Cultural Differences In Post Merger Change Processes Cultural Studies Essay

Before composing an essay/thesis or an article there must be understood what the research should be approximately. In this research seminar I, the note will be on the qualitative research as the quantitative research. The research paper that are used for this essay are “ Mars-Venus matrimonies: Culture and cross-border M & A ; A ” ( R. Chakrabarti, S. Gupta-Mukherjee, N. Jayaraman, 2009 ) and “ Constructions of Cultural Differences in Post-Merger Change Processes: A Sensemaking Position on Finnish-Swedish Cases ” ( E. Vaara, 2000 ) . The chief inquiries for this essay are: “ When do we utilize qualitative research or quantitative research? ” and “ Why do research workers utilize this sort of method? ” To reply these inquiries the theory of ‘Research methods for concern pupils ‘ ( Saunders et all, 2009 ) and ‘Mythological tantrum in direction field research ‘ ( Edmonson & A ; McManus, 2007 ) will be.

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The two articles “ Mars-Venus matrimonies: Culture and cross-border M & A ; A ” and “ A Sensemaking Perspective on Finnish-Swedish Cases ” will be discussed with the theory from table 4.1 in the book “ Research methods for concern pupils ( Mark Saunders, Philip Lewis and Adrian Thornhill, 2009 ) . The theory of doctrine of the research consist three signifiers of doctrine, viz. positivism, pragmatism, interpretivism and pragmatism. There are 4 cardinal footings where the three signifiers can be filled in: ontology, epistemology, axiology and relevancy to concern research.

The first article “ Mars-Venus matrimonies: Culture and cross-border M & A ; A ” belongs to the signifier “ Realism ” . This can be explained in the undermentioned standard. The first cardinal term, ontology, belongs to the “ Interpretivism ” , because there are different histrions who argues that cultural distances does better the public presentation by supplying and geting frogmans modus operandis that are embedded in the national civilization. This can be socially constructed by the event-study methodological analysis and the Hofstede metric of cultural distance between the states and the mark houses ( R. Chakrabarti, S. Gupta-Mukherjee, N. Jayaraman ) . The 2nd cardinal term, epistemology, belongs to “ Realism ” . The ground is that this article contains believable informations and facts. After the research design the writers assume that their findings can be applied in every state of affairs. The 3rd cardinal term, axiology, belongs to “ Realism ” . The research is value laden. There have been used of Hofstede which the research worker is biased by the universe position and the experiences that are gained which is applied in the research. The informations aggregation techniques are extremely constructed. The consequence must be value laden. The 4th cardinal term, relevancy to concern research. This instance is besides “ Realism ” . A specific methods must be chosen to suit the capable affair. Hereby, the histrions used the SDC Platinum amalgamations & A ; Acquisition database and Data Stream stock market indices. The histrions used informations that are highlighted for the quantitative research. It can be said that this instance is based on quantitative research.

The 2nd article, “ A Sensemaking Perspective on Finnish-Swedish Cases ” belongs to the signifier “ Positivism ” . This can be explained by the undermentioned standard. The first cardinal term, ontology, belongs to the “ Positivism ” , this is because the histrion sees it as an nonsubjective and independent of societal histrions. The feature of the societal constructionist is that the focal point of the histrions reading or buildings of civilizations ( Eero Vaara ) . The 2nd cardinal term, epistemology, belongs to “ Positivism ” , because it focus on causality and jurisprudence. During the interview it is mentioned that cultural constructs were influenced by the socio-political kineticss of the integrating undertakings ( Eero Vaara ) . The 3rd cardinal term, axiology, is besides positivism. Reason for this is because there a small accent on the research, which makes this research value-free. The 4th cardinal term, can be placed in the “ Interpretivism ” . There are little samples and this article is more qualitative research than quantitative research.

The overall decision for this theory can be said that there are differences by utilizing the theory of doctrine for the two articles. The first article is a quantitative research with “ Realism ” as doctrine theory, although the first cardinal term belongs to the “ Interpretivism ” . The 2nd article is a qualitative research with “ Positivism ” as doctrine theory.

The research approaches contains two signifiers of research attacks, which are tax write-off emphasizes and initiation emphasizes. If we combine the tax write-off attacks and initiation attacks with qualitative research and quantitative research, so it can be mentioned that the qualitative research has an initiation accent and quantitative research has a deductive accent. To use these accent to the articles the “ Mars-Venus matrimonies: Culture and cross-border M & A ; A ” and “ A Sensemaking Perspective on Finnish-Swedish Cases ” . It can be pointed that “ Mars-Venus matrimonies: Culture and cross-border M & A ; A ” fits in the tax write-off accent, because this instance consist of quantitative informations. The “ A Sensemaking Perspective on Finnish-Swedish Cases ” tantrums in the initiation accent, because this instance stress the apprehension of cultural differences.

The first article “ Mars-Venus matrimonies: Culture and cross-border M & A ; A ” has been substantiated by the theoretical account of Hofstede and utilizing statistical informations. However, in this paper there are no theory substantiated. The decision in this first article is based on the old research. This is a mature research. In the 2nd article “ A Sensemaking Perspective on Finnish-Swedish Cases ” is already mentioned that it is new and non much information has been available. However, this histrion is able to happen new information. Though, these new information that are found is non adequate and more research workers are needed. This implicative theory is besides mentioned in the 2nd article: “ A logical measure further would be to analyze how, for illustration, cognitive and affectional mechanisms are entwined or run together ( Fineman, 1996 ) . It would be peculiarly interesting to see how emotions are turned into specific knowledges ” . This implicative theory/propositions are nascent research.

All the methodological tantrum in the field research has been discussed and applied in these two articles, “ Mars-Venus matrimonies: Culture and cross-border M & A ; A ” and “ A Sensemaking Perspective on Finnish-Swedish Cases ” . The decision is that the first article “ Mars-Venus matrimonies: Culture and cross-border M & A ; A ” has a good methodological tantrum, because it is all mature research. The 2nd article “ A Sensemaking Perspective on Finnish-Swedish Cases ” is besides good methodological tantrum, because it is all nascent research.

The two articles that has been tested by the theory of Mark Saunders, Philip Lewis and Adrian Thornhill & A ; Edmonson and McManus can be concluded that it is good written. The article “ Mars-Venus matrimonies: Culture and cross-border M & A ; A ” is referred as quantitative research and “ A Sensemaking Perspective on Finnish-Swedish Cases ” is referred as qualitative research. These two articles gives a good illustration of which research workers should be used when you start to make your ain research. The standard for a qualitative research are new field research and concepts. This is because there no anterior work done and there is besides no statistical informations available to analyse. The standard for quantitative research is proving and back uping the theories. Reason for this is that it is theoretical based and the statistical informations are available to prove the hypothesis.

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