Case Study: British Culture

CASE STUDY ON BRITISH CULTURE

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Contentss

Introduction

MULTIPLE IDENTITIES

Maleness

Femininities

CULTURAL CAPITAL

Decision

Remarks

Appendix

Mentions

Introduction

On come ining the University of Portsmouth, I was greeted by a assortment of pupils who came from different walks of life. I scanned the assembled group and my eyes fell on a serious, bespectacled, gangling young person dressed in insouciant dresss and featuring a well-trimmed face fungus. He introduced himself as Derek Liu, a 20 four twelvemonth old pupil of Sociology at the University of Portsmouth.

I apprised him about my purpose to interview him sing this undertaking and he seemed truly interested. During the class of the interview, I learnt a batch about him and his household background. He was the boy of a clerical helper who lived in a less flush suburb of Portsmouth. His household was in-between category household who lived meekly and worked difficult to accomplish success instead than populating on the wealth of ascendants. He belonged to a socio-economic group which relied on the staff of life earner and struggled to last financially at a clip when unemployment was rampant and the economic scenario was non really picturesque. His families comprised of three coevalss – besides his grandparents and parents, he had two siblings. They struggled to do ends meet peculiarly because one of his siblings was unemployed. Hence, they were determined that Derek should have good instruction which would lighten up his occupation chances. Most of the occupants populating in the lodging estate were labourers – both skilled and semi-skilled. Clerics, learners, members of the armed forces lived in the vicinity. Most of the population was British Asian who had been shacking here for about eleven to fifteen old ages. Derek being a British Asian was a perfect topic for my interview. This interview was conducted in the Portsmouth University library.

MULTIPLE IDENTITIES

The British, as citizens of UK, have multiple individualities. These are non simply age or gender individualities but besides group, communal and racist individualities. The singular characteristic nevertheless is that the British have amalgamated these multiple individualities so unambiguously that in the present times, the line of disparity is barely seeable.

‘Britishness’ holds a topographic point of precedence instead than household or native state. Populating in Britain is advantageous because they enjoy a strong economic system, protection of their rights, modernized instruction, useful public services every bit good as traditional British establishments like BBC ( Eatwell, 2006 ) .

Peoples who are British Asians or British Blacks or other cultural races have differences in their civilization, heritage nutrient wonts, and positions on matrimony or sex which are radically different from conventional British society. The impression of ‘Britishness’ is non forced upon the immature. The immature have accepted a ‘British identity’ and have learnt to coexist with multiple individualities. They perceive the value of being British. They are proud of their rich historical background and their present political position. The focal point today is on integrating instead than leting separate communities to develop. Differences do be but larning and understanding about other’s civilization and appreciating these differences is being British. A yawning spread does be and bridging these differences is no average effort. But it is the demand of the hr and the reply to several inquiries related to multiple individualities ( Henn & A ; Foard, 2012 ) .

Harmonizing to Derek Liu, multiple individualities do be in Britain today. They co-exist together and lend to the primary ground for Britain being alone for its harmonious society. He has surely faced cases of favoritism and feels that it is better to shack in a vicinity where people of his ain socio-cultural background are around him. Harmonizing to him, although racism does be yet it has non interfered in the field of faculty members.

Maleness

The altering societal and economic scenario in Britain over the last 60 old ages has affected ‘Masculinity’ in the state. The tradition of being polite and gallant towards adult females still exists and work forces are witting of how they relate to adult females. Today’s adult male is good groomed, witting of his visual aspect and hankers for professional success. He takes pride in being intelligent, a perfect function theoretical account as a male parent and supplying for his household. Yet modern work forces have accepted that society is traveling towards a female centered value system and is non hesitating about executing family jobs. But the technological passage has brought with it a host of economic jobs. Not all work forces are comfy with the present occupations. At one clip, they toiled in mills and industries and were suppliers or staff of life victors for their partners and households. But now they are trapped in an economic muss and are paying to a great extent for the consumerist society today ( McDowell, 2000 ) .

Unemployment has triggered behavioural jobs and personality upsets. The economic downswing has given birth to a coevals of defeated immature work forces who have fallen quarries to prejudice, jingoism and sexism. Obesity, unhealthy degrees of intoxicant ingestion, hapless sexual wellness are rampant. Young male childs are being isolated from the household and grownups are working longer hours, pretermiting wellness and fall backing to suicide. ( MacInnes, 2001 ) . Even if society today accepts homosexuals and transgender, one can non turn a blind oculus to the fact that today’s British male is really different from his traditional opposite number. He is concerned about his occupation security, work and money. He is afraid of losing his staff of life earning position because societal alterations have metamorphosised work and relationships. As Dianne Abbott puts it, there is “a crisis in masculinity” in Britain which needs immediate attending ( Tosh, 2005 ) .

For Derek Liu, there are still families which are patriarchal but in most families, both work forces and adult females work together on the family jobs. Work force still uphold traditional values and idiosyncrasy instilled in them which are a pride of the Englishmen. Harmonizing to him “a crisis in masculinity” is a myth which has been hyped by the media. Society is accommodating to the alterations and development taking topographic point, therefore work forces are taking up clerical and managerial occupations today as it is a portion of the economic construction today. Work force are even taking up occupations which were earlier termed feminine. This does non intend maleness is confronting a menace or crisis.

Femininities

The British adult females today are no longer subservient to their male opposite numbers but have become economically independent and have liberated themselves from the bonds of domesticity. In the industrial station war epoch, focal point of misss was on safer evidences – household and place. Girls did non hang out on streets lest they be sexually assaulted or declared promiscuous. Emphasis was given to physical attraction and their generative capablenesss ( Charles, 2002 ) . But in the 1970s, there was a dramatic transmutation in the societal construction. Girls had a freshly discovered assurance, attended rave parties, dressed sexily and indulged in free and uninhibited look of pleasance. Women concentrated on manner and beauty and became devouring magazine readers. There was a pronounced alteration in their ideas and actions. Womans, now have taken up both the masculine and feminine places in the family and maintained the family’s socio economic position. They receive equal wage for their work which is at par with their male opposite numbers. They hold esteemed stations in the corporate, political, fiscal and societal universe of today. There is no via media on maternity and pregnancy leave. They have balanced their profession and their domestic duties with easiness.

The adult females today are broad and emancipated with a repute in a man’s universe. They have realized that emotional intelligence and communicating are more indispensable than muscle. They have utilized their natural gifts of compassion, creativeness, intelligence, multitasking, and duties and are repossessing their feminity. Few adult females label themselves as women’s rightists, contending for their rights. They regard feminism as an old fashioned, negative label. The conflict of the sexes has been discarded for a coming together of the sexes for a better society, a happy household and a positive calling to surge to the top ( Kehily, 2008 ) .

Derek Liu believes that equal chances must be provided for females in every field of life. No favoritism must be made on the footing of race when occupations, faculty members or athleticss are considered. Harmonizing to him, adult females have proved themselves to be better directors and can beguile good between place and work. Today’s universe has a batch of adult females political leaders. Women besides hold top places in many concern houses. They are besides taking portion in athleticss. Therefore, adult females are irrupting into ‘masculine’ Fieldss and executing at par or at times surpassing work forces. But for Liu, if adult females are capable and are accomplished in their Fieldss he does non see any ground why adult females shouldn’t be given equal chance. Despite all the women’s rightist motions which have taken topographic point, adult females still appreciate basic idiosyncrasies and gestures such as opening doors and keeping out chairs. There has been definite alteration in what is termed as feminine in today’s universe. Women go out to work, portion the same platforms as work forces, are a portion of the ground forces, have a political disposition and are at par with their male opposite numbers in all walks of life.

CULTURAL CAPITAL

Cultural capital is a term used to specify all signifiers of non-financial, societal assets that give societal mobility beyond economic agencies. Education, intellect, manner of address and frock are rare mercenary societal assets. The construct of cultural capital was foremost introduced by Pierre Bourdien in France during the sixtiess. In the 1970s the thought spread to Britain. Emphasis was laid on equalising instruction at secondary and third degrees ( Caughie, 2000 ) .

All signifiers of instruction, cognition and accomplishments that a individual is bestowed with enhances his societal place. Children were receivers of cultural capital from parents who convey the attitudes and cognition necessary for success in the current educational scenario. After questioning 1564 Britishers, it was realized that cultural gustatory sensation, engagement and cognition could be grouped sociologically yet specific cultural differences in modern-day UK with France existed. In Britain, London is regarded foremost for the mix of traditional every bit good as modern and modern-day signifiers of civilization. Class divisions are the primary consideration when specifying cultural capital, along with lifestyle and ingestions forms, in Britain. The wealthy in Britain tend to hold an established higher cultural value than the less privileged ( Gayoaˆ?Cal, Savage & A ; Warde, 2006 ) .

Another factor necessary to be considered is age and to some extent gender and ethnicity that shape a person’s cultural patterns. There are a figure of metropoliss in Britain which are postulating for the rubric of “cultural capital of the country” . Each feels they truly deserve to be called so. Many metropoliss such as Colchester, Derby, Leicester, Plymouth, Stoke-on-Trent, Swansea, Hull and York competed against each other for the rubric. Out of these Hull was chosen for the 2017 ( Wheeler, 2000 ) .

Harmonizing to Derek Liu, Britain has a rich heritage which it has inherited over the last few centuries. It has many museums, operas and music groups which it can tout of. It has universe renowned establishments such as Oxford and Cambridge for which attracts endowment across the Earth. It was the place of birth of great authors and poets such as Shakespeare, Keats and Shelly. Therefore Britain is a topographic point of huge cultural heritage and can hence be called a civilization capital.

Decision

The present British population comprises of persons belonging to distinct races, groups, communities and societies. Yet, each single enjoys certain rights and privileges. UK encourages ‘justice and democracy’ every bit good as answerabilities and rights’ . These are amalgamated so good that multiple individualities can co-exist doing British civilization unique. Gender disparity is minimising, so employment chances for adult females are bright. The lifting cost of life has brought with it reforms in economic system. Simultaneously there are marked alterations in maleness and muliebrity because the present coevals has accepted that both need to co-exist reciprocally for society to develop and in bend hike the economic system. Harmonizing to Derek Liu, there are many European and Asiatic states where there is being of multiple individualities. From here, Britain must endeavor to mix them and wipe out the bing difference.

Remarks

The hunt for an disposed campaigner to interview convey me into contact with many childs. It was reviewing to speak to them, portion their mentality and positions on dynamic, relevant and modern-day subjects. The interview was a novel, advanced attack to heightening and geting cognition on an array of topics. The interview gave freedom to field inquiries which clarified uncertainties on questions which have been nesting in my head. The individual interviewed was concerted and patient giving limpid enlightening replies and unwraping facts which I have neglected and overlooked. I now have a clearer vision of British tradition, values, mentality and civilization.

Appendix

Interview Schedule

Interviewee inside informations:

Name: Derek Liu

Age: 24 old ages

Gender: Male

Organization: Student

University Name: Portsmouth University

Mentions

Caughie, J. ( 2000 ) .Television Play: Realism, Modernism, and British Culture. Oxford

University Press.

Charles, N. ( 2002 ) .Gender in modern Britain. Oxford University Press, USA.

Eatwell, R. ( 2006 ) . Community coherence and cumulative extremism in modern-day

Britain.The Political Quarterly,77( 2 ) , 204-216.

Gayoaˆ?Cal, M. , Savage, M. , & A ; Warde, A. ( 2006 ) . A cultural map of the United Kingdom,

2003.Cultural tendencies,15( 2-3 ) , 213-237.

Henn, M. , & A ; Foard, N. ( 2012 ) . Young people, political engagement and trust in

Britain.Parliamentary personal businesss,65( 1 ) , 47-67.

Kehily, M. J. ( 2008 ) . Taking centre phase? Girlhood and the contradictions of muliebrity

across three coevalss.Girlhood Surveies,1( 2 ) , 51-71.

MacInnes, J. ( 2001 ) . The crisis of maleness and the political relations of individuality.The

malenesss reader, 311-329.

McDowell, L. ( 2000 ) . The problem with work forces? Young people, gender transmutations and

the crisis of maleness.International Journal of Urban and Regional

Research,24( 1 ) , 201-209.

Tosh, J. ( 2005 ) .Manliness and malenesss in nineteenth-century Britain: essays on

gender, household, and imperium. Pearson Education.

Wheeler, R. ( 2000 ) .The skin color of race: classs of difference in eighteenth-

century British civilization. University of Pennsylvania Press.

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