This study reveals my personal and interpersonal acquisition and development journey during my Masters of Business Administration Programme at the University of Kent. It will besides foreground the efficaciousness of the MBA programme in developing my capablenesss and competences through assorted methodological analysiss which have left a permanent feeling in me.
In add-on to that the study will besides foreground some of the inspirational academic theories, which helped me in recognizing my preferable acquisition and leading methods to better my managerial and Leadership accomplishments.
Table of Contentss
Writing this study takes me back in clip and reminds me of the twenty-four hours I left my county Sultanate of Oman and my household to get down my academic calling with University of Kent, Kent Business School in United Kingdom.
It besides reminds me with the last advice I got from my five twelvemonth old boy stating:
“ Baba ( this means Father in English ) survey good, so you can gain tonss of money to purchase me the new PlayStation Three once you are back with your Shahade ( this means degree in English ) ”
I was wholly incognizant of what awaited me 3600 stat mis off in the “ United Kingdom ” , a state I had merely read about in storybooks during my simple school or seen on the telecasting until I arrived at the Heathrow International Airport in London. After being in flight for more than nine hours ; I remember how aroused I was to eventually see the Queens ain state, I arrived my finish with great optimism, “ nil could travel incorrect ” , I thought to myself, but unluckily my first experience of civilization daze has disappointed me and I saw myself wholly entirely and unable to seek a assisting manus with my 100 lb heavy luggage, with which I struggled through three different trains to make my concluding finish “ Canterbury ” where the history about my academic calling was about to be written.
Working within the banking industry of Oman for more than eleven old ages, enabled me in deriving celebrity and repute within the community, my committedness to work allowed me to vie with my co-workers and surpass them during initial phases of my calling, based on which I was promoted in front of my coevalss to Head the Mortgage Lending Department of BankMuscat. Howerver, deep inside me I still felt the necessity of bettering my direction accomplishments. This was triggered by the fact that I was invariably coming across direction slang like Strategy, the 4P ‘s, PESTEL, Business procedure re-engineering ( BPR ) and others about which, I had no thought and was going abashing particularly when I attended direction meetings. This created a desire within me about upgrading my accomplishments and heightening my cognition by prosecuting my educational calling and go toing an MBA programme, as I knew it was a requirement for me to acquire in front in my calling.
Making my maestro ‘s grade in concern disposal at University of Kent has non merely helped me in deriving a grade, therefore it has made me a different individual wholly. The programme was a transformational experience, which I believe will take me to the tallness of professional competency and open the door for a comfortable and successful calling.
This study will cast visible radiation on my academic experience within the MBA and will foreground some of the competences gained and experiences acquired during the programme which I value the most. In add-on to that it will besides discourse about some of the theories which has influenced me during the programme and will integrate some of my hereafter programs being both personal and professional after passing a full twelvemonth in the MBA programme
Chapter 1: The Kent MBA Programme:
“ A journey of 1000 stat mi must get down with a individual measure ” Lau – Tzu
The get downing point of any undertaking is considered to be the most hard, nevertheless one time you get a good kick start good things follow.
Orientation and Initiation
I still recall the Kent MBA orientation and initiation weekend where I interacted with my MBA co-workers for the first clip, it was n’t every bit easy as I thought it would be, particularly because of the cultural diverseness within the group. The idea of covering with people I have ne’er met made me ungratified and I must acknowledge that I felt highly uncomfortable after looking at the profiles of my extremely experient co-workers I had wondered how I would be able to get by up within such a category of talented people with intimidating backgrounds and be able to larn from them.
However, the really good organized orientation plan ensured that everyone was given a opportunity to show themselves without fright or bullying. This helped me in garnering bravery and I started to interact with my co-workers in a group officially on the 2nd twenty-four hours of the Orientation and Induction weekend where we were given a existent life instance survey on PepsiCo Inc in the twelvemonth 2011. We were asked to show a practical solution to the job under the instructions of the programme manager who was eager to see us prosecute with each other intellectually, argue and learn from each other.
To farther ease the interactions among the MBA pupils the Business School arranged for a creativeness subdivision and the groups were asked to interchange thoughts, create possible scenarios and think of possible solutions, where I barely recall the winning group due to the fact that while transporting this activity all the participants gained something, irrespective of who won. I peculiarly enjoyed brainstorming with my co-workers, as it allowed me to understand the capablenesss of my co-workers within the category and show my ain capablenesss. The most interesting activity to me was when we were given a clump of newspapers and told to travel through any lines within the newspaper to compose a vocal utilizing our imaginativenesss and feelings, this activity allowed us to mix, laugh at each other and most significantly know each other. The fact that my group won made it even sweeter, particularly because I was the composer of the vocal that got us the triumph and the wordss of the vocal were as follows:
“ I have been looking for you all the twenty-four hours and all the dark
I have been stating myself keep composure and carry on ” .
At this point I had already loosened up, and started to experience comfy amongst my co-workers irrespective of whether they spoke the best English or had really impressive professional profiles, irrespective of their: gender, race, spiritual background and age. This gave me the assurance to confront the intensive Kent MBA programme which was waiting in front of me.
Intriguing Academic Modules
The Kent MBA faculties were really intensely taught with a high sum of force per unit area to get by with which I could non even kick about. Get downing my twenty-four hours at 7:00a.m. and stoping it at 1:00a.m the following twenty-four hours, after several hours of talks, instance surveies, analysis, encephalon storming Sessionss and presentations was worth the learning experience.
My first taught faculty within the MBA programme was Corporate Environment which was one of my front-runners and the most hard faculty, due to the fact that I had ne’er attended an academic faculty in my life up until I entered the category. However, the faculty convener did his best to do the subject every bit easy as possible for the pupils to understand and digest. The faculty taught me to understand the internal and external environmental systems that interplay to drive concerns and economic systems, particularly utilizing the Porters five forces and PESTLE analysis, all of which I have used to analyze concerns around Canterbury such as: Lacos Tacos, Tesco, Patisserie and others.
I have besides learnt a batch in the human resources faculty, where I came across pull offing diverseness and must acknowledge that it helped to be more suiting to others around me, particularly coming from a preponderantly Muslim State. It made me to see others for the value they could convey irrespective of their spiritual belief, gender, race and sexual orientation.
The International Business faculty was of a peculiar involvement to me as I began to conceive of my ain Real-estate company spread outing to other countries within the Middle East and perchance holding MOU ‘s with companies in The United Kingdom The faculty helped me to appreciate the usage of informations in doing critical strategic concern determinations, particularly within a transnational scene. In add-on to that it besides opened my eyes to the drivers and motivations behind MNC ‘s enlargement.
The fiscal faculties were interesting as they helped me in revising my accounting equations, understanding fiscal analysis and equipped me in doing better investing determinations merely by looking at an one-year study of a company. The corporate finance faculty helped me in understanding investing hazard, concern hazard, the recognition crunch and the consequence of 9:11 on the universe broad economic system.
Pull offing Processes was truly exemplifying, as it helped me in understanding many procedures that can happen within a eating house from the clip the order is placed to the clip the nutrient is served. It opened my eyes to how we can cut down or extinguish waste and allocate resources more efficaciously and expeditiously to achieve maximal end product at the least possible cost.
Some topics find their manner into your bosom and I must acknowledge that my passion for selling helped me in understand the Marketing Analysis and Planning Module with easiness. This is because I had ever enjoyed selling within my professional experience and was invariably inspired by new selling techniques used by concerns to pull their clients and I had ne’er imagined selling as such a huge topic before go toing the faculty and was highly surprised by how Multinationals design their merchandises and services, make up one’s mind on the selling channels, evaluate alternate selling mix and be after their distributions.
After analyzing the topic I realised the deepness and world behind what Peter Drucker meant by stating “ Marketing makes gross revenues otiose ” and the fact that the part of selling is highly important for the success of any concern. The models learnt in all the faculties enabled me in understanding the kernel of concerns and how each component internal and external are interlinked and how they must be aligned to guarantee concern success.
In add-on to that making all my assignments has non merely helped me understanding the UK market itself, but has besides developed my understanding about the consumer behavior in UK, which I consider to be extremely different so the behavior of consumers in my state Sultanate of Oman. This was a turning point in my calling and I must acknowledge that it helped to broaden the range of my thought which was merely limited to my ain state and it forced me to get down looking at concern in the planetary context.
Chapter 2: Competences developed during the programme
One of the chief ground behind my registration into the MBA programme was to develop my abilities and knowledge about executing undertakings successfully without depending on others.
Academic & A ; Business Writing Skills
My first experience of composing an essay for the corporate environment faculty was really dissatisfactory. Based on the fact that my sentence building and grammar were quiet hapless, nevertheless I have managed to accomplish a satisfactory mark despite being afraid boulder clay decease before subjecting the work and opted to run into the MBA manager to portion my fright, who in return ensured me that I will be able to get the better of this state of affairs and gave me some tips to better my accomplishments. His advice to me was “ Ali do n’t worry you will be all right ” , which helped me in deriving assurance in myself and accepting the challenge.
The day-to-day subscription of the fiscal times provided by the Kent Business School helped me with understanding and appreciating English linguistic communication more, I found myself invariably reading and seeking for new words in a command to better my appreciation of the linguistic communication in both written and spoken signifiers. In add-on to that I have besides started reading novels and narratives such as: The Alchemist, 11 proceedingss and 7 wonts of extremely effectual people and many more for the first clip in my life and managed to research the flow of sentences and ways used to keep the readers involvement.
Workforce Readiness Project 2006 survey on tonss of human resources and senior concern executives in the United States concluded that concern executives and human resources staff rate composing accomplishments as the most of import accomplishment that an employee must possess and emphasis on the importance of direction in composing accomplishments a portion of the course of study.
Before originating the plan, I lacked involvement in doing presentations, nevertheless I ever admired my co-workers who did it with easiness and delicacy, frequently times pulling hand clappings and standing ovations. The Kent MBA plan helped me to construct my presentation accomplishments, with its compulsory presentations at the terminal of each faculty and working in groups, which helped me in bettering my organic structure linguistic communication and position, which frequently times leaded to pass oning the incorrect message to those around me and resulted to embarrassment. It besides helped me in deriving assurance in transporting presentations without being nervous and abashed.
I can still remember incidents during my MBA faculties, where I had to step in on the last minutes to cover my co-workers who were unable to present their presentation parts and I must acknowledge that I proved myself being capable of presenting quality presentation without even practising and was able to derive acclamations from my co-workers and faculty convenors whenever I got a opportunity to hit the floor.
Presentation accomplishments can be considered as important for the endurance of directors and leaders in today ‘s concern universe, survey carried by Clark ( 2008 ) to measure the impact of the enterprisers unwritten “ pitch ” presentation accomplishments on 20 four concern angels go toing the UK investing forum, concluded that the enterprisers who are able to present favorably rated presentations were able to pull and procure financess from concern angels, whereas others who struggled to present favorable presentations were less attractive and barely managed to procure any fund for their concern.
My communicating accomplishment were reasonably good when I foremost arrived in the UK ; nevertheless I had troubles in pass oning with some of the pupils within my category due to their pronunciations. However, I had to better my hearing accomplishment and face the challenge. The natural flow of the plan helped me honing my communicating accomplishments, since I had to work with people from diverse backgrounds to get to a common land in order to success.
Gradually, I started larning to concentrate when spoken to without disrupting. I besides learned to concentrate when spoken to, which was a accomplishment I learned by go toing many symposiums and talks organised by the concern school and had a opportunity to rehearse by go toing several networking Sessionss and through working in groups.
Study carried on finance & A ; HR directors by Robert Half Finance & A ; Accounting, which was reported in the Chartered Accountant Journal in 2004. Almost 1,550 directors surveyed where asked about the putting to deaths they look for when engaging a fiscal starting motor. Surprisingly, communicating accomplishments were cited as the most of import accomplishments by about 46 % of the respondents, followed by open-mind attitude which was cited as the 2nd most of import at 35 % .
Time Management Skill
Harmonizing to Stephen Covey ( 2004 ) who is a well-known clip direction expert and the writer of the influential book “ The 7 Habits of Highly Effective people ” :
“ The key is non to prioritise what ‘s on your agenda, but to schedule your precedences. ”
The Kent MBA was so strict, that being the best meant effectual direction of both ego and clip. Prior to go toing the plan I lacked clip direction accomplishments and faced troubles in set uping my precedences as a banker, concern adult male and a household adult male and was fortunate in carry throughing my undertakings before deadlines by some manner or the other. However I ever believed deep inside me that I can make better and accomplish more if I could prioritise my activities.
The programme has helped me to organize myself and my clip to run into deadlines and made me recognize the significance of clip direction which is considered as one of the most of import quality in a director. During my clip I was able to larn how to place possible timewasters in my life, place precedences, make a To Do List, maintain to deadlines, concentrate my clip and energy on the most productive things in my life.
I have ever been criticised by my foremans for concentrating on many undertakings and falling short of carry throughing some undertakings, nevertheless I have made certain that I do non come across such critics in hereafter after deriving the expertness from the MBA programme.
In add-on to that it besides made me gain the importance of pull offing my clip despite being under force per unit area. Which is one the demands for a successful director in today ‘s extremely disruptive concern environment.
Contemplation and Thinking Skill
John Dewey ( 1916 ) as cited by Reijo Miettinen ( 2000 ) believes that brooding thought requires a changeless reorganization, Reconstruction and transmutation of experiences. He stresses the fact that thought should be really nonsubjective and that one needs to step back and evaluate events in one ‘s life. This helps us place possible countries for alteration and betterment.
I have ne’er realised the importance behind changeless thought and contemplation prior to go toing the Kent MBA and ever saw life as a roller coaster drive, which was meant to be lived as an when incidents took topographic point. The plan has taught me to invariably put out clip to measure my advancement in life ; assess where I am and plan where I want to be, thereby assisting me to remain on the right path towards accomplishing my ends and keeping my focal point.
In add-on to that it besides developed the context strength in me and made me gain the importance behind looking back to my experiences in order to construct my present and hereafter, which I have ever lacked and disbelieved.
Pull offing Conflict
Conflict is ineluctable, cosmopolitan and an of import facet of societal life. It ‘s a rational construct that involves the interaction of people with each other in the society where differences in thought, value and beliefs occur. ( Picard, 2002 )
It occurs when two or more people disagree on certain things and are unable to make an understanding. Most struggles are caused by divergent positions, which I experienced several times during my MBA journey, particularly because most of us were from diverse backgrounds, as such there was no manner we all would hold a similar position on many issues.
Harmonizing to Thomas and Kilmann ( 1974 ) as cited in Picard ( 2002 ) , there are five chief ways persons respond to conflict and they include:
Accommodating: This involves one party compromising for the other party, frequently times at their ain disbursal.
Avoiding: This involves intentionally seting an issue to rest to avoid a confrontation and is largely used when the ambiance is charged and piques are get downing to flame up.
Competing: This is a win-lose attack, it requires a batch of averment in accomplishing ends.
Compromising: This is a lose-lose state of affairs were neither party gets what they want.
Collaborating: This is a win-win state of affairs were both parties agree to accomplish a common end.
Working in different squads within the programme helped me in garnering consciousness about different ways in pull offing struggles and developed self-awareness in me particularly during times of existent struggle were I normally adopt the collaborative manner, as my nature does non let for discord and dissension. There have been several incidents during the programme which helped me in sing the nature of my co-workers and I remember holding a autumn out with my co-worker from China, but finally had to apologize merely to let peace rain and for the work to go on as we had a deadline to run into anterior to subjecting my first group assignment in the scheme faculty.
Chapter 3: Experimental Learning
As a concern professional I would hold ne’er opted for something more than the existent life larning experience offered to me by the MBA programme, which I truly admired and enjoyed.
The Kent MBA -Ten Consulting Week
The Kent MBA-Trans Network consultancy plan, was a great experience for me, as it afforded me the rare chance to confer with for SME ‘s in the United Kingdom, which helped me in deriving valuable cognition and which was a good chance for me to compare the concerns in the United Kingdom and Oman and abstract the fluctuation in both the concern environments.
I was mesmerised when I came across enterprisers and was highly surprised with their passion about their concern ‘s and the manner they managed their fundss and schemes. It was a existent acquisition experience and I must look up to the fact that such chances are quiet rare to acquire. This besides gave me the chance to understand how concerns operate and how the external environment and emerging engineering has affected them, with a position to seeking permanent solutions to some of the jobs highlighted. It was besides an chance to visualize what I have learned in the category room to offer operable advices to the clients.
In add-on to that it was besides a good clip to leverage and web on the huge cognition and experience of my co-workers who were every bit passionate as me to offer their advices to our clients. However I can still remember the advice we gave to the proprietor of Kent Yoga Works about developing an application for apple and android users, through which she can make bulk of her audiences without restricting herself to a specific country or state by using the latest engineering base. After which I got an acclamation being the leader of my group from the MBA deputy manager where she said “ Ali why are we learning you, in fact you should learn us ” .
The trip to Brussels was a peculiarly interesting one, as it illuminated my apprehension of European political relations and gave me an insight position about the construction of the European Union. It helped me to understand some of the inside informations that occur in organizing European policies which finally influence Global personal businesss, including the Middle East.
It enhanced my apprehension about the political doctrine of the West particularly during the crisis period, with the Greece issue making all clip tallness. It was good to see my schoolmates pose as European Parliamentarians, seeking to overreach each other by doing life altering economic and political policies in the European wellness sector and practising the cognition gained after go toing the dialogue skills workshop at the concern school.
This was the high spot of the European trip, as it gave me the chance to see the most beautiful metropolis in Europe. It was one of the most pleasant experiences of my full life ; I am filled with the great memories of Paris and can remember how beautiful and different the surrounding looked when we foremost entered the metropolis.
The survey visit to Schlumberger gave me a better apprehension of the oil and gas industry and allowed me to research the distinctive features that exist within the industry. It exposed me to the kineticss of oil service ; from oil boring to well completions direction. In add-on to that it was a great chance to research the organisational civilization of Schlumberger and understand their values, which are chiefly dependent of guaranting wellness and safety every bit good as well-being of their employees irrespective of their background.
Business Strategy Game ( BSG )
I have ever been loath in determination devising and considered it as a load due to several grounds being: unfavorable judgment, deficiency of cognition, confident and others, nevertheless go toing The MBA programme have developed all what I lacked and gave me one the best chances to see determination devising through the concern Strategy Game.
The game was designed in such a manner to promote participants for corporate determination devising in a existent life state of affairs by maintaining in head all the interest holders and running a company within a extremely competitory market.
I do retrieve the interactions between myself and my squad members where we were reasoning and converting each other for continuing with critical determinations to increase over companies grosss and place within the market. The game has enabled us in using all our MBA acquisition to come up with an ideal determinations for our company which we assumed being existent due to the heat created by the game trough Dr. Fragkiskos Filipaios.
After several yearss of difficult work and force per unit area, the victors for the game were announced during our graduation dinner party, where we came to cognize that our difficult work has paid away and we won the game by a good border in contrast to our closest rival company.
One of the most ambitious undertakings for me within the MBA programme has been the Internship, where I have to work with a local council of Kent.
Working with Ashford Borough Council ( ABC ) made me recognize how advanced the authorities sector in United Kingdom is in comparing to my ain state Oman where the authorities sector is considered to be far behind the private sector in footings of engineering, human capital and scheme.
Despite holding the full support from the undertaking patron from twenty-four hours one, I struggled with get bying up with the undertakings assigned and was rather ill-defined about my way. Thingss started acquiring worse for me due to the fact that I was unable to seek the instructions of my personal supervisor at the concern school. However, after traveling through some fusss I managed to acquire clasp of my supervisor and commenced working on the undertaking and kept the flow traveling until I came across one of the most critical stages of my undertaking, where I had to roll up primary informations by carry oning studies for the officers and transporting interview ‘s with the Directors at ABC.
I have ne’er been portion of a study throughout my life and have barely participated in study ‘s during my professional calling. However, this clip I did and I can claim that the study prepared by me has exceeded the outlooks of my undertaking patron. The package I used for carry oning the study is considered as one of the simplest, yet complex ; based on the fact that I had to travel through on-line preparation to acquire usage to the system before establishing my study and all thanks to God and Mr Ben Lowe who is my Selling faculty convenor. I have besides been successful in pull offing my study despite the troubles I experienced.
In add-on to the above I must besides admit the fact that making my internship with ABC enabled me in using some of the cognition gained from my old on the job experience about Business Process Reengineering ( BPR ) and the penetrations gathered from Pull offing Process faculty to work out some utile recommendations for ABC.
However, every journey is meant to hold an terminal and my journey with ABC has about come to an terminal ; nevertheless I am certain that I will be able to use the cognition gained within this journey and seek implementing the techniques and experience gained into my ain administration in Oman.
Chapter 4: Personal Evaluation
Management bookman Peter Drucker ( 2005 ) argues that “ success in the cognition comes to those who know themselves, their strengths, their values and how they best perform ” . I have ever believed in this statement and ever used it to advice people around me.
The best manner for me to place myself is by transporting a personal SWOT analysis by naming down my strengths, failings and measuring the chances and menaces environing me.
My ability to work under force per unit area
Self-driven and self- motivation
Peoples around me believe that I ne’er say No to anything and this leads to unfavorable state of affairss being created.
Always have concerns for people
My current employer is considered as one of the best employer in Sultanate of Oman
The banking industry in Oman is turning quickly and three new Bankss are expected to get down in 2013
The senior direction of BankMuscat will be heading to retirement in 3-5 old ages ‘ clip and this can give chance to new blood to take over.
The competition within BankMuscat is quiet high and two other co-workers of mine will be finishing their MBA ‘s from UK within this twelvemonth.
The growing of nonconventional banking in Oman is expected to hold an inauspicious impact on the conventional banking.
Despite being a certified comptroller technician certification I avoid acquiring involved in histories and fiscal topics.
Wayss to better my failings and get the better ofing menaces
Despite holding a strong personality I avoid acquiring involved in statements, to see that the individual following to me experience happy. However by making so I might misdirect the individual and therefore I must better this failing and enter into statements where I believe myself being right.
I must besides research new options of turn uping concern chances within Oman ‘s market to see conventional banking endurance and success in the coming old ages.
The new chances within the market can be really important for me as a banker with 11 old ages ‘ experience and Kent MBA as I am certain that I will be able to mount the success ladder within a short period of clip.
What I regret
After holding a twelvemonth full of success and accomplishments in footings of cognition obtained and competences gained, I regret the fact that despite working hard on my Pull offing Peoples and Organizations faculty I could non hit every bit high as I would hold wanted to in the appraisal and was highly defeated with the convenor feedback.
I felt bad after acquiring the lowest marker in contrast to the other faculties attended and was non clear about the grounds behind such marker and dissatisfied with the written feedback. After which I decided to look into the affair and obtain a verbal feedback to understand the ground behind such marker.
After, which I realized that the unfavorable judgment of the convenor was echt and acceptable and bettering on it would be important to my success in the academic universe. This incident in peculiar made me recognize the fact that I must accept unfavorable judgment in life and utilize it as a counsel for betterments.
I instantly linked my failure in accomplishing a good grade with my first professional one-year assessment in HSBC Bank Middle East Ltd in the twelvemonth 2001. Where my line directors awarded me with a moderate mark and asked me to better certain countries to accomplish excellence. After comparing both the experiences I came to a decision that I have n’t changed in the last 10 old ages and boulder clay day of the month I do non accept unfavorable judgment, which I regret and opt to better in future.
The Kent MBA has illuminated this failing and I have hence decided to dispute myself and execute my concluding concern undertaking in the field of pull offing people and organisation ( HRM ) and opted for the undertaking with Ashford Borough Council, where I will be working on presenting flexible working options into the organisation and will be optimistic about my Markss and the feedback, with a position to bettering this failing and accepting unfavorable judgment, which is portion of today ‘s dynamic universe and without which I can non be successful in my calling.
Chapter 5: Influential Theories
Some of the theories within the MBA programme have been highly influential and allowed me in recognizing myself as a scholar and a trough or a leader
Learning can be disrobed as the lasting alteration in an person ‘s cognition, behavior, accomplishments or attitude that comes through experience. ( Henderson, 2011 )
However, every person has a different manner and penchant for acquisition, some people prefer larning by watching merely or watching and making, whereas others learn through feelings and thought. ( Wilson, 2010 )
There are people like the great UK Politian Sir Winston Leonard Churchill who preferred acquisition by composing despite non making good at school, some others learn by taking voluminous notes like the great German composer and piano player Ludwig new wave Beethoven, who left behind a monolithic figure of notebooks, yet he said that he ne’er looked back at his notes when he composed. When asked why he kept them, he replied stating: “ If I do n’t compose it down instantly, I forget it right off. If I put it into a sketch block, I ne’er bury it and I ne’er have to look it up once more ” . ( Drucker, 2005 )
The Experiential Learning Theory
Kolb ‘s Experiential Learning Theory ( 1984 ) can be considered as one of the widely used larning theory in direction to depict the acquisition manners, which lies in two continuum: how we think and feel ( The perceptual experience Continuum ) versus how we watch and take action ( The processing Continuum ) and argued that we can non transport both perceptual experience and processing at the same clip and our acquisition manner is defined by the manner we react to conflict when we are in a state of affairs which requires us to make both. ( Wilson,2010 )
The perceptual experience Continuum
The processing Continuum
( Beginning: Wilson, 2010 )
Table 1: Features of Table 2: Features of
Perception Continuum Perception Continuum
In order to be effectual a scholar requires four different sort of abilities CE ) Concrete Experience, which is larning by experiencing, Abstract Conceptualisation ( AC ) , which is larning by imaginativeness or thought, Brooding Observation ( RO ) , which involves larning by watching others and Active experimentation ( AE ) , which involves larning by making. ( Kolb, 1976 )
The perceptual experience continuum can be used to depict people who prefer believing before taking action and people who base their attack on feelings and intuition and the processing continuum can be used to depict people who like to watch before moving and those who prefer larning by making. He farther argues that along these continuum lies persons preferred larning manner. ( Wilson, 2010 ) .
Beginning: Thinkspiration ( 2012 )
Figure 1: Kolb ‘s ( 1984 ) Learning Style
Harmonizing to Kolb ( 1976 ) the combination of the crossing axes produce four types of single acquisition manners which is: Divergent, Assimilative, Convergent and Accommodative.
Divergent: is best at ( CE ) and ( RO ) , his greatest strength lies behind his inventive ability, he excels in the ability to see concrete state of affairss from many prospective.
Assimilative: is best at ( RO ) and ( AC ) , his greatest strength lies behind his ability to make theoretical theoretical accounts, he excels in inductive logical thinking in absorbing disparate observation into an incorporate account.
Convergent: is best at ( AC ) and ( AE ) , his greatest strength lies in the practical application of thoughts, he excels in state of affairss such as conventional intelligence trial, where these is a individual reply to a inquiry. His cognition is structured in a manner that through conjectural deductive logical thinking, he can concentrate it on specific job.
Accommodating: is best at ( AE ) and ( CE ) , his greatest strength lies in his ability in transporting out programs and experiments by acquiring involved in new experiences. He be given to be a hazard taking individual, he excels in state of affairss where he must accommodate himself to specific immediate fortunes.
Learning Style Questionnaire
Honey and Mumford ( 1982 ) developed their Learning Style Questionnaire ( LSQ ) theoretical account, which is extremely influenced by the Kolb ‘s ( 1976 ) Learning rhythm theoretical account and managed to distribute the theoretical account by including elaborate information ‘s about acquisition manners and penchants. ( Wilson, 2010 ) .
Their theoretical account suggests that there are four chief types of scholars:
Militant: are opening minded and involve themselves in new experiences, which makes them enthusiastic about anything new. They tend to move foremost without sing the effects afterword ‘s.
Reflector: are cautiousnesss and thoughtful about their moves. They like to stand back to pounder experience after detecting it from different angel. They believe in roll uping informations and analyzing it before coming to a decision.
Theorist: are acute on premises, theories, principals and systems believing. They adopt and integrate observations into complex yet logically sound theories. They tend to be perfectionist and believe in doing things tidy to suit the rational strategy.
Pragmatist: are practical down to earth people, who believe in doing practical determinations while work outing a job. They are ever lament in seeking out thoughts, theories and systems to see if it works in pattern. They positively grab new thoughts and are in frequent hunt for chances to implement it. ( Penger & A ; Tekavcic, 2009 ) .
However, they besides argue that there is no individual preferable manner and every acquisition manner has got its ain advantages and disadvantages. There for manner agree to those suggested by Kolb ‘s theoretical account where: Active experiment ( Activist ) , brooding observation ( Reflector ) , abstract conceptualisation ( Theorist ) and concrete experience ( Pragmatist ) . ( Penger & A ; Tekavcic,2009 ) .
After understanding the different acquisition manners I thirstily opted for the LSQ questionnaire, in order to track my penchants for each acquisition manner and came to the undermentioned consequence:
Figure2: Preferable Learning Style based on Honey & A ; Mumford ‘s LSQ
My strongest learning manner is “ Activist ” and persons with penchants to this manner be given to be flexible, unfastened minded and happy to seek out new things. Which besides mean that people under this group enjoy acquiring involved and take parting with others in order to larn and assist in acquisition.
Below is a checklist screening activities that are likely to unify with my Activist manner and activities which I must avoid.
I will larn most easy from activities where:
There are new experiences, jobs and chances from which I can larn
There is excitement/drama/crisis and things chop and alteration with a scope of diverse activities to undertake
I have a batch of the spotlight
I am allowed to bring forth tonss of thoughts
I will confront troubles in larning from activities where:
There is low degree of engagement
Less engagement is required.
I am engaged with lone work. For illustration: reading, composing, believing on my ain.
I am asked to reiterate the same activities over and over once more.
In add-on to that the LSQ has besides helped me in placing my weak acquisition manner which is: Theorist / Pragmatist and obtaining suggestions for betterments, which I regard as good and utile for me in future as I am be aftering to travel back to my state and go on with the professional surveies, which I left in the twelvemonth 2006.
Leadership & A ; Management Style:
Before go toing the Kent MBA programme, I was unable to separate myself from being a director or a leader. Based on the fact that I barely knew about the true difference between the two and was ever utilizing both the words interchangeably to depict my appellation.
However, I sooner realized that I was neither a director nor a leader with the true agencies and lacked the necessity qualities required. This forced me to develop my accomplishments and cognition in order to claim being a director or a leader with pride.
Leadership and direction are widely used interchangeably by many people who are still incognizant about the difference between the two. Harmonizing to the definition of Oxford English Dictionary ( OED ) , leading is about the ability to take or influence others within a given context and Management is about oversing, commanding and get bying with the prevailing fortunes. ( Toor and Ofori, 2008 ) .
One of the best statements about the difference between a leader and a trough has been laid down by Henderson ( 2008 ) who stated that the leader is an person who builds up a vision for the company and drives new enterprises whereas the director is the individual who continuously observes the growing towards objects in order to accomplish dependability and order.
Mintzberg, ( 1973 ) recommended that if taken into pattern the unsimilarity between the successful leading and efficient direction is imprecise i.e. effective directors requires at least some of the qualities of leading. ( Henderson, 2011 )
Understanding the kernel of direction and leading has influenced me in placing my leading qualities within me to go an effectual director and achieve the ultimate intent behind the determination of my employer in patronizing my surveies.
Black Mouton Leadership Grid
One of the most normally used theory to depict leading manner in direction literature is considered to be Black Mouton Leadership Grid theory, which groups leaders into two different classs depending upon their concern for production and concern for people.
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Figure 3: Blake Mouton Leadership Grid
Some Leaderships are task oriented and believe in puting and implementing tight agendas, others are people oriented and believe in doing their employees happy by suiting their demand and others are combination of the two. ( Zeidan, 2009 )
There is no individual write or incorrect leading manner which can be considered as best for every state of affairs, nevertheless it ‘s indispensable to an person to understand the natural leading inclinations in order to develop the necessary accomplishments.
The theoretical account plots the grade of production centric against people centric on a grid screening nine grade of concerns for both the penchants, where “ 1 ” indicates a low degree of penchant and “ 9 ” indicates the highest and identifies five different types of leading manners being: Impoverished, Country Club, Middle of the Road, Produce of Perish and Team. ( Blake, 1964 )
The lower left corner of the grid exhibit ( 1, 1 ) manner, this represents minimum concern for both people and production. Whereas ( 1, 9 ) manner which is in the upper left corner exhibits the minimal concerns for production and maximal concern for people. The antonym of which is ( 9, 1 ) on the lower right corner of the grid which portrays lower limit concern for people and maximal concern for production. The ( 5, 5 ) on the in-between exhibits moderate concern for both and the ( 9, 9 ) on the upper right manus corner exhibits maximal concern for both production and people. ( Blake, 1964 )
Understanding the grid helped me in placing my current leading manner as I consider myself being ( 4, 7 ) which exhibits moderate concern for production or undertakings and higher concern for people, it besides assisted me in placing countries for betterments through which I can accomplish ( 9,9 ) by giving importance to the results and the people involved in accomplishing the result.
Situational Leadership Theory ( SLT )
The influential situational theoretical account of leading developed by Hersey & A ; Blanchard ( 1988 ) is a widely used theory in depicting leading behaviors, which is based on the premise that effectual leading is chiefly dependent upon the ability of a leader to accurately place situational conditions and to react with appropriate combination of behaviors. ( Goodson, McGee and Cashman, 1989 )
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Figure 4: The Situational Leadership Model
The theoretical account describes the leading behavior based on the relationship between ( 1 ) the sum of counsel and way a leader gives ( 2 ) the sum of societal support a leader provides, and ( 3 ) the degree of preparedness that followings exhibit in transporting the assigned undertakings, depending upon which the leader must find the preferable leading manner based on the state of affairs. Harmonizing to Hersey and Blanchard ( 1988 ) , preparedness is defined as “ the extent to which a follower has the ability and willingness to carry through a specific undertaking ” . The preparedness of subsidiaries includes ( 1 ) ability and proficient accomplishments need for the occupation ( 2 ) assurance and committedness in one ‘s ability. The theoretical account suggests that each of the four specified combination of leaders behaviour ( i.e: high or low on directive and supportive ) is unambiguously suited to a peculiar degree of followings preparedness. ( Goodson, McGee and Cashman, 1989 )
Using the four leading manner and the preparedness degree ( D1-D4 ) the theoretical account recommends several behavioral recommendations for leaders, where the followers can be considered as the most effectual leading style- preparedness degree combination:
Directing: a high degree of way and low degree of support for low competent and high committedness subsidiaries ( D1 ) .
Coaching: a high degree of way every bit good as support for low to somehow competent and low committedness subsidiaries ( D2 ) .
Participating: a low way and high support for moderate to extremely competent and variable committedness subsidiaries ( D3 ) .
Delegating: a low way and low support for extremely competent and high committedness subsidiaries ( D4 ) . ( Vecchio, 1987 )
I have ever believed that the success of a leader is someway dependent on the competences and committedness of his subsidiaries, due to which I have ever followed a participative manner, which earned me a batch of regard and love. However, I have ever enjoyed a medium control over my subsidiaries and faced state of affairss where I had to scarify my felicity for them in order to accomplish the coveted result. ( Kent, 2011 )
However, the competences & A ; cognition gained during my MBA journey has helped me in developing my leading manner and I am certain that I will be able to break trade with my subsidiaries in future and will be able to put a good illustration as a Leader and a Manager.
Chapter 6: My Personal Development Plan ( PDP )
A personal development program is a procedure through which an person can fix a preparation and development program and for which the person takes duty. ( Taylor and Edge, 1997 )
I genuinely believe that by giving importance to the undermentioned precedences and be aftering my hereafter station MBA and by developing my personal development program I can heighten my current competences, strength & A ; overcome the failings and menaces environing my hereafter
Standards to Judge Success
Islamic ( Non-conventional ) banking sheepskin
Competent plenty with the basic cognition about Islam
Proficiency in non-conventional or Muslim Banking
Attending the institute of Islamic surveies in Dubai
Obtaining a professional sheepskin in Islamic Banking
Within the approaching one-fourth
Moderate ability in descriptive and critical authorship
Excellent ability in descriptive and critical authorship
Sharing my work with my MBA and Work co-workers
Ability to compose web logs and short narratives
Within one twelvemonth from now
Missing effectivity and control over subsidiaries
Confident & A ; effectual leader
My station MBA undertaking within BankMuscat
Staff satisfaction and Management satisfaction
Within one twelvemonth from now
Having a moderate professional web of less than 500
Having a web for more than 500 professionals
Working in UK, Dubai and Muscat
Bing able to set up a concern venture of a planetary graduated table
Professional Accountant grade
Certified Accountant Technician sheepskin
Associate Certified Chartered Accountant grade
Membership in the college of banking and fiscal surveies – Oman
Keeping the grade of chartered comptroller
Within three twelvemonth from now
What Should I Lend?
Throughout history, bulk of people ne’er had to inquire the inquiry, what should I lend? As they were ever told about what to lend by their Masterss and their undertakings were considered as being dictated. Until, the late 1960 no 1 wanted to be told what to make and people were keener in making their ain things. However really few believe that making one ‘s ain thing could take to part. ( Drucker, 2005 )
However, knowledge workers have to larn to inquire a inquiry that has non been asked before: what should my part be? To reply it they must cast visible radiation on the undermentioned three elements:
What does the state of affairs require?
How can I do the greatest part to what needs to be done
What consequences have to be achieved to do a difference?
I have ever wanted to make something different so that my part to the society is remembered till infinity by the community where I have been born and after squashing my head I came to the undermentioned solution which is “ Teaching ” .
The state of affairs in Oman requires part from people to develop people and I am confident plenty that after keeping my MBA grade I will be able to steer and assist others in developing, Therefore, I have opted for a place of a portion clip talk in Gulf College Oman in the country of selling direction and I am confident enough that I will be able to do a difference and develop the people of my state given the chance, I might besides sing assisting fresh school alumnuss in placing the right way to success.
The Kent MBA has been much more than an accomplishment for me ; possibly it has been a life style that has prepared me for the pinnacle of my calling. The plan has besides given me the chance for self-contemplation and self-reflection, every bit good as provided me with a platform to detect my strengths.
The plan has besides provided me the platform to construct the needed webs for concern success and calling promotion. The luxuriant professional profiles of the Kent MBA cohort have given me the chance to blend with professionals from different sectors and industries, leting for a free flow of thoughts and information and opened my eyes to the built-in importance of Human resources, Finance, effectual client direction and internal procedures irrespective of industry, sector or state.
The benefits of the Kent MBA can non be overemphasized, because it has taught me to believe like a leader, broadened my skyline, and exposed my ideas to different degrees and positions of thought every bit good as supplying me with new penetrations.
My Kent MBA experience can be summed up by the Holy words of the Prophet Mohammed SAW ‘s comrade Iman Ali AS “ Knowledge is better than wealth because it protects a adult male, whereas he guard ‘s the Wealth which decreases when he spends it, nevertheless the more a adult male makes usage of his cognition the more it increases ” . What a adult male gets through wealth disappears every bit shortly as wealth disappears, but what you achieve through cognition will stay even after you. ( Shia, 2008 )