Comparison of Romanticism and Victorian Literature Essay Sample

Romanticism and Victorianism are two meshing literary epochs that occurred between 1789 and 1870. The Romanticism period preceded the Victorianism epoch. Romantics wrote between 1784 and 1832. The Romanticism period is celebrated for its prose and poesy. The Victorian epoch occurred between 1832 and 1901 ( Christ & A ; Greenblatt. 2013 ) . Drama became more applauded while poesy dwindled due to alter in life criterions. The Victorian period has renowned poets such as Rossetti and Tennyson every bit good as celebrated novelists such as George Elliot and Dickens. The Romanticism Era. on the other manus. contains the plants of Austen. Byron. Keats. Blake. Wordsworth. Shelly. Wollstonecraft and Coleridge. Both epochs have similarities and differences in respects to chant. subject. manner of life and positions.

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A important difference in literature for the two eras exists due to a difference in life conditions. The Romanticism period uses mundane linguistic communication on unworldly topics. largely on nature. Wordsworth nowadayss this thought in his verse form ‘We Are Seven’ where he talks about an eight-year-old bungalow miss who is a mere kid. In the Victorian age. topics reflect upon the rigorous regulation of Queen Victoria. which oppresses the hapless and causes an eroding of traditional beliefs and civilizations such as faith. These values fade off depending on the state and the manner of life. In Charles Darwin’s ‘The Origin of Species’ . society is seen to alter its positions on traditional faith to a more scientific position on life.

Pessimistic tones are prevailing in the Victorian literature due to harsh living conditions. The Romantics. on the other manus. show their work in a tone of felicity and purity. Romantic authors use a personal tone since the poet himself narrates the narrative. as seen in the celebrated concluding portion of John Keats’s “Ode on a Greek Urn” ( Coben. 2102 ) . The Victorian age. on the other manus. uses a existent or fanciful character to narrate the narrative as noted in Hopkins work that was rich in unusual word combinations and word images. This is besides the instance in Charles Dickens work.


Prevailing look of isolation is seen in both epochs. Tennyson’s work appears to portray disaffection. treachery and alienation from love and life. Arnold and Browning’s literature besides expresses separation. William Wordsworth. a romantic poet. in his work writes ‘I wondered lonely as a cloud’ . The Victorian poet Arnold writes ‘yes! In the sea of life… . . we mortal 1000000s live alone’ ( Coben. 2102 ) .

Floating-point operations in the religious. moral and societal life are expressed in both eras’ literature through appraisal of modernness and complexness of life at the clip. Wordsworth. a romantic poet. in his literature praises the worth of the natural adult male. the kid. the person and the downtrodden. In his piece “The Solitary Reaper” . he evaluates and expresses the ‘melancholy strain’ in the woman’s music. A Victorian. Thomas Harding. in his novel “The Darkling Thrush” expresses ‘some blessed Hope. of which he knew. and I was unaware’ while reflecting on the bend of the century.

The literature in both eras rejects the heroic construct. The Victorian Arnold. in his poesy. features a fallen hero Empedocles who is a figure to think. The supporters of the Romantic epoch reach their maximal possible merely by lasting in the harsh social life and hence they do non portray the norms expected by society. Romantics wrote on the ‘profound and everlasting truths refering the human status that guide civilization towards flawlessness spiritually. intellectually and morally’ .

In both epochs. the relevancy of faith is criticised. A Calvinist Thomas Carlyle expressed through his literature that ‘all spiritual orthodoxies. in respects to the New Industrial Age. are outmoded and insufficient’ . The Romantic epoch embraces the Pantheism as shown by Charles Darwin’s ‘Descent of Man’ . where God is viewed non as a separate entity but portion of the existence ( Christ & A ; Greenblatt. 2013 ) .

Both eras. unlike their predecessors. show the significance of the person in the word. They are besides more society-oriented and stand for the ups and downs of their ages. The literature in both epochs may be different as a consequence of alterations in life style. However. they still portray congruity that is relevant to the history and development of literature to the point of the present universe.


Christ. C. . & A ; Greenblatt. S. ( 2013 ) . The Norton Anthology of English Literature: The Major Writers. New York: W. W. Norton & A ; Company.

Coben. S. ( 2102 ) . Rebellion Against Victorianism: The Impetus for Cultural Change in 1920s America. New York: W. W. Norton & A ; Company.

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