2. Writer and day of the month written: Charlotte Bronte, 1877. 3. Subjects and/or intent of work: Throughout her life, Jane meets three different theoretical accounts of organized faith that she ab initio rejects, but finally uses as foundation for her ain personal philosophy of religion. Helen Burns exemplifies an all forgiving, tolerant, and benevolent Christianity that is excessively docile, submissive and bootless for Jane ‘s natural disposition. Jane watches Helen suffer a barbarous life and decease all whilst being a quiet and obedient Christian, and determines her submission was finally useless. Mr. Brocklehurst ‘s represents the lip service of faith ; he preaches the Christian values of poorness and humbleness while he unjustly deprives and punishes the pupils of Lowood and enjoys a epicurean life style with his household. St. John represents a Christianity of martyrdom and purely patterns forfeit and righteousness at the disbursal of his compassion and human emotion, and is described as “ grim as decease. ” Jane denounces this theoretical account of faith as excessively cold and detached, and missing the love she desires. In add-on to Religion, passion ( fire ) vs. ground ( ice ) is another prevailing subject Bronte sprinkles throughout the novel. Fire is illustrated as passionate, warm, but sometimes unsafe, while in contrast ice is represented as degage, hardhearted, and metallic. Bronte stresses this contrast by imputing the motives to certain characters. Particularly cruel, heartless or degage characters, such as Eliza Reed, St. John, and Mrs. Reed are associated with “ ice. ” Passionate, warm, benevolent and loving characters such as Helen, Jane ‘s cousins, Miss Temple, Georgiana Reed, and Mr. Rochester, are associated with “ fire ” . Bronte reveals her personal penchant for fire over ice in demoing the reader that although both are destructive elements, Fire ‘s devastation can be positive. For illustration, Bertha ‘s puting fire to Mr. Rochesters bed facilitates the familiarity between him and Jane. Her puting fire to and destructing of Thornfield Manner leads to her decease, and frees Rochester from his painful yesteryear. Despite the fact the 2nd fire was destructive in that it blinds Rochester, it allows Jane to recognize his new dependance on her and overlook her past concerns about the inequality of their possible the brotherhood. Bronte does non straight say that the characters associated with ice are wholly cold, hardhearted, and unwanted ; nevertheless, she emphasizes the importance of “ fiery ” passion and love as the manner to personal felicity.
4. Fictional characters ( major and minor ) :
Jane Eyre: The storyteller and supporter of Jane Eyre. Jane begins the novel an ardent and baffled orphan but bit by bit develops into a sensitive, maternal, and independent immature adult female. Jane ‘s self-pride, sense of ego, and character as whole is formed in way through assorted universes: Lowood, Thornfield, and peculiarly Moor House. Jane serves as a heroine to which everyone can associate ; she embodies the desire for love, the emotional struggle between passion and ground, the hunt for independency, and the demand for justness that every person seeks.
Edward Rochester: The maestro of Thornfield Manor, where Jane taught as governess. Mr. Rochester embodies and encourages the passionate side of Jane, every bit good as offers a contrast to her ground. Mr. Rochester is besides peculiarly of import to Jane because he provides her with the unconditioned love and sense of household that she searches for throughout the novel.
St. John Rivers: The revivalist sermonizer who takes Jane in at Moor House, brother to Diana and Mary and, it turns out, cousin to Jan. St. John, in contrast to Mr. Rochester, embodies all that is icy and cold, and encourages such qualities in Jane. He is besides one of the three major theoretical accounts of faith ( Brocklehurst and Helen ) that Jane brushs in the class of the novel. However, he is non as positive of a theoretical account as Helen, and embodies a faith that is to cold and merciless for Jane.
Helen Burns: Jane ‘s confidant friend and comrade at Lowood. Helen embodies the Christian philosophy of tolerance and forgiveness, Helen serves as a contrast and suspension to both Mr. Brocklehurst, with his deficiency of Christian compassion and spiritual lip service, and Jane, with her passionate disposition. Helen reveals a positive Christian religion to Jane ; in which fidelity and compassion are rewarded in Heaven. Although Jane originally inquiries Helen ‘s trade name of faith, she does integrate it in her life subsequently on.
Mr. Brocklehurst: The director of Lowood, the school Jane attends. Mr. Brocklehurst attempts to incarnate Christian ethical motives and so treats the pupils at Lowood with disgust and inhuman treatment. He represents the lip service in faith in contrast to Helen and St. John.
Mrs. Fairfax: The aged retainer and housekeeper at Thornfield. Although Mrs. Fairfax is non highly intimate with Jane, she serves as another loving maternal figure for Jane, in add-on to Miss Temple.
Bessie Lee: A retainer at Gateshead. Bessie is Jane ‘s lone figure of love at Gateshead. Bessie acts as quiet maternal figure for Jane, and believes in Jane throughout her life.
Mrs. Reed: Jane ‘s aunt. She is the first character that Jane passionately Rebels and stands up against. She embodies what is “ cold ” , and even on her deathbed, does n’t apologise to Jane, although Jane forgives her.
Mr. Reed: Jane ‘s other uncle who dies when she is an baby, and makes Mrs. Reed vow to care for her, his most darling niece. He ‘s recurrently felt nowadays as a “ shade ” to Jane.
John Reed: Jane ‘s cousin and brother to Eliza and Georgiana. John is the cause of the decay and ruin of the Reed house and household name. He embodies all that is immoral.
Georgiana Reed: Jane ‘s cousin and Eliza ‘s sister. Georgiana to the full embodies all that is ardent and passionate. In making so, she reveals to tire the negative facets of being to passionate and emotional ; going irrational, vain, bland, spoiled, and careless. However, Jane reveals that she believes Georgiana is the lesser of two immoralities.
Eliza Reed: Jane ‘s cousin and Georgiana ‘s sister. Eliza is described by Jane as cold, emotionless, and selfish. She finally converts to devout Christianity, but merely espouses the importance of “ usefulness ” “ forfeit ” and “ reason ” instead than compassion and empathy.
Adele Varens: The kid that Jane is a governess for at Thornfield. Adele is the illicit kid of Rochesters late romantic involvement, Celine Varens and her lover. She is a beginning of love and intent for Jane, and acts as a girl figure. To Rochester, she embodies all that is “ Gallic ” “ flowery ” and depthless.
Bertha Mason: Rochester ‘s insane married woman and Richard Mason ‘s sister. Bertha represents authoritative Gothic elements and Charlotte Bronte ‘s negative sentiment on gender inequalities and matrimony during the Victorian Era.
Grace Poole: Bertha Mason ‘s keeper at Thornfield.
Blanche Ingram: Jane ‘s merely romantic “ rival ” for Rochester. She is immature, beautiful, and socially educated, but lacks deepness and is two dimensional. Blanche ‘s sentiment sing governesses reflects the popular beliefs about governesses during the Victorian period.
Miss Temple: The overseer of Lowood. Miss Temple is the contrast to the hypocritical and barbarous Mr. Brocklehurst. She represents one of Jane ‘s alternate female parent figures in the novel, and has the kindly demeanor and interior strength that Jane aspires to hold as an grownup.
Diana Rivers: Jane ‘s cousin and the sister of St. John and Mary. Diana, like her sister, is a manifestation of the unfair quality of life for well-mannered, educated, but single adult females in Victorian society. Diana encourages and helps Jane to keep and detect her independency, and has many of the qualities Jane possesses and regards.
Mary Rivers: Jane ‘s cousin and the sister of St. John and Diana Rivers. Mary, every bit good as Diana, exemplifies the sort of adult female Jane desires to go ; and transforms into throughout the class of the novel.
Rosamond Oliver: The girl of the affluent Mr. Oliver and the benefactress of Jane ‘s school in the small town of Morton. She is described as angelically beautiful and the romantic involvement St. John. Rosamond represents profound but depthless beauty, like Adele.
John Eyre: Jane, St. John, Diana, and Mary ‘s uncle who made his luck as a merchandiser in Madeira. He desired to follow Jane but was told by Mrs. Reed that she was dead, and finally leaves his huge luck of 20,000 lbs to Jane. For the bulk of the novel he is regarded by Jane as her exclusive familial connexion.
5. Organization: Jane Eyre is organized as a flashback/memoir in chronological order. Bronte does this to add suspense, so that the reader is merely every bit ignorant as the supporter ; nevertheless the option is still unfastened to infix elucidation from the hereafter if necessary. The novel can be divided into five separate sections, each stand foring a chief location where Jane has resided. Her corsets there reflect her growing emotionally, socially, and spiritually every bit good as her hunt for love. These abodes are Gateshead, Lowood, Thornfield, Morton and. In her childhood at Gateshead Jane hunts for love in a doll and Bessie. She is locked into the “ Red Room ” for her passionate nature and accordingly she is suggested to go forth and go to school. Right before her going Jane speaks out to Mrs. Reed for the first clip, demoing both the laterality of her passionate side every bit good has her growing in independency and strength. Lowood is the 2nd abode, and represents Jane ‘s first debut to faith. Here Jane acquires her instruction, spiritualty, civility, and endurance. Here Miss Temple and Helen act as the first loving maternal figures for Jane. At Thornfield Jane receives the alteration her ungratified nature desires with wholly new scene, and the love she craves through her love affair with Mr. Rochester. Here, passion vs. nature struggle sharply, and Jane develops her moral scruples and sense of ego. The following abode is Moor House, in Morton. Here Jane discovers familial ties and the sense of love that accompanies it, she besides experiences another major debut to faith, through St. John. At Ferndean, every type of love Jane has sought throughout the novel- familial, romantic, self, spiritual, and maternal- all come to a apogee. Her return to the scenes Gateshead and Thornfield are used as devices to uncover her personal alteration.
Charlotte Bronte uses scenes to typify, foreshadow, characterize, and knit her secret plan. The scene of Jane Eyre is composed of five different locations that each uncover the emotional advancement of Jane every bit good as other characters, and exemplify the subjects of the novel. Jane spends her childhood at Gateshead Hall with the Reeds, her closest relations. Jane reveals her state of affairs at Gateshead through the Gothic and cliff-hanging description of her ostracism to the Red Room in Gateshead. Here the reader first notices Jane ‘s passionate disposition, every bit good as the negative associations she has with Gateshead and the isolation she feels from her household at that place. From Gateshead Jane is sent to Lowood school, where she meets Mr. Brocklehurst, Helen Burns and Miss Temple. Helen and Brocklehurst serve as Jane ‘s first theoretical accounts of faith, and Miss Temple and Helen serve as her first existent maternal figures. The descriptive linguistic communication applied to Lowood is about wholly drab. Wordss like “ cold ” and “ grey ” are scattered throughout. The lone positive descriptions of Lowood are attributed to Miss Temples quarters, where Jane uses words such as “ heat ” and “ comfort, ” and the springtime, where Jane ‘s grasp for all things youthful contrasts her abomination for all things wintery, every bit good as the decease that surrounds her. When Jane leaves Lowood, she advertises and additions employment as governess to Adele at Thornfield. Here, Jane uses imagination of nature to uncover her passionate sentiments. Winter, cold, and stagnancy are all prevalent when Mr. Rochester, Jane ‘s romantic involvement is off. Spring-like words and imagination are linked to minutes of cloud nine or emotional connexion with Mr. Rochester. Gothic descriptions and elements scatter Thornfield and give it a cryptic component. When she returns to Thornfield at the terminal of the book, she describes it as “ ruined ” “ black ” “ deathlike quiet ” “ grimy ” which contrast her antecedently positive associations with the scene every bit good as the manors ‘ province without its proprietor and her love Mr. Rochester. Jane runs off from Thornfield after detecting Rochesters 2nd matrimony and is taken into Moor House, which she finally discovers is the place of her cousins, Diana, Mary and St. John Rivers. Here she finds familial love and uses descriptions such as “ field ” “ clean ” and “ quant ” to uncover her personal gustatory sensation for simpleness, every bit good as her penchants in footings of her ideal place. At the terminal of the book, Jane and Rochester are reunited when she visits him at his hunting-lodge, Ferndean Manor. The manor is describes as “ drab ” “ desolate ” and “ crumpling ” to typify the current province of Rochester ; nevertheless, her desire to populate at that place despite its physical visual aspect reveals her same sentiments for Rochester despite his physical defects. The two scenes that Jane revisits are Thornfield and Gateshead, and her return to such topographic points reveal alterations in her and the persons in her yesteryear. She returns to the deathbed of Mrs. Reed at Gateshead. There Jane discovers the mutual opposition between her cousins Georgina and Eliza, a contrast that personifies the subject Passion vs. Reason. From Moor House she returns to Thornfield merely to detect it as an empty ruin.
7. Plot sum-up: The novel begins at Gateshead, where 10 twelvemonth old Jane lives an unfair life under her cold and cruel aunt, Mrs. Reed.A Under the suggestion of an apothecary, Jane is sent by Mrs. Reed to a charity school Lowood.A There she meets the hypocritical Mr. Brocklehurst, and maternal figures Miss Temple and Helen, who dies from typhus. She stays at Lowood until Miss Temple gets married and leaves, go forthing Jane feeling restless for a new life. Jane advertises for a Job as a governess and is employed at Thornfield Manor to learn a immature Gallic miss named Adele.A Jane easy falls in love with Mr. Rochester, the maestro of Thornfield, and finally discovers his sentiments are the same.A On the twenty-four hours they plan to get married, it is publicly revealed that Mr. Rochester already has a married woman presently populating at Thornfield, although Jane learns the married woman is insane and Rochester was forced into get marrieding her.A Heartbroken, Jane flees Thornfield and after yearss of poorness and destitution is taken in Moor House by St. John Diana and Mary Rivers. While at that place, St. John employs Jane as a instructor for the town school.A Jane finally learns that the close relation of the Rivers that died is besides her uncle, and she is given his 20 thousand lb luck that she portions between her and her new found cousins. St. John intends to go a missional in India and proposes to Jane to be his married woman and accompany him because he finds her suited for the occupation. Jane garbages and rapidly foliages in hunt of Mr. Rochester, merely to detect that Thornfield was burned down by Bertha Mason.A After asking, Jane learns that Rochester is unsighted and crippled from the fire, and populating at Ferndean, another of his houses.A When she reunites with him they instantly get married and the fresh terminals with Rochester recovering his vision, Jane bearing a boy, the River sisters merrily married, and St. John deceasing in India.
8. Important Passage + Subject: When Miss Temple leaves Lowood, Jane begins experiencing discontent and restless for a new life. In warranting this desire, she voices a deeply feminist doctrine that was highly extremist during the Victorian period. She declares that “ Womans are supposed to be really unagitated by and large: but adult females experience merely as work forces feel ; they need exercising for their modules, and a field for their attempts every bit much as their brothers do ; they suffer from excessively stiff a restraint, excessively absolute a stagnancy, exactly as work forces would endure ; and it is shockable in their more privileged fellow-creatures to state that they ought to restrict themselves to doing puddings and knitting stockings, to playing on the piano and embroidering bags. It is thoughtless to reprobate them, or laugh at them, if they seek to make more or larn more than usage has pronounced necessary for their sex. ” This societal comment, that adult females are equal to work forces irrespective of socioeconomic differences, is a major subject throughout the novel. From the beginning to the terminal, Jane strives for equality in the face of several different suppressing forces. Not merely must she systematically fight to interrupt the rigorous societal dramatis personae system of Victorian society but besides the misogynous beliefs that were universally accepted at the clip. She uses pick phrases such as “ supposed to ” to connote that the by and large held belief is a regulation, and non needfully a pick or nature of adult females. She besides refers to work forces as adult females ‘s “ brothers ” , and adult female as work forces ‘s “ fellow-creatures ” to straight foreground her belief that both genders are equal. She declares that domestic undertakings such as cookery, knitwork, crafting, and entertaining merely limit a adult female ‘s full potency and to take a firm stand adult females “ confine ” themselves to such responsibilities is “ shockable. ” She entreaties to the male audience because she enables them to sympathize, specifically in indicating out how a adult male would of course respond under such subjugation. Her concluding statement, that it is “ thoughtless ” to reprobate adult females who seek “ to make more or larn more ” than simply “ usage ” deems necessary completes her point in draws a distinguishable contrast between what is negative -thoughtlessness and what is positive- making and larning more.
9. Symbol: In chapter two Jane is sent to the “ ruddy room ” for her passionate effusion against John. The room, where Jane ‘s uncle Mr. Reed spent the last hours of his life, is regarded by the full household as haunted ; hence doing ostracism at that place the most terrible penalty. Not merely is the red-room a physical imprisonment, but it besides serves as a symbol of imprisonment in many ways. Jane is forcibly locked in the room for hours, so the ruddy room transforms into a actual prison. Red, the room ‘s ruling colour roof of the mouth, is cosmopolitan symbol for passion. For this ground, the “ ruddy room ” is a symbol for Jane ‘s “ captivity ” to her passions. In add-on, the ruddy room is symbolic for the isolation Jane feels between her and the Reeds, every bit good every bit society as a whole. She amongst those of high society, but is non a portion of high society herself. The ruddy room actualizes this sense of separation in Jane, which she subsequently feels at Thornfield. Being in the room even reminds Jane of her isolation ; particularly when she says “ I was a strife in Gateshead Hall ; I was like cipher at that place. ” Overall, the symbol of the ruddy room reveals Jane ‘s character and personal battle with her passions, every bit good as her place in footings of society. Both of these disclosures are consistent throughout the novel, so in a sense the ruddy room is besides a prefiguration for Jane ‘s hereafter.
10. Characteristic Quotation marks
“ It is non force that best overcomes hate -nor retribution that most surely heals hurt ” -Helen Burns to Jane ( Ch. 6 )
“ I am no bird ; and no net ensnares me: I am a free homo being with an independent will… ” -Jane to Mr. Rochester ( Ch. 23 )
My bride is here… because my equal is here, and my similitude ” -Mr. Rochester to Jane ( Ch. 23 )
“ who had a spoiled pique, a really pungent malice, a faultfinding and impudent passenger car, was universally indulged. Her beauty, her pink cheeks and aureate coils, seemed to give delectation to all who looked at her, and to buy insurance for every mistake ”
Jane on Georgiana Reed
“ Very tall, about every bit tall as Miss Ingram-very thin excessively, with a sickly face and terrible bearing. The utmost plainness of a straight-skirted, black, stuff frock, a starched linen neckband, hair combed off from the temples, and the nun-like decoration of a twine of ebony beads and a rood. This I felt she was Eliza Reed, though I could follow small resemblance to her former ego in the extended and colourless countenance. ” Jane on Eliza Reed
“ Nature intend me to be, on the whole, a good… adult male, Miss Eyre: one of the better terminal ; and you see I am non so. [ aˆ¦ ] Then take my word for it, – I am non a scoundrel: you are non to say that – non to impute to me any such bad distinction ; but, owing, I verily believe, instead to fortunes than to my natural set, I am a banal common-place evildoer, hackneyed in all the hapless junior-grade dissipations with which the rich and worthless attempt to set on life. ” ( 1.14.61 ) Rochester on Jane
“ So much has faith done for me ; turning the original stuffs to the best history ; pruning and preparation nature. But she could non eliminate nature: nor will it be eradicated ’till this mortal shall set on immortality. ” – -St. John
St. John, no uncertainty, would hold given the universe to follow, remember, retain her, when she therefore left him ; but he would non give one opportunity of Eden, nor relinquish, for the Elysium of her love, one hope of the true, ageless Paradise.
Why, I suppose you have a governess for her: I saw a individual with her merely now – is she gone? Oh, no! there she is still behind the window-curtain. You pay her, of class: I should believe it rather as expensive, – more so ; for you have them both to maintain in add-on… You should hear mamma on the chapter of governesses: Mary and I have had, I should believe, a twelve at least in our twenty-four hours ; half of them abhorrent and the remainder pathetic, and all incubi – were they non, mama? – spoken by Blanche Ingram
You must be on your guard against her ; you must eschew her illustration: if necessary, avoid her company, exclude her from your athleticss, and shut her out from your converse. Teachers, you must watch her: maintain your eyes on her motions, weight good her words, size up her actions, penalize her organic structure to saver her psyche ; if so, such redemption be possible for ( my lingua hesitations while I tell it ) this miss, this kid, the indigen of a Christian land, worse than many a small pagan who says its supplications to Brahma and kneels before Juggernaut – this miss is – a prevaricator! – spoken by Mr. Brocklehurst.