D240 Tma1

TMA01 Summarise and discuss the presentation of mental health in the two newspaper articles given in Appendix 1 The mental conditions that obstructed with our thinking, feelings, moods, and our ability to associate with other people or carry out our daily functions are referred to as mental illness. It has no regards for race, age, religion and is not a result of weakness or lack of character or our upbringing. Pilgrim, 2010). In this essay, I will summarise and discuss the two newspaper articles on mental health in the assignment booklet 2011e. (Open University 2010), as well as discuss the problems relating to diagnosing mental illness, the gain and losses of using medication, the role drugs play in the bio psychosocial treatment and discuss other type of treatment that relates to mental health.

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We all live in a society where we all suffer from some kind of mental illnesses; some of the most common illnesses are depression, anxiety and stress. According to the (Metro 2010), mental health problems are becoming a major concerned, this was highlighted in a study of 2,000 people that shows that 69% of the candidate who admitted to be suffering mental illness isolated themselves instead of facing up to the problem.

The Guardian (2010), that stated that there is an increase in the number of people taking anti-depressant drugs, which is due partly to the amount of people accepting that they are suffering from mental illness such as depression, anxiety and stress that can be the result of the loss of jobs and finances, death, not having somewhere to live, being bullied at school and in the workplace, the lack of qualification, education and not being able to get or hold down a job. However, there is a difference in the opinion in regards to the causes of the increase in the number of people suffering from mental illness.

For example, researchers from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-1V) claimed, that the increase in mental health is flawed since some of the diagnosis for depression was based on depressive moods, the loss of appetite and fatigue that lasted for only a short time. The researchers claimed that the mental health professionals failed to show the difference between irregular reactions and normal sadness caused from external circumstances, (Pilgrim, 2010).

Other reasons why the report on the increase in the number of people suffering from mental illness could be incorrect, is because people do not always admits to the truth about their conditions or not knowing that their condition is not normal. For example, Stephen Fry believed that his feeling of suicidal thought was normal and Trisha Goddard believed that her behaviour was normal (Audio 1), the stigma that is attached to mental illnesses can also have an impact on the report.

Stigma can be very harmful to people suffering from mental illness. It causes them to feel fear, rejection, find it difficult to make and keep friends, getting loans, health insurance adequate housing and jobs. This result with them having a low-esteem of themselves and result with some people not seeking help, so they cannot be correctly diagnosed. Overall, stigma prevents people suffering from mental illnesses to live a comfortable and productive life, because of the way that society judge and sees them also from being properly diagnosed.

According to Stephen Fry, (2010) Audio 2, getting diagnosed is a good thing, because only then will the person know the type of illness he/she is suffering from and can get the correct treatment, which can take the form of counselling, psychotherapy and a combination of drugs depending on their illness, the severity of their illness and their situation. It is not easy for the mental health professionals to recognise the symptoms of a patient at a glance and some patients have difficulties in explaining their symptoms which makes it difficult to measure their illness, also people suffering from depression and anxiety may have similar illness.

Due to these difficulties, mental health professional use the Diagnostic and Standard Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM-1V) and the International (statistical) Classification of Disease (ICD) as a guideline to diagnosed and measure mental illness. It set out the description of the illness and a list of the symptoms. Although, the information provided by the Diagnostic and Standard Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM-1V) and the International (statistical) Classification of Disease (ICD) helps the mental health professional with their diagnosis they also need to observe the patient’s to understand the mental illness and its effect on his or her life. Pilgrim. 2010). According, (Totaes 2010), psychiatric medication only helps to make psychotherapy more effective, which means that mental health professionals should considered the effect that the bio psychosocial treatment approach has on patients when treating people suffering from mental illness. The bio psychosocial approach shows that there is an interdependent link between biology, psychology and social effect. Therefore, the first stage of treatment when treating someone suffering from mental illness starts with using drugs such as, antidepressant that increase the serotonin level in the brain to change the brain’s activity.

Counselling or psychotherapy to changes how the person thinks and understands which alter or improve the person behaviour. Some medications may work on certain parts of the brain that deals with emotional condition, may also affect other parts so causing a side effect as seen in Tom’s case study who suffered side effect of sleeplessness, feeling groggy during the day after taking his medication (Totaes 2010). In discussing the other kind of treatments, that succeed in helping people who suffer from mental illness is the self-help treatment highlighted in Meg and Fred case studies (Totaes 2010).

In Meg case studies she uses meditation to alleviate her depression because it helps to give her power over her negative thoughts as well as changing her negative thoughts to positive thoughts and her restlessness to clam. She also kept a journal which is provided a safe place for her to release her thoughts and emotions as well as served a progress report on her mental status. Fred on the other hand wrote his autobiography, which help him to deal with the present and a reflection of the root of the cause of his problem and Trisha Goddard that used the talking therapy.

Once treatment commence mental illness patient are expected to slowly re-gain some of their self-esteem, family and friends are more understanding and tolerant towards them. They received better benefit and housing, their behaviour change and acceptance in society It is my opinion that some people make excuses when they seeking professional help, either because they are not able to face the truth and is afraid to admit that they are suffering from some form of mental illness or unable able to explain their symptoms, for example, a person attempting to kill himself or herself claims that he or she accidentally took an overdose.

Considering the stigma connected to mental illness it is easy to see why so many people hide their illness. Self-help treatment can also be very therapeutic to people suffering from mental because it help then to find the connection between their current and pass behaviour, allow then to look at their self and see their helplessness and make the necessary changes. Positive daily lifestyle can channel negative thoughts and contribute to helping the recovery from depression and anxiety SELF REFLECTION

I found the subject of mental illness, very interesting and knowledgeable especially the causes, diagnosis and treatment and the type of drugs used. I had difficulties in structuring the essay and expressing myself and understanding some of the sections such as Audio 4 I found very hard to follow and the table 3. 1 on biopsychosocial. 1284 References Audio 1, Experience of fear and sadness (2010), D240 ‘Counselling: exploring fear and sadness, Open University, Milton Keynes, Open University. Audio 2.

Expert with diagnosis and stigma, (2010), D240 ‘Counselling: exploring fear and sadness, Open University, Milton Keynes, Open University. Audio 3 (2010), Experiences with drug use, D240 ‘Counselling: exploring fear and sadness, Open University, Milton Keynes, Open University. Audio 4 (2010) Psychopharmacology, D240 ‘Counselling: exploring fear and sadness, Open University, Milton Keynes, Open University. Barker, M. Vossler, A. and Langdridge, D. (2010), Understanding counselling and psychotherapy, London, Sage.

Horwitz, A. and Wakefield, J. C. (2007), The loss of sadness, American Psychiatric, APP Inc. Pilgrim, D. (2010), ‘The diagnosis of mental health problem’, cited in Barker, M. Vossler, A. and Langdridge, D. (2010), Understanding counselling and psychotherapy. London, Sage. Toates, F. (2010) ‘Understanding drugs treatments: a biopsychosocial approach’, cited in Barker, M. Vossler, A. and Langdridge, D. (2010), Understanding counselling and psychotherapy. London, Sage.

Website http://www. oup. com/us/catalog/general/subject/Medicine/PsychiatryPsychology/? view=usa&ci=97 http://www. cato. org/pub_display. php? pub_id=881780195313048 http://www. nami. org/template. cfm? section=about_mental_illness http://www. outofstress. com/meditation-for-depression/ http://www. healthtalkonline. org/mental_health/mentalhealthserviceusers/Topic/3406/ http://www. nimh. nih. gov/health/publications/mental-health-medications/complete-index. shtml

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