Name: Nikka Grace RosalTeacher: Dr. Elda Maglaya Year/Course: I – BSBADate: August 31, 2011 Chapter I Nuclear Power Plant Introduction: Nuclear power is the use of sustained nuclear fission to generate heat and do useful work. Nuclear power plants provide about 6% of the world’s energy and 13–14% of the world’s electricity, with the U. S. , France, and Japan together accounting for about 50% of nuclear generated electricity. In 2007, the IAEA reported there were 439 nuclear power reactors in operation in the world, operating in 31 countries.
Also, more than 150 naval vessels using nuclear propulsion have been built. But Nuclear power plant accidents include the Chernobyl disaster (1986), Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster (2011), and the Three Mile Island accident (1979). There have also been some nuclear-powered submarine mishaps. However, the safety record of nuclear power is good when compared with many other energy technologies. Research into safety improvements is continuing and nuclear fusion may be used in the future.
China has 25 nuclear power reactors under construction, with plans to build many more, while in the US the licenses of almost half its reactors have been extended to 60 years, and plans to build another dozen are under serious consideration. However, Japan’s 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster prompted a rethink of nuclear energy policy in many countries. Germany decided to close all its reactors by 2022, and Italy has banned nuclear power. Following Fukushima, the International Energy Agency halved its estimate of additional nuclear generating capacity to be built by 2035.
And as the world’s population increases and there is continued comparison to the current western European, Japanese, and North American living standards, there is likely to be demand for more electrical power. Energy sources available in the world include coal, nuclear, hydroelectric, gas, wind, solar, refuse-based, and biomass. In addition, fusion had been originally proposed as the long-term source. Here in the Philippines, we need every energy source we can get – including nuclear. As we can see, all energy sources have both advantages and disadvantages.
Nuclear has a number of advantages that warrant its use as one of the many methods of supplying an energy-demanding world. Even with conservation efforts, energy demand has been and will continue to increase. Other factors can accelerate that increase, the proposed shift to electric cars to meet environmental air quality goals. In using each and every one of these forms of energy production, we need to make sure we conserve as much as we can so we leave sources for future generations. Energy suppliers need to ensure that they do not contribute to short and long-term environmental problems.
Governments need to ensure energy is generated safely to that neither people nor the environment are harmed. A. Statement of the Problem: This study focuses on the advantages and disadvantages of using the nuclear power plant to harness energy crises here in the Philippines. Specifically, it seeks to answer the following questions: 1. Does is it really helps in harnessing energy crises? 2. Does nuclear power plant safe to use? 3. What are the risks if it’s not use properly? 4. Does the radiation of the nuclear power plant can harm people? 5. Can it contribute to pollution? B. Importance of the Paper