Inter Cultural Communication With Japanese People Cultural Studies Essay

Nipponese people have a high context civilization which is steeped in their traditions. The deep civilization is practiced in all activities carried out by the Japanese in societal, political and economic environment. Nipponese civilization is bound by regard and harmoniousness. Therefore, their successes or failures are accessed through cultural position and unlike other states which have diverse civilizations ; in Japan there is the dominant civilization at the national degree which unifies the citizens. However, Americans can larn Nipponese cultural patterns which are of importance to societal environment and economic growing of the state ( Richardson, P.54 ) .

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Social, Economic, And Culture of Nipponese Peoples

Japan has a high population of 128 million people which is modern-day considered to be a homogeneous society whereby they have unvarying civilization and beliefs in the full state. This is because bulk of the people are Nipponese and aliens take a little portion of the figure. More besides, every person strongly applauds the Nipponese civilization therefore doing it difficult for aliens to get by with their activities. However, there is a strong pride of person ‘s designation with a local civilization because of good societal environment that their civilization has created. In add-on, Nipponese linguistic communication is the dominant linguistic communication in the population and used at all degrees in the society and that ‘s why it is rated as the 6th linguistic communication that is most spoken by people in the universe.

However, in America there are different civilizations and beliefs. This is because of many different immigrants who brought them into the state therefore original civilization was replaced by foreign civilizations. The available consolidative factors in the United States are English linguistic communication, which is the state ‘s official linguistic communication, and the jurisprudence which is enforced for security intents. Above all, Americans belief in making new civilizations which does non populate for long instead than emulating a individual civilization in the full state which would take long to be adopted. In add-on, alien civilizations are turning at a fast rate in the state and Nipponese civilization is among them. Americans can larn the importance of a consolidative civilization from Nipponese ( Mayes, p.98 ) .

In order for the Americans to hold a consolidative civilization, linguistic communication is the key to communicating, therefore the first measure would be to do English the cultural a linguistic communication and eliminate other cultural linguistic communications. This can be done by censoring usage of other cultural and foreign linguistic communications by American citizens every bit good as acquisition of those linguistic communications. This isolation of other linguistic communications would assist to do English a consolidative linguistic communication in the state which can be referred as the first measure to make a common civilization amongst the Americans. The common linguistic communication makes aliens to larn the linguistic communication before set downing into the state which makes the citizens to be proud of their linguistic communication and civilization as it the instance in Japan.

Nipponese believe that face is the most important index of the relationship between individuals in the society and a grade of self-respect every bit good. This is because they respect each other therefore they are good cognizant that turning down another individual ‘s invitation causes embarrassment. In Japan, an invitation is handled as a insouciant event which must be attended otherwise an person must pass on early plenty for failure to go to the event by utilizing particular statement such as ‘I am sorry, it is inconvenient ‘ or ‘I am regretful but it is under consideration ‘ .

They besides respect each other that person can non set another on topographic point, that is, under public unfavorable judgment irrespective of the person ‘s societal category. This makes it difficult for Nipponese to make incorrect against each other every bit good as actioning one anther for the interest of regard they have. This makes harmoniousness to be the cardinal value in the society which is the chief guiding doctrine for a Nipponese household, concern and society scenes every bit good. Furthermore, regard is owed to every individual near you in Japan but non the instance of how persons know each other.

In contrast, American people live harmonizing to the moral rule which makes different persons to hold moral values which are different from each other. This construct makes it difficult for the creative activity of a harmonic society in the United States like the 1 in Japan. However, Americans can accomplish this by inputting cultural patterns which would compel each individual to move respectfully in presence of another single regardless of the race or beginning. The issue of racism can be a barrier to the pattern though it can be contained by enforcing stiff punishments against the perpetrators.

In order to heighten harmonious life in the society, Nipponese kids are couched on how to populate harmoniously with each other in school. However, instructors accomplish this by delegating undertakings, which can merely be accomplished through squad work and cooperation, to the kids. This is reflected by harmonious lives of the Nipponese people whereby accent on single duty, teamwork, and niceness has been put into pattern. This nature of working together is said to be the greatest ingredient to the growing of Japan ‘s economic system and success of Nipponese cooperate organisations. In instance of differences amongst persons, gentle and indirect methods are used to work out the jobs.

However, Americans do non stress on the squad work instead they dwell more on person ‘s on the job nature. Therefore, it would be a great importance if Americans can larn to work as squads from Nipponese. The cultural patterns of the American people can non let the development of squad plants because of pride and differences amongst different persons with conformity to races, beginnings and fiscal position. For America to accommodate Nipponese civilization of teamwork and harmonious manner of life, Americans must larn how to set away differences amongst them and to the full accept each other as one people. Besides, differences amongst different individuals can be solved through gentle methods which would guarantee the being of harmoniousness between the involved parties.

More besides, Japanese besides have faith and look civilization unlike in America. Though Christianity has been developing in Japan, traditional faith civilization is laterality in many parts of the state. However, there are about two hundred 1000s spiritual organisations in the state where bulk of them have either the Shinto or Buddhist historical orientation. Interestingly, neither of those faiths is highly sole therefore spiritual pluralism has been in being for many old ages.

However, Shinto is an autochthonal animistic faith of Nipponese which is besides known ads “ divinities or the manner of Kami ” . It is practiced both at family and community degree. The faith philosophies are unwritten, faith statuary is besides uncommon and besides shrines that are used are mostly wooden constructions but elegantly made. More besides, the shrines are chiefly situated in sacred trees ‘ channels with an entry which an person additions through an discharge designed toroid.

In add-on, the imperial ‘s household Godhead beginning is nowadays the basic dogma of the faith after the Restoration of meji during the World War II. It is after the Restoration of meji that Shinto became a province faith and was being headed by the emperor of Japan therefore it was associated with patriotism. Subsequently on, the faith was abolished under the fundamental law which was implemented after the World War II. However, the faith is still in being as a community faith. Nipponese say that Shinto has played many of import functions in their lives in facets such as ceremonial and symbolic induction of life such as matrimony ceremonials and others.

However, Buddhism faith is historically believed to hold originated from India through China and Korea in the thick of the 6th century. In the 8th century the faith was adopted as Nipponese province faith though Chinese served as the governments leaders of the faith. Furthermore, by 9th century the faith had spread to all parts of Japan therefore bulk of the population belonged to the faith. Around the 17th century, Buddhism faith was politically patronized by Tokugawa Shogunate but Restoration of emperor leading in late 19th century give manner to a motion which campaigned for its abolition.

However, during the station war period, bulk of the population had become secular whereby Buddhist priests were merely contacted for societal ceremonials such as funerals and memorial services. Subsequently on the faith was evacuated by many people and that made the shrines and temples which were earlier used for faith personal businesss to go touristry sites which portray the Nipponese faith civilization.

Furthermore, for the two faiths Taoism and Confucianism, neither of them constitutes a separate faith in the population of Japan. Though both of them are traditional spiritual civilization, they contributed to the spiritual life of Nipponese since they form the foundations of both the Shinto and the Buddhism spiritual civilization. However, Confucianism forms the foundation of ethical relationships both at the authorities degree and societal degree every bit good from 17th century onwards. Although the faith is non sanctioned, its dogmas have continued to act upon the lives of Nipponese people.

Like Confucianism, Taoism was imported from China and India in 6th century and was actively supported by bulk of the population. This faith civilization has had a durable influence on the popular spiritual beliefs specifically in relation to sacred mountains, rites, fire walking, and others. However, those traditional spiritual beliefs have greatly contribute to characteristics which characterize the rules of Nipponese spiritual beliefs such as fear off ascendants, spiritual continuity in the household degree, lifes and the dead, close relationship between administration and faith among others ( Livingstone, p.32 ) .

Religion patterns are done in a particular stipulated mode by Nipponese. The priest has to be a adult male whereby any male can develop for priesthood but the place is chiefly inherited that it is passed from male parent to the boy. Celibacy is non practiced but priest married womans undergo formal preparations and have to be take parting in the activities associated with the running of the temple. However, big temples admit acolytes who are so taken into smaller temples after undergoing subject preparation. In add-on, the priests of Buddhist faith were frequently accomplished at traditional art, peculiarly in penmanship authorship. Shinto shrines require that girls of the priest be virgins in order for them to be allowed to take part in the activities of the shrine ( Livingstone, p.3o ) .

Besides the ceremonials were carried out otherwise harmonizing to the faith civilization it is associated with. Activities which were carried out in the Shinto shrines reflect seasonal alterations and were associated with planting and harvest home of the rice. Nowadays, Nipponese continue to transport out these thinkings in the shrines but most of import ceremonial of purification is held in the New Year and in the midyear so as to rinse away both the physical and religious soil. The most of import spiritual ceremonials are New Year ‘s festive, misss ‘ festive, male childs ‘ festive, the star ‘s gay and the chrysanthemum gay which are cerebrated in different times of the twelvemonth both in places and in the shrines.

Marriage ceremonials are associated with the Shinto shrines but bulk of Nipponese, though they use the traditional frocks which replicate the Shinto ceremonials, they frequently have secular matrimonies. However, public ceremonials are seldom held in Buddhist temples or shrines but the most of import ceremonial is the bon ceremonial in which dead people are believed to return to the Earth in religious signifiers. Furthermore, some temples besides held some ceremonials such as the tea ceremonial or take part in the setsubun ceremonial which is a ceremonial of purification to welcome the spring season ( Livingstone, p.32 ) .

Contrary, in America we do hold neither the spiritual civilizations nor believes. However, Nipponese spiritual believes and civilization has helped them in keeping peace and harmoniousness in the societal environment. This is of import to the Americans if the civilization is adopted in the same mode in which Nipponese adopted them from the Chinese and Indian people. For Americans to follow spiritual civilization, the fundamental law has to be amended which is a difficult undertaking to carry through though it is impossible. It is impossible because of the struggles of involvement amongst the American populace who belong to different faiths such as Christianity, Islamic, pagan religion and others. However, communicating between Nipponese and Americans can non thrive because of different spiritual beliefs and civilization between them ( Whittaker, p.45 ) .

In Japan, art civilization is exhibited by the edifice constructions in modern towns and traditional shrines in the rural countries. It is besides an exhibit of cultural development of Nipponese over the periods. However, Nipponese traditional civilization is small known to us until when one observes the relationship between the traditional constructions and the modern 1s. Therefore, Nipponese work on bettering their tradition art instead than contriving new humanistic disciplines. In add-on, the Nipponese art is besides exhibited by painting, architecture, executing art, and composing.

However, the painting art in Japan comprises of magnetizing Asiatic appeal when looked at from ornament position. In add-on, painting art is still practiced in Japan by usage of traditional picture tools in many rural countries. However, the Nipponese painting art can be a confusing topic for novitiates particularly when a alien wants to tilt more about it. In order to understand painting art by Nipponese, one should be cognizant that Nipponese painting art is a combination of three chief civilizations of the universe that is, Chinese, Nipponese and western civilization.

Historically, earlier picture in Japan was mostly being influenced by the Indian and Chinese civilization which had earlier practiced painting before Nipponese. Since the acceptance of the painting civilization from Chinese, Nipponese worked harder in developing the civilization and it did non take them long before painting schools were established for the preparation painters. Interestingly, each painting school trained its painters in a distinguishable manner from the other which helped in making completion between the schools therefore guaranting production of high picture practicians.

However, the first art picture to get in Japan was silk painting which had originated from India. Indians are said to hold been the first people in the universe to develop the art of silk picture in early period dated back to 200 CE. It is besides in India where the batik techniques and wax resist are traced to hold been invented. The spread of traditional patterns in eastern Asia made Nipponese to honour the methods of silk agriculture in fourteenth century and adapted their ain type of silk painting art.

Although, silk picture has developed over clip, the traditional pattern of puting ink or pigment over the satiny stuff has remained to be the method. However, the largest influence for silk picture by Nipponese from its beginning was the Buddhism. It was with the Buddhism faith that Nipponese originated their painting civilization and artistic individuality. In add-on, Nipponese art was besides influenced by the historical events. Nipponese picture is chiefly based in the nature of the universe cheapness affects the human nature. Therefore, it is this ground that made Nipponese pictures on silk to hold figures of wildlife and geographical characteristics.

Until fourteenth century, Nipponese were utilizing coppices instead than composing pens for penmanship and authorship. With this fact in head, it can be attributed to their concise and perfect accomplishments of picture. Nowadays, Nipponese creative persons use tools such as all right shots and minute inside informations in composing intricate pictures. In add-on, early Nipponese creative persons incorporated written poesy into the graphics which helped in conveying message of painting to the populace. However, Buddhists are believed to hold been chew overing before and while they did their picture which attributed spiritualty to their art. Nowadays, Nipponese usage picture to convey message which they input on vesture and other constructions.

However, Americans painting art is non every bit developed as that of Nipponese. This is because American civilization emphasizes more on insouciant life unlike Japanese who enjoy societal life more than insouciant unrecorded. Americans see painting to be more of ornament art than a pleasure art. For Americans to associate efficaciously by Nipponese in footings of painting art we must larn to admit the picture art and follow painting accomplishments from the Japanese who have a good background on the art.

Nipponese architecture is said to hold begun in fifteenth century. This is exhibited by lasting prehistoric constructions in signifier of cavity houses and terra-cotta houses which are said to hold been built by Neolithic Nipponese folk known as Jomon. However, since that period architectural designs of Nipponese construction have been modified but a close relationship between modern and traditional constructions can be seen. More over, Nipponese architecture is go outing and influential to the full universe.

Wooden constructions have been the footing for the Nipponese architecture. This is because of the cold clime experienced in the part, frequent Earth shudders and temblors and besides geographical nature of the landscape. Most of traditional edifices which were for secular and sacral intents were wooden which reflects the cultural evolvement amongst the Japanese. However, during this period other constructing stuffs such as rocks, bricks and dirt were besides used in building plants in the period therefore wooden constructions were preferred for the interest of climatic status.

However, wooden architecture, besides known as kansai, was to the full developed in the eight century by add-on of cosmetic elements and other design stuffs. It is during this period that Nipponese traditional architecture is believed to hold to the full refined the manner and techniques of architecture which became alone to Japan. This exemplified by the remains of sacral edifices such as the Shinto temples and Buddhist temples. The Shinto shrine that exemplifies this is the Ise shrine which has wooden cypress columns and thatched roof. Its design conveys the Japanese ‘s sense of simpleness and pureness.

Furthermore, Nipponese architecture is said to hold set its criterions to the domestic edifices between twentieth and 14th century. Some of the criterions which were set during this period are soon being put into pattern. For case, traditional townhouses know as ‘machiya ‘ are found in Kyoto in Takayama territory. In order to run into the demands of high life criterions, edifice stuffs for these edifices are carefully selected and amongst the selected stuffs is timber wood which is well taken for ornament intents. Other domestic traditional architecture constructions are farmhouses which have cosies and romantic mentalities.

In add-on, copiousness of the baronial categories and feudal warfare in Japan is said to hold resulted in a large sum of palaces and castles. However, most of those traditional elegant edifices are believed to hold been destroyed in the legion wars which Japanese have experienced in the past though some have survived to so current times. For case, the August Imperial Palace and the Himeji-jo palace are populating traditional constructions that exhibit the traditional architecture of Nipponese though they are used for touristry intents.

The modern Nipponese architecture is a development of the traditional architecture which combines European designs with wooden buildings. Nipponese architectures besides expanded their architectural civilization by utilizing concrete and steel building stuffs. In the twelvemonth 1960, Nipponese architectures formed metamorphosis which was a motion meant to actuate architectures into overhauling their designs and go forth out foreign designs. However, Nipponese architectural civilization grew to be one of the most influential in the universe ( O’Halloran, p.89 ) .

However, Americans have a batch to larn from Nipponese architectural civilization which is alone and natural because it is based ion their traditional civilization. Americans do non hold architectural civilization unlike other states of the universe. American civilization is based on invention of new, alone constructions and in most preferred instances they must hold no relationship with other bing constructions. However, for Americans to associate good with Nipponese we need to develop architectural designs which are related to historical constructions such as the white house construction though non every bit old as Nipponese traditional constructions.

Nipponese frock has straight been affected by societal and political history of Nipponese. Nipponese frock began as aristocracy garment for privileged societal category persons but nowadays it has turned out to be the most familiar Nipponese frock. Though civilization and beliefs of Nipponese have been altering, some garments have retained their historic importance amongst the Nipponese therefore their maltreatment is prohibited. However, Nipponese wear specific garments for specific occasions which unify them socially irrespective of person ‘s societal category. This has helped in extinguishing cultural and societal category favoritism amongst the Japanese.

However, some of the Nipponese garments which have cultural significance include the Hakama pant. Traditionally, the garment was designed to protect legs of Nipponese warriors of samurai community during conflict and Equus caballus equitation. Today, the garment has been designed as a brace of bloomerss or a skirt and is considered to be formal garb worn merely during the Nipponese ceremonials. In add-on, the happi coat is besides a tradition dressing garb which was worn by business communities and affluent persons but is today worn by sushi heads and besides popularly worn in parties and jubilations.

More besides, there is clog sandals which are designed with separate heel. They are nowadays made of different stuffs though traditionally they were of wooden stuff merely. They were worn by geisha adult females when they were ion formal garbs. Besides, yukata robe is attire which had particular significance to traditional Nipponese. The garb was originally made as a linen robe and was worn by work forces after holding a bath. Today, the garment is put on by Nipponese as a summer wear.

Last, another Nipponese cultural dressing is kimono. The garment was established in 19th century and it is the most recognizable traditional garment in the universe. It was made to be worn by everyone but with the alteration in civilization vitamin E and beliefs, the dressing codification of Japanese has changed with the import of foreign manners such as suits and western manners. Nowadays, kimono has been developed to accommodate different occasions and seasons. They are largely worn in marrying ceremonials and during cold seasons by Nipponese though it had been adopted by western civilization ( Matsuo, p.56 ) .

However, dressing codification is the chief exhibit of the civilization and beliefs of the society in inquiries. Nipponese respect their dressing civilization unlike Americans who do non hold dressing civilization but rely on the manner development. In Japan, person ‘s character is expressed by the dressing civilization which is an of import facet of making integrity in the society. American civilization does non hold dominant dressing civilization therefore were rely on the manner, occasional and seasonal wears. It is non possible for Americans to follow the dressing civilization from Nipponese. This is because of pride within the Americans which make each person have the impulse to look unambiguously different from others. More besides, Americans believe in exporting dressing civilization

Nipponese civilization has a major impact on the economic growing and development of Japan. First of all, economic growing requires the cooperation of the stakeholders. Nipponese civilization which makes them concerted and respectful has greatly helped in the economic growing of the state by doing working environment conducive for workers. More besides, Nipponese have the spirit of accomplishing ends set by an organisation which motivates them to work hard and collaborate in the work topographic points. This besides makes them to be workaholics therefore workers volitionally work for long hours under no external force per unit area.

Besides, Nipponese civilization is attractive therefore attracts tourers from all over the universe. This has a positive impact to the economic growing of Japan since tourers bring gross to the state. More besides, Nipponese civilization has patents which makes it illegal for its acceptance by other states without their consent. This besides has a positive impact to the economic state since the state remains the 1 with the Nipponese civilization in so universe therefore tourers can non see any other topographic point for the interest of Nipponese civilization.

In add-on, there is security in Japan which makes investors comfy to transport out pout their activities in the state. The societal civilization of regard to one another has helped to cut down condemnable activities in the state therefore investors do non fear much about their societal security in the state. In add-on, the societal security has besides trespassed to the important civilization which applauds regard in the state and those who commit improper offenses are subjected to stiff penalties. However, there is minimum corruptness at the authorities degree which is an advantage to the economic growing of the state ( Matsuo, p.51 ) .

However, Americans need to larn on the importance of civilization to the economic growing and development from Nipponese. Americans can follow Nipponese civilization at the working degree where they can larn on the importance of societal regard and difficult work to the growing of the economic system. This can be done if and merely if the leaders can present it in a mode through which members of the populace can understand and run for. In add-on, dressing codifications should besides be introduced so as to eliminate cultural and societal favoritism within the public sphere. This could assist in cut downing corruptness at the administration degree and it is after the acceptance of this civilization that we can pass on and interact efficaciously with the Japanese.

Nipponese civilization has had a positive impact in determining the political civilization in so state which has made Japan to hold one of the best political environments in the universe. Historically, development of faith civilization went manus in manus with the political growing in the state. However, emperors were spiritual followings who applied their spiritual ethical motives in taking the state. This enhanced good leading which cooperated with the will of the populace ( Hein, p.76 ) .

In add-on, the moral rules of Nipponese have besides contributed in guaranting good leading in the state. Nipponese politicians are believed to be the most concerted in the whole universe. This is because they were raised in environment which applauded harmonious life and societal regard in so society. This facet has contributed to peaceful political environment with minimum struggles which in most instances are solved by just societal methods. However this has been pulling many investors into the Japan because of that environment which is contributing for the concern.

Americans are used to political environment in which struggles are solved by political methods which at times leave public divided by sentiments. However, Americans can follow the Nipponese political civilization by allowing societal will be the counsel to the job declaration methods in the political environment. Nipponese and Americans can non pass on reasonably in footings of political relations because Nipponese are led by moral principals whereas we are led by political pride so as to emerge winning ( Ishida, p.87 )

In decision, Nipponese civilization is worthy to be emulated by Americans. The societal civilization which applauds regard and harmoniousness amongst persons is the key to the state ‘s economic growing and development. This is apparent from the Nipponese manner of life whereby regard has trespassed to every person in the state regardless of the societal category. This is of import because it eliminates dualism which occurs between the rich and hapless persons in the society.

In add-on, American civilization is dominated by competition and ego pride which hinder growing of regard and harmoniousness amongst the persons in the society. However, this makes it impossible for the Americans to interact with Nipponese who do non emulate societal pride amongst persons. Besides, Americans believe that we are in a competitory universe which does non give room for acceptance of other civilizations instead so development of the existing civilization. Therefore there is no manner that Americans can larn from Nipponese civilization.

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