Formal and informal English

4. Formal and Informal English.

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4.1 Definition.

Formal Language.

We use formal linguistic communication in? state of affairss that are serious or that involve? people we don’t know good. Formal linguistic communication is more? common when we write. ?However, there are times where composing can? be really informal, for illustration, when composing postcards? or letters to friends, electronic mails or text messages.

{ hypertext transfer protocol: //dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/formal-and-informal-language } 30/1/2015 4:30 Autopsy

Formal English follows regulations of grammar really strictly? . Sentences tend to be? longer and more complex? . It tends to be used in ?professional and concern state of affairss. It is better organized and thought out.

{ hypertext transfer protocol: //www.english-test.net/forum/ftopic55311.html } 30/1/2015 5:00PM

Informal Language.

Informal linguistic communication is more? normally used in state of affairss that ?are more relaxed and involve people? we know good. Informal linguistic communication is? more common? when we speak.? There are also? illustrations where spoken English? can be really formal, for illustration, ?in a address or a talk.

{ hypertext transfer protocol: //dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/formal-and-informal-language } 30/1/2015 4:30PM

In mundane conversation? we do non hold to follow the regulations of? grammar every bit carefully as we would in? a formal reference or ?a concern missive. If we adhere too? closely to formal rules? of grammar in an informal situation? , we may come across as? being airless and unnatural. It is like have oning a dinner jacket ?or a formal gown to an ordinary? concern meeting. { hypertext transfer protocol: //www.english-test.net/forum/ftopic55311.html 30/1/2015 } 5:00PM

4.2 Differences between formal and informal linguistic communication.

Formal linguistic communication is typically used in careful, edited composing when the author has tonss of clip to refinement his text.? Formal English also? occurs in address, normally when the talker is stating ?something that was? prepared earlier for illustration ( reading the newspaper or presenting an official address ) . It follows the conventions of “ standard ” linguistic communication ; i.e. , ? it uses? linguistic communication forms? that frequently grammatically and lexically considered “ right ” or agreed upon by most educated users of the linguistic communication.

Sentences are long frequently and complex, subject-verb Agreement is observed, and contractions are avoided, the inactive voice is frequently used, it is better prepared and thought out, ? the past tense? of average aide is common. A immense figure of phrases and words are used? chiefly informal English, for illustration: however, to unwrap, dashing, imperviable, genuinely, consolation, to enrapture, madly, ample, flower.

Many? ( but non all ) phrasal? verbs? are avoided. Clear and precise vocabulary is used ; hence, cliches, colloquialism, parlances, Proverbss, phrasal verbs and slang are avoided. Similarly, a batch of equivalent word are used in order to avoid the repeat of the same words. Polite words and expressions likeplease, thank you, sir,Mister. , dame. Mrs./Miss/Ms. , Would you mind… ? , Could you please… ? ,etc. are often used in address. When spoken, words are more easy and more carefully pronounced than in informal English.

While informal linguistic communication is suited for ordinary conversations or letters to friend. It is more used in mundane address than in composing. It frequently violates the conversations of “ standard ” linguistic communication. For illustration, sentences are frequently short and simple, subject-verb understanding is non needfully observed, contractions and acronyms are really common, and the active voice is frequently used. The present tense of average aides is common.

It is less organized and thought out. Vocabulary usage is slightly broad ; hence, tonss of cliches, phrasal verbs, colloquialisms, Proverbss, parlances and slang are frequently used. Wordss that express acquaintance is frequently used in address, such asbrother,brother, adult male, you know, I see, allow me state,and the similar. When spoken, words are less carefully and more rapidly pronounced than in formal English. Typically used in jury-rigged address when the talker is speaking? without readying, for illustration in a confab. Informal English occurs in composing excessively, normally when the author is composing fast and without redacting ( for illustration, in quick, personal electronic mail or in an cyberspace chartroom ) . { hypertext transfer protocol: //www.antimoon.com/how/formal-informal-english.htm } 30/1/2015 7:00PM

4.3 Slang Language.

4.3.1 What is Slang?

A type of linguistic communication consisting of words and phrases that are regarded as really informal, more common arein address than authorship, and are typically restricted to a peculiar context or group of people: grass is slang for marihuana.

( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/slang ) 12-3-2015 10:30am

“Slang is a subdivision of a linguistic communication used by one specific group. It consists of looks and words which will non be seen in the lexicon, and can be deformations of current words or wholly created footings. It is used in informal state of affairss. It is non suited in formal situations” .

( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.bu.edu/mfeldman/Slang/ ) 12-3-2015 11.00am

4.3.2 Who Uses Slang?

Slang is used by all sorts of groups? of people ?who portion involvements or state of affairss. The group which uses these words is continuously in the minority? , and frequently uses? slang to put themselves individually or do it hard for normal people to understand them. When a specific new look is used and known by a large bulk of the public, it is no longer? slang, but portion of the? regular language? or use. ( ibid )

Note:Slang and Informal English are NOT same. Some? slang can be used in ?formal state of affairss, and ?some of the words that? can merely be used in informal? state of affairss are ?not slang.

4.3.3 Why Does Slang Exist?

Slang fulfills at least two different maps, depending on whose point of position you take. For the groups that use slang, on occasion to maintain secrets from being recognized by others and it is a manner to put themselves apart, to show themselves in single manner and a distinguishable. But for the growing of the linguistic communication and the society in general, slang performs extra function. For the linguistic communication, slang is like a lingual workroom, where new? words and signifiers ?can be? tested out, applied to a assortment ?of? state of affairss, and so either incorporated or abandoned into the regular linguistic communication. It is like a test epoch for new words. If they let people to state slightly that can non ? be said utilizing ?traditional linguistic communication and a host of people admit them, so these looks and words join their regular linguistic communication. ( ibid )

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