Discrimination within the criminal justice system in the US

This study, the writer will be covering about the favoritism within the condemnable justness system in United States of America ( U.S.A ) . This issue is about the condemnable Acts of the Apostless being caught ruddy handed between the bulk and minority community group. The study will besides concentrate about the ratio stats and intervention the minority get in the condemnable justness system. As this happen, the effects of it lead to the bias and favoritism towards the minority community group.

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SECTION II – THE ISSUES AND WHO ARE INVOLVED

The population in U.S.A is presently estimated around 308 million which is the 3rd highest population in the universe behind China and India ( Nov, 17, 2010, Matt Rosenberg, About.com Guide ) . As the state has huge sum with population, the minority of the population is presently being on unfairness intervention. The minority in USA contains of Black American, Hispanic/Latinos and Asians. The graph below shows the race per centum of entire population in USA.

Race

Percentage of Population

Number of Population

White American

69.13

242,639

Black American

12.06

39,059

Hispanic & A ; Latinos

12.5

46,944

Others ( Asian.etc )

6.14

13,549

( Beginning: U.S Census Bureau, Administration & A ; Customer Service Division )

This study will be concentrating on varies aspect of their systems. The facets that will be covering are constabularies and condemnable procedural jurisprudence.

The favoritism against the minority within the justness system in USA can due to the start of a simple common stereotyping. As illustration, black American will ever associate for being in the mobster goon puting the gun behind their dorsum, robbing stores and etc. While the Hispanic & A ; Latinos are famously known for drug trafficking group and illegal immigrants pass through the boundary line of Mexico. This simple stereotyping has lead to unjust intervention in the justness system. In fact this favoritism starts during the civil war epoch.

Section III – Why IS IT IMPORTANT FOR US TO TALK ABOUT IT?

Police System

The word justness is ever holding connexion with the constabulary due to their occupation to catch the felon. Therefore the civilian have their complete religion on them for making the occupation. However some of the constabulary officer abuse this trust and take advantage of it.

In fact we begin within the construction inside of the constabulary section in US. In the constabulary section in US, there are inappropriate ratios of white and minority constabulary officer, “ white constabulary officers unusually make up 87 per centum of the state ‘s constabularies force while the minority makes up merely 13 per centum which 11 per centum of it are black officer “ ( Saturday, April 28, 2001 in the Dayton Daily News ) .

Within the construction itself there are unequal rights of using an officer. Hence the occupations of the black officer are besides different from the white officer. The black officers have to make the ‘dirty ‘ mission ; the mission they need to be done is a affair of life and decease. The mission is to go an clandestine constabulary sitting as a drug trader to catch the bigger drug trader due to the background of the inkinesss. “ While making the undercover occupations, they face the assault or shot by their really ain white officer opposite numbers before they could place who they are ” ( Roger Abel, a retired NYPD investigator is wrote a book on this affair ) .

“ In New York City entirely, 23 African American officers have been shot by mistaken and 18 have been assaulted by fellow white officers and none white officer of all time being shot by the black officer ” ( Roger Abel, a retired NYPD investigator is wrote a book on this affair ) .

Racial Profiling of a Criminal

Racial profiling is the major thing that is demands to be strongly disapproval in U.S.A. Usually profiling is use in constabulary to concentrate on to see whether the suspects behave suspiciously in certain fortunes. However, racial profiling is non judge by reaction of an single individual, in fact it justice by the coloring material of the skin/race/ethnicity. Whenever there is a barrier, the constabulary officer tends to inquire the Hispanic and inkinesss to halt their auto at the wayside. “ Police were much more likely to endanger or utilize force against Blacks and Hispanics than against Whites in any brush, whether at a traffic halt or elsewhere ” ( April 30, 2007, Brent Jones, USATODAY.com ) .

Race

Vehicle Stop

( Percentage )

Vehicles Search ( Percentage )

Drivers Arrested ( Percentage )

Use force/threat

Blacks

8-10

9.5

4.5

4.4

Spanish americans

8-9

8.8

3.1

2.3

White

8-9

3.6

2.1

1.2

( Beginning in USATODAY.com agency statistician Matthew R. Durose, the study ‘s co-author )

Crime & A ; Prison

In footings of developed states, USA has the most offense committed. Whenever if there is a offense African American are more likely to travel to prison than the Whites, and even received longer sentences for the same offense ( Nov 8, 2008, Pradelyne P Michel StHilaire ) . Harmonizing to statistics of Bureau of Justice, the minorities covering up over 68 per centum of the entire population in all the prisons and largely the captives committed the offenses are in their 20th.

Age group

Murders Committed

US population

Population Ratio

White/Blacks

White

Blacks

White

Blacks

17-19

645

853

9724

1907

5.099

20-24

1159

1470

16014

3022

5.299

25-34

1339

1288

29157

5282

5.520

( Beginning in Crime in the United States, 2004 ( US Census ) )

“ Based from Robert Staples, this condemnable system was set up by the White persons to protect their ain races ” ( Staples, 1975 ) . Robert Staples so elaborate that 90 per centum of the minorities had no opportunity to travel to drag when they committed a offense ( Staples, 1975 ) . As this happen, the Whites has a higher success of pleading deals than the inkinesss found by the surveies of US condemning committee ( USSC, 1990 ) .

As the test already shows the unfairness of the process of the jurisprudence, the penitentiary in USA addition by 2.8 per centum in the last 12 months brings up to the sum of 2 1000000s inmate at the terminal period of June 2006 ( June 27,2007, James Vicini ) . At the twelvemonth 2008, 5,800, 1,700 6,300 out of every 100,000 Blacks, White persons and Hispanics severally were sentenced to prison ( U.S. Department of Justice & A ; Bureau of Justice Statistics ) . As now this inkinesss American who now in prison is sing a contemporary version of the bondage making difficult labour Fieldss following the yearss of the civil war epoch.

Comparison between USA & A ; France Police

The Police system in USA and France has a different construction. France has similarities construction with Singapore. Basically France & A ; Singapore constabulary system and police officer is wholly run and supervised by the cardinal authorities. As a consequence all province or metropolis has the same order and position to follow by the cardinal authorities. This system could hold less corruptness and if there is a instance of onslaught, the state of affairs will make to the cardinal central office faster.

While in USA their system is much more independent. The province or metropolis has its ain duties and bureaus to run into depending of the provinces common offense. As this happen, rural topographic points are frequently left entirely and have disadvantage if there is a major incident at that place.

Section IV – WHERE CAN WE START TO FIX THE

PROBLEM?

At the beginning, allow start from where pigeonholing came from and that the solution for repairing this favoritism against minorities within condemnable justness system. As I believe the whole media such as films and play are to fault. Such films as American Gangster, The Godfather and Four Brothers shows the negative parts and this negative parts will demo that all the minorities are like in the films where they carry guns robbing store, drug trafficking and much more. As can be seen whenever there is a film about minority mobster ; American mobster film receive a box office hit domestically gross of US $ 130,164,645 ( Worldwide US $ 266,465,037 ) .

While films like true inspiration narrative where minorities and Whites help each other through common things such as Glory Road and Invictus receive a low audience attending having a sum of US $ 42,647,449, US $ 37,491,364 severally in the domestic gross. Therefore the state should concentrate and pump the money to the influence of media as this could be a stepping rock to easy worsen the favoritism on the minorities when comes to condemnable justness.

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