Islam Religion and Cultural Diversity Essay


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Practices of the Muslim faith have become of great concern in the modern-day society particularly in issue of universe peace. Islam values and beliefs have raised contention between followings and non-followers where the latter knock the faith as menace to peace. This paper will research instructions of the Islam faith to supply apprehension of beliefs. values and patterns in attempt to decide the contention. This will be achieved by discoursing the chief pillars of Islam: Shahada. Salat. Sawm. Zakat. Hajj. Islamic jurisprudence ( Shariah ) and Jihad ( Pecorino. 2001 ) every bit good as demoing application in cross civilizations and states. The paper will besides demo how Islam is contrasted form Christianity and Judaism. Further. it will sketch how apprehension of Islam would impact interactions or communications between Muslims and non-Muslims. Finally. the paper will sum up chief statements.

Muslim Teachings and Pillars Practiced Across Cultures

There is diverseness in Muslims and several nucleus beliefs are held to convey integrity in the faith all over the universe. There are five chief patterns described in Quran for Muslims to detect and are normally regarded as pillars of Islam. The first 1 is the declaration of religion ( Shahada ) that requires Muslims to bear informants every bit good attest for merely one God. Allah. and His courier Muhammad ( Esposito. 2002 ) . This declaration is needed for anyone to go Muslim and has two facets. One portion affirms absolute monotheism. unity of God. and that tie ining other things to God is devotion which is inexcusable wickedness. This would function to rectify Muslims on diverting from the right way of believing in one God. The 2nd portion asserts that Muhammad is both a prophesier every bit good as God’s courier and hence signifiers the highest disclosure of God’s messages to Muslims. Furthermore. Muhammad life is an illustration that serves as function theoretical account for Muslims to emulate.

The 2nd pillar of Islam is the supplication which every bit known as Salat and necessitate Muslims to idolize God by praying five times in twenty-four hours. that is. in the forenoon. midday. mid-afternoon. sundown and in the eventide. In many topographic points prayer times are alerted to Muslims through mega talkers at mosques’ minarets. This serves to remind trusters of God’s presence in their day-to-day activities and therefore necessitate to reaffirm dependance on Him. The supplications are accompanied by rites and were established by Muhammad though are non in Quran. However. supplications consist of commendations from the Quran and motions observed such as bowing. kneeling. and touching land with the forehead signify look of humbleness and God’s worship. Moslems can pray anyplace such as topographic points of work. houses. and mosques though sooner in groups for solidarity and should confront Mecca that is regarded a holy metropolis.

The supplications are orderly with same start and stoping.

The 3rd pillar is the Zakat that means purification and requires Muslims to idolize and give thanks to God by back uping the hapless. All things are believed to be owned by God and Muslim trusters are required to give 2. 5 per centum of all they possess every twelvemonth so as to back up the hapless. orphans. widows and those destitute ( Esposito. 2002 ) . Zakat is observed as a societal security in Islam and was developed about 14 hundred old ages ago. In some Muslim groups. trusters besides contribute spiritual revenue enhancements out of their incomes to spiritual leaders and are used to back up the hapless. The 4th pillar is detecting the fast of Ramadan ( Sawm ) during the 9th month of every twelvemonth harmonizing to Islamic calendar. This month is regarded as Ramadan and is observed since was the clip when Muhammad received first disclosure of the Quran from God. During the month-long fast trusters are required to abstain from nutrients. drinks. and gender between morning and sundown.

Ramadan consists of particular supplications cited and nutrients served merely during this period. In the twenty-seventh twenty-four hours Muslims commemorate the dark of power when Muhammad received God’s disclosure and the Ramadan ends with jubilation of Eid al-Fitr to interrupt the fast and give gifts ( Esposito. 2002 ) . Ramadan is meant to excite contemplation of trusters on dependance of God. religious values and duty to care for less fortunate. The 5th pillar is the Pilgrimage besides known as Hajj to Mecca in Saudi Arabia and requires all able grownup Muslims worldwide to see the metropolis at least one time in their life-time. It follows Ramadan and requires forfeits of clip. things and amenitiess hence doing Muslims pilgrims in God’s service. There is besides lesser pilgrim’s journey called umrah that that involves visits to other holy sites during other periods of the twelvemonth.

There are other instructions of Islam practiced worldwide and are more molded or form civilizations in which they are applied. These include Jihad that is regarded as the 6th pillar and the Islamic jurisprudence. Jihad is explained in Arabic as intending to fight or wash up one’s attempts to laud God though is interpreted to intend holy wars in some civilizations ( Pecorino. 2001 ) . Within Islam. Jihad can be applied to take virtuous life. charity works. sermon and contending to support Muslims. The Islamic jurisprudence defines Islam as entry to God and therefore Moslems have moral duty and observe Jihad in the way of God besides known as Shariah. The jurisprudence provides guideline for dealingss and interaction of trusters with God every bit good as with amongst themselves ( WGBH. 2014 ) .

Islamic jurisprudence on ordinance of societal life include prescription of dressing codifications. rites in matrimonies. divorce. heritages and behaviours that would link all Muslims all over the universe. These commissariats are applied to varied magnitudes over varied civilizations. This has been influenced by interactions of people due to globalisation and modern jurisprudence incorporates incorporate cultural patterns ( UTA. 2009 ) . The demand of Muslims to exert moral duty in legal. political and economic patterns is besides shaped by cultural patterns in diverse geographic and historical contexts. Similarly. the Islamic Torahs influence societal models.

There are varied patterns of Islamic instructions as observed in low Islamic strong belief is western states compared to high degrees in states to the East. America and Great Britain respect Islam as unusual faith compared to other faiths and has expressed small support for values advocated by Muslims in national constructions ( PRC. 2012 ) . However. Muslim converts are turning in the two states and followings observe the pillars of Islam and other instructions. Middle East. India. Pakistan and other Asiatic states show strong support for Islam and have big Muslim populations that observe instructions of the faith. These states have models that reflect instructions of Islam. for case. in their Torahs. political. economic activities and societal patterns such as behaviour. matrimonies and support for the needy among their populations.

Contrasting Islam from Christianity and Judaism

The instruction of the Islam indicated above comparison or contrast with some in Judaism and Christianity. Some of the contrasts include the unity of God that is inconsistent with Judaism and Christianity that besides recommend for monotheism and believe in three: God the Father. Son and Holy Spirit. God in Islam is non associated with other things that contrast with some Christians and Judaism followings that have some representation for God ( Esposito. 2002 ) . Muslims worship God through Muhammad who is God’s courier and prophesier unlike in Christianity and Judaism that worship God through Jesus who is regarded the boy of God. Muslim faith believes Muhammad was the last prophet send by God to human existences and shows recognition of other godly figures send to Christianity and Judaism in the Quran whereas the latter do non admit other faiths. for case. Muhammad send to Islam.

There are several denominations in Christianity and Judaism unlike in Islam that has individual denomination practiced worldwide. The Muslim faith is allowable to polygamy in the matrimony Torahs unlike followings of Christianity and Judaism who believe in pure monogamousness. Muslim faith is more restrictive such as in dressing codification particularly for the adult females that is non observed through the instructions of Christianity and Judaism. Moslems have fixed supplication and fasting agendas that are non observed in the other among Christians and Judaism followings who set supplication and fasting events.

Influence of Islam on Interactions of Muslims and Non-Muslims

There are different apprehensions of Islam instructions that influence how Muslims and non-Muslims interact or communicate. Muslims belief of Jihad has been conceived among non-Muslims as allowable to wars that has been strongly linked to the increased terrorist activities all over the universe ( 2002 ) . In add-on. the parts raised in through Zakat are misunderstood as avenues for funding war activities instead than profiting the less fortunate. This has sparked competition among people since Moslems are considered as menace to universe peace. This has been witnessed in struggles based on spiritual disposition in some states such as Nigeria. This competition would besides be said of struggles of America and states with bulk Muslims such as Afghanistan.

This position has misconceived the purpose of Jihad and would be overcome through recommending for moral value of peace possible through tolerance of spiritual diverseness by both sides. Islamic Torahs regulate behaviours. communications and manners of dressing that create disjunction with other patterns in the universe and this hinders interactions such as matrimonies and negotiations that include instruction. Varied patterns related to spiritual religion does non let free environment to interact and hence bound integrating. This would be minimized through enhanced apprehension of patterns for both sides since ignorance of values observed by different faiths induces misconceptions that limit interactions.


Muslim faith has induced contention among followings and non-followers in modern-day society particularly when universe peace is considered. This paper has discussed Muslim instructions practiced over the universe in effort to decide the contention. Muslim patterns are embedded in pillars developed following the Quran. These pillars are Shahada. Salat. Zakat. Sawm. Hajj. Jihad and Shariah. Commissariats of this pillars aim at idolizing one God and are carried out all over the universe though are shaped or form civilizations.

Western states show small support of Islam in facets of life when compared to state to the East. Islam contrasts Christianity and Judaism through belief in unity of God and Muhammad. admiting other faiths in Quran. individual denomination. allowed polygamy and more restrictive behaviour and frock codifications. Different apprehensions of Islam by non-followers negatively impact interactions and communicating with Muslims and this has led to spiritual struggles.

Esposito. J. L. ( 2002 ) . Ten Things to Know About Islam. Teach Mideast.
Retrieved 8 May 2014. from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. teachmideast. org/essays/35-religion/58-ten-things-to-know-about-islam Pecorino. P. A. ( 2001 ) . Religions of the World: Islam. Retrieved 8 May 2014. from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. qcc. cuny. edu/socialSciences/ppecorino/PHIL_of_RELIGION_TEXT/CHAPTER_2_RELIGIONS/Islam. htm PRC. ( 2012 ) . The World’s Muslims: Integrity and Diversity. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 8 May 2014. from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. pewforum. org/2012/08/09/the-worlds-muslims-unity-and-diversity-executive-summary/ UTA. ( 2009 ) . Muslim Histories & A ; Cultures. The University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved 8 May 2014. from: hypertext transfer protocol: //sites. La. utexas. edu/mhc/tag/islam/ WGBH. ( 2014 ) . Muslim belief. Law. and Practice. PBS Frontline. Retrieved 8 May 2014. from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. phosphate buffer solution. org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/muslims/themes/beliefs. hypertext markup language


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