Issue Threatening Incidents In Intercultural Communication English Language Essay

This undertaking attempts to reexamine face endangering incidents derived from a life that consist of intercultural communicating techniques of interactions and conversations that emerge during the biographical re-enactment of American Congress Man Charlie Wilson efforts to startle support from the United States Congress, the United States Central Intelligence Agency ( CIA ) and different states with so and even now different degrees of labored dealingss – Pakistan, Israel, Egypt, Saudi Arabia to pay a covert war in Afghanistan against the so Soviets Union.

The informations used for analysis in this undertaking is sourced from selected extracts of the film that best portray intercultural communicating even though the full organic structure of the work is in English linguistic communication necessitating no interlingual rendition. There are besides other extract of the film that are utilised that do non purely fall within the intercultural communicating model but aid in the analysis by clear uping the informations used and reflecting some of the linguistic communication theories discussed.

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LITERATURE REVIEW

The background Information to the biographical novel that was adapted into the film is as follows: during the period between, late 1979 – 1989 the so Soviet Union attacked and occupied Afghanistan and as a consequence, the refugee crisis that emerged on the Pakistani boundary line was overpowering.

Influenced by a wealth giver, an American Congress Man instigated the appropriate bomber commissions in the American Congress, the CIA, Pakistan, Israel, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Afghanistan to pay and get the better of the Soviets in a long raged bloody war.

This event, even now, given the province of universe personal businesss overtly seems more of a myth than a world, but covertly as it is frequently expressed anything is possible under the Sun. The work inside informations the covert dialogues and minutess that allowed this phenomenon to happen.

The intercultural exchanges that are abound in the secret plan that unfolds in the movie are legion but a few appropriate extracts are taking and adapted where the conversational looks are non appropriate for academic print for the intent of this undertaking work appropriate notes have been employed to let the context retain its literary consequence.

Again, there are other extracts that are non derived from intercultural extracts but presented as commentaries that serve to explicate support or accent the context under analysis.

RESEARCH PROCEDURE

The research process employed in this undertaking work is non typical of conventional informations aggregation methodological analysis associated with matter-of-fact research that are by and large categorised under Interaction, Questionnaires, Interviews, Diaries and Verbal Report. It stems out of verbal studies given by Charlie Wilson, recorded and published into the public sphere in 2003 by George Crile, adopted by Aaron Sorkin, re-enacted under the way of Mike Nichols and released into the public sphere for sing in 2008 ascertained by me for address actions and physical gestures associating to issues of face in presentations that is cardinal in rapport direction of intercultural interactions.

The statements can be made that these extracts are staged managed and non reliable self-generated informations that is real but bearing in head that the information is based on a life that is re-enacted for mention with interviews and commentaries logged in the life and in the film it can be said with avowal that it meets the demand of basic informations for research intents even though it was non conducted straight by the research worker, a common acceptable phenomenon in every twenty-four hours academe. No effort is being made to claim or asseverate that this research draws a theoretical base signifier another societal scientific discipline but merely suggest that this presents a different method of roll uping informations for analysis.

However, the method applied to garner this information could be said to be effectual in being able to enter address actions and besides measure the related gestures that accompany the address action that help reenforce the quality of the information as is done with conventional informations assemblage where the information is collected really by physical observation and collated through verbal study instantly after to continue its veridicality and subsequently verified and reapplied with other informations aggregation methods like interview through the sound and picture recordings. The following are the excerpt informations from the movie Charlie Wilsons War for analysis:

Glossary of Characters Abbreviations

Bonnie Bach – BB Charlie Wilsons Congressional Aid

Brigadier Rashid – BR Presidential advisor Pakistan

Charlie Wilson – CW Member US Congress

Chess Players – CP Chess participants playing against Mike Vickers

Colonel Mahmood – CM Presidential advisor Pakistan

Deputy Minister – DM Egyptian Deputy Defense Curates

Gust Avrakotos – GA CIA Agent

Harold Holt – HH US Embassy Islamabad Station Chief

Mike Vickers – MV CIA arms expert

President Zia – PZ President Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq of Pakistan

Zvi Rafiah – ZR Israeli weaponries trader

1st Excerpts incorporating the colloquial exchange between Charles Wilson and the Pakistani President Zia and his advisors Brigadier Rashid and Colonel Mahmood in Islamabad, Pakistan.

PZ: Mr. Congressman

CW: Mr. President

PZ: Joanne Herring speaks really extremely of you

CW: Thank you sir

PZ: These are two of my brightest advisors when it comes to the job of the Soviets, this is Brigadier. Rashid

Bromines: How make you make

CW: Pleased to run into you

PZ: Colonel Mahmood

Centimeter: How make you make

CW: Please to run into you

PZ: please come [ PZ gestures CW to sit down ]

CW: Thank you

PZ: you must be thirsty can we acquire you a drink

CW: oh really I would love a glass of ice and any sort of Whiskey, Rye, Canadianaˆ¦

[ The president looks at his advisors in surprise ] [ Brigadier Rashid laughs & A ; Col Mahmud startles ]

PZ: I am regretful congresswoman we do n’t hold alcohol in the Presidential Residence

CW: of courseaˆ¦ you do n’t, I apologiseaˆ¦ eh fruit juice

[ Brigadier Rashid instructs the pantryman to acquire fruit juice for CW ]

CW: I bet a batch of people make that error [ laughs ]

PZ: [ Sneers ] No

CW: Sooner state

PZ: Brigadier

Bromine: So you understand the state of affairs on our boundary line

CW: Yes sir Iaˆ¦ I think I do, and I think it ‘s awful and I know I speak for all the people in the Texas 2nd congressional territory when I say our ideas and supplications are with you

PZ: all the people of the Texas 2nd congressional territory you say

CW: yes so sir

Bromines: 3 1000000s Afghans refugees are populating like ill treated farm animal and another 2 million have fled into Iran

Centimeter: and 2 million more angry work forces is merely what the physician ‘s ordered for Iran, do n’t you believe

Bromines: people are deceasing by the 10s of 1000s and those that are n’t are traversing into Pakistan everyday

Chromium: would you like to cognize how many 1/5 of Afghanistan now live in Pakistan ‘s North-West Frontier Province

PZ: so what I have been inquiring is why your province section will direct person here who thinks he understands the job because I do n’t believe the supplications of the Texas 2nd congressional territory are traveling to turn the fast one

CW: I was n’t sent here by the province section Mr President, I was asked to come here by a friend of Houston so this is a courtesy call

PZ: I do n’t necessitate courtesy ; I need aeroplanes guns and money,

CW: good we merely doubled the CIA budget for covert Opss

Bromines: from 5 million to 10 million

CW: that ‘s right

Centimeter: is that a gag

CW: no

Bromine: is that meant to be a amusing gag

CW: no sir

PZ: Congress adult male what they are stating is 10 million dollars from the US to contend the Russians ground forces is such a low figure that it can be mistaken for a gag

CW: I caught up to the irony at that place sir, allow me be clear the United States is eager to help you

Bromines: No you ‘re non

Centimeter: you ‘re non

Bromine: Absolutely non

Centimeter: I went to Oxford so I know what that means, the US is non eager to help us

CW: it is my understanding that we offered to sell you F-16 you did n’t desire them

PZ: because you refused to sell us the radio detection and ranging

Bromines: to hell with that

PZ: and this is symbolic of American fencing sitting when it comes to contending the Sovietss

Bromines: to hell with it

PZ: you sell us the planes but non the radio detection and ranging ; you offer Afghans rifles from the First World War while Soviets choppers are killing everything they can happen, people, animate beings, nutrient supplies

Bromines: to hell with it

Centimeter: you sell the Israelis the radio detection and ranging so that ‘s why he says to hell with it

CW: Again I understood

PZ: Besides the weaponries and support should flux through us

CW: am sorry

PZ: that ‘s been portion of the job, the weaponries and support should flux through us we have experience with warfare of this sort and your CIA has an unimpressive path record

CW: Ohio I would n’t state that

PZ: they missed 130,000 Soviet soldiers walking into Afghanistan

CW: Oklahoma we blew that call

PZ: I would state so

CW: [ Charlie Wilson looks unit of ammunition at everyone in the room easy ] good I will non utilize up any of your cordial reception, I will take your message back to my commission president and we will give it our fullest attending

PZ: allow me walk you to the door

[ While walking Charlie Wilson to the door ]

PZ: I learnt about you before you came here I learn that you are a adult male of many character defects

CW: I am

PZ: But I besides learn that you ne’er promise anything you can non present

CW: I do n’t Mr President

PZ: so assure me this go to Peshawar and see the refugee cantonments, right now, today, travel to Peshawar and see with your ain eyes, I have a chopper expecting to take you

CW: All right I ‘ll make it

PZ: thank you Mr Congressman

CW: Mr President

2nd Excerpts incorporating the colloquial exchange between Charlie Wilson, Gust Avrakotos and Zvi Rafiah in Jerusalem.

CW: We need you Zvi, you ‘re traveling to be our adult male inside the Isreali parliament

Zirconium: I ‘m non in the Isreali parliament

CW: That ‘s what traveling to do you so effectual, no 1 has your pull with the tenth Knesset, no 1 has your relationship with the talker, And we are gon na… we ‘re gon na necessitate your arm around Menachem, when he finds out that we ‘re working with Egypt and the Saudis. Tell him.

Tabun: Hmmm

CW: Tell him why we need him.

Tabun: I ‘m non stating anything.

CW: Why non?

Tabun: I do n’t cognize who the [ f..k ] these two other cats are.

CW: Well, ai n’t they bodyguards?

Tabun: Not ours.

CW: Zvi? [ Zvi gestures to the work forces to go forth ]

Zirconiums: Now, merely to sum this up in a nutshell. You want me to travel Israel toward a partnership with Egypt, Pakistan and Afghanistan.

CW: And Saudi Arabia.

Zirconium: Well, merely a twosome of jobs I can anticipate off the top of my caput.

CW: Expression.

Zirconium: Charlie…

CW: I know.

Zirconium: … Pakistan and Afghanistan do n’t acknowledge our right to be.

CW: Calm down.

Zirconiums: We merely got done contending a war with Egypt and every individual who has of all time tried to kill me and my household, has been trained in Saudi Arabia.

Tabun: That ‘s non wholly true, Zvi. I mean, some of them were trained by us.

CW: Gus, come on. It ‘s his sense of wit. It ‘s a spot of an acquired gustatory sensation. Now, Zvi, expression at me. This is the forepart of the Cold War. It ‘s non in Berlin, it ‘s non in Cuba, it ‘s non in Czechoslovakia. It ‘s in a heap of stones called Afghanistan. These are the lone people who are really hiting at the Russians. Now, you and I know we have to acquire Soviet-made arms into the custodies of the Mujahedeen. And you and I know where the largest reserve of Soviet arms outside the Soviet Union is.

Zirconium: I ca n’t state you offhand how many and what sort of arms we ‘ve confiscated.

Tabun: I can. These are Keyhole 11 orbiter exposures. They ‘ve been degraded so I can demo them to you. That ‘s a five-wheeled human body armored combat vehicle. That ‘s non the Mk.1, that ‘s the T-55. And it and four others are about 12 stat mis from here.

Zirconium: What do you desire armored combat vehicles in mountains for?

Tabun: Oh, we do n’t. I merely wanted you to cognize I know you got them.

CW: $ 35.5 million.

Zirconium: Which you ‘ll be able to allow.

CW: Yeah.

ZV: Without the imperativeness inquiring inquiries about it.

Tabun: You know, there ‘s good intelligence at that place, because the imperativeness is traveling to be busy inquiring about a weekend in Vegas and his pending apprehension on charges of narcotics ownership.

CW: Oh, Gus.

Zirconium: [ S..t, ] Charlie.

CW: It ‘s nil.

Zirconium: Is this true?

Tabun: No, for our intents, it does n’t truly count.

CW: Thank you.

Tabun: I was merely explicating to him that every bit long as the imperativeness sees sex and drugs behind the left manus, you can park a conflict bearer behind the right manus, and no 1 ‘s gon na, [ f..king ] notice.

Zirconium: What the snake pit happened?

CW: It ‘s non germane. It ‘s non germane to these people who are contending and deceasing, and being massacred in their places. Now, for the love of Christ, will you assist us assist them hit down these [ f..king ] choppers?

Zirconium: I love you, Charlie, but you are a adult adult male who still has n’t learned to look both ways before he crosses the [ f..king ] street! Yes, I ‘m in. But I do n’t wish this cat.

CW: I know how you feel.

Zirconium: What happens now?

CW: You come with us to Cairo.

Zirconium: This meeting ‘s gon na be run professional?

CW: Oh, perfectly. We ‘ll be speaking to the Deputy Defense Minister while his foreman gets a belly dance from a friend of Charlie ‘s.

Zirconium: What?

CW: A good friend of mine back in Texas is a well-known belly terpsichorean. It ‘s ever been her dream to execute in Egypt, so she ‘s our manner in. While she ‘s dancing for the Defense Minster, we ‘ll be speaking to the Deputy.

Zirconium: Oh, my God.

Tabun: No, she ‘s supposed to be good.

3rd Excerpts incorporating the colloquial exchange between Charlie Wilson, Gust Avrakotos, Zvi Rafiah and the Egyptian Deputy Defence Minister in Cairo, Egypt.

[ While the belly dancer performs for the Egyptian Prime Minister ]

Diabetes mellitus: That ‘s an extraordinary adult female.

CW: Oh, yeah.

Diabetes mellitus: That ‘s non any belly dance I ‘m familiar with.

CW: That ‘s why I wanted the Defense Minister to see her.

Diabetes mellitus: This is your girlfriend?

CW: Carol ‘s a friend. She ‘s an old friend.

Diabetes mellitus: I understand her male parent did n’t let dancing because of the faith?

CW: Yeah, that ‘s right.

Diabetes mellitus: And what faith is that?

CW: You know, she ‘s a Baptist.

Diabetes mellitus: As I was stating, the Russians will larn, I ‘m rather afraid the difficult manner, to fear God ‘s retribution upon those who oppress his low retainers who submit to him in Islam. Their skulls will hang from the crowns. [ Glancing at Zvi ]

CW: You can make whatever you like with their skulls, I suppose.

CW: What has Gus here concerned is a SA surface-to-air missiles you all have. For some ground, he thinks they were stored ill.

Diabetes mellitus: No, no, no, the SA-7 s were stored decently.

Zirconium: Excuse me. What about the subjugation of my people?

CW: Oh, Zvi.

Diabetes mellitus: I beg your forgiveness?

CW: Chaps, we have to make this now.

Zirconium: I am about to set up for $ 35 million worth of guns to be put into the custodies of Muslims!

Diabetes mellitus: I meant no discourtesy.

Zirconium: Oh, truly?

CW: Well, anyhow, that… None of this is of import.

Tabun: You have Soviet-licensed mills that can set out Kalashnikovs

at a rate of 25,000 a hebdomad?

Diabetes mellitus: That ‘s right.

Tabun: What about metropolis warfare devices?

Diabetes mellitus: What sort?

Tabun: Bicycle bombs, limpet mines, plastic, tripwire mines?

Diabetes mellitus: Yes, yes whatever you need.

CW: We ca n’t better the monetary value now, but when we come back for more, we ‘ll do it up to you.

Diabetes mellitus: I agree.

CW: All right.

4th Excerpts incorporating the colloquial exchange between Charlie Wilson and President Zia at his honorary feast in Houston, Texas USA

PZ: You want me to travel into concern with the Israelis?

CW: Merely for this one intent, yes, Mr. President. The Israelis have the largest reserve

of Soviet-made arms in friendly custodies.

PZ: I know that. I need to swear that this agreement will stay secret. Pakistan and Israel would hold to look to be enemies in the public oculus.

CW: Yeah, I do n’t believe that ‘s a tough sell.

PZ: You have authority to make this?

CW: None whatsoever. In fact, I ‘m reasonably near to go againsting the Logan Act.

PZ: Well, I do n’t cognize what that is. But, Charlie.

CW: Yes, sir.

PZ: If I see one f..king Star of David on a crate…

CW: You wo n’t. I promise.

PILOT RESULT

An analysis of the infusions used in this research show that there are certain debatable characteristics that emanate from the interaction between Charlie Wilson and the different parties and are common to the four typical intercultural communicating infusions that bother on face concerns during each of these intercultural meetings. These issues are as follows:

First, the nature and intent of the meetings as perceived from the position of the hosts and the visitants. In the first meeting that exemplifies intercultural exchanges ( extracts 1 ) Charlie Wilson on the one manus, was of the sentiment that the meeting with the Pakistani President Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq in Pakistan was merely a courtesy call but was amazed to happen that the president had in attending two of his most intelligent advisors sing the job of the Sovietss to give the meeting another intension. The Pakistani ‘s on the other manus were of the feeling that the meeting was a congressional visit or at the really least that it was endorsed by the US State Department.

( Extract 1 Charlie Wilson meeting with President Zia and advisors in Islamabad Pakistan )

PZ: Brigadier

Bromine: So you understand the state of affairs on our boundary line

CW: Yes sir Iaˆ¦ I think I do, and I think it ‘s awful and I know I speak for all the people in the Texas 2nd congressional territory when I say our ideas and supplications are with you

PZ: all the people of the Texas 2nd congressional territory you say

CW: yes so sir

Bromines: 3 1000000s Afghans refugees are populating like ill treated farm animal and another 2 million have fled into Iran

Centimeter: and 2 million more angry work forces is merely what the physician ‘s ordered for Iran, do n’t you believe

Bromines: people are deceasing by the 10s of 1000s and those that are n’t are traversing into Pakistan everyday

Chromium: would you like to cognize how many 1/5 of Afghanistan now live in Pakistan ‘s North-West Frontier Province

PZ: so what I have been inquiring is why your province section will direct person here who thinks he understands the job because I do n’t believe the supplications of the Texas 2nd congressional territory are traveling to turn the fast one

CW: I was n’t sent here by the province section Mr President, I was asked to come here by a friend of Houston so this is a courtesy call

( Remark 1 Charlie Wilson ‘s treatment afterwards with Bonnie Bach his assistance )

Bb: How did it travel

CW: There was three of them, it was like acquiring slapped around like a Pakistani music hall squad…

In the 2nd meeting of intercultural exchanges where this misconception of the nature and intent of the meeting was reemphasised, ( extracts 2 ) the Israeli weaponries trader Zvi Rafiah besides ab initio perceived the meeting to be a courtesy call and non an arms dealing between a member of the US Defense Appropriations subcommittee in the company of a alien that he was non comfy discoursing weaponries traffics in his presence.

( Remark 2 Charlie Wilson discoursing with Gust Avrakotos prior to the meeting in Jerusalem with Zvi Rafiah )

Tabun: Well, for one thing it ‘s covert. When an Afghan freedom combatant gets captured, it ca n’t be with an American-made arm on him. That ‘s how a cold war turns into an existent war and that ‘s something you want to maintain a good oculus on.

CW: So anything we give them has to look like it could hold credibly been captured from the Soviets.

Tabun: Yeah, that ‘s right.

CW: You know who ‘s good at that?

Tabun: Israel and Egypt.

CW: That ‘s right.

( Extract 2 Charlie Wilson and Gust Avrakotos meeting with Zvi Rafiah in Jerusalem )

CW: We need you Zvi, you ‘re traveling to be our adult male inside the Israeli parliament

Zirconium: I ‘m non in the Israeli parliament

CW: That ‘s what traveling to do you so effectual, no 1 has your pull with the tenth Knesset, no 1 has your relationship with the talker, And we are gon na… we ‘re gon na necessitate your arm around Menachem, when he finds out that we ‘re working with Egypt and the Saudis. Tell him.

In the 3rd intercultural exchange meeting that exemplifies this issue, ( extract 3 ) the Egyptian Deputy Defence Minister once more perceives the meeting as a courtesy call to showcase a belly terpsichorean but finds himself in a procurement dialogue for weaponries with members of US Defense Appropriations subcommittee and a labored 3rd party.

( Extract 3 Charlie Wilson, Zvi Rafiah and Gust Avrakotos meeting with the Deputy Egyptian Prime Minister )

[ While the belly dancer performs for the Egyptian Prime Minister in Cairo ]

Tabun: You have Soviet-licensed mills that can set out Kalashnikovs

at a rate of 25,000 a hebdomad?

Diabetes mellitus: That ‘s right.

Tabun: What about metropolis warfare devices?

Diabetes mellitus: What sort?

Tabun: Bicycle bombs, limpet mines, plastic, tripwire mines?

Diabetes mellitus: Yes, yes whatever you need.

During the last intercultural communicating meeting that illustrates this issue, ( extract 4 ) it is revealed that the Pakistani President perceives his brief meeting with Charlie Wilson as a insouciant treatment because they are at a societal map but it turns out to be a briefing on the fundamental law of the covert alliance.

( Extract 4 Charlie Wilson meeting with President Ziah at the honorary feast in Euston )

PZ: You want me to travel into concern with the Israelis?

CW: Merely for this one intent, yes, Mr. President. The Israelis have the largest reserve

of Soviet-made arms in friendly custodies.

PZ: I know that.

Second, the coveted result of the meetings between Charlie Wilson as invitee or host unaccompanied or accompanied by other members of his party and his different hosts or invitees was another debatable characteristic of the intercultural communicating exchanges that occurred. There was either deficient cognition of the host or visitants motivations or interactive end for the meeting or the premises before the meetings and the realisations as the meetings progressed turned out to be some deserving different because a pre docket consciousness or understanding was neither anticipated nor predictable.

( Extract 5 President Ziah Statement to Charlie Wilson during their meeting in Islamabad, Pakistan )

PZ: I do n’t necessitate courtesy ; I need aeroplanes guns and money,

( Extract 6 Charlie Wilson meeting with Zvi Rafiah in Jerusalem )

Zirconiums: Now, merely to sum this up in a nutshell. You want me to travel Israel toward a partnership with Egypt, Pakistan and Afghanistan.

CW: And Saudi Arabia.

Zirconium: Well, merely a twosome of jobs I can anticipate off the top of my caput.

CW: Expression.

( Extract 7 Charlie Wilson meeting with the Egyptian deputy defence curate in Cairo )

CW: What has Gus here concerned is a SA surface-to-air missiles you all have. For some ground, he thinks they were stored ill.

Diabetes mellitus: No, no, no, the SA-7s were stored decently.

( Extract 8 Charlie Wilsons meeting with President Ziah in Houston )

PZ: You have authority to make this?

CW: None whatsoever. In fact, I ‘m reasonably near to go againsting the Logan Act.

PZ: Well, I do n’t cognize what that is. . But, Charlie.

CW: Yes, sir.

PZ: If I see one f..king Star of David on a crate…

CW: You wo n’t. I promise.

Third, organizing the different parties towards a common apprehension to accomplish a corporate purpose was besides a debatable characteristic abound in the intercultural exchange. The Pakistanis were of the sentiment that the weaponries and support for the covert war against the Soviets should be channeled through their state and were uncomfortable being Alliess with Christians and Jews. The Israelis were uncomfortable acquiring involved in a covert war with Alliess that do non acknowledge their right to be. The Egyptians, amongst other things were uncomfortable being Alliess with non Muslims.

( Extract 9 Charlie Wilson meeting with President Zia and advisors in Islamabad Pakistan )

PZ: Besides the weaponries and support should flux through us

CW: am sorry

PZ: that ‘s been portion of the job

( Extract 10 Charlie Wilson meeting with Zvi Rafiah in Jerusalem )

Zirconium: Charlie…

CW: I know.

Zirconium: … Pakistan and Afghanistan do n’t acknowledge our right to be.

CW: Calm down.

Zirconiums: We merely got done contending a war with Egypt and every individual who has of all time tried to kill me and my household, has been trained in Saudi Arabia.

( Extract 11 Charlie Wilson meeting with the Egyptian deputy defence curate in Cairo )

Diabetes mellitus: As I was stating, the Russians will larn, I ‘m rather afraid the difficult manner, to fear God ‘s retribution upon those who oppress his low retainers who submit to him in Islam. Their skulls will hang from the crowns. [ Glancing at Zvi ]

CW: You can make whatever you like with their skulls, I suppose.

( Extract 12 Charlie Wilsons meeting with President Ziah in Houston )

PZ: … I need to swear that this agreement will stay secret. Pakistan and Israel would hold to look to be enemies in the public oculus.

CW: Yeah, I do n’t believe that ‘s a tough sell.

Discussion

It is notable to indicate out from the oncoming that the eventual purpose of the end point covert confederation was achieved for human-centered, political and commercial grounds through effectual resonance direction schemes. To this terminal, the parties apply rapport influencing schemes – resonance orientation that involves the middlemans ‘ usage of effectual resonance care and resonance sweetening to actively and positively make a more contributing ambiance for the docket to take its coveted class to make the coveted interactive end. However, there were face endangering incidences where the intercultural exchange may hold accidentally or deliberately been perceived as resonance challenge or resonance neglect that could unluckily impair the result if mismanaged.

The horizon of this research undertaking is centred more on the scenarios of face endangering incidents the middleman is presented with in an attempt to accomplish this covert confederation – face. To analyze the face position on the debatable issues or characteristics that pervade the infusions used for this survey will demand an apprehension of the construct of face and the impression of face endangering incidents.

Helen Spencer Oatey in her book Culturally Speaking ( 2008, p 12 – 20 ) amplifies the impressions of earlier theoretician like Brown and Levinson ( 1987 ) , Leech ( 1983 ) , Matsumoto ( 1988 ) , Ide ( 1989 ) Mao ( 1994 ) , Lim ( 1994 ) , Ting-Toomey and Kurogi ( 1998 ) on: face being a universal phenomenon see to be the persons self esteem ; a cosmopolitan impression albeit a culturally elaborated public ego image of a society that every member of society wants to claim for themselves ; a societal individuality that universally everyone has concerns over ; and supports Goffman ( 1967 ) by saying that it is the positive societal value individuals efficaciously claims for themselves by the line others assume they have taken during a peculiar contact. In her book she states that face is associated with individual ‘s personal, relational and societal value and is concerned with their sense of worth, self-respect, honor, repute competency that is associated with issues such as regard, honor position, repute and competency. It is closely related, she asserts, to a individuals sense of individuality or ego construct: or as she states it: ego as an person that relates to single individuality, self as a group member, that relates to group or corporate individuality and ego in relationship with others that relates to relationship individuality.

Furthermore, Oatey besides expands on Brown and Levinson ‘s ( 1987 ) work on niceness which pointed out that face being the cardinal motivational force to politeness contains two constructs of: positive face – which equates to a individuals want to be appreciated and approved of by selected others and a negative face which equates to a individuals want to be unimpeded by others, the desire to be free to move as that individual chooses and non be imposed upon to include, as she puts it three chief interconnected constituents that she coins as the direction of: face, sociality rights and duties and interactive ends.

Relatively, Oatey besides contributes to Brown and Levinson ‘s earlier proposed impression of face endangering Acts of the Apostless ( FTA ) that were with respects to speech Acts of the Apostless viz. : orders, petitions, apologies, regards unfavorable judgments and the similar, by suggesting three ways that rapport employed positively can be threatened: face endangering behaviors, rights endangering or obligation-omission behavior and end endangering behavior.

The analysis of the face endangering incidents that occur in the extracts that constitute the information for the undertaking and in some cases other extracts from the film based on the theoretical account proposed by both Brown and Levinson and Helen Spencer Oatey either triggered by the aforesaid debatable characteristics or other characteristics that abound in the work will be the focal point of the analysis that ensues.

In the different extracts that constitute the information for analysis in this undertaking Charlie Wilson, whether busying the function of host or visitant y his demeanor of all time displays the changeless presence of authorization and position that a United States Congressional Member and a extremely influential member of a congressional subcommittee such as Defence Appropriations commands as a ace power state in the universe biggest democracy and the largest representation of the free universe exudating the belief that there is an consciousness of any and every state of affairs and that the United States is strategically positioned to act upon universe personal businesss. This changeless air or consciousness Markss his positive face while the desire to move and talk passionately or nevertheless ignorantly on any topic issue or state of affairs without being challenged reflects his negative face.

The nature and intent of the meeting in Pakistan where Charlie Wilson is presented with a bombardment of unexpected information and questions by President Ziah and his advisors that threaten his single face as a US Congress member and his group face both as a member of the US congressional defense mechanism appropriations sub commission and an American citizen because he does non hold the anticipated informed responses desired by his hosts. This looking ignorance or unconcern of the state of affairs is perceived both as rights endangering or duty skip and end threatening by the Pakistani hosts. At a ulterior phase, the nature and intent of the meetings in Jerusalem, Cairo and Houston affords Charlie Wilson to now take a more enlightened places in the treatments and dialogues that follow thereby endangering the person and group face of his hosts/guests. These incidents are identified as follows ;

( Extract 13 Charlie Wilson meeting with President Zia and advisors in Islamabad Pakistan )

CW: good we merely doubled the CIA budget for covert Opss

Bromines: from 5 million to 10 million

CW: that ‘s right

Centimeter: is that a gag

CW: no

Bromine: is that meant to be a amusing gag

CW: no sir

PZ: Congress adult male what they are stating is 10 million dollars from the US to contend the Russians ground forces is such a low figure that it can be mistaken for a gag

CW: I caught up to the irony at that place sir,

( Extract 14 Charlie Wilson and Gust Avrakotos meeting with Zvi Rafiah in Jerusalem )

CW: aˆ¦ Now, Zvi, expression at me. This is the forepart of the Cold War. It ‘s non in Berlin, it ‘s non in Cuba, it ‘s non in Czechoslovakia. It ‘s in a heap of stones called Afghanistan. These are the lone people who are really hiting at the Russians. Now, you and I know we have to acquire Soviet-made arms into the custodies of the Mujahedeen. And you and I know where the largest reserve of Soviet arms outside the Soviet Union is.

Zirconium: I ca n’t state you offhand how many and what sort of arms we ‘ve confiscated.

Tabun: I can. These are Keyhole 11 orbiter exposures. They ‘ve been degraded so I can demo them to you. That ‘s a five-wheeled human body armored combat vehicle. That ‘s non the Mk.1, that ‘s the T-55. And it and four others are about 12 stat mis from here.

Zirconium: What do you desire armored combat vehicles in mountains for?

Tabun: Oh, we do n’t. I merely wanted you to cognize I know you got them.

The changeless effort in all the extracts by either Charlie Wilson or his host/guests during their meetings to act upon or carry the other party towards the coveted result was face threatening and exhibited both rights and end endangering behavioral linguistic communication. These incidents are identified as follows:

( Extract 15 Charlie Wilson meeting with President Zia and advisors in Islamabad Pakistan )

CW: I caught up to the irony at that place sir, allow me be clear the United States is eager to help you

Bromines: No you ‘re non

Centimeter: you ‘re non

Bromine: Absolutely non

Centimeter: I went to Oxford so I know what that means, the US is non eager to help us

CW: it is my understanding that we offered to sell you F-16 you did n’t desire them

PZ: because you refused to sell us the radio detection and ranging

Bromines: to hell with that

PZ: and this is symbolic of American fencing sitting when it comes to contending the Sovietss

Bromines: to hell with it

PZ: you sell us the planes but non the radio detection and ranging ; you offer Afghans rifles from the First World War while Soviets choppers are killing everything they can happen, people, animate beings, nutrient supplies

Bromines: to hell with it

Centimeter: you sell the Israelis the radio detection and ranging so that ‘s why he says to hell with it

CW: Again I understood

The coordination of the different parties towards a common apprehension to accomplish a corporate purpose by Charlie Wilson was besides face endangering to the different parties – the Pakistanis, Israelis and Egyptians single and group face. Similarly, there were besides other legion face endangering incidences in relation to the undermentioned address Acts of the Apostless proposed by Brown and Levinson abound in the intercultural exchanges which are as follows: foremost, orders,

( Remark 2 Charlie Wilson meeting with Harold Holt in Islamabad, Pakistan )

HH: Expression, usually, a congressional deputation, we ‘d give them a courtesy briefing on the state of affairs, but as you can see, it ‘s acquiring reasonably tardily, we do n’t hold a whole batch of clip anyhow, so…

CW: Well, do the clip.

HH: Huh?

CW: F..k your clip, Harold. I ‘m on Defense Appropriations. I ‘m catching a plane back to Washington in merely a few proceedingss. Now, I need a full classified briefing right now.

secondly, petitions,

( Extract 16 Charlie Wilson meeting with President Zia and advisors in Islamabad Pakistan )

PZ: you must be thirsty can we acquire you a drink

CW: oh really I would love a glass of ice and any sort of Whiskey, Rye, Canadianaˆ¦

[ The president looks at his advisors in surprise ] [ Brigadier Rashid laughs & A ; Col Mahmud startles ]

PZ: I am regretful congresswoman we do n’t hold alcohol in the Presidential Residence

CW: of courseaˆ¦ you do n’t

CW: I apologiseaˆ¦ eh fruit juice

[ Brigadier Rashid instructs the pantryman to acquire fruit juice for CW ]

CW: I bet a batch of people make that error [ laughs ]

PZ: [ Sneers ] No

CW: Sooner state

thirdly, offers,

( Extract 17 Charlie Wilsons meeting with Harold Holt in Islamabad, Pakistan )

CW: So you tell me what you need to hit them down.

HH: What do you intend?

CW: State me what you need. Make you understand what I ‘m stating? You tell me what you need, and I will travel about acquiring it for you.

HH: Congressman, I appreciate your generousness, but a sudden inflow of money and modern arms would pull attending.

CW: What?

HH: A sudden inflow of money and modern…

CW: Delay, it would pull attending?

HH: Yeah.

CW: Why, I do n’t even cognize what that means. This is the Cold War. Everybody knows about it.

HH: Should I go on with the briefing?

CW: Have you been to these refugee cantonments? Have you heard these narratives?

HH: Congressman, I am required to give you a briefing. Should I go on?

CW: No. Thank you.

fourthly, apologies,

( Extract 18 Charlie Wilson meeting with Gust Avrakotos and Mike Vickers in Langley, Washington DC )

CW: This is the CIA ‘s arms expert?

Tabun: One of them.

CW: But he ‘s the most senior.

Tabun: Expression…

CP: Microphone

Millivolt: Yeah, bishop to queen ‘s knight 7.

Tabun: See? He ‘s playing without even looking at the board.

CW: That ‘s a utile accomplishment if Afghanistan ‘s of all time invaded by Boris Spassky. Did my office non do it clear to Langley that I ‘m in no temper to be fucked around with?

Tabun: Charlie…

CW: You answer to me or you answer to Jim Baker. Which do you desire?

Tabun: All right, the cat ‘s a screw Green Beret, Charlie. He trained with the SEALs.

No 1 ‘s seeking to sleep together with you!

CP: Microphone?

Millivolt: Yeah, what was your move?

CP: Knight to queen ‘s bishop 5.

Millivolts: All right, queen to king ‘s castle 3. Ridicule on the right, you do n’t desire to merchandise Queenss with me.

CP: Crap

CW: All right, I apologize.

Tabun: Everybody friends?

CW: As a former naval officer myself, Mike I should hold known, I should ‘ve known better.

Millivolt: As a former naval officer, I ‘d hold been surprised if you had.

Tabuns: Now, what the screw?

CW: Hey.

Tabun: He said he was sorry.

CW: Hey.

Millivolt: What can I make for you, sir?

( Extract 19 Charlie Wilson and Zvi Rafiah meeting with the deputy defense mechanism curate in Cairo, Egypt )

Zirconium: Excuse me. What about the subjugation of my people?

CW: Oh, Zvi.

Diabetes mellitus: I beg your forgiveness?

CW: Chaps, we have to make this now.

Zirconium: I am about to set up for $ 35 million worth of guns to be put into the custodies of Muslims!

Diabetes mellitus: I meant no discourtesy.

Zirconium: Oh, truly?

CW: Well, anyhow, that… None of this is of import.

fifthly, regards

( Extract 20 Charlie Wilson meeting with President Zia and advisors in Islamabad Pakistan )

[ While walking Charlie Wilson to the door ]

PZ: I learnt about you before you came here I learn that you are a adult male of many character defects

CW: I am

PZ: But I besides learn that you ne’er promise anything you can non present

CW: I do n’t Mr President

PZ: so assure me this go to Peshawar and see the refugee cantonments, right now, today, travel to Peshawar and see with your ain eyes, I have a chopper expecting to take you

CW: All right I ‘ll make it

PZ: thank you Mr Congressman

CW: Mr President

( Remark 3 Charlie Wilson ‘s treatment afterwards with Bonnie Bach his assistance )

Bb: How did it travel

CW: aˆ¦ you know you ‘ve reasonably much hit stone underside when you ‘ve been told you have character defects by a adult male who hanged his predecessor in a military putsch.

and in conclusion unfavorable judgments

( Extract 21 Charlie Wilson meeting with President Zia and advisors in Islamabad Pakistan )

PZ: aˆ¦ your CIA has an unimpressive path record

CW: Ohio I would n’t state that

PZ: they missed 130,000 Soviet soldiers walking into Afghanistan

CW: Oklahoma we blew that call

PZ: I would state so

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