Kelli Hickey Cheryl Hitosis English161 December 7, 2007 Hip-Hop’s Effect on African-American Feminists Annotated Bibliography Davis, Eisa. “Sexism and the Art of Feminists Hip-Hop Maintenance. ” To be Real: Telling the Truth and Changing the Face of Feminism. New York: Anchor Books, 1995. 131-139. Davis points out that not all feminists are taking the concept of sexism so casually and also _ believes that rap lyrics are not the only cause for the degradation of black women. Black _ _ men have given black women a place where they can gain public acceptance in popular _ _ culture. _
DiPrima, Dominique. “Women in Rap. ” Hotwire. May 1991: 36. Salt-N-Pepa is introduced and this tells how they make a statement in hip-hop music _ through their lyrics. DiPrima talks about the group’s female empowerment that became_ _ present in their songs. _ Emerson, Rana. “African-American Teenage Girls and the Construction of Black Womanhood in Mass Media and Popular Culture. ” 88. Emerson says the lyrics make racism seem normal and acceptable. In contrast, black girls _ remain confident in themselves. They use popular culture to make their lives more meaningful _ _ and express themselves. Niesel, Jeff. “Hip-Hop Matters: Rewriting the Sexual Politics of Rap Music. ” Third Wave Agenda: Being Feminist, Doing Feminism. Minneapolis: U of Minneapolis P, 1997. 242-245. Niesel states rap music is exploitative, but it also plays a significant role in enforcing _ feminists’ principles. He says there are rappers out there who use their rap to advocate _ _ treating women fairly, and bring awareness of social problems. _ Pilgrim, Dr. David. “Jezebel. ” July 2002. http://www. ferris. edu/news/jimcrow/jezebel. Pilgrim says black women have always been viewed as sexually promiscuous.
These views _ still carry on in pop culture today. He also talks about how black women were viewed in the _ _ times of Foxy Brown and Lil Kim. _ Pough, Gwendolyn D. “Love Feminism but Where’s My Hip-Hop? ” Colonize This! Young Women of Color on Today’s Feminism. New York: Seal Press, 2002. 91-92. Pough talks about the need for African-American men to exploit women in music due to _ women gave her courage as a young women to use confrontations in her own life. Also, she _ _ talks about good verses bad work ethic among black women in music videos. Rose, Tricia. “Tricia Rose on Hip-Hop. ” Interview with Princeton University. Program in the Study of Women and Gender. Dec. 1993. Rose talks about the bad effect of young women listening to degrading lyrics and believing _ them. Additionally, she says that when a woman makes a justifiable critique, men make it _ _ seem like some sort of PMS attack. _ Valenti, Jessica. Full Frontal Feminism. New York: Seal Press, 2007. 10. Valenti talks about the third wave feminist movement and how it uses personal narratives, _ unlike prior waves of feminism. _