Drinking Habits Among College Students

Drinking Habits Among College Students EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Prepared by: Paul Ziehm Brett Moravec Dennis Benthin Tom Sturino EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Introduction Drinking among college students is an important and controversial issue relating to campuses across the entire U. S. Some students even place the social life available on campus above the quality of the academics when choosing which school to attend. The purpose of this study was to further explore the intricacies of college drinking habits relating to gender, class standing, class attendance, GPA, alcohol purchases, and credit load.

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The specific objectives we tested were whether or not the times per week the respondents’ drink has any effect on their GPA, and whether or not missing class has an effect on the respondents’ GPA. We also ran a linear regression test on Methods A questionnaire was administered both in person and through email to various college students across the U. S. The respondents consisted of college students from Viterbo University, Arizona State, University of Nevada Reno, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, Winona State, Texas Christian University, and University of Wisconsin-Madison.

The questionnaire consisted of thirteen items (see Appendix A). Potential respondents were asked to provide detailed data relating to their specific drinking habits as a college student. Data were entered into Excel and descriptive and inferential statistics were run. Inferential statistics included Chi-Square, Tukey One-Way Anova tests, and a linear regression test. Results A total of 44 college students responded to the questionnaire. Almost two-thirds (63. 64%) of the respondents were male (Table 1). A majority (n=27) of the student respondents were upper-classmen (Figure 1). Table 1. Gender of college student respondents.   | | | |n | | | |Percent | | | | | | | |Female | | | |16 | | | |36. 6 | | | | | | | |Male | | | |28 | | | |63. 64 | | | | | | | |Total | | | |44 | | | |100. 0 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |[pic] | | | |Figure 1. Class standing of college student respondents. | | | | | | | | | | Of the five GPA categories provided, the most frequently cited category the college student respondents fell into was the 3. 0-3. 5 GPA level (n=17). A slight majority of the college student respondents placed in the upper half of the GPA categories (n=24). Therefore, we can conclude that our sample consisted of respondents that have a broad range of academic achievement within the sample.

Although this happened randomly, it allowed us to achieve a more complete and accurate result when performing some of the GPA comparison tests. Table 2. Frequency of GPA level among college student respondents. |GPA Level |Frequency | |Less than 2. 0 |0 | |2. 0-2. 5 |5 | |2. 5-3. 0 |15 | |3. 0-3. 5 |17 | |3. 5-4. 0 |7 | |Total |44 | [pic] Figure 2. GPA category among college student respondents. Table 3. GPA satisfaction level among college student respondents by class standing. |Freshmen |Sophomore |Junior |Senior |Total | |Very Unsatisfied |1 | | |1 |2 | |Unsatisfied |2 |1 |3 |1 |7 | |Neutral | |7 |2 |3 |12 | |Satisfied |2 |2 |9 |4 |17 | |Very Satisfied | |2 |3 |1 |6 | |Total |5 |12 |17 |10 |44 | Table 4. Mean number of credits taken by college student respondents by gender. Female respondents within our study had a slightly higher credit load compared with males. | |Mean |S. D. | |Male |14. 79 |1. 7 | |(n=28) | | | |Female (n=16) |15. 88 |1. 86 | Table 5. Chi-Square test of differences among missed classes and GPA |Results | |Critical Value |7. 814727764 | |Chi-Square Test Statistic |6. 645751634 | |p-Value |0. 084088281 | |Do not reject the null hypothesis | Table 6. Comparison of the amount drinking days per week by GPA ANOVA | | | | | | | |Source of Variation |SS |df |MS |F |P-value |F crit | |Between Groups |22. 15 |3 |7. 383333333 |2. 237373737 |0. 123320298 |3. 238871522 | |Within Groups |52. 8 |16 |3. 3 | | | | | | | | | | | | |Total |74. 95 |19 |  |  |  |  | Table 7. Linear regression comparing Regression Statistics | | | | | | |Multiple R |0. 476419521 | | | | | | |R Square |0. 22697556 | | | | | | |Adjusted R Square |0. 208570216 | | | | | | |Standard Error |0. 98432327 | | | | | | |Observations |44 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |ANOVA | | | | | | | |  |df |SS |MS |F |Significance F | | |Regression |1 |7. 861608035 |7. 861608035 |12. 33204674 |0. 001078627 | | |Residual |42 |26. 7747556 |0. 637494181 | | | | |Total |43 |34. 3636364 |  |  |  | | | | | | | | | | |  |Coefficients |Standard Error |t Stat |P-value |Lower 95% | | |Intercept |4. 186201934 |0. 207905012 |20. 13516606 |3. 39805E-23 |3. 766632639 | | |X Variable 1 |-0. 102918998 |0. 029307446 |-3. 511701402 |0. 001078627 |-0. 62063818 | | Conclusion APPENDIX A Does Drinking Affect your GPA? 1. How many times a week do you drink? _______ /week 2. How many drinks do you typically consume when you drink? ________ drinks. 3. How much money do you spend on alcohol per week? $ ________ / week 4. Do you miss class because of drinking? ___ Yes___ No 5. If yes, how frequently do you miss class? ___ 1-2 classes a week___ 2-4 classes a week ___ 5+ classes a week 6. Are you late to class because of drinking? ___ Yes___ No 7. If yes, how frequently are you late to class? ___ 1-2 classes a week___ 2-4 classes a week ___ 5+ classes a week 8. What is your GPA? __ Less than 2. 0___ 2. 0-2. 5___ 2. 5-3. 0___ 3. 0-3. 5___ 3. 5-4. 0 9. How satisfied are you with your GPA? |1 |2 |3 |4 |5 | |Very Unsatisfied |Unsatisfied |Neutral |Satisfied |Very Satisfied | 10. What is your class status? ___ Freshman___ Sophomore ___ Junior ___ Senior ___ Graduate student 11. How many credits are you taking this semester? _____ credits 12. What is your gender? ___ Male___ Female 13. What is your age? _____

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