Introduction:- Pre Independence Education Scenario in AP:-The history of Andhra Pradesh dates back to Mauryan era. So earliest universities set up around that time were universities like Nalanda. Nalanda was the highest learning center not just of India but also of the entire South Asia. Students from foreign countries like China, Japan, Korea used to come here for higher studies. It had around 10,000 students and teachers on its roll cards. It was spread across 12480 acres of land. The University had eight colleges. And one of the colleges had four-storied building.
It was one of the earliest examples of residential cum learning complex. After this during the time of Nizam was Nizam college followed by Osmania University and so on came into being. The professional education in those days included theology, medical and law. In the later years education like management information technology came into being. Post education scenario:-The present educational system is an implantation of British rulers. Wood’s Dispatch of 1854 laid the foundation of present system of education. Before the advent of British, education system was private one.
With the introduction of Wood’s Dispatch known as Magna Carta of Indian education, the whole scenario changed. The main purpose of it was to prepare clerks for running local administration. Under it the means of school educations were the vernacular languages while the higher education was granted in English only. British government started giving funds to indigenous schools in need of help and thus slowly some of the schools became government-aided. After Independence state Governments held responsibility for education, whereupon in 1976, the state and the centre took joint responsibility through a constitutional amendment.
The most importance turn in Indian Education Commission came with Kothary Commission of 1964, under the supervision of Dr. P. S. Kothary, the then Chairman of University Grants. Professional Education Scenario:- Andhra Pradesh’s professional education system turns out millions of professionals each year, many skilled in IT and engineering. The technological boom in Andhra Pradesh has largely contributed to the growth in education sector. This growth in recent years has been led by the services sector. The most noticeable aspect has been the recent big boom in the BPO/KPO sector.
This off-shoring trend is certain to continue and India faces the challenge of generating an appropriate supply response to retain its existing advantage. The real challenge therefore, is to expand capacities in higher education to keep ahead of the curve of rising domestic and global demand. Current scenario:- Professional education today includes Medical, Pharmacy, Engineering, Management and many specialized corses including Retail management, Banking and Financial management etc. , The professional education today is more result oriented.
Students are not interested in gaining knowledge but are more interested in what and how much they will earn when they complete the course. This paper is an analysis on how economic situation affects trend in education. Objective:- • To understand the education system in AP • What influences its trend? • What are its challenges? DATA: Three Major Professional Education Streams:- | |1997-98 |2000-01 |2009-10 | |MBA |37 |42 |68 | |MCA |30 |26 |67 | |Engg. 282 |245 |343 | [pic] Average intake of students in Engineering per year |2002 |2003 |2004 |2005 |2006 |2010 | |211 |207 |209 |201 |174 |343 | [pic] Interpretation: 1. The trend in the three major streams of professional Education shows a dip in 2001 2. The trend is steeply rising in 2009-2010 3. Engineering colleges show a dip in 2005 but shows a steep increase in 2010. Findings:- 1.
The major driving force for the student to choose a particular professional education is the predicted ROI(return on their investment) 2. In 2000-01 the technology sector reecieved a setback because of the Y2K problem. It caused a disruption in other sectors as well. 3. In 2005 the IT sector was under mild form of recession. 4. Recent observations also show how the professional colleges in Andhra Pradesh are becoming a battleground. 5. According to surveys made by various coaching institutions providing CAT and MAT coaching have observed a decline of 30-40 percent in student pursuing MBA in the year 2008-09. . Though this trend has changed in 2009-10 where students are increasingly taking up profeesional education while the battle with lack of jobs and recession on the basis of prediction that recession will end in a year or two. Suggestion:- The professional education should be equipped to create jobs rather than being a creation for jobs. Educational courses like MBA should promote Entrepreneurship and students should be provided adequate support in proving their mettle as Entrepreneurs rather than managers.
Although Universities like the Hyderabad Central University promote this cause there should be other universities joining in. The Professional education system must be split up from politics. Even today in Andhra Pradesh the procedure for selection of VC, the premier of a professional education, in universities is depended on State government appointment. When our neighboring states like Maharashtra is using a search-cum-selection method. So they have a committee setup of eminent academicians who search for prominent candidates and are fully involved in the selection process of choosing the best of the best.
The participating students in politics on campus or stately or national should be made to understand the implication of their actions on fellow other students. If we look at the recent upheaval in the Osmania University on the Issue of State has lead to OU being black listed in the US. This means that there will many students of OU who will have to shed their plans of traveling to US for education and for no fault of their own. Conclusion: Professional education in Andhra Pradesh is definitely growing at a swift pace. However it does face hurdles in providing quality education.
Thus there is a strong need to improve the quality of education. This is only possible if bureaucracy limits its role in Universities. Students should be inculcated with the greed to acquire knowledge independently. This what some of the major professional institutions like HBS( Harvard Business School),MIT(Maschussets Institute of Technology) ,Oxford University and some of our very own universities like IIM’s, IIT’s follow. This was the system of education inculcated even in the Gurukul form of education system. There is also a need for change in the orientation of a student to gain knowledge rather than marks.
Lastly, I would like to conclude this that Andhra Pradesh may not be Best Education destination but we have the potential to be the best. As there is less scope to improve the best but we can definitely improve he better. References: 1. Statistical Abstract Andhra Pradesh-2008 by Directorate of Economics and Statistics 2. www. apsche. org 3. www. epw. org. in 4. www. projectparadise. com 5. www. bnet. com 6. http://www. mapsofindia. com/india-education. html 7. “Who Participates in Higher Education in India? Rethinking the Role of Affirmative Action” by Rakesh Basant and Gitanjali Sen W.
P. No. 2009-11-01 November 2009. 8. “Kerala’s Education System:Is More Government the Solution? ” By Jose Sebastian ———————– Abstract:- A trend in professional education is primarily driven by employment pattern. When there was a boom in IT Sector MCA, Engineering in CSE and IT were popular. Today the trend is towards management education, with the growing unemployment and the need to be self employed. The major challenge for profession education in AP today is to be undeterred by politics. ”Osmania University is black listed in the US”.
Many companies are avoiding the recruitment of OU students. With students holding the scepter rather than pen, gives professional education in AP has a new challenge. This report centers around how expected Return on Investment is constructing a trend in education and power is posing a challenge. The study has been limited to three branches of professional education namely MBA, MCA and Engineering Bhavani Lakshman Sagar MBA – 2225109124 GITAM University Hyderabad A Paper Presentation – 2010 Professional Education in Andhra Pradesh A Study on MBA, MCA and Engineering Colleges