A Competency Based Syllabus Of English For Information Education Essay

This survey is about redesigning the competency-based course of study of English for Information Technology at Faculty of Information Technology UNISBANK Semarang of which the alumnuss are supposed to be able to talk English in conformity with the scientific field. This is an explorative descriptive qualitative research because it will turn to issues defined by geographic expedition and depict the symptoms to redesign the English course of study for Information Technique Faculty Program to be competency-based course of study. The determination of redesigning course of study for Informatics Technique Program is a competency-based course of study and give weight SKS, particularly English into at least 4 credits to suit the involvements of pupils who want a particular competency in English information sciences techniques. The competence criterions are successfully identified is that, after finishing the class in English, pupils can be experts in all four linguistic communication accomplishments. Competence criterions will be farther decomposed into basic competences for each larning unit.

Cardinal WORDS: course of study, competence, SWOT analysis, SKS

Background

English has long been claimed as an international linguistic communication because the linguistic communication is most normally used as a agency of communicating for people all over the universe. This happens because of the nature of the English linguistic communication is really suiting to the development of engineering in footings of vocabulary. New proficient footings, for illustration, emerged along with the development of engineering. With facts like these, there is the impression that the ability to talk English both unwritten and written will assist a individual to move in the international sphere.

Hire a custom writer who has experience.
It's time for you to submit amazing papers!


order now

In response to the above phenomenon, there is a inclination for an educational establishment to fit alumnuss with English proficiency. Some schools have bilingual instruction system. Too many colleges are launched into a World Class University. This is non a job every bit long as the college University provides English linguistic communication classs which can be offered to pupils to get the hang the English linguistic communication accomplishments. Otherwise what happens is counter productive to the college concerned.

This phenomenon was greeted positively by a alteration in the paradigm of learning English as a foreign linguistic communication, which provides pupils with balanced capablenesss of the four linguistic communication accomplishments by utilizing a discourse and competency-based course of study that finally revealed to be competency-based course of study. The authorities besides supports the attempts of foreign linguistic communication larning to heighten the fight ( National Development and Language Development, Ministry of Education and Culture, 2011 ) .

However, this sort of course of study has non been developed in universities despite claiming the college of international criterion. There are many classs delivered in traditional ways, such as English with 2-4 credits per semester so that pupils merely graduate without English-language accomplishments. That was so necessary to redesign the English course of study into competency-based course of study in order to bring forth alumnuss who are able to talk English in conformity with the scientific field. By and large the course of study designed by the lector in inquiry with a specific format given by the caput of the survey plan under the way of the quality confidence bureau. Businesss in redesigning course of study to be competency-based course of study has really been supported by Kepmendiknas No.232/2000 and No.045/U/2002.

Description implicitly stated in the debut to the jobs associated with the necessity of redesigning the course of study of English linguistic communication competency-based class Information Technique Faculty of UNISBANK Semarang. Operationally, these jobs can be formulated as follows: ( 1 ) What are competency criterions required by the pupils of Informatics Engineering Program in the command of English in order to vie in the planetary epoch? ( 2 ) What is the map of any linguistic communication needed by pupils in Informatics Engineering Program command of English in order to vie in the planetary epoch? ( 3 ) What linguistic communication characteristics are needed by pupils in order to vie in the planetary epoch? ( 4 ) How can KEKEPAN analysis be applied in order to redesign the competency-based English linguistic communication course of study for Informatics Technique Program?

PREVIOUS STUDY

AA Studies on the bill of exchange course of study has been widely applied in academic contexts. Astika ( 2004 ) , in his thesis, proposed Tasks-Based Syllabus for the Department of Tour and Travel Satyawacana Christian University. In the proposed course of study that pupils are given English accomplishments in conformity with the occupation as a circuit usher. Another survey conducted by Sudarto ( 1999 ) who designed the course of study for the Academy Secretary when he wrote his maestro ‘s thesis on Atma Jaya Christian University. He stressed that it is of import to hold the procedure of planing. Another with Wang ( 2006 ) , who designed the assignments that encourage pupils to pass on in College English Courses. He examines what undertakings can promote active pupil to pass on in English.

Curriculum vs. Syllabus

Allen ( 1984 ) in Astika ( 2004:13 ) defines curriculum from two positions. First, the course of study is seen as a construct of instruction which includes administrative factors, societal and philosophical order as the footing for the design of educational plans. On the other manus, harmonizing to applied linguistics, course of study is an educational plan that includes aims, contents, learning processs, larning experience to accomplish ends, and methods of appraisal ( rating ) plan ( Richards, Platt, and Plait. 1992:94 ) . So, the first definition refers to general course of study, while the 2nd definition refers linguistic communication accomplishments sing specific linguistic communication, which means it ‘s really relevant to the survey of English linguistic communication course of study design for English for Specific Purposes. In other words, ESP is portion of the course of study, which in this instance Informatics Engineering Program Curriculum.

The New Paradigm for Higher Education

Mentioning to the Minister of National Education No. SK. 232/U/2000 and No.045/2002, the construct of higher instruction refers to the consensus of UNESCO of the twenty-first century in which university alumnuss must hold particular competency for their hereafter. Therefore, it needs to be designed competency-based course of study for each class, including the English for specific intents ( ESP ) . Consensus UNESCO stated that larning should be designed based on 4 ( pillars ) competency-based instruction, viz. : ( 1 ) Learning to cognize, ( 2 ) Learning to make, ( 3 ) Learning to be and ( 4 ) Learning to populate together. Each pillar is competency-based instruction together and work together to organize the scholars or pupils to be literacy and ready to work in the field.

The first pillar competence-based larning Learning to cognize, larning to believe ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unesco.org/delors/ltoknow.htm ) non merely includes the acquisition of cognition but besides about acquisition tools. Therefore, Learning to cognize can be viewed from two different sides, viz. as a agency to an terminal, and the terminal in itself. As a tool, pupils can utilize the cognition for endurance together with other people about. Equally for as a concluding finish, Learning to cognize could intend that people are satisfied with the cognition and findings from the larning itself. Furthermore it is said that Learning to cognize should non be go oning at school, so it is certain that people can larn anytime and anyplace that air can accommodate to an environment that has about everything new and is deserving analyzing the Lifelong instruction.

Following is larning to make. The 2nd pillar, harmonizing to the UNESCO nexus ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unesco.org/delors/ltodo.htm ) is correspondence between larning in college to the demands of industry for labour, better known by the plan nexus and lucifer. In short, after completing college, pupils should cognize what to make in the universe of work with a pattern or a pattern that has been studied in college where it has been introduced competency-based course of study.

While Learning to be educated how a individual becomes himself with competency he possessed ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unesco.org/delors/ltobe.htm ) by take parting as a individual with certain professions that shows who he is and what to make to lend to the community through competence that has been built in college. Last is larning to populate together. It clearly shows that an person can non populate entirely. He needed skills how to populate with other persons. This is frequently referred to as soft accomplishments, which is a accomplishment that is non contained in the topic of yet more erudite outside the schoolroom in the signifier of activity of non-academic pupil.

Competency-Based Syllabus Design

After taking a peculiar class of course of study, there are at least six stairss create competency-based course of study. These stairss include ( 1 ) finding of competence criterions, ( 2 ) the finding of basic competency, ( 3 ) finding of larning stuffs, ( 4 ) determine indexs of accomplishment, ( 5 ) find the type of rating, ( 6 ) find the type of larning experience to accomplish competence peculiar, every bit good as composing course of study in the format prescribed by the Institute of Quality Assurance ( Academic Directorate, Directorate General of Higher Education, 2008 ) . In finding the criterion of competency, the course of study interior decorator determines the ‘general accomplishments ‘ that will be obtained after finishing the class. Then the 2nd measure which determines the basic competences supports the accomplishment of competence criterions. Once defined basic competences, the following measure is to find the acquisition stuffs so that pupils can accomplish basic competency. The 4th measure is to find the indexs of accomplishment that was subsequently determined was besides a agency of rating. The 6th measure is to find a learning experience, or other types of acquisition activities so that pupils can accomplish basic competency.

After six stairss to travel through, so the course of study is prepared by following a certain format, where until now there has been no standard format for competency-based course of study. However, there is a steering rule that should be followed, viz. : the course of study should be short, that should non be excessively long ; course of study should utilize linguistic communication that is easy accessible by the user ( instructor ) ; course of study should be able to mention to a clear learning resources ( Slatterly and Carlson, 2005 ) .

In pattern the procedure of competency-based instruction, instructors must alter learning behaviour of teacher-centered to student-centered covering, little group treatments, and function dramas or simulation, instance surveies, concerted acquisition, collaborative and contextual ( Academic Directorate, Directorate General of Higher Education, 2008 ) . It is surely non easy to retrieve as the instructors will non be easy sing the lectors who have many old ages of learning the old forms will meet troubles in the field related to the form of instruction.

Method

This survey is explorative descriptive qualitative research because it will turn to issues defined by geographic expedition and depict the symptoms to redesign the English course of study Engineering Program Information to be competency-based course of study.

Unit of measurements of Analysis

The unit of analysis is the 4th English linguistic communication accomplishments. Thefour linguistic communication accomplishments are as the unit of analysis because it refers to institutional ends od study plan of Technical Information which are contained in the vision and mission, which is to bring forth alumnuss who are experts in planetary fight. ( FTI UNISBANK Pedoman Academic, 2011-2012:50 ) . With the keyword ‘global fight ‘ can be indicated that the alumnuss should get the hang the English linguistic communication actively.

Data aggregation techniques

Beginning of the information is 4 ( four ) talkers, viz. , Kaprogdi IT, IT English lectors, one professor of IT by supplying the questionnaires. In add-on, 40 ( 40 ) pupils were selected at random stratified and besides surveyed about the demands of English.

In add-on, the English course of study paperss which form the course of study will besides be examined to find which parts that should be redesigned so that it can be a competency-based course of study.

Data analysis techniques

SWOT Analysis will be made to supply justification and demand for redesign IT syllabus for English linguistic communication by Freedy Rangkuti ( 2005 ) in Prawitasari ( 2010:27 ) that “ SWOT is the individuality of the assorted factors in systematis to explicate a service scheme. This analysis is based on the logic that maximizes the chance but at the same clip can minimise the disadvantages and menaces. “ While the English course of study needs analysis will be conducted utilizing a Likert graduated table. The overall research stairss are as follows:

Make contact with relevant functionaries in the FTI and IT Head survey plan

Conduct a study to functionaries about the policy of English class.

Conduct a study to pupils sing English linguistic communication demands

Perform analysis of the study consequences in the signifier of a SWOT analysis policy ( KEKEPAN ) as grounds of the demand to warrant the redesignated English course of study

Conduct needs analysis and develop a competency-based English Language course of study in coordination through meetings with the English lectors.

Findingss

In redesigning of the basic competences will be assessed for each accomplishment. This answers the research job what the competence criterions required by alumnuss of IT Faculty. Harmonizing to the course of study downloaded from the class turns hypertext transfer protocols: //www.unisbank.ac.id, English merely weighs 2 credits and given one semester. And the consequences of a study of the Head of survey plan ( Kaprogdi ) besides showed similar consequences. Kaprogdi besides stated that English linguistic communication courses merely requires 2 credits for 1 semester plus a particular English preparation. It is rather contrary to the replies given by the English lector who wants English classs are leaden 4 credits for 2 semesters plus developing English for Informatics. Likewise, the reply given by the module of IT, which are 4 credits for 2 semesters and developing plus English for Informatics. Therefore, redesigning for the course of study needs to be followed up.

In the redesigning the basic competences will be assessed for each accomplishment. This answers the research job that is what the competence criterions required by alumnuss of IT courses.

Survey consequences of Listening skill shown on competence mapping shown in Table 1 below:

Tabel 1. Competence Function: Listening

No

Kompetensi

5

4

3

2

1

1

Dapat mengerti kuliah dalam Indonesian Inggris sederhana berkisar pada TI

5 %

85 %

10 %

2

Dapat merespon secara fisik instruksi dalam Indonesian Inggris sederhana berkisar pada TI

10 %

90 %

3

Dapat berpartisipasi dalam diskusi sederhana dalam Indonesian Inggris TI

90 %

10 %

4

Dapat merespon secara lisan bila berhadapan dengan orang yang berbahasa Inggris sederhana

80 %

20 %

Jumlah Subyek = 40 mahasiswa

In planing competence, the squad merely assumes on the vision and mission of both the module and the university, viz. aa‚¬A“to compete at the regional, national and planetary universe. From the consequences questionnaire research, it is found out that most pupils do non hold the intended competency.

For competency-1 as merely 5 % of pupils admitted that they can understand simple English classs about English engineering, and 85 % and 10 % feel they have no competency.

Furthermore, the competence-2, 10 % of pupils claimed to hold competency but 90 % say it has non been able to. Competency-3 besides shows the fact that the pupils feel they have no competency, 90 % are unable, and 10 % say significantly below competency.

Here are shown Table 2. on competence function for talking accomplishments as the footing for the preparation of basic competency in talking accomplishments.

Tabel 2. Competence Function: Speaking

No

Kompetensi

5

4

3

2

1

1

Dapat melakukan presentasi singkat dalam Indonesian Inggris tentang TI

90 %

10 %

2

Dapat berpartisipasi dalam diskusi sederhana dalam Indonesian Inggris TI

30 %

65 %

15 %

3

Dapat memulai berbicara dalam Indonesian Inggris dengan orang yang dapat berbicara Indonesian Inggris

57 %

43 %

4

Dapat member instruksi sederhana dalam Indonesian Inggris seputar TI

70 %

30 %

Jumlah subyek = 40 mahasiswa

In Table 2 above it shows no 1 admits that he has the ability in talking competency. It is progressively convinced the demand to redesign the English course of study so that all four can be accommodated integrally accomplishments. The research squad believes they have got competency in English, but a new phase of knowledge, non to pattern and utilize the psychomotor degree.

Why so? When it is viewed from the high school course of study, about all linguistic communication map and linguistic communication characteristics and text types ( genres ) are taught. Vocabulary is besides really appropriate. All presented in a discourse attack that really leads to the accomplishment of communicative competency. That ‘s the name of national course of study. When it came to the instruction of the smallest units, the end product can be different, depending on local capacity.

There are some schools that truly are ready with all the ability in the signifier of human resources ( instructors ) and the topic of acquisition ( pupils ) , including acquisition installations

Here is competence mapping for reading accomplishment is shown in Table 3. below:

Tabel 3 Competency Mapping: Reading

No

Kompetensi

5

4

3

2

1

1

Dapat memahami teks Indonesian Inggris sederhana seputar TI

10 %

50 %

40 %

2

Dapat merespon secara lisan terhadap teks Indonesian Inggris sederhana seputar TI

70 %

30 %

3

Dapat merespon secara tertulis terhadap teks sederhana seputar TI

65 %

35 %

4

Dapat memberi statement ( pro/contra ) dalam Indonesian Inggris sederhana seputar TI

78 %

22 %

Jumlah Subyek = 40 mahasiswa

For reading accomplishments that are passively receptive, 10 % of survey topics claimed to be able to understand simple English text about engineering but 50 % admitted under these competences and 40 % claimed to be significantly below competency. The inquiry arises: what is the theoretical account of larning reading accomplishments presently?

As for the authorship accomplishments, the research workers intentionally proclaimed tip composing accomplishments and CV composing occupation applications, because they are needed subsequently if the pupils want to use for occupations in companies that require active accomplishments in English. It is reasonably good to see they are non a pupil majoring in English linguistic communication and literature. At the section / progdi composing accomplishments in English literature class, of class refers to the accomplishments of fixing thesis in English so it ‘s truly reached the degree of epistemological literacy study consequences contained in Table 4 below:

Tabel 4. Competence Function: Writing

No

Kompetensi

5

4

3

2

1

1

Dapat menulis lamaran pekerjaan dengan merespon iklan sesuai dengan profesi TI

60 %

40 %

2

Dapat menulis lamaran pekerjaan dengan merespon iklan di luar profesi TI

55 %

45 %

3

Dapat menulis CV dalam Indonesian Inggris untuk pekerjaan di dalam lingkup profesi TI

30 %

70 %

4

Dapat menulis CV dalam Indonesian Inggris untuk pekerjaan di luar profesi TI

72 %

28 %

Jumlah subyek = 40 mahasiswa

From Table 4 above, it turns out no 1 admitted that he/she can do a good application missive and CV to use for a occupation related to engineering, every bit good as exterior of the engineering profession. Therefore, the course of study will give particular accent in discoursing learning CV authorship and occupation applications ; sing both of which are indispensable accomplishments to pupils who will use for occupations in the hereafter.

As we realize that an application missive and CV is a kind of missive of offer for alumnuss who are actively looking for work though they have graduated from entrepreneurial university, which should make occupations as enterprisers, and use for occupations is a last pick.

From the above description of each accomplishment, the criterion of competence to be held by the survey progamer of information sciences technique alumnuss in the command of the English linguistic communication is that pupils can get the hang the English linguistic communication covering all four linguistic communication accomplishments in order to vie in a professional in the field of information engineering at the international.

Decision

Since this survey is the policy, so the research squad based on the consequences of the grind analysis, and pupils refering particular competencies of English information sciences, governments conclude that it is the clip to redesign the Informatics Program into a competency-based course of study and give weight SKS, particularly English into at least 4 credits to suit the involvements of pupils who want a particular competency in English information sciences techniques.

The competence criterions are successfully identified is that, after finishing the class in English, pupils can be experts in all four linguistic communication accomplishments. Competence criterions will be farther decomposed into basic competences for each larning unit.

Sing linguistic communication maps and linguistic communication characteristics, the squad decided to accommodate the Hallidayaa‚¬a„?s thought, which will be reflected in the course of study and the recommended text books.

English linguistic communication competency-based course of study is organized through six phases ( 1 ) to find competence in English corridor ( 2 ) finding the competence criterions lowered to basic competency, ( 3 ) roll uping learning stuff, ( 4 ) finding the topic, ( 5 ) finding syllabus format, and ( 6 ) writting bill of exchange and confer withing the bill of exchange course of study to English linguistic communication instructors who teach English of information sciences techniques in order to acquire feedback for bettering the course of study.

x

Hi!
I'm Heather

Would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out