘s most acute scarcity-that of H2O. With one of the universe ‘s lowest degrees of rainfall, Qatar relies on H2O from desalinization, groundwater and recycled H2O, and all three face emphasiss. Notwithstanding

the force per unit areas, Qatar ‘s ingestion and web escape rates are high. Per capita H2O usage is one of the universe ‘s highest.

Qatar will ordain a comprehensive National Water Act set uping an incorporate system of quality demands, discharge controls and inducements for conservation-in topographic point of today ‘s disconnected system of Torahs and ordinances. The end is a set of policies and ordinances for the authorities to aline ingestion and supply over clip while protecting H2O quality.

Cleaner air

Qatar has two classs of air quality challenges. First, assorted local pollutants mix with particulates in the air-including inveterate high degrees of dust-to cause air quality jobs that contribute to respiratory unwellnesss. Second, C dioxide emanations, largely from energy production, add to greenhouse gases and contribute to planetary clime alteration.

Improved waste direction

Affluent societies tend to bring forth big measures of waste, and Qatar is no exclusion. With an active building concern, extended hydrocarbon sector and turning figure of high-income families, Qatar creates more than 7,000 metric tons of solid waste each twenty-four hours.

Nature and natural heritage sustainably managed

In Qatar, as in many states, biodiversity is confronting menaces from a scope of human activities. Population growing and rapid urbanisation have put force per unit area on the delicate balance of natural gifts, herding out some elements in the biodiversity mix. Construction and industrialisation are encroaching on delicate coastal home grounds and interrupting marine life. International transportation and trade have introduced invasive species that pose menaces for autochthonal species. Overfishing has emerged as both an ecological concern and a menace to future nutrient supply.

A healthier urban life environment

Doha has grown exponentially, supported by a building roar of dramatic modern-day edifices. But the capital lacks the benefits that urban green infinites provide. To go on Doha ‘s enlargement without integrating verdure and unfastened infinites would increase Qatar ‘s sustainability challenges. Urban conditions would go more crowded over clip, and more capable to resound and pollution. Bringing a green dimension to urban planning could beef up sustainability and do metropoliss more livable.

Significant displacements in the make-up of Doha are envisioned. The authorities is giving particular attending to the urban environment. Although Doha ‘s initial design did non integrate green infinites, the authorities ‘s scheme for improved environmental direction calls for the metropolis to be retrofitted in ways that more efficaciously equilibrate the natural and reinforced environments. To do Doha a greener metropolis, the authorities plans a web of green infinites as threads of tree-lined countries instead than big, unfastened Parkss.

An progressively environmentally cognizant population

Successful environmental direction will necessitate active battle through society. Large commercial corporations and policymakers have of import functions, and so does every person. There is besides grounds that a deeper environmental consciousness is turning. For illustration, schools have added environmental surveies programmes to the course of study.

The authorities will enlist the population in back uping and prolonging improved environmental direction. The run to protect Qatar ‘s environmental gift will pull on values embedded in the state ‘s spiritual and cultural heritage. The impression of protecting the environment for the benefit of future coevalss has wide entreaty.

Strategic partnerships

Addressing environmental concerns is a transverse generational, Cross boundary line exercising. One cardinal map of authorities in the environment sector is to hammer strategic partnerships with neighbouring states every bit good as private houses and international organisations such as such as the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, the United Nations Environment Programme and the World Health Organization, which can supply cardinal cognition, human resources and engineering.

Advancing from scheme to execution

Qatar ‘s National Development Strategy 2011-2016, comprehensive and multidimensional, nowadayss different execution challenges in its different parts ( table 1 ) . While the procedure of constructing the machinery for execution has already started, it needs to be accelerated and the accomplishments need strengthened.

Successful execution will depend foremost and foremost on the demand by the state ‘s leading for regular information on advancement and consequences. It will besides depend on mainstreaming the scheme across the whole authorities. Ministries and bureaus will necessitate to take ownership of the scheme within their ain operational programs and accept answerability for bringing. At the Centre, the scheme will hold to act upon procedures that drive important determinations on how resources get used and supply operational tools that allow specific undertakings and policy proposals to be assessed in an incorporate manner. Significant challenges lie in front, peculiarly in constructing the human and institutional capablenesss for effectual planning and undertaking executing, but besides in supplying the legal footing for some of the proposed alterations.


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