Previous research conducted by research worker revealed that the job of alumnus unemployment is rather dismaying. There are excessively many alumnuss on the market for the few figure of vacant stations that exist ( Ekpoh,2011 ) . The chief ground to account for this is that there is a miss-match between the accomplishments and competences of freshly alumnuss and the occupation demands ( Bridgstock,2010 ) . It was noticed that houses were loath to use these people because they lack working experience and creativeness. A alumnus is besides face with the job of over-qualification. It means that they are excessively qualified for a specific occupation ( Wald,2004, adapted from Bewley, 1999 ) . Besides, presents occupations are being offered on the footing of “ who you know ” instead than “ what makings do you hold and what is your future potency ” ( Bridgstock, 2010, adapted from Ball, 2003, Blackwell and Harvey, 1999 ) .
In Syria, gender differences are still a job. Males are likely to obtain occupation more easy than females ( Buckner & A ; Saba, 2010 adapted from Kabbani & A ; Kamel, 2007 ) . Furthermore, fiscal crisis has besides contributed to increase the figure of graduate unemployment. In times of crisis, houses will evidently lay-off workers instead than enrolling extra employees ( Rae, 2008 )
Research has besides pointed out that Universities are seeking to happen solutions to this job by offering entrepreneurship classs and supplying preparation to pupils. As a consequence alumnuss will get accomplishments that match occupation demands ( Ekpoh, 2011 ) . Job searchers will now go Godheads ( Ekpoh, adapted from Bassey and Archibong ( 2005 ) ) . Training has besides contributed to career development ( Helen Connor, Sue Shaw, 2008 adapted from Hayman and Lorman, 2004 ) .
There is a miss-match between alumnus results and occupation demands. As such alumnus can non happen occupation. When vacancy arises, there are many people who apply for the occupation. Some may be freshly alumnus, other may hold many old ages of working experience and some may be extremely qualified with the appropriate experience. A simple inquiry is who will the recruiter employ. Sing the fact that houses are risk-averse, they would desire to use person efficient and from their point of position the see people who are qualified together with experience as being the best possible campaigner. In other words, they refuse to use these freshly alumnus.
Besides, if of all time newly alumnus are being offered low paid occupations. For illustration, people merely with School Certificate are eligible to have wage within a certain specified scope, those who have Higher School Certificate will have their wage harmonizing to another prescribed salary set and so on. That is people are grouped harmonizing to the making they hold and so they are being offered salary harmonizing to that scope. However, newly graduate people may have below their pre-defined salary set.
After 3 old ages study or more, a pupil is graduated. This is usually seen as a positive and enjoyable minute in his/her life. However, pupils may non cognize precisely where to travel with their grade. The period between graduation and happening a occupation has lengthen. That is they can non happen an appropriate occupation and his may do to unrest. Alumnuss are depressed and frustrated since there is no market for them.
AIM AND OBJECTIVES
To analyze what are the likely effects do pick of classs have on alumnus unemployment.
To see whether what are being taught at the University will fit the occupation demands
Are the pupils exposed to practical preparation?
Are there seminars, occupation carnivals and workshop organized in order to supply counsel to pupils?
To place if the ground behind alumnus unemployment is ‘economics status prevailing in the state ‘
Make the fresh alumnuss obtain occupations harmonizing to their makings or whether in some instances they are overqualified or a peculiar occupation.
To show the per centum of alumnus unemployed from each module.
To measure the grounds why some houses, particularly little 1s are non willing to enroll calibrated people.
After holding analysed the above critically, we will be able to cognize the chief grounds why the job of graduate unemployment exist and besides we will be more in a place to urge solutions in order to rectify the state of affairs.
This portion will dwell chiefly of:
Data aggregation methods
Determination of population and sample size
Interpretation of the consequences
Data aggregation techniques
Both qualitative and quantitative methods of garnering informations will be used. Qualitative methods will include focussed group and interviews. Focused group are in depth treatments with a group or panel of people. Here a batch of information can be gathered. This will chiefly affect the undergraduates whereby they will be asked several types of inquiries. For illustration:
From which class are you?
Why did you choose for this peculiar class? On which standards?
What sort of occupation are you anticipating to acquire after graduation?
Are you be aftering to travel abroad or work in Mauritius?
The advantage is that replies will non be simply a “ yes ” or “ no ” but instead the ground behind it. I am be aftering to see categories at UoM and so transport the in depth treatments with the pupils.
Refering the interviews, I will seek to hold a meeting with some Human Resources. It will be a face to confront interview or by phone. Here, I will be able to cognize why houses are loath to use alumnuss.
Quantitative Research: Questionnaire will be designed whereby undergraduates and freshly alumnuss will hold to make full it.
The questionnaire will be designed in such a manner so as to turn to the research job.
Is there a market for the alumnuss?
Make gender differences impact on enlisting?
On what standard did the pupils choose their field of survey?
Is missing of work experience a disadvantage vis-a-vis those who possess it?
Is over-qualification a job?
The questionnaire will incorporate different subdivisions but it will non be excessively drawn-out so that the respondents do non experience annoyed. Additionally, it will incorporate both closed-ended and unfastened ended inquiries.
Determination of population and sample size
The mark population of transporting out this research is the pupils at University of Mauritius. As at 2007, a research was carried out and it was found that there were a entire figure of 8,220 pupils at UoM. Furthermore, this figure is deemed to increase by 10 % each twelvemonth. There as at 2011, the figure has reached 12,035 about. Obviously, it is about impossible to interview all of them. Therefore, by utilizing a package, I will find the most appropriate sample size. In the first topographic point, random sampling and so snow-balling will be used.
Tools like charts, line graph and even formulae will be used in order to analyze and show the information. As such the research aims will be clearer.
Interpretation of the consequence
Here I will construe the consequences obtained and urge what can be done.
BENEFITS OF THE RESEARCH
The research will assist me to hold more preciseness on the job, its chief beginning, causes and so on. I will be able to cognize whether or non the University is effectual or whether the jobs lie with the recruiters. As such schemes can be formulated to rectify the state of affairs. The authorities may utilize this research in order to assist pupils to happen a occupations or explicating schemes to promote organisations to enroll fresh alumnuss.
School departers may besides utilize this in order to locate themselves and assist them make up one’s mind between full clip surveies and portion clip.
The university can besides take to accommodate their course of study and include more practicums.
The chief cost associated with this research:
Printing of questionnaires.
Letterss will besides be posted to organisation in order to bespeak for meeting
Stationeries like pens, paper cartridge holders and so on
Purchase of SPSS package
Conveyance cost and others
Below is a list of proposed outgo:
Amount ( Rs )
Electricity and telephone