Kawa Whakaruruhua

Kawa Whakaruruhua or cultural safety is a feasible frame work for understanding and working safely across the many states. It means linking with people in their ain universes by being equal in partnership beyond the diverseness of individual’s behavior in scope of cultural context. History reveals that the thought was from the elephantine polocarps of the wood as Totara Whakaruruhua, which serves as the shelter for Tane Mahuta, the defender of the forest. This fundamentally implies the sheltering, fostering windbreak character of the elephantine polocarps toward the defender of the forest. It is besides hence inclined to a protective cloak, the korowani, supplying heat and safety explicitly to Tane Mahuta. ( Walker,1986, p.183 ) .

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In the context of the kawa whakaruruhau, it is believed that a individual must be able to understand oneself in order to accept others. It is about being knowing about our ain ego, which includes our individuality, values, bias and beliefs. One should be cognizant of his ain definition of ain life. The model of this health care technique was given more accent upon designation of the jobs that arouse with the Maori people. A survey in the diverse worlds of Maori revealed that Maori continue to hold the poorest wellness position of any cultural group in New Zealand. So so, the kawa whakaruruhau construct is of import in order to protect and continue healthcare bringing toward Maori people in peculiar.

In the health care puting for case, a health care practician should be able to place and to the full accept himself in order to go an effectual health professional. Hence, “becoming a Maori and walking aboard as partners” ( as cited in Jurgensen, K.,2002 ) . [ 1 ] More specifically, a nurse who has undergone contemplation of his ain civilization singularity and distinguishes the impact of the civilization of nursing on his ain pattern is the individual who can effectually give the best attention to an person or a household of different civilization.

Recommending for them, reassuring culturally safe pattern is about holding a positive mentality on different ways of accomplishing things and being flexible plenty to convey those differences. This empowers nurses to heighten the attention and attitudes toward patients from other civilizations. Insecure cultural pattern will decidedly ensue into a worsening, mortifying or disempowering the cultural character and well-being of the person.

Ultimately, the kawa whakaruruhau is a theoretical account for negotiated and equal partnership that moves beyond consciousness or sensitiveness to action or behavior in a scope of cultural context. Jurgensen besides mentioned that Kawa whakaruruhau is the bringing of effectual health care through understanding life alterations and the societal fortunes of minority groups that often marginalise them from the mainstream civilizations, ensuing in hapless health care.

Models of Maori Health

There has been three theoretical accounts of Maori wellness identified as follows:

  1. Te Whare Tapa Wha: Mason Durie
  2. Te Wheke: Rose Pere
  3. Te Pae Mahutonga: Mason Durie

Each of these theoretical accounts are alone in its ain position of understanding healthcare bringing.

Te whare tappa wha Maori wellness theoretical account was formulated by Sir Mason Harold Durie. [ 2 ] He is a sawbones by profession and a head-shrinker as good. He is a grandson of a great Maori leader Mason Durie. He has dedicated all of his life in the betterment of Maori wellness, praiseworthy of all his plants in his uninterrupted attempts of bettering wellness of the Maori people. [ 3 ] This theoretical account consists of the four ( 4 ) basiss of Maori wellness, which are held to be the four ( 4 ) Scopess of wellbeing. It is supposed that the organic structure becomes imbalanced in the absence of any of the four ( 4 ) dimensions. These are the whanau ( household wellness ) , tinana ( physical wellness ) , hinengaro ( mental wellness ) .The first of the four ( 4 ) dimensions is the Ta Titana or the physical wellness. This is the aptitude for growing and advancement. It is said that good physical growing is a requirement for optimum development. The 2nd dimension is is the Taha Wairua or the religious wellness. It is the capacity for religion and wider communicating. It implies that wellness is related to unseeable and soundless energies. It is the life force, an assembly of who, what we are, where we originated from and where we are traveling. Third, the Taha Whanau or household wellness is described as the capacity to be in the right topographic point, to care, and to portion where persons are portion of wider societal systems. It is designated as our nexus to the ascendants thereby making bonds with the yesteryear, present and future and hence giving us more strength as we are being joined together. The last but non least of the four dimensions of the Te whare tappa wha maori wellness theoretical account, the Taha hinengaro or the mental wellness, is the capacity to complect the head and the organic structure. They become inseparable with each other. Ideas and feelings and emotions are cardinal components of the organic structure and psyche. This outlines how we see ourselves in the existence, our interaction with that which is distinctively Maori and the understanding that others have of us, as mentioned by the Ministry of Health in one of their diaries.

The following theoretical account is the Te wheke. This was adopted by Rose Pere. She is a tribe leader of the Maori people, a therapist and an advocator of instruction, community promotion and linguistic communication resurgence for the past 40 old ages. [ 4 ] In the movie The Right to be me, she stated “We may hold differences, but these are to be celebrated every bit good. I would happen it awfully tiring if lone Maori people existed” . [ 5 ] Therefore she welcomes people from all over the universe and speaks about the ancient Maori rules. In the context of Te wheke, an octopus best embodies Maori wellness. The eight tentacles jointly contribute to waiora or the entire well-being. The caput of the octopus stands for the whanau or the household, while the eyes represent waiora or the entire well-being of the person or household. The eight tentacles resembles wairuatanga ( spiritualty ) , tana tinana ( physical well-being ) , whanaungatanga ( extended household ) , mauri ( life force in people and objects ) , manaake ( alone individuality of persons and household ) , ha a Persephone mom, a kuima ( breath of life from forbearers ) , whatumanawa ( the unfastened and healthy look of emotion ) . Dr. Rose Pere strongly believed that with all of these representations in good status, a individual or a household is able to populate a healthy and meaningful life. [ 6 ]

The 3rd theoretical account of the Maori Health is the Te pae mahutonga, embraced by Mason Durie. This is being represented by the Southern Cross configuration which conveys together the elements of modern wellness publicity. These four elements are the cardinal undertakings of wellness publicity. The mauri ora ( cultural individuality ) , waiora ( physical environment ) , te orange ( engagement in society ) , toiora ( healthy life styles ) , nga manukura ( community leading ) , te mana whakahaere ( liberty ) . [ 7 ]

Bing equipped with the cognition of the theoretical accounts of maori wellness attention, a health care practician is able to understand the entireness of Maori wellness. Because of this, a health professional is able to efficaciously present compassionate attention towards people of different civilization.


The mana akitanga means cordial reception, generousness and common regard. This is a alone character of the people of New Zealand. It sums up the welcoming and sharing of the people through events and activities of the state, doing certain that every visit to the state becomes memorable. Maori cordial reception means looking after visitants and caring how others are treated irrespective of their position in society. This is given the major importance in the state. Mana aki means the power of the word, which prompts the hosts to be expressive and fluent in welcoming visitants unfastened heartedly. Mana besides means prestigiousness, qi, cubic decimeter Te tangata means to the people. This points out the importance of heightening the mana, which protects the unity, position, prestigiousness and power of visitors. This common regard comprises mutual cordial reception and regard from an person or group to another. More significantly, admiting the mana of others as holding equal or greater importance than your ain, through the look of aroha or love, cordial reception, kindness and common regard. Like for illustration, the hosts provide nutrient and relaxation for visitants, invitees will be treated with regard at all times. In any meeting, it is made possible that it will be an event to retrieve with fancy and gratitude by those who attended. The term mana akitanga expresses all these things and refers to the good relationship of the members of the communities with each other every bit good as for their visitants. [ 8 ]

New Zealand cordial reception is exceeding in itself because it is geared toward pulling people in coming to the state. It assures the safety, equality and cordial reception that it can give to the visitants of the land. Last, people of New Zealand make it certain that every visit to the state leaves a grade on every visitor’s bosom.


Jurgensen, K. ( 2002 ) .Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.nzaot.com/downloads/contribute/CulturalSafetyV49-No1.pdf

Ministry of Health. ( 2014 ) .Maori wellness models.Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.health.govt.nz/our work/populations/maori-health/maori-health-models-te-whare-tapa-wha

Wikipedia. ( 2014 ) .Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mason_Durie_ ( head-shrinker )

Global unity undertaking. ( 2006-2014 ) .Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.globalonenessproject.org/people/dr-rangimarie-turuki-rose-pere

Maori civilization. ( 1999-2014 ) .Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.newzealand.com/travel/en/media/features/maori-culture/maori-culture_manaakitanga-hospitality.cfm


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