The “Heart of Darkness” by Joseph Conrad and “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” by Lewis Carroll tell a journey into a universe which is a conflicting contemplation of the protagonist’s “real” universe. As the supporters travel to new topographic points. they are both presented with colliding positions on predominating subjects in their lives. In the instance of Marlow in the Heart of Darkness. he is faced with opposing thoughts on the most critical constituents in imperialism – trade and bondage. As for Alice in Wonderland. the immature miss is confronted with the challenge to accept the at odds footing of adulthood following both rational and irrational complexnesss in the society.
In both of the novels. the relationship between the two universes were portrayed as the battles which people had to confront in order to explicate their ain personal political orientations based on their varying positions presented by the society. Furthermore. disaffection ( or the fact that each of the supporters had to manage their battles entirely ) was promoted as a necessary measure towards the full grasp of one’s societal building of world. Colliding positions on imperialism: Moral Responsibility V. Pure Suppression
In the Heart of Darkness. contrasting positions of imperialism and bondage are challenged. Marlow. the supporter of the narrative. comes from a universe where the captivity of the Africans is considered as indispensable and customary pieces of the colonial endeavor. The work forces who were working for the Company – upon which Marlow is besides a portion of – dainties the inkinesss in an perverse. cruel. and frequently brutally violent mode. However. this rough intervention is apparently justifiable as Marlow’s universe regards the slaves as barbarian.
Therefore. the procedure of bondage is non seen as it is. Rather. it is frequently deemed as a critical portion of the benevolent undertaking of “civilizing” the indigens. As such. anterior to his journey upriver to see the legendary Kurtz. Marlow maintains his function of dissembling the bondage and force by the socially recognized thought that the subjection is based on legitimate backgrounds of moral duty. As Marlow meets Kurtz nevertheless. Marlow’s thought of the glamor of conquering and imperialism evolves into a battle of ethical motives.
As he survives the river. meets the indigens. and eventually encounters the adult male that is reputed to be honest and unsloped. his moral beliefs shatter. Technically. he is non faced with a universe that’s wholly different from where he came from. Alternatively. what Marlow encounters is a puting where there is a whole new definition of conquering and trade – the chief activities upon which he was engaged in. Basically. Kurtz was non the adult male Marlow and other people envisioned him to be.
In struggle with the predominating societal definition of conquering for the Company. Kurtz saw the truth in imperialism. The presumed applaudable adult male was in fact a autocrat among the indigens. He realized the fact that he was non merchandising but instead coercing the indigens to happen tusk for him. Furthermore. Kurtz was unfastened to the thought that he was – in no positive manner – educating the indigens. Rather. he was stamp downing them. commanding them through bullying and utmost ferociousness. and utilizing them to his advantage. and the Company’s benefit.
As a consequence. Marlow’s brush with Kurtz merely served as a perplexing experience where he had to oppugn what the existent intent was behind Acts of the Apostless of conquering and bondage: Be his actions merely a tool for unfairness and bullying? Is there truly no justifiable cause for intimidating the indigens? To a certain grade. Marlow’s experience with the “other” universe puts him in a crisis of whether he should go on believing that his world’s evidently unfair patterns had a good and tolerable cause or non. Turning up: Digesting the unlogical and irrational
In the narrative Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. conflicting positions of adulthood and turning up is presented. On one manus. the existent universe equates adulthood as the province where logic and reason is used in concluding. interpretation. and in keeping harmoniousness in the society. In contrast nevertheless. the immature Alice equates adulthood as to what she sees in Wonderland – a topographic point where silly and unlogical ordinances are created on the footing of egocentric ends and aspirations. propelled by bad wonts and incorrect ideals that people volitionally developed throughout the class of history.
In Wonderland. Alice faces a new universe – one wherein the ways of concluding are every much in contrast of hers. To a certain sense. her new universe is similar to the “real” universe of grownups because both are comprised of regulations which are. most of the clip. really confounding. A typical illustration is the character of the Duchess who ever tries to happen a moral in about every thing that is go oning around her. In the existent universe. grownups are kindred to the Duchess as they ever try to populate by the societal norms which they created from their ain reading of their society.
Another complex thought is the tolerance of the mindless orders of decapitating given by the Queen of Hearts. Such scenario can be equated to the lay waste toing wars frequently prompted by political leaders who are supposed to propagate universe peace and advancement. Besides in Wonderland. tests seem to be really irrational and unfair ; in the same manner. justness is as confounding in the existent universe where equity and unity are purportedly practiced and promoted. As Alice struggles to understand the complexness of what is go oning in Wonderland. she challenges her ain thought of what is rational and supposedly mature.
Confronted with what’s hypothetically mature. Alice bit by bit evolves into a mature individual who is able to explicate sensible and valid readings of history and her present experiences. While Alice is confronted with uneven events and funny existences in Wonderland. she tries to explicate grounds based on her societal interactions with the animal and adjusts to the demands of the charming universe. Through the readings that Alice signifiers from wonderland. she fulfills what is expected from a mature single – the ability to digest the complexnesss of life.
As she forms a footing of concluding and logic. she so forms her ain subjective norms which are. to a certain extent. still confined within the prevailing thoughts in Wonderland. These norms allow her to specify her individuality and at the same clip. give her the opportunity to set and accommodate to the state of affairss that she faces in a topographic point where “everyone is mad” . Through her escapades. Alice finally grows up and matures. CONCLUSIONS Two universes as battles towards the preparation personal ideals
In both of the novels. two opposing universes were used as bases that will let the chief character to explicate his/her ain personal political orientations and readings of predominating subjects in their lives. In the instance of Marlow. the clang between the two universes – or instead their definitions – gave him a opportunity to weigh his ethical motives non simply on the more popular and conforming thought that African captivity was natural and acceptable. Through his confrontation with Kurtz. he became enlightened.
The experience someway liberated him from his blind attachment to the society and showed him the existent fortunes of his actions and that of his society. As for Alice. the struggle between the existent universe and Wonderland besides gave her the opportunity to build an apprehension of adulthood. From a child’s point of position of maturity as something incoherent. unlogical. egocentric. and irrational. Alice was able to recognize that such complexnesss were portion of existent life and that tolerance to what is apparently unreasonable must be achieved in order to be capable of lasting and seting to the different scenarios of life.
As such. it can be noted that the incompatible relationships between the two universes in each of the novels were presented as personal battles towards the accomplishment of personal ideals formulated from changing positions and readings that were present in the society. Alienation. an indispensable procedure for the societal building of world It can be noted that both supporters in the narratives had to confront disaffection in the new universes that they had to take portion of. The fact that each of the supporters had to manage their battles “alone” promoted the subject of personal struggle in the novels.
Furthermore. this disaffection heightened the degree of struggle which existed in the colliding relationship between the two universes that the characters had to take portion of. In the instance of Alice. she had to confront different state of affairss with different characters and different manners of concluding all on her. Through this solitariness. she was able to to the full hold on the thought that adulthood is complex and that life itself was full of complexnesss and “madness” . This realisation led her to build her ain set of readings. definitions. and worlds which paved her manner towards adulthood.
Marlow. on the other manus. became anomic as he became exposed to a universe where bondage among Africans was regarded as what it truly is – a mere act of inhuman treatment for the benefit of the White people. He was alienated in the sense that he once had a different – more comforting position of the “trade” that he was take parting in. However. through this disaffection. Marlow so achieved a more careful analysis of his society’s actions. By being exposed to the new universe all on his ain. he was given the opportunity to emancipate himself from the beliefs that he was encompassed within.
In general. both of the characters endured disaffection as an indispensable constituent which emphasized the conflicting relation of the universes that they were exposed to. This disaffection prompted them to believe beyond what they were used to and such allowed them to build their societal world based on conventional and unconventional truths. Mentions: Caroll. Lewis ( n. d. ) Alice in Wonderland. Retrieved from Bedtime Story Classics ( Accessed 06 Apr 2009 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. the-office. com/bedtime-story/classics-alice-1. htm ) Conrad. Joseph ( n. vitamin D.
) Heart of Darkness. Retrieved from Project Gutenberg Website ( Accessed 06 Apr 2009 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. Gutenberg. org/etext/526 ) Maatta. Jerry ( 1997 ) An Analysis of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. ( Accessed 06 Apr 2009 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. alice-in-wonderland. net/explain/alice841. hypertext markup language ) __________ ( n. d. ) Themes and Motives in Alice in Wonderland. ( Accessed 06 Apr 2009 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. alice-in-wonderland. net/school/themes. hypertext markup language ) __________ ( n. d. ) eNotes on Heart of Darkness – Themes. ( Accessed 06 Apr 2009 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. enotes. com/darkness/themes )