Essay on Saving Planet Earth

THE EXPANSOION OF BRITISH RULE IN INDIA!! a) Who was the head of the govt. in British India? ans: governor general b) Which act became the basic framework for administration in India? Ans: Pitts India act [1784] c) Name the 3 pillars on which administration depended in India? Ans: the civil service, the army, & police. d) Which governor general introduced the subsidiary alliance? Ans: Lord Wellesley. e) Name one settlement each of the Portuguese& French India? Ans: Portuguese: goa French: mahe f) What were the wars btw the French & British called?

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Ans: Anglo-French or carnatic wars G) Name the 2 battle that were fought for Bengal for the British? Ans: battle of plassey Battle of buxar g) What was diwani? Ans: it is the right to collect the revenue from Bengal, orissa & Bihar.. h) Name a ruler who refused to sign the subsidiary treaty & died fighting British? Ans: tippu sultan… i) What did the EEIC do to have a monopoly of Indian trade? Ans: they used aggressive method to expand trade they used navy to attack Indian & rival ships, some times they blockaded the harbors.

They even collected till taxes passing ships.. j) What was the difference btw the French & the English east India company? Ans: French east India Company was a government controlled company. Which depended on the French government for finance? Its policies were dictated by French government… But English east India Company was private company run by a board of directors… k) Why was the battle of buxar fought? What was its impact on Bengal?

Ans: Mir Qasim, the nawab of Bengal abolished taxes on internal trade for all before this concession was enjoyed by British. Only, EEIC could not tolerate this & it led to a war… IMPACT: it made the EEIC the real masters of Bengal, Bihar, & orissa.. l) How was the EEIC controlled from Britain? Ans: according to regulating act, the government in INDIA was to be under by governor & a council of 4 members. PITTS INDIAN ACT guided & controlled the work of court of EEIC directors… m) Why did the British fight with Burma and Afghanistan?

Ans: to protect their empire the British needed the buffer state on east and west of India. Besides they were attracted to wars the rich timber resources of Burma… N) What was the dual system of govt? How did it affect the people of Bengal? Ans: all the taxes were collected by EEIC but it was nawab that was responsible for the administration. EEIC had all powers. Nawab had no finance to run the administration.. IMPACT: neither the nawab nor the company cared for the people companies’ servants got huge wealth.

A terrible feminine happened in Bengal in 1770; which wiped out one-third of population… O) What condition did a ruler agree TO when he signed a subsidiary treaty? Ans: he had to accept a British resident at his court. He could not employ any non-brish Europe on it with out their permission and he had to consult them bolf negotiation with any Indian ruler in return EEIC would protect him from his enemies… p) Describe with examples any two method used by Dalhousie to expand the British territory?

Ans: the policy of doctrine of lapse: – according to it when a ruler of a subsidiary states died with out natural heir to the throne his territory would lapse or pass into British hands states annexed under this policy. RANJIT SINGH: RANJIT SINGH was an efficient ruler who got all kind of support from his people. After his death there was a civil war between his wife RANI JINDIA & army. Then British defeated PUNJAB….. TIME LINE ON BASIC EVENTS |1744 FIRST CARNATIC WAR | |1749 |SECOND CARNATIC WAR | |1756 |THIRD CARNATIC WAR | |1757 |BATTLE OF PLASSEY | |1764 |BATTLE OF BUXAR | |1766 |ANGLO MYSORE WAR | |1775 |ANGLO MARATHA WAR | EXPLAIN THE TERMS 1) DAROGA: police officers 2) Sepoy: soldiers 3) Kotwal: the person who look after the rooms 4) Presidency: the larger province eg: Bombay, Calcutta 5) Factory: trading deport 6) Nizamat: police & judicial administration. 7) Buffer state: a state between 2 hostile that helps to keep place between them.. 8) Diwani: right to collect the revenue of Bengal Bihar and orissa. 9) Rule of law: it meant that administration would be carried on according to clearly defined laws. 10) Equality before law:’ it meant that all human beings were equal before law….

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