“ Ode on a Greek urn ” is a beautiful ode written by John Keats in 19th Century. There are five stanzas in entire ; every stanza has represented each scenes of the urn. In this verse form, John Keats brought readers into a beautiful universe through his image of a Greek urn, which to him is a beautiful piece of art. He used his imaginativeness to explicate what the world of art is. There are four different facets of John Keats ‘ aesthetics ( beauty ) from “ Ode on a Greek urn ” – music, imaginativeness, melancholy and doctrine, all these aesthetics reflect his attitude of life.
The Aesthetics of music
We enjoy listening to beautiful music. In this verse form, there is another sort of music that the poet wants to portion with us – “ unheard ” tune. The image of immature musician carved on the urn has been described vividly. Seems like we can about hear the music he plays within the words.
“ Heard tunes are sweet, but those unheard
Are sweeter ; hence, ye soft pipes, drama on ;
Not to the animal ear, but, more endear ‘d,
Pipe to the spirit ditties of no tone: ” ( 695 )
John Keats narrated two sorts of music aesthetic criterions “ HEARD ” and “ UNHEARD ” . However, “ those unheard are sweeter ” . The poet used words “ sweeter ” and “ Pipe to the spirit ditties of no tone ” to allow us cognize “ Silent music ” is appeal. It is the beat that you can experience inside your psyche. In this verse form, we “ heard ” music by looking at some ocular image ( the immature instrumentalist ) , thereby fired up our imaginativeness.
The Aesthetics of imaginativeness
John Keats has loved literature seen he was a kid. He besides got inspired by many authoritative literatures. However, he known that these are non plenty to speak about “ beauty ” from all these literatures but by his imaginativeness and semblance. He used authoritative art work as a subject to make “ Ode on a Greek urn ” . On the public oculus, it is merely a normal old-timer but in Keats ‘ oculus, filled with uneven unreal colour, it turns to be a beautiful image – people filled with great joy, ecstatic love narrative under the tree,
Holiness forfeits in the countryside and the beautiful sound of a flute. Obviously, these beauties are non comes from the urn itself but endow with the poet ‘s imaginativeness. He expressed his feeling of an ideal life thought the image of a Grecian urn that he hankered for. This desire brings him to prosecute the existent beautiful life.
“ Your foliages, nor of all time bid the spring adios ;
And, happy melodist, untired,
Everlastingly piping vocals for of all time new ;
More happy love! More happy, happy love!
For of all time warm and still to be enjoy ‘d,
For of all time heaving, and for of all time immature ; “ ( 695 )
Trees are ever green, fresh air, people dance with the music, everyone bask their clip, immature male child and girl autumn in love, townspeople follow the priest go out of town to the sanctuary. Here is the Eden that the poet dreams for. At this clip, the pieces on the Grecian urn is no longer standstill but lifelike. Whereas, he does n’t non intoxicated with the spirit of the never-never land, and force his imaginativeness to a higher phase, which is “ Beauty is truth, truth beauty, ” ( 696 ) this sentence gimmick people ‘s oculus and has full of statements. It deepens people ‘s knowledge of beauty.
The Aesthetics of Melancholy
In “ Ode on a Greek urn ” , there are some melancholic colour that deepens the subject and could non be neglected.
“ Thou, soundless signifier, dost badger us out of idea
As doth infinity: Cold Pastorale! ” ( 695 )
There are “ infinities ” in the verse form – love, happy, spring and sounds of pipe. John Keats freezes all the scenes and allow the felicity ne’er comes to an terminal. We all know that it is impossible to have a minute lasts everlastingly. “ Eternity ” is what he wishes to hold. By contrast to the existent universe, the poet connects art with human being destiny. Behind all the “ felicity ” , “ Lead’st 1000 that heifer mooing at the skies ” ( XXX ) , there ‘s a heifer confronting the hurting of decease. All the townspeople went out of town to see the sanctuary, the all town all of a sudden quiet with cipher at that place.
“ And, small town, thy streets for evermore ”
Will silent be ; and non a psyche to state
Why thou art desolate, can e’er return. ” ( 695 )
“ Not a psyche to state ” shows how clip flies by, and a universe of alterations has occurred. Thingss change easy like the heifer, its short life ended in a short period of clip. The poet seems to remind us that we are all similar to the townspeople. We are merely a passer-by in the history and in the universe. Merely the beauty of art is infinity. Finally, the life keenlied feel was signified and transformated through art in a certain extent.
The Aesthetics of Doctrine
“ Beauty is truth, truth is beauty, ” ( 696 ) is really a point of view from a Classical Hellenic philosopher – Plato, he thinks that beauty is the highest phase in the democracy. Real poet could spot the truth of beauty. John Keats put a new construct on it in the verse form. Art and the existent universe are indivisible. Merely truth is beauty. The “ truth ” means all the experiences in existent universe usage art signifier to show and turn it to beauty. “ truth ” and “ beauty ” is exist at the same time. All the aesthetics in the verse form shows John Keats attitude of life besides his power and sense of beauty.
John Schilb. John Clifford “ Making Arguments about Literature: A Compact Guide and Anthology ” P 695-696 “ Ode on a Greek urn ” by John Keats
Ferrari, G.R.F. Plato – The Republic. Eleventh. United Kingdom: University Press, Cambridge, 2008. Print.