The UK economic system is easy retrieving from recession ( Shah, 2010 ) . Gross Domestic Product ( GDP ) is a step of one state ‘s overall economic end product ( Anderton, 2008: 129 ) . UK ‘s GDP has increased by 0.3 % in the forth one-fourth of 2009. Although the GDP growing is undistinguished, there are marks of recovery ( Office for National Statistic, 2010 ) .
It is reported that Consumer Price Index ( CPI ) , an official step of rising prices of consumer monetary values, has risen from 1 % to 3 % between October 2009 and February 2010 ( Office for National Statistic, 2010 ) . In order to measure the current province of the UK economic system, this essay focuses on the GDP growing and rising prices, every bit good as the authorities policies, together with some comparings between 1991 recession and 2008/09 recession.
Figure 1: the GDP Growth ( Office for National for Statistics, 2010 )
Although the UK ‘s GDP growing has been negative for 3 quarters, it appears on the manner to recovery. In Figure 1, before the first one-fourth of 2008, the UK ‘s GDP growing was fluctuating about 2.5 % ( Office for National Statistics, 2010 ) . After that, the GDP began to fall. At the terminal of the 3rd one-fourth of 2008, the GDP approached 0 % .
When an economic system is in a recession, the growing rate of GDP may be near to 0 % or less than 0 % ( Anderton, 2008:185 ) . Obviously the UK economic system has been in recession from the 2nd one-fourth of 2008 boulder clay now. The GDP growing became negative in the 2nd one-fourth of 2008.
In the 2nd one-fourth of 2009, the GDP growing was the lowest for last 5 old ages. In a recovery, the GDP of an economic system should get down to turn once more ( Anderton, 2008: 185 ) . Therefore, one can propose from the informations shown in Figure 1 that the UK economic system is retrieving from recession, although the GDP growing may be still negative.
Figure 2: ( Office for National Statistics, 2010 )
Besides GDP, rising prices is besides a method to mensurate economic growing. UK ‘s rising prices rate has been lifting steadily. Inflation is defined as a sustained general rise in monetary values ( Anderton, 2008:217 ) . Consumer Price Index ( CPI ) and Retail Price Index ( RPI ) are two chief steps of rising prices. Figure 2 shows that the CPI decreased from October 2008 to October 2009 ( Office for National Statistics, 2010 ) .
Between February and November in 2009, the Retail Prices Index ( RPIX ) was even less than 0 % . There are two chief causes of rising prices: demand-pull rising prices and cost-push rising prices. When demand is much greater than supply, the monetary values of goods increase significantly in demand-pull rising prices.
When costs become excessively high, the monetary values of goods increase significantly in cost-push rising prices ( Anderton, 2008:218 ) . Due to the UK economic system is in recession, the aggregative demand is diminishing ; it causes the lessening of rising prices rate. When an economic system is in recession, the rising prices rate will be low or even less than 0 % ( Anderton, 2008: 185 )
When the CPI and RPI have begun to increase since October 2009, it shows that the aggregative demand is increasing and there is more money in the market. It is by and large believed that UK has certainly been in recession ; however, the UK economic system will be probably to retrieve in the close hereafter.
The UK authorities uses two chief methods — financial policy and pecuniary policy to assist the economic system get stable and recover. Fiscal policy is defined as determinations about disbursement, revenue enhancements and adoption ( Anderton, 2008:234 ) . The UK authorities has lowered the revenue enhancement rate and increased the authorities disbursement to counter the recession ( BBC News 2009 ) .
Value Added Tax ( VAT ) is one of the major indirect revenue enhancement in UK ( Anderton, 2008:78 ) . The VAT in UK was cut from 17.5 % to 15 % in December 2008. Apparently, it had some consequence on retrieving the UK economic system. Monetary policy is the method for authorities or cardinal bank to command the supply of recognition, involvement rates or any other pecuniary variables to do the monetary value stable ( Anderton, 2008: 249 ) .
In 2009, the Bank of England reduced bank rate by 0.5 per centum points to 0.5 % ( Bank of England, 2009 ) . Reducing the involvement rate will enable concerns to put more. Therefore, concerns will hold chances to carry on more undertakings, therefore the unemployment rate will be probably to diminish. It will besides take to the growing of GDP.
Comparing the 1991 recession and the 2008/09 recession is helpful to analyze the province of the UK economic system. In 1991, UK experienced a recession which was caused by three chief grounds. First, the UK economic system in the 1980s was turning excessively fast, so the UK authorities lowered the disbursement and increased the involvement rate.
Second, since fall ining the Exchange Rate Mechanism, the UK authorities had to keep the value of British Pound, which made the aggregative demand lessening aggressively. Third, high involvement rates increased the cost of mortgage involvement payments ( Economics Help, 2010 ) .
However, the grounds for the 2008/09 recession are non the same as the 1991 recessions. There are three chief causes of the 2008/09 recession. First, recognition crunch was the most of import one. Credit crunch is defined as a sudden deficit of financess for loaning ( Finance Blog, 2008 ) . Second, since the deficit of mortgages, the monetary value of houses kept falling. Third, cost-push rising prices led to less disposable income.
Both the 1991 recession and 2009/09 recession have similarity and difference. The similarity between the two recessions is the house monetary values were both highly low. This shows that house monetary values play an of import function in the economic system. The difference between 1991 recession and 2008/09 recession is that the 1991 recession was caused by a minor rectification in the market and the 2008/09 recession was caused by the recognition crunch.
In decision, the UK economic system is easy retrieving although it is still in recession. The GDP is turning once more, so is the rising prices rate. The UK authorities has made some effectual policies to assist the economic system recover.
Comparing with the 1991 recession, the UK authorities now does non step in the market so much. Furthermore, the UK authorities continues to hike the assurance of concerns and consumers. The UK economic system will be probably to creep out of the recession and turn healthily once more.