Chronic Kidney Disease Essay Sample

The Integration of Adult Nursing Practice
Sophie Dickens

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CONTENTS Page
Slide One – Introduction and purposes of the presentation
Slide Two – Anatomy and Physiology of the Kidneys – Structure Slide Three – Anatomy and Physiology of the Kidneys – Nephron Slide Three – Pathophysiological alterations
Slide Four – Signs and Symptoms
Slide Five – Causes and Factors
Slide Six – Diagnosis of Chronic Kidney Disease
Slide Severn – Interventions
Slide Eight – Implications of Nursing Care
Reference List







INTRODUCTION AND AIMS
• This presentation will be about 10 proceedingss long. However. this is a restriction as I was unable to discourse chronic kidney disease in great inside informations
• To discourse the normal anatomy and physiology of the kidneys
• To research the pathophysiological alterations in the kidneys
• The marks and symptoms that occur and the alterations to be expected
• To sketch diagnosing and intercessions




• To discourse what are the deductions for the nursing attention of a individual with the status

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF
THE KIDNEYS
FUNCTIONS OF THE KIDNEYS
• CONTROLS FLUID LEVEL
Balance
• REGUALTES ACID BASED
Balance
• REMOVAL OF TOXINS AND
Waste
• REGUALTES BLOOD
Pressure AND RENIN









ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF
THE KIDNEYS

hypertext transfer protocol: //www. healthline. com/vpvideo/kidney-physiology

CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE
PATHOPHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES
• Chronic kidney disease ( CKD ) is long-standing. progressive impairment of nephritic map. Function is measured utilizing THE GLOMERULUS FILTRATION RATE ( GFR ) . These are the phases of CKD ;
Phase


Mildly reduced kidney map. trial consequences point to some kidney harm

Reasonably reduced kidney map

Badly reduced kidney map

• Decreased micturition
• Blood or protein in the piss
• Cloudy piss
• Shortness of breath
• Fatigue
• Loss of appetite/weight loss
• Nausea and purging
• Thirst
• Muscle cramping
• High blood force per unit area
• Fluid keeping
• Oedema
• Lower Back Pain
( KIDNEYHEALTH 2015 )












CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS
• The Two chief causes are:
High BLOOD PRESSURE

Diabetess

High blood force per unit area can damage the kidneys as the force of blood flow weakens the kidneys blood vass therefore this can cut down the kidneys ability to work decently.

Systematically high blood sugar degrees can do force per unit area on the GFR doing them to leak protein.

Factors that may increase your hazard of chronic kidney disease include: Diabetess
High blood force per unit area
Heart disease
Smoking
Fleshiness
High cholesterin
Bing Afro-american. Native American or Asian-American
Family history of kidney disease
Age 65 or older







DIAGNOSIS OF CKD
To find chronic kidney disease there are trials and processs that can be done.
Biopsy’s
Blood Trials


Trials and
Procedures
Imaging Trials:
Ultrasound Scan


Urine Trials

INTERVENTIONS AND TREATMENT
Depending on your phase of Chronic Kidney Disease depends on the degree of intercession and intervention required.
• Interventions for phase one. two and three of chronic kidney disease
• Proteinuria Screening
• Blood Pressure Screening
• Smoking Cessation
• Glycaemic Control





Treatment for Stages four and Five
Kidney graft
Dialysis
Supply
Physical patients with
Management of hurting
Emotional
Support with
Support







Provide Spiritual
Support

Manage
Disease Control
Emotional

Nursing IMPLICATIONS
Intellectual

Supply
Physical
Support

Religious

Encouraging
Referrals

Educate
patients on
Chronic Kidney
Disease


REFERENCE LIST

• Theaidentist ( 2015 ) Kidney location in homo. Available from: bodyhttp: //www. thaidentist. org/kidneys-location-inhuman-body/ [ Accessed 22/01/2015 ] • Unknown ( 2015 ) Kidney. Available from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. middletownurology. com/kidney-stones [ Accessed 22/01/2015 ] • Unknown ( 2015 ) hypertext transfer protocol: //www. umich. edu/~elements/web_mod/viper/kidney_function. htm [ Accessed 22/01/2015 ] • Healthline ( 2015 ) Kidney Video. Available from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. healthline. com/vpvideo/kidney-physiology [ Accessed 22/01/2015 ]

• Kidney Health ( 2015 ) Signs and Symptoms. Available from: hypertext transfer protocol: // World Wide Web. kidney. org. au/KidneyDisease/RiskFactorsandSymptoms/tabid/819/Default. aspx [ Accessed 22/01/2015 ] • Diabetes ( 2014 ) Kidney Disease ( Nephropathy ) . Available from: hypertext transfer protocol: // World Wide Web. diabetes. org/living-with-diabetes/complications/kidney-disease-nephropathy. hypertext markup language [ Accessed 22/01/2015 ]

REFERENCE LIST
• National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information ( 2014 ) High blood force per unit area and kidneys. Available from: hypertext transfer protocol: //kidney. niddk. National Institutes of Health. gov/KUDiseases/pubs/highblood/ [ Accessed 22/01/2015 ] • Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research ( 2015 ) Chronic Kidney Disease. Available from: hypertext transfer protocol: //

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