Primary Education is an of import subject to be discussed and analysed, since it is the footing of our society ‘s formation, being therefore decisive for our kids ‘s hereafter. This essay is entitled ‘Primary Education in the U.K. and Spain: a comparing ‘ and it focuses on explicating some of the chief affairs refering both systems. It is first of all focused on explicating some subjects related to primary instruction in the United Kingdom including two paragraphs. The first one a historical background, proves to be the base of today ‘s construction which may assist us clear up today ‘s construction, which the subject of the 2nd paragraph. This is followed by two ringer paragraphs applied to Spanish primary instruction. The last two paragraphs dressed ore on the usage and importance of ICT in primary instruction in both systems. The essay is concluded set uping an overall comparing between both systems.
Harmonizing to Denis Haye in his book Primary Education: the Key Concepts, British primary instruction and its construction happen its roots deep in history, in the in-between ages. It has been stated by some historiographers that English instruction began in AD 597 with the constitution of the cathedral of Canterbury by St Augustine. In the terminal of the 17th century instruction belonged to the church which promoted Christian cognition, by making its ain schools. At the same clip there were innovators such as Robert Raikes, Charles Gordon and the Welshman Charles of Bala, who believed in a connexion between societal action and instruction. The first ‘publicly funded schools ‘ appeared in the mid-nineteenth century and aimed to offer Christian instruction to hapless kids. From this clip on, the control of instruction starts exchanging small by small from the church to the province. Furthermore, between 1846 and 1848 in Wales, the ‘Welsh Education Committee and the Welsh Society ‘ both germinating into national schools, were formed. In the 19th century it is of import to foreground the instruction act of 1872, since it lead to many progresss in primary instruction, non merely impacting the ‘labouring categories ‘ as was go oning in other parts of the state. The 1944 ‘s instruction act was decisive because from this clip on, instruction was free of charge and relied on ‘voluntary proviso ‘ . It is known by the debut of three sorts of schools: grammar schools, modern schools and Technical schools. The twelvemonth 1988, saw the debut of the state course of study including a choice of topics such as maths, scientific discipline English and spiritual instruction. From 2010, learning foreign linguistic communications is besides a mandatory portion of the course of study.
In order to explicate the base of today ‘s primary instruction in the UK, it is necessary to travel back to the 20th century, when there were many of import alterations in primary instruction. Among these, stands out the debut of the national course of study in English mainstream schools. In this writer ‘ words, during the 20th century, it was besides thought to be decisive an ‘agreement about the demand for a general instruction for kids up to the age of 11, this being followed by a subject-specific instruction up to the age of 16 and a choice of specialist topics thenceforth ‘ . Due to the national course of study, from the beginning of the twenty-first century most primary schools in the UK presently accept kids from 5 to 11 old ages old. As Denis provinces, there is besides a bantam figure of schools designated ‘deemed in-between ( ages 8 to 12 or 9 to 13 ) ‘ and ‘first ‘ when they educate kids from 5 to 8 or 9.
To explicate today ‘s construction it is besides of import to concentrate on the types of schools that can presently be found in the UK. As the Department of Education studies, they can be divided into 3 chief groups: mainstream province schools, specializer schools, province schools with peculiar features and independent schools. To the first group belong Community schools, which are frequently run by a ‘local authorization ‘ and aim ‘to develop strong links with the local community, supplying services like child care and grownup acquisition categories ‘ . Trust schools every bit good as Voluntary-controlled and voluntary-aided schools are owed by a charitable foundation, which ’employs the staff and sets the admittances standards ‘ . Academies, religion schools, metropolis engineering colleges, community and foundation particular schools, grammar schools and maintained get oning schools can be found in the 2nd group. The 3rd group is formed by Independent schools which have their ain ‘admission policies and course of study ‘ .
Spanish primary instruction, as the remainder of the developed states, it finds its roots in the Nineteen century. Many factors can be identified as those which influenced the rise during this century of specifically educative constitutions taking to make a turning proportion of the population. The Apparition of the national provinces is so the most ill-famed factor, since it puts the Old Regime to an terminal piece at the same clip direction is seen as a average reenforcing its integrity. Therefore, instruction is considered to be from this clip on, a public matter that has to be organised and controlled by the province which regulates its legal and administrative procedures. To understand the current Spanish primary instruction, it is of import to concentrate on three relevant instruction Torahs, well-known for their impact on the system. The normally referred as ‘the Moyano Law ‘ was decreed in 1857 in a context of socio-economic crisis, This jurisprudence consisted on a legislative enterprise carried out by the politician Carlos Moyano whose chief purpose was to better the distressing status of instruction at that clip, diminishing therefore the illiteracy norm in the state. Education was divided in two phases: simple ( 6-12 old ages old ) and superior ( 9-12 ) . Primary instruction was mandatory until the age of 12 and free of charge for those who could non afford it. Harmonizing to the web page State Univeristy.com, it besides marked the foundation of privet schools in Spain at that clip owned by the Catholic Church. Just one twelvemonth after the 1944 ‘s British instruction act, the 1945 ‘s jurisprudence was decreed in the historical context of post-war and in the ideological context of national Catholicism. Its chief aim was to orientate the pupil in conformity with their aptitudes to the working life. Born in the context of democracy, the 1990 ‘s jurisprudence of instruction aimed to leave an equal direction in order to let students to get basic cultural elements, to humor: unwritten look, reading, composing and arithmetic concretion. It divided instruction into tree periods: the first phase ( from6 to 8 old ages old ) , 2nd ( 8-10 ) and 3rd ( 10-12 ) .
To explicate the construction of today ‘s primary instruction in Spain, it is of import to travel back to the twelvemonth 2006, when the cardinal jurisprudence of instruction besides known as ‘LOE ‘ or ‘Ley Organica de Educaci & A ; oacute ; n ‘ was decreed. This jurisprudence established a mandatory instruction from 6 to 16 year-old kids. While in the UK kids start their primary instruction at the age of 5, Spanish kids start traveling to school at the age of 6. Besides it is of import to advert that most students attend pre-schools from 3 to 5 old ages of age. Most of these ‘nursery schools ‘ in most instances belong to the same Centre of instruction. Harmonizing to the celebrated on-line encyclopaedia known as ‘Wikipedia ‘ , primary instruction in Spain can be divided into three rhythms: the first rhythm includes students from 6 to 7 old ages of age, the 2nd 8-9 and the 3rd 10 to 11. Concentrating on the Spanish national course of study, mandatory topics are: Spanish linguistic communication and Literature, Art, Mathematics, Physical Education, Natural and societal scientific disciplines both included in a topic called ‘Conocimiento Del Medio ‘ and English or French. Many province schools have an understanding with the British Council doing the survey of English compulsory from the age of 6. Although in the United Kingdom there a several types of schools, in Spain most of them can be grosso modo divided into three groups: public or province schools, privet schools or semi-privet schools besides referred in Spanish as ‘concertado ‘ schools. As happens in the UK, province schools are funded by the authorities and therefore they are free for those life in the state. These can non be freely selected, as the kids are allocated the closest school to their place. Harmonizing to Maurice Hamlin in his web page practicalspain.com, semi-privet or concertado schools are similar to the British ‘s grant maintained schools since they ‘receive subsidies by the authorities ‘ being instruction therefore, provided free of charge. Most of them are run by a spiritual order e.g. the Salesians of Don Bosco, and students normally wear uniforms. Privet and International schools in Spain are going more popular. Harmonizing to the Article ‘Living and Working in Spain ‘ they provide a more relaxed environment offering a wider scope of topics and an international attack.
Another of import facet to be analysed, is the usage of the information and communicating engineerings in British and Spanish Schools. Harmonizing to the British Department of Education, information and communicating engineerings ( ICT ) in schools can ‘improve the quality of instruction, larning and direction in schools and so assist raise criterions ‘ . In order to measure the usage of ITC in primary schools The Education and Training inspectorate published in 2002 a study in which some of the chief strengths of the usage of new engineerings are highlighted. As this study states, incorporating the ICT in the national course of study supports both instruction and acquisition. The quality of be aftering for ICT is proved to be ‘satisfactory or better in 70 % of the schools inspected ‘ and in most schools the quality of instruction and student ‘s experiences are proved to be satisfactory, including ‘a broad scope of ICT applications among which stands out the usage of word processing. Learning to utilize Microsoft Word ‘s enchantment cheque, digital cameras, create an maintain a web page, directing a forwarding e-mails, firing a cadmium, every bit good as larning how to command ‘multi-media and database package ‘ are so but a few other applications in schools. As this survey proves, ICT has besides a really positive reaction on kids by increasing their motive towards larning in general ; as the study states ‘children have high degrees of involvement and enthusiasm in their work in ICT being motivated by the inclusion of ICT in their lessons ‘ .
It is a fact that there are an increasing figure of schools that are integrating ICT non merely as a topic in the national course of study but as a manner to do the other lessons lighter and more amusive to kids. Harmonizing to an article written by Sophie Borland and published in the newspaper ‘The Daily Mail ‘ there are even some schools in the UK who have decided to ‘turn a P.E. lesson into a Wii category ‘ in order to actuate and ‘boost their enthusiasm for athletics ‘ . To make this, Borland says, the freshly approved by Department of Health ‘Wifit Plus ‘ is used in the category affecting a assortment of fineness activities. Even though this article received really positive reappraisals there are some people like the spokesman of the Department of Children, Schools and Families who states ‘there is ever a topographic point for advanced exercisings if they do non replace traditional 1s. Another school in the UK, harmonizing to the instruction editor Graeme Paton, is to include the usage of the alleged societal web ‘Twitter ‘ as portion of their course of study. All kids, the writer provinces, will be taught how to utilize webcams, podcasts every bit good as web logs. Students in this school ‘will be expected develop an apprehension of different ways to pass on online. Bettering keyboard accomplishments, utilizing web sites such as the online dictionary Wikipedia and larning how to use spelling checkers will besides organize portion of the biggest inspection and repair of lessons for 20 old ages ‘ .
As happens in the United Kingdom, Spanish new coevals of kids are marked by the information and communicating engineerings which are deriving each twelvemonth a greater importance in the instruction policy. The inclusion of the ICT in Spanish instruction system finds its roots in the European inaugural ‘e-Europe ‘ which motivated the creative activity of the ‘Special commission of survey for the Development of the Information Society in Spain ( CDSI ) ‘ by the Ministry of Science and Technology. Some of the decision of the CDSI can be applied to instruction. Harmonizing to this commission ‘the usage of the new engineerings should be present in all topics as portion of the national course of study and in the relationship between instructors and students and all the members of the educative community. The presence of ICT in Spanish primary schools can be clearly perceived in the independent community Extremadura which is considered to be a innovator in this field. Harmonizing to the secretary of ICT in the instruction civil order of the independent authorities of Extremadura ‘Junta de Extremadura ‘ , this part started the undertaking of including the information and communicating engineerings in instruction in the twelvemonth 1999, when the ‘Strategic Plan for the development of engineering in society ‘ was presented and the educational sector was considered to be the chief pillar of that development. This minute marks the visual aspect of ICT in Extremaduran schoolrooms. What is likely the most outstanding fact is that, this part decided to develop free package every bit configurable and adaptable. A new operative system called ‘gnu/LinEx ‘ which would offer an tremendous assortment of applications in order to carry through the necessities of all sort of users and a great diverseness of tools for its usage inside the schoolroom. Furthermore, in the academic twelvemonth 2002/2003, an enterprise was carried out in all Extremaduran high schools which consisted on transforming regular schoolrooms into ‘technological schoolrooms ‘ by presenting a computing machine for each two pupils. Besides, today ‘s schools in the part have at least one electronic chalkboard, together with a projector, a computing machine and an synergistic tablet. The creative activity of the specific operative system LinEx must be adapted to a didactic and pedagogical extent. This is why a new fluctuation of this operative system has been installed in all the schools of Extremadura. Harmonizing to the independent community ‘s authorities ‘LinEx Schools ‘ as it is called, ‘offers the student an friendly and actuating environment adapted to their rational development ‘ . Together with LinEx, it is of import to foreground the development of the educative platform ‘Rayuela ‘ . As if it was a societal web, this platform is an advanced system of information that allows a real-time communicating between instructors and parents by utilizing the Internet. It besides has a database with allows all Extremenian pupils to hold a individual Digital Academic Record until they finish high school. Thus, instructors are able to entree all the information about the educative class of their students ( calcifications, aid and observations ) in order to offer them an individualised intervention.
To reason this essay, I must state that as both educational systems belong to a globalised universe and concretely to the European Union, they portion so some likenesss and the two last paragraphs are an illustration of this statement. Among other minor differences British primary instruction likely differs from the Spanish 1 in what in my sentiment, is its chief strength: the diverseness of schools offered which allows parents to hold a greater pick.